The Ferrari 348 is a mid-engined, rear-wheel-drive V8-powered 2-seat sports car by Ferrari, replacing the 328 in 1989 and continuing until 1995. It was the final V8 mid-engine model developed by Enzo Ferrari before his death, the 348, badged 348 tb for the coupé and 348 ts and the 348sp versions, features a normally aspirated 3. 4-litre version of the quad-cam, four-valve-per-cylinder V8 engine. As with its predecessors, the number was derived from this configuration. The engine, which produced 300 hp, was mounted longitudinally and coupled to a manual gearbox. The T in the model name 348 tb and ts refers to the position of the gearbox. Overall,2,895 examples of the 348 tb and 4,230 of the 348 ts were produced, the F355 that replaced it returned to the styling cues of the 328 with round tail lights and rounded side air scoops. Fifty-seven Challenge models were built for owners who wanted a more track-ready car, the 348 was fitted with dual-computer engine management using twin Bosch Motronic ECUs, double-redundant anti-lock brakes, and self-diagnosing air conditioning and heating systems.
Late versions have Japanese-made starter motors and Nippondenso power generators to improve reliability, U. S. spec 348s have OBD-I engine management systems, though European variants do not come with the self-test push button installed, which is needed to activate this troubleshooting feature. This had the effect of making the doors very wide. The 348 was equipped with an oil system to prevent oil starvation at high speeds. The oil level can only be checked on the dipstick when the motor is running due to this setup. The 348 was fitted with adjustable suspension and a removable rear sub-frame to speed up the removal of the engine for maintenance. This vehicle served as a test mule for the Ferrari Enzo, between 1992 and 1993 Ferrari made 100 units of 348 Serie Speciale of its tb and ts versions. It was a limited edition made for the US market. During 1992 -1993 there were only 35 TB Serie Speciales manufactured with the remainder being the TS Serie Speciale, Ferrari indicates a 0-60 mph time of 5.3 seconds and a standing ¼ mile of 13.75 seconds.
The cars were offered with F40 style sport seats in Connolly leather, the door panels were modified and made of leather. Each car is numbered, with a 348 Serie Speciale plate on the passengers side door-post, in 1994, a further 15 units were produced, bringing the total production of this limited edition to 115. The Ferrari Challenge was initiated by Ferrari Club Nederland and designated for the Ferrari 348, using the un-modified engine, the only changes of the car were slick tyres, better brake-pads, roll-bar, smaller battery in a different position and seat belts
The Ferrari F12berlinetta is a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive grand tourer produced by Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari. The F12berlinetta, debuted at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show, replaces the 599 series grand tourers. The naturally aspirated 6.3 litre Ferrari V12 engine in the F12berlinetta has won the International Engine of the Year Awards 2013 in the Best Performance category, the F12berlinetta was named The Supercar of the Year 2012 by car magazine Top Gear. In 2014 it was awarded the XXIII Premio Compasso doro ADI, accepting the award was Ferrari’s Senior Vice President of Design, Flavio Manzoni. The F12berlinetta uses a 6,262 cc, naturally aspirated 65° V12 engine of the Ferrari F140 engine family. This allows the F12berlinetta to accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in an officially reported 3.1 seconds,0 to 200 km/h in 8.5 seconds and a top speed of 211 mph. The engine of the F12berlinetta has been designed to be more efficient than that of the 599, the engine management system is fitted with Ferraris HELE start-stop system to reduce fuel consumption when idling.
Ferrari reports that the F12berlinetta can achieve 18 mpg‑imp – a 30% improvement over the 599 –, compared to similar models, the F12berlinetta uses shortened gear ratios to match the power of the engine. The F12berlinetta is built around a space frame chassis co-developed with Scaglietti. The chassis is made up of 12 different aluminium alloys and improves structural rigidity by 20% over the 599, the centre of gravity has been lowered by around 25 mm. The F12berlinettas weight distribution is 48% front, 52% rear, the cars stability and traction control and other settings are controlled by the Manettino dial mounted on the steering wheel. The F12berlinetta is fitted with Michelin Pilot Super Sport tyres, with the tyre codes 255/35 ZR20 at the front, the F12berlinetta makes use of aerodynamic techniques based on Ferraris 599XX and Formula One programmes, developed with wind tunnel and CFD testing. A notable feature is the Aero Bridge, an air channel running from the bonnet, through the flanks and along the sides of the vehicle, creating an effect that increases downforce.
Another feature is Active Brake Cooling ducts, which open to cooling air only when the brakes are hot. The F12berlinetta produces 123 kg of downforce at 200 km/h – an increase of 76% over the 599 GTB – and has a coefficient of 0.299. Ferrari F12berlinetta has a power to weight ratio of 2.06 kg per horsepower, the body of the F12berlinetta is designed by the Ferrari Styling Centre and Pininfarina, and shares some styling elements with other recent Ferrari models. This includes a front grille similar to the FF and headlights shared with the FF and 458 Italia, the interior, based on the FF, features new Frau leather upholstery with aluminium and carbon fibre trim, and has increased luggage space compared to the 599. The body computer system is developed by Magneti Marelli Automotive Lighting, Ferrari revealed a lightweight, track-focused version of the F12berlinetta in October 2015
The Ferrari Testarossa is a 12-cylinder mid-engine sports car manufactured by Ferrari, which went into production in 1984 as the successor to the Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer. Almost 10,000 Testarossas,512 TRs, and F512 Ms were produced, making it one of the most-produced Ferrari models, despite its high price, in 1995, the F512 M retailed for $220,000. The Testarossa is a two-door coupé that premiered at the 1984 Paris Auto Show, all versions of the Testarossa had the power fed through the wheels from a rear-mounted, five-speed manual transmission. The F512 M was introduced at the 1994 Paris Auto Show, the F512 M was Ferraris last mid-engine 12-cylinder car, apart from the limited edition F50, Enzo and LaFerrari, featuring the companys last flat engine. The Testarossa was replaced in 1996 by the front-engined 550 Maranello coupé, the Testarossa name paid homage to the famed World Sportscar Champion 1957 Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa sports racing car. Testa Rossa, which means red head in Italian, refers to the red-painted cam covers sported by both cars 12-cylinder engines.
The Testarossa can trace its roots back to the faults of the 1981 512i BB, to fix these problems Ferrari and Pininfarina designed the Testarossa to be larger than its predecessor, the Berlinetta Boxer. For instance, at 1,976 millimetres wide the Testarossa was half a foot wider than the Boxer. This resulted in an increased wheelbase that stretched about 64 mm to 2,550 mm which was used to accommodate luggage in a storage space under the front forward-opening hood. The increase in length created extra space behind the seats in the cabin. Headroom was increased with a half an inch taller than the Boxer. The design team at Pininfarina consisted of Ian Cameron, Guido Campoli, Diego Ottina, with little surprise, they were led by design chief Leonardo Fioravanti, the designer of many contemporary Ferraris. The design was originated by Nicosia, but the guidance of Fioravanti was equally important, being a trained aerodynamist, Fioravanti applied his know-how to set the aerodynamics layout of the car.
As a result, the Testarossa did not need a rear spoiler like Lamborghinis Countach yet produced zero lift at its rear axle, the aerodynamic drag coefficient of 0.36 was significantly better than the Lamborghinis 0.42. Pininfarinas body was a departure from the curvaceous boxer—one which caused some controversy, the side strakes sometimes referred to as cheese graters or egg slicers, that spanned from the doors to the rear fenders were needed for rules in several countries outlawing large openings on cars. The Testarossa had twin radiators in the back with the engine instead of a single radiator up-front, in conjunction the strakes provided cool air to the rear-mounted side radiators, thus keeping the engine from overheating. The strakes made the Testarossa wider at the rear than in the front, thus increasing stability, One last unique addition to the new design was a single high mounted rear view mirror on the drivers side. On US based cars, the mirror was lowered to a more normal placement in 1987, like its predecessor, the Testarossa used double wishbone front and rear suspension systems
The Ferrari F40 is a mid-engine, rear-wheel drive, two-door coupé sports car built from 1987 to 1992, with the LM and GTE race car versions continuing production until 1994 and 1996 respectively. The successor to the Ferrari 288 GTO, it was designed to celebrate Ferraris 40th anniversary and was the last Ferrari automobile personally approved by Enzo Ferrari, at the time it was Ferraris fastest, most powerful, and most expensive car for sale. 1,311 F40s were manufactured in total, as early as 1984, the Maranello factory had begun development of an evolution model of the 288 GTO intended to compete against the Porsche 959 in FIA Group B. However, when the FIA brought an end to the Group B category for the 1986 season, Enzo Ferrari was left with five 288 GTO Evoluzione development cars, and no series in which to campaign them. Enzos desire to leave a legacy in his final supercar allowed the Evoluzione program to be developed to produce a car exclusively for road use. The F40 is for the most enthusiastic of our owners who want nothing and it isnt a laboratory for the future, as the 959 is.
And it wasnt created because Porsche built the 959, power came from an enlarged,2. 9L version of the GTOs IHI twin turbocharged V8 developing 478 bhp. The F40 did without a catalytic converter until 1990 when US regulations made them a requirement for emissions control reasons, the flanking exhaust pipes guide exhaust gases from each bank of cylinders while the central pipe guides gases released from the wastegate of the turbochargers. Engines with catalytic converters bear F120D code, the body was an entirely new design by Pininfarina featuring panels made of Kevlar, carbon fiber, and aluminum for strength and low weight, and intense aerodynamic testing was employed. Weight was further minimized through the use of a plastic windshield, the cars did have air conditioning, but had no sound system, door handles, glove box, leather trim, carpets, or door panels. The first 50 cars produced had sliding Lexan windows, while cars were fitted with wind down windows. The F40 was designed with aerodynamics in mind, for speed the car relied more on its shape than its power.
Frontal area was reduced, and airflow greatly smoothed, but stability rather than terminal velocity was a primary concern, so too was cooling as the forced induction engine generated a great deal of heat. In consequence, the car was somewhat like a racing car with a body. It had a partial undertray to smooth airflow beneath the radiator, front section, and the cabin, and a one with diffusers behind the motor. Nonetheless, the F40 had a low drag coefficient of 0.34 with lift controlled by its spoilers. Although the F40 would not return to IMSA for the following season, in 1994, the car made its debut in international competitions, with one car campaigned in the BPR Global GT Series by Strandell, winning at the 4 Hours of Vallelunga. In 1995, the number of F40s climbed to four, developed independently by Pilot-Aldix Racing and Strandell,10 examples were built, the first two being called F40 LMs, and the remaining 8 being F40 Competizione, as Ferrari felt that the LM tag was too restrictive
The Ferrari Mondial is a V8, mid-engined, grand tourer coupé and cabriolet that was produced by Italian manufacturer Ferrari between 1980 and 1993. Conceived as a practical Ferrari, the Mondial is a genuine long-distance four-seater, with sufficient rear head- and leg-room for children and it affords easy access via the long single doors, and has surprisingly good all-round visibility for a mid-engined car. The vehicle has a higher roofline and greater all-round dimensions compared to its two-seater stable mates. It is claimed that the Mondial cabriolets are the production vehicles manufactured to a four-seater, rear mid-engined. The Ferrari Mondial is a vehicle of the R-M-R configuration. It was produced in 2-door coupé and convertible forms, with all vehicles offering 2+2 passenger accommodation. Unlike its GT4 predecessor which was styled by the Italian Gruppo Bertone, the Mondial was designed by Pininfarina of Turin, pininfarinas bodywork was manufactured by Ferraris regular coachbuilder Carrozzeria Scaglietti.
Its structure conformed with Ferraris practice at the time, with body panels fitted onto a separate space-frame chassis constructed from tubular box or oval-shaped steel sections. While most body panels are steel pressings, the front lid and rear cover of the Mondial 8. Additional louvre grilles are located on side of the vehicle just ahead of the rear wheels. Louvres feature in the front polished aluminium grille behind which sits the main radiator, a final full-width black louvre panel closes-off the rear of the car below the rear bumper, and through which protrudes a pair of exhaust outlets on each side of the vehicle. Front and rear bumpers are from black plastic on the Mondial 8 and QV, the Mondial chassis includes several detachable sub-frames holding major mechanical assemblies, including one at the rear supporting the entire engine/transmission/rear suspension assembly. This design considerably simplifies engine removal for a rebuild or cylinder head removal compared to previous Ferrari V8 vehicles.
At the front of the vehicle, a front-hinged lid encloses space for the tyre and cooling fans, battery and cooling systems. At the rear, a full-width and trimmed luggage boot with a gas-strut-supported lid sits behind the engine bay, sizeable enough to hold several sizeable soft bags or set of golf clubs. Differences in body features between sales markets was small, with the most obvious being the prominent rectangular side turn-indicator lamps affixed front, all Mondials are fitted with a V8 engine which is essentially identical to that used in Ferraris concurrent 2-seater 308/328/348 series vehicles. Engine capacity started at 3.0 l for the Mondial 8 and QV models, increasing to 3.2 l for the Mondial 3.2, the orientation of the V8 engine block is quite different in the Mondial t compared to the earlier Mondials. Mirroring the two-seater Ferrari V8 vehicles, all 3.0 and 3.2 l engines sit across the car with their crankshaft, the 3.4 l engine in the Mondial t is rotated ninety degrees to a longitudinal orientation with respect to the car
The Ferrari 599 is an Italian sports car produced by Ferrari. It was the brands flagship, replacing the 575M Maranello in 2006 as a 2007 model. Styled by Pininfarina under the direction of Ferraris Frank Stephenson, the 599 GTB debuted at the Geneva Motor Show in February 2006 and it is named for its total engine displacement, Gran Turismo Berlinetta nature, and the Fiorano Circuit test track used by Ferrari. The Tipo F140 C6.0 L V12 engine produces a maximum 620 PS and its 608 N·m of torque was a record for Ferraris GT cars. Most of the modifications to the engine were done to allow it to fit in the Fioranos engine bay, a traditional 6-speed manual transmission as well as Ferraris 6-speed called F1 SuperFast is offered. The Fiorano sees the debut of Ferraris new traction control system, the vast majority of the 599 GTBs have been equipped with the semi-automatic gearbox as opposed to the manual 6-speed gearbox. Only 30 examples have been produced with a manual gearbox of which 20 were destined to the United States and 10 remained in Europe.
0-100 km/h in 3.7 seconds 0-200 km/h in 11.0 seconds Top speed, the ride height has been lowered, which lowers the cars center of gravity. The package includes optimised tyres featuring a compound that offers improved grip, the cars electronics have changed. The gearboxs shifts are faster in high-performance settings, while new engine software improved accelerator response, the exhaust silencer was modified to produce more marked and thrilling sound under hard usage while still delivering just the right comfort levels at cruising speed. The exterior and interior were upgraded with more carbon fiber components, on 8 April 2010, Ferrari announced official details of the 599 GTO. Its engine produces 670 PS at 8250 rpm, with 620 N·m of torque at 6500 rpm, Ferrari claims the 599 GTO can reach 100 km/h in under 3.3 seconds and has a top speed of over 335 km/h. At 1,605 kilograms, the 599 GTO weighs almost 100 kg less than the standard GTB, production is limited to 599 cars. Of these, approximately 125 were produced for the United States market, Ferrari has given only two other models that used the GTO designation, the 1962250 GTO and the 1984288 GTO.
Unlike the previous GTOs however, the 599 GTO was not designed for homologation in any racing series, the convertible version of the 599, the SA Aperta, was introduced 2010 Paris Motor Show as a unique limited edition in honor of designers Sergio Pininfarina and Andrea Pininfarina. The SA Aperta used the performance engine from the 599 GTO. The 599XX is a car designed for use only and is not street legal. The rev limiter is raised to 9000 rpm, with the engine rated for 730 PS at 9000 rpm, weight is reduced by reducing the weight of the engine unit components, the use of composite materials, and the use of carbon-fiber body parts and brake pads
Ferrari 612 Scaglietti
The Ferrari 612 Scaglietti is a 2+2 coupé grand tourer produced by Ferrari between 2004 and 2010. The 612 Scaglietti was designed to replace the smaller 456 M, the design, especially the large side scallops and the headlights, pays homage to the custom 1954 Ferrari 375 MM that director Roberto Rossellini had commissioned for his wife, Ingrid Bergman. The 612 is Ferraris second all-aluminium vehicle, the first being the 360 Modena and its space frame, developed with Alcoa, is made from extrusions and castings of the material, and the aluminium body is welded on. The chassis of the 612 forms the basis of the 599 GTB, the 612 Scaglietti shares its engine with the Ferrari 575 Superamerica. The engine has compression ratio of 11,1 and it has a top speed of 320 km/h and has a 0–100 km/h acceleration time of 4.2 seconds. The 612 comes with 6-speed manual or the 6-speed F1A semi-automatic paddle shift system, the 612 was produced at Ferraris Carrozzeria Scaglietti plant, the former home of the cars namesake coachbuilder in Modena, Italy.
It was taken down the road to the Maranello factory, the Ferrari 612 was replaced by the Ferrari FF in 2011. This may render the vehicle inoperable and possibly result in a crash, the 612 Sessanta is a limited version commemorating 60th anniversary of the company. It includes HGTC package, Blu Cornes coloured body, a carbon fiber filler cap and it has a MSRP of 33,980,000 Yen. The 612 Kappa is a built for Peter S. Kalikow. The GG50 was a car developed by Italdesign-Giugiaro S. P. A design studio. The vehicle was unveiled in 2006 NAIAS and it has a MSRP of £200,411 including a four-year warranty. The vehicle began its relay at the UK on 18 May 2007,612 OTO F1- Mid 2008 to 2010 demonstrated a revised second generation 612 similar to revisions Ferrari typically makes during their product life cycles. The HGT2 package option gave the 612 a sport and suspension package similar to the HGTE package offered on 599s and its said that less than 50 are circulating within the U. S. market. Total production,3025 Ferrari 612 Scaglietti in police livery for Ferraris 60th Anniversary relay Special 30th Anniversary edition for Japan Ferrari 60th Anniversary Version
The Ferrari 488 is a mid-engined sports car produced by the Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari, introduced in 2015 to replace the previous 458. It is powered by a 3. 9-litre twin-turbocharged V8, smaller in displacement, the 488 GTB was named The Supercar of the Year 2015 by car magazine Top Gear. The 488 GTB is powered by a 3902cc all-aluminium dry sump unit of the Ferrari F154 engine family, the engine produces 670 PS at 8,000 rpm and 760 N·m of torque at 3,000 rpm. This results in a power output of 126.3 kW per litre and specific torque output of 194.8 N·m per litre. The only available transmission for the 488 is an automated manual dual-clutch 7-speed F1 gearbox manufactured for Ferrari by Getrag, improved carbon-ceramic brakes are supplied on the 488, derived from technology used in LaFerrari, constructed with new materials that reduce the time needed to achieve optimum operating temperature. Disc sizes are 398 mm at the front, and 360 mm at the rear and these advancements reportedly reduce stopping distances by 9% over the 458. A new 5-spoke alloy wheel was designed for the 488, measuring 51 centimetres front, front tires measure 245/35 with rears 305/30.
The first 488 to be introduced was the 488 GTB 2-seat berlinetta and it was launched on 3 February 2015, in advance of its world première at the March 2015 Geneva Motor Show. The Ferrari 488 Spider is a 2-seat roadster variant of the 488 with a folding hardtop, Ferrari released pictures of the 488 Spider at the end of July 2015, and the car debuted at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2015. The Spiders drivetrain is the same of the 488 GTB, including the 670 PS3. 9-litre twin-turbocharged V8, the 488 Spider is only 50 kg heavier than its coupé sibling, and 10 kg lighter than the 458 Spider. The 0–100 km/h sprint is unchanged at 3.0 seconds, while the 0–200 km/h acceleration takes slightly longer at 8.7 seconds, UK sales are expected to begin in late spring 2016. The racing versions of the 488 GTB are the successors to the 458 Italia GTC, both the 488 GTE and GT3 were unveiled at the 2015 Finali Mondiali Ferrari which took place at Mugello. The 488 GTE made its debut in Round 1 of the 2016 WeatherTech SportsCar Championship at the 24 Hours of Daytona on 30–31 January.
The 488 GTE run by Scuderia Corsa finished 10th outright and 4th in the GTLM class, at the 201624 Hours of Le Mans, the car took second place, ran by Risi Competizione. The 488 GT3 made its competition debut in Round 2 of the 2016 Australian GT Championship at the Albert Park Circuit in Melbourne on 17 March. Italian Andrea Montermini and Danish driver Benny Simonsen shared the car for Australian team DeFelice Homes. Over the 4 races that made up the round, Montermini finished 5th in race 1 and 14th in race 3 while Simonsen finished 2nd in race 2 and 6th in the fourth and final race. In February 2017, the 488 GT3 won the 2017 Liqui Moly Bathurst 12 Hour, ran by Maranello Motorsport
The Ferrari 550 Maranello is a front-engined V12 2-seat grand tourer built by Ferrari from 1996 to 2002. In 2000 Ferrari introduced the 550 Barchetta Pininfarina, a limited production version of the 550. The 550 was replaced by the upgraded 575M Maranello in 2002, the Berlinetta Boxer had been developed into the Testarossa, whose last evolution was the 1994 F512 M. Under the presidency of Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, who took office in 1991, after a 30 months of development, the Ferrari 550 Maranello was presented in July 1996 at the Nürburgring racing circuit in Germany. The model name referred to the 5. 5-litres total engine displacement in decilitres and to the town of Maranello, home to the Ferrari headquarters, Pininfarina executed both the exterior and interior design. Frame and main components were shared with the 2+2 Ferrari 456. In 2002 the 550 was replaced by the 575M Maranello, not a model but rather an all-around improved version of the car. In total 3,083 units of the 550 Maranello were produced, the 550 used a front-engine, rear-wheel drive transaxle layout, with the 6-speed gearbox located at the rear axle together with the limited slip differential.
The chassis tubular steel frame, to which the aluminium body panels were soldered. The Pininfarina-designed body had a coefficient of 0.33. Suspension was of the double wishbone type with coil spring and damper units on all four corners. The steering was rack and pinion with variable power assist, the vented disc brakes were 330 mm at the front and 310 mm at the rear. Magnesium alloy was used for the 18-inch wheels, electronic driver aid systems included anti-slip regulation, which could be adjusted on two levels or switched off completely, and four-way anti-lock braking system. The engine is a naturally aspirated 65° V12 with 4 valves per cylinder, dual overhead cams and it displaced 5,473.91 cc and produced 485 PS at 7,000 rpm and 568.1 N·m at 5,000 rpm. Bore and stroke measure 88 mm and 75 mm, according to the manufacturer the 550 Maranello had a top speed of 320 km/h, and could accelerate from a standstill to 100 km/h in 4.4 seconds. Ferrari introduced a version of the 550 at the Paris Motor Show in 2000.
This Barchetta Pininfarina was a roadster with no real convertible top provided. The factory did provide a top, but it was intended only for temporary use as it was cautioned against using the top above 70 mph
The Ferrari P series were sports prototype racing cars produced in the 1960s and early 1970s. Sports car racers followed in 1963, although these cars shared their numerical designations with road models, they were almost entirely dissimilar. The first Ferrari mid-engine in a car did not arrive until the 1967 Dino. The 250 P was a Prototype racer produced in 1963, winning the 12 Hours of Sebring,1000 km Nürburgring and it was an open cockpit mid-engined design with a single-cam 3. 0-litre 250 Testa Rossa V12 engine and was almost entirely unrelated to the other 250 cars. The 275 P and 330 P were evolutions of the 250 P with longer wheelbase and 3. 3-litre or 4. 0-litre engines and these cars raced during 1963 and 1964. The 250 P evolved into a saleable mid-engined racer for the public, introduced at Paris in November,1963, the LM was successful for privately entered racers around the world. This car is on display at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame Museum. About 32 models were built in 1964 and 1965, with all but the first few powered by 3. 3-litre 320 hp engines, a fully independent double wishbone suspension was specified with rack and pinion steering and four wheel disc brakes.
The 250 LM thus had to run as a Prototype until it was homologated as a Group 4 Sports Car for the 1966 season, a 1964 Ferrari 250 LM was auctioned off by Sothebys in 2013 for a price of $14.3 million to an undisclosed telephone bidder. This bidding smashed the previous record for this model. Two entirely new cars, the 275 P2 and 330 P2, the 330 P2 was first used by Luigi Chinettis North American Racing Team in the Daytona race that year. In 1965275 P20836 won the 1000 km of Monza,275 P20828 won the Targa Florio,330 P20828 won the Nurburgring 1000 km, the P2 cars were replaced by the P3 for 1966. For 1965 Ferrari built a version of P2 cars, they were equipped with a SOHC4.4 L engine. In 1966 Ferrari upgraded their 365 P2 cars with new bodywork by Piero Drogo, the 1966330 P3 introduced fuel injection to the Ferrari stable. It used a P3 transmission whose gears were prone to failure and were replaced by ZF transmission gears and other internals. When P30844 and 0848 were first converted to 412 Ps this 593 with ZF internals was fitted for one season after which the 593s with ZF internals were replaced by 603 transmissions in all the 412 Ps.
Several Ferrari gearboxes are fitted with other manufacturers gears and internals such as the 333, at a point 412P0844 was converted by Ferrari to a 330 Can-Am. The Ferrari 412 P was a version of the famous 330 P3 race car, built for independent teams like NART, Scuderia Filipinetti, Francorchamps
The Ferrari California is a grand touring sports car produced by the Italian manufacturer Ferrari. It is a two-door 2+2 hard top convertible, the car revives the name used on the late-1950s Ferrari 250 GT Spyder California and the 1960s 365 California. It is noted in being the least expensive model in the Ferrari range, the California was launched at the 2008 Paris Motor Show. The California represents a new, fourth model range for the company, the engine displaces 4,297 cubic centimetres, and used gasoline direct injection. It delivers 338 kW at 7,750 rpm, its maximum torque produced is 485 N·m at 5,000 rpm, the body computer system was developed by Magneti Marelli Automotive Lighting. The original 2010 California had a top speed of 310 km/h, although that model was 180 kilograms heavier and 30 PS less powerful than the mid-engined F430, the California reached 97 km/h in the same time as the F430 due to the dual-clutch transmission. Ferrari spent over 1,000 hours in the tunnel with a one-third-scale model of the California perfecting its aerodynamics.
With the top up, the California has a coefficient of Cd=0.32. The California is built in a new production line adjacent to the factory at Maranello. The existing production line produces 27 cars per day, or 6,000 per year, throughout the Californias production, only 3 cars had been built with manual transmission, including one order from the UK. On 15 February 2012, Ferrari announced an upgrade of the 2009 model which is lighter, the car was released at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show as a 2012 model in Europe and as a 2013 model year for the US. To give the clients a more dynamic driving experience, an optional HS package was developed as part of the update in 2012 and it can be recognized by a silver coloured grille and ventilation blisters behind the front wheel wells. In May 2012, Ferrari recalled the California because the engine could freeze suddenly and possibly cause a crash, the F136 engines had crankshafts that were machined incorrectly. The auto maker learned of the problem when it happened during a review by car critics.
The Ferrari California T is an update of the earlier California featuring new sheetmetal, new interior, a revised chassis, first unveiled on the web on February 12,2014, subsequently the car debuted at the Geneva Motor Show. The T in the stands for Turbo, a technology Ferrari last used on a roadcar on the F40. The car utilizes a new 3, the car can accelerate from 0–100 km/h in 3.6 seconds and reach a top speed of 315 km/h. The car features a new front fascia that was influenced by the F12, a revised rear, another improvement to the car is the reduction of emission pollution by 15% compared to its naturally aspirated predecessor
The Dino 308 GT4 and 208 GT4 were mid-engined V8 2+2 cars built by Ferrari. The Dino 308 GT4 was introduced in 1973 and supplemented by the 208 GT4 in 1975, the cars were sold with Dino badging until May 1976, when they received Ferrari badging. The GT4 was replaced by the Mondial 8 in 1980 after a run of 2,826 308s and 840 208s. Pininfarina was upset by the decision to give cross-town rival Bertone the design, the styling featured angular lines entirely different from its curvaceous 2-seater brother, the Dino 246, and was controversial at the time. Some journalists compared it to the Bertone-designed Lancia Stratos and Lamborghini Urraco, from the cockpit the driver sees only the road. It has perfect 360 degree visibility, no spots and comfortable seating position, a real trunk, a back seat for soft luggage. Enzo Ferrari himself took a role in its design, even having a mock-up made where he could sit in the car to test different steering, pedals. The chassis was a tubular spaceframe based on the Dino 246, the suspension was fully independent, with double wishbones, anti-roll bars, coaxial telescopic shock absorbers and coil springs on both axles.
Niki Lauda helped set up the chassis, the 3.0 L V8 was mounted transversally integrally joined with the 5-speed transaxle gearbox. The engine had an alloy block and heads, 16-valves and dual overhead camshafts driven by toothed belts. The induction system used four Weber 40 DCNF carburetors, the Dino 308 GT4 was introduced at the Paris Motor Show in November 1973. The 308 GT4 finally gained the Prancing Horse badge in May 1976, which replaced the Dino badges on the hood, rear panel and this has caused major confusion over the years by owners and judges. During the energy crisis at that time many prospective owners were hesitant to buy such an expensive automobile not badged Ferrari being confused at the significance of the Dino name. Dino was Enzo Ferraris son who died in 1956, and his name was to honor his memory on the models it was placed. In an effort to improve sales until the 1976 official re-badging, Ferrari sent out factory update #265/1 on July 1,1975 with technical, some of these revisions were implemented piecemeal by dealers.
Some made all the revisions while some just made a few and this leaves many 1975 GT4s with a variety of modifications which are hard to document as correct to aficionados who may not understand the complicated series of events surrounding this model year. Some of the revisions included adding Prancing Horse badges, repainting in the Boxer two-tone scheme, air conditioning fixes and it included bumper modification and exhaust changes for North American versions. The GT4 was the only 2+2 Ferrari ever raced with factory support, there were two series of GT4, the earlier cars featured a twin distributor engine and foglamps mounted in the front valance