Traditional Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, in the Kangxi Dictionary; the modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, have been more or less stable since the 5th century. The retronym "traditional Chinese" is used to contrast traditional characters with Simplified Chinese characters, a standardized character set introduced by the government of the People's Republic of China on Mainland China in the 1950s. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau. In contrast, Simplified Chinese characters are used in mainland China and Malaysia in official publications. However, several countries – such as Australia, the US and Canada – are increasing their number of printed materials in Simplified Chinese, to better accommodate citizens from mainland China.
The debate on traditional and simplified Chinese characters has been a long-running issue among Chinese communities. A large number of overseas Chinese online newspapers allow users to switch between both character sets. Although simplified characters are taught and endorsed by the government of China, there is no prohibition against the use of traditional characters. Traditional characters are used informally in regions in China in handwriting and used for inscriptions and religious text, they are retained in logos or graphics to evoke yesteryear. Nonetheless, the vast majority of media and communications in China is dominated by simplified characters. In Hong Kong and Macau, Traditional Chinese has been the legal written form since colonial times. In recent years, simplified Chinese characters in Hong Kong and Macau has appeared to accommodate Mainland Chinese tourists and immigrants; this has led to concerns by many residents to protect their local heritage. Taiwan has never adopted simplified characters.
The use of simplified characters in official documents is prohibited by the government of Taiwan. Simplified characters are understood to a certain extent by any educated Taiwanese, learning to read them takes little effort; some stroke simplifications that have been incorporated into Simplified Chinese are in common use in handwriting. For example, while the name of Taiwan is written as 臺灣, the semi-simplified name 台灣 is acceptable to write in official documents. In Southeast Asia, the Chinese Filipino community continues to be one of the most conservative regarding simplification. While major public universities are teaching simplified characters, many well-established Chinese schools still use traditional characters. Publications like the Chinese Commercial News, World News, United Daily News still use traditional characters. On the other hand, the Philippine Chinese Daily uses simplified. Aside from local newspapers, magazines from Hong Kong, such as the Yazhou Zhoukan, are found in some bookstores.
In case of film or television subtitles on DVD, the Chinese dub, used in Philippines is the same as the one used in Taiwan. This is because the DVDs belongs to DVD Region Code 3. Hence, most of the subtitles are in Traditional Characters. Overseas Chinese in the United States have long used traditional characters. A major influx of Chinese immigrants to the United States occurred during the latter half of the 19th century, before the standardization of simplified characters. Therefore, United States public notices and signage in Chinese are in Traditional Chinese. Traditional Chinese characters are called several different names within the Chinese-speaking world; the government of Taiwan calls traditional Chinese characters standard characters or orthodox characters. However, the same term is used outside Taiwan to distinguish standard and traditional characters from variant and idiomatic characters. In contrast, users of traditional characters outside Taiwan, such as those in Hong Kong and overseas Chinese communities, users of simplified Chinese characters, call them complex characters.
An informal name sometimes used by users of simplified characters is "old characters". Users of traditional characters sometimes refer them as "Full Chinese characters" to distinguish them from simplified Chinese characters; some traditional character users argue that traditional characters are the original form of the Chinese characters and cannot be called "complex". Simplified characters cannot be "standard" because they are not used in all Chinese-speaking regions. Conversely, supporters of simplified Chinese characters object to the description of traditional characters as "standard," since they view the new simplified characters as the contemporary standard used by the vast majority of Chinese speakers, they point out that traditional characters are not traditional as many Chinese characters have been made more elaborate over time. Some people refer to traditional characters as "proper characters" and modernized characters as "simplified-stroke characters" (sim
Jordan, Hong Kong
Jordan is an area in the Yau Tsim Mong District of Hong Kong. It is named after a road of the same name in the district. Jordan is located in the central part of the Yau Tsim Mong District; the western portion is known as Kwun Chung before the MTR metro system went into service in 1979. Jordan is considered as the area surrounded by Kansu Street to the north, Gascoigne Road and Jordan Path to the east, Austin Road to the south and Ferry Street to the west; this would make Jordan 1-square-kilometre in size with a population of about 150,000. Like most of southern Kowloon, Jordan is developed and urbanised other than a few small parks. Motor and pedestrian traffic throughout most of the day is dense. Jordan is a microcosm of working-class Hong Kong. Like nearby districts of Mong Kok and Tsim Sha Tsui, large sections of Jordan hosts a mix of older residential high-rises, office buildings, street markets, eateries and an infinite variety of small shops. There are seedy sections containing karaoke, hostess bars and massage parlours although the seediness is mild compared to nearby Mong Kok. Jordan is home to a large collection of Indians, Pakistanis and other ethnic minorities.
Although Jordan lacks the sights and comforts to support mass mainstream tourism, it still attracts a small cadre of adventurous tourists interested in experiencing authentic working-class life in Hong Kong. For locals, many live in Jordan for its affordable housing, its centralised location on the spine of Hong Kong's transportation network and its diverse cultural flavour; the following noteworthy places are located in Jordan: Southern segment of the Temple Street Market Jade Market Several prominent hotels including Novotel Nathan Road Kowloon Hong Kong, Eaton Hotel Hong Kong, Nathan Hotel, the Mayfair Garden Hotel Kwun Chung Street Market King George V Park Northern entrance to Kowloon Park Diocesan Girls' School Nathan Road and Jordan Road run through the area. The intersection of these two roads is a major intersection in Kowloon. Jordan is served by the MTR station of the same name, on the Tsuen Wan Line, as well as numerous bus lines. Jordan is the site of a bus terminal for transport to the Huanggang Border Crossing in Shenzhen, China.
List of buildings and areas in Hong Kong Jordan station Kwun Chung Yau Ma Tei Tsim Sha Tsui Map of Jordan MTR Map of Jordan
Man Wah Sun Chuen
Man Wah Sun Chuen is a private housing estate at the junction of Jordan Road and Ferry Street, in Yau Ma Tei, Hong Kong, near the former Jordan Road Ferry Pier. The site of the warehouse of Yau Ma Tei Ferry Pier on the reclaimed land of West Jordan, Man Wah Sun Chuen has a total of eight blocks built in 1965 and it is one of the oldest private housing estates in Hong Kong, its three sides were surrounded by the sea before the West Kowloon Reclamation was completed in the 1990s. Ferry Point, Hong Kong Jordan Road Ferry Pier DeWolf, Christopher. "How Hong Kong estate once home to Jackie Chan helped change the course of housing development in the city". South China Morning Post
Jordan Road Ferry Pier
Jordan Road Ferry Pier or Ferry Point is a demolished pier located at Jordan Road, Hong Kong. After Hongkong and Yaumati Ferry gained the franchise to operate part of the cross harbour ferry routes, including the Central – Yau Ma Tei route, starting from 1 January 1924, the company set up Yaumatei Ferry Pier at Public Square Street for its ferry operations. In 1933 a new vehicular ferry route from Central to Yau Ma Tei was started, Jordan Road Ferry Pier was built to handle vehicular ferries. Original ferry operations moved to the new pier. A new bus terminus was built outside the pier. However, the demand for the pier started to decline after the opening of Cross Harbour Tunnel in 1972 and commencement of complete operation of the Modified Initial System of MTR in 1980. In 1996 the pier was demolished due to reclamation in west Kowloon, operations moved to the nearby Canton Road Government Dockyards Temporary Pier still under the name of Jordan Road Ferry Pier. All ferry routes from the pier were suspended starting from 2 February 1998.
Jordan Road – Central Jordan Road – Wan Chai KMB 2B: To Kowloon City Ferry Pier KMB 3: To Kowloon City/Chuk Yuen/Diamond Hill MTR Station KMB 3A: To Ho Man Tin Village KMB 3C: To Tsz Wan Shan /Tsz Wan Shan KMB 3E: To Tsz Wan Shan KMB 4: To Sham Shui Po Ferry Pier/Cheung Sha Wan KMB 4A: To Tai Hang Tung Estate KMB 8: To Kowloon Tong KMB 8: To Tsim Sha Tsui Ferry Pier KMB 9: To Yuen Long KMB 10: To Ngau Chi Wan KMB 10: To Tsim Sha Tsui Ferry Pier KMB 11: To Kowloon City/Chuk Yuen/Wong Tai Sin/Diamond Hill KMB 11A: To Kowloon City Ferry Pier KMB 11C: To Hung Hom/Hung Hom Ferry Pier KMB 12: To Lai Chi Kok KMB 13: To Kowloon City/Ngau Chi Wan/Choi Hung Estate KMB 14: To Ngau Chi Wan/Choi Hung Estate KMB 14: To Yau Tong KMB 14A: To Kwun Tong KMB 14X: To Yau Tong KMB 15: To Man Kam To KMB 15A: To Sheung Shui KMB 15B: To Sha Tin KMB 16: To Yuen Long KMB 16A: To Tsuen Wan/Tsuen Wan West/Tsuen Wan Ferry Pier KMB 16B: To Man Wan Ferry Pier KMB 16B: To Tsuen Wan West KMB 16B: To Tsuen Wan KMB 16B: To North Kwai Chung KMB 16C: To Castle Peak KMB 19: To Sheung Shui KMB 19B: To Sha Tin KMB 20: To Oi Man Estate KMB 26: To Yuen Long KMB 27: To Castle Peak Hospital KMB 36B: To Lei Muk Shue Estate KMB 42A: To Cheung Hang Estate KMB 46: To Lai Yiu Estate KMB 60X: To Tuen Mun Town Centre KMB 63X: To Tin Tsz Estate KMB 68: To Yuen Long KMB 68S/N68: To Yuen Long KMB 68X: To Yuen Long KMB 69P: To Tin Shui Wai Town Centre KMB 69X: To Tin Shui Estate KMB 70: To Sheung Shui KMB 70A: To Sha Tin/Lek Yuen Estate/Wo Che Estate KMB 70B: To Tai Po Market KMB 70S: To Wo Hop Shek KMB 71/81: To Sha Tin/Sha Tin Market KMB 95: To Tsui Lam Estate KMB 98D: To Hang Hau KMB/CMB/NWFB 110: To Sai Wan Ho Ferry Pier/Shau Kei Wan KMB 203E: To Fu Shan Estate KMB 205: To Choi Hung Estate KMB 270A: To Choi Yuen Estate/Sheung Shui KMB 296D: To Sheung Tak Estate KMB 2E,8A,11C,202,K15: Via Jordan Road Ferry Ferry Point, Hong Kong Airport Core Programme
Tai Kok Tsui
Tai Kok Tsui is an area west of Mong Kok in Kowloon, Hong Kong. The mixed land use of industrial and residential is present in the old area; the Cosmopolitan Dock and oil depots were located there. Blocks of high-rise residential buildings have been erected on the reclaimed area to the west, which marked the revitalization of the area with many restaurants and bars setting up shop. Many of the older residential buildings have been vacated and are set to be replaced by luxury high-rise buildings; until many of the residents in Tai Kok Tsui were senior citizens but there has been a more recent influx of younger people those returning to Hong Kong after time spent overseas. Traditionally the area has been known as one characterised by the presence of immigrants - described as'illegal immigrants' though this term is used rather intolerantly in Hong Kong and at times may describe people who are no such thing. Before any reclamation, Tai Kok Tsui was geographically a long island of Hong Kong of granite linked by an isthmus at its north to Kowloon Peninsula.
The long granite hill divided the reclamation in its east and dock area in the west in 1924. The tip of the cape hosted the Asia oil tanks; the area was for dock facilities at this period as reflected in present-day Anchor Street. The Cosmopolitan Dock survived till the 1960s, now Cosmopolitan Estate; the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link will be built underneath Tai Kok Tsui. In January 2010, the local residents protested and said the railway would cause unbearable noise pollution to residents in some districts and could cause a number of old buildings with poor foundations to collapse; the Chinese character Tsui in Tai Kok Tsui implies that the area was an elongated cape on the west side of Kowloon Peninsula. The cove between the cape and Kowloon Peninsula was reclaimed during the period of 1867–1904. More reclamation along its shore took place during the period of 1904–1924 and more covered its tip during the period of 1924–1945. Minor reclamation was needed during the period 1964 -- 1982.
The launch of the Airport Core Programme in the 1990s gave rise to substantial reclamation as well as revitalisation of the district. Part of Tai Kok Tsui - the area newly reclaimed in the 1990s - is referred to as Olympic due to the nearby MTR Station opened in 1998, the Olympian City shopping centre. Island Harbourview, completed 1998-99, was the first private housing estate to be built in the newly reclaimed area, it was built by Sun Hung Kai Properties. There are 9 blocks in total. Blocks 1,2,3,5 and 6 faces East/West while Blocks 7,8,9 and 10 face North/South; the estate has a clubhouse with many facilities such as 2 badminton courts. It is located at 11 Hoi Fai Road Tai Kok Tsui. Central Park is a private housing estate located in the area, it is one of the projects of MTR Olympic Station Phase II and is built on the reclaimed land of the old Yau Ma Tei Typhoon Shelter. Developed in 2001 by a consortium composed of MTR Corporation, Sino Land, Kerry Properties, Bank of China and China Overseas Land and Investment, it comprises 4 high-rise buildings with a total of 1,344 units.
Florient Rise Cherry Street Project is a private estate in Cherry Street. It was jointly developed by Nan Fung Group and Urban Renewal Authority in 2008, construction was completed in May 2009, it comprises three blocks with a total of 522 units. There is a residential block called "Hoi Ming Court" in the middle of the site, excluded from the redevelopment project due to its young age and high acquisition cost. Florient Rise was built around Hoi Ming Court. Harbour Green is a private part of the Olympic Station Phase III project, it comprises five 56 floors towers with a total of 1,514 units. It was jointly developed by Sun Hung Kai Properties and MTR Corporation and completed in 2007. One Silversea is a private estate located at the waterfront site of the former Tai Kok Tsui Temporary Bus Terminus, it was developed by Sino Land and completed in 2006. Shining Heights, at 83 Sycamore Street, was developed by Hong Kong Ferry Company Limited and its parent company, Henderson Land Development, it was Hong Kong Ferry Staff Quarters It comprises one tower with a total of 348 units, completed in 2009.
This is a private estate located above the newly developed Olympian City 3. PLK Vicwood KT Chong Sixth Form College St. Francis Xavier's College Lau Wong Fat Secondary School CCC Ming Kei College
Hong Kong the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth most densely populated region. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842; the colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War, was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898. The entire territory was transferred to China in 1997; as a special administrative region, Hong Kong's system of government is separate from that of mainland China and its people identify more as Hongkongers rather than Chinese. A sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages, the territory has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports.
It is the world's seventh-largest trading entity, its legal tender is the world's 13th-most traded currency. Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it has severe income inequality; the territory has the largest number of skyscrapers in most surrounding Victoria Harbour. Hong Kong ranks seventh on the UN Human Development Index, has the sixth-longest life expectancy in the world. Although over 90 per cent of its population uses public transportation, air pollution from neighbouring industrial areas of mainland China has resulted in a high level of atmospheric particulates; the name of the territory, first spelled "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780 referred to a small inlet between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between local fishermen. Although the source of the romanised name is unknown, it is believed to be an early phonetic rendering of the Cantonese pronunciation hēung góng; the name translates as "fragrant harbour" or "incense harbour".
"Fragrant" may refer to the sweet taste of the harbour's freshwater influx from the Pearl River or to the odor from incense factories lining the coast of northern Kowloon. The incense was stored near Aberdeen Harbour for export. Sir John Davis offered an alternative origin; the simplified name Hong Kong was used by 1810 written as a single word. Hongkong was common until 1926, when the government adopted the two-word name; some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. The region is first known to have been occupied by humans during the Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago. Early Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people who migrated from inland and brought knowledge of rice cultivation; the Qin dynasty incorporated the Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214 BCE, after conquering the indigenous Baiyue. The region was consolidated under the Nanyue kingdom after the Qin collapse, recaptured by China after the Han conquest.
During the Mongol conquest, the Southern Song court was located in modern-day Kowloon City before its final defeat in the 1279 Battle of Yamen. By the end of the Yuan dynasty, seven large families had settled in the region and owned most of the land. Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty; the earliest European visitor was Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares, who arrived in 1513. Portuguese merchants established a trading post called in Hong Kong waters, began regular trade with southern China. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s, Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were reestablished by 1549. Portugal acquired a permanent lease for Macau in 1557. After the Qing conquest, maritime trade was banned under the Haijin policies; the Kangxi Emperor lifted the prohibition, allowing foreigners to enter Chinese ports in 1684. Qing authorities established the Canton System in 1757 to regulate trade more restricting non-Russian ships to the port of Canton.
Although European demand for Chinese commodities like tea and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant. To counter the trade imbalance, the British sold large amounts of Indian opium to China. Faced with a drug crisis, Qing officials pursued ever-more-aggressive actions to halt the opium trade; the Daoguang Emperor rejected proposals to legalise and tax opium, ordering imperial commissioner Lin Zexu to eradicate the opium trade in 1839. The commissioner destroyed opium stockpiles and halted all foreign trade, forcing a British military response and triggering the First Opium War; the Qing ceded Hong Kong Island in the Convention of Chuenpi. However, both countries did not ratify the agreement. After over a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. Administrative infrastructure was built up by early 1842, but piracy and hostile Qing policies towards Hong Kong prevented the government from attracting merchants.
The Taiping Rebellion, when many wealthy Chinese fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colon