The Irish Times
The Irish Times is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper launched on 29 March 1859. The editor is Paul O'Neill who succeeded Kevin O'Sullivan on 5 April 2017; the Irish Times is published every day except Sundays. It employs 420 people. Though formed as a Protestant nationalist paper, within two decades and under new owners it had become the voice of British unionism in Ireland, it is no longer marketed as a unionist paper. The editorship of the newspaper from 1859 until 1986 was controlled by the Anglo-Irish Protestant minority, only gaining its first nominal Irish Catholic editor 127 years into its existence; the paper's most prominent columnists include writer and arts commentator Fintan O'Toole and satirist Miriam Lord. The late Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald was once a columnist. Senior international figures, including Tony Blair and Bill Clinton, have written for its op-ed page, its most prominent columns have included the political column Backbencher, by John Healy, Drapier and Reason and the long-running An Irishman's Diary.
An Irishman's Diary was written by Patrick Campbell in the forties. After Myers' move to the rival Irish Independent, An Irishman's Diary has been the work of Frank McNally. On the sports pages, Philip Reid is the paper's golf correspondent. One of its most popular columns was the biting and humorous Cruiskeen Lawn satire column written in Irish in English, by Myles na gCopaleen, the pen name of Brian O'Nolan who wrote books using the name Flann O'Brien. Cruiskeen Lawn is an anglicised spelling of the Irish words crúiscín lán, meaning'full little jug'. Cruiskeen Lawn made its debut in October 1940, appeared with varying regularity until O'Nolan's death in 1966; the first appearance of a newspaper using the name The Irish Times occurred in 1823, but this closed in 1825. The title was revived as a thrice-weekly publication by Major Lawrence E. Knox, with the first edition being published on 29 March 1859, it was founded as a moderate Protestant Nationalist newspaper, reflecting the politics of Knox, who stood unsuccessfully as a parliamentary candidate for Isaac Butt's Home Rule League.
Its headquarters were at 4 Lower Abbey Street in Dublin. Its main competitor in its early days was the Dublin Daily Express; the Irish Times supported Ireland remaining part of the United Kingdom and was allied to the Irish Unionist Alliance. After Knox's death in 1873, the paper was sold to the widow of Sir John Arnott, MP, a former Lord Mayor of Cork and owner of Arnotts, one of Dublin's major Department stores; the sale, for £35,000, led to two major changes. Its headquarters was shifted to 31 Westmoreland Street, remaining in buildings on or near that site until 2005, its politics shifted becoming predominantly Protestant and Unionist, it was associated with the Irish Unionist Alliance. The paper, along with the Irish Independent and various regional papers, called for the execution of the leaders of the failed 1916 Easter Rising. Though the paper became a publicly listed company in 1900, the family continued to hold a majority shareholding until the 1960s; the last member of the Arnott family to sit on the paper's board was Sir Lauriston Arnott, who died in 1958.
The editor during the 1930s, R. M. Smyllie, had strong anti-fascist views: he angered the Irish Catholic hierarchy by opposing General Franco during the Spanish Civil War; the Irish Times, like other national newspapers, had problems with Irish Government censorship during World War II. The Times was pro-Allied and was opposed to the Éamon de Valera government's policy of neutrality. In 1974, ownership was transferred to The Irish Times Trust; the former owner, Major Thomas McDowell, was made "president for life" of the trust which runs the paper and was paid a large dividend. However several years the articles of the Trust were adjusted, giving Major McDowell 10 preference shares and one more vote than the combined votes of all the other directors should any move be made to remove him. Major McDowell died in 2009; the Trust was set up in 1974 as "a company limited by guarantee" to purchase The Irish Times Limited and to ensure that The Irish Times would be published as an independent newspaper with specific editorial objectives..
The Trust is regulated by a legal document, the Memorandum and Articles of Association, controlled by a body of people under company law. It does not have charitable status, it has no beneficial shareholders and it cannot pay dividends. Any profits made by The Irish Times cannot be distributed to the Trust but must be used to strengthen the newspaper, directly or indirectly; the Trust is composed of a maximum of 11 Governors. The Trust appoints Governors who are required to be "representative broadly of the community throughout the whole of Ireland"; as of June 2012, Ruth Barrington is the chair of the trust, the governors are Tom Arnold, David Begg, Noel Dorr, Margaret Elliott, Rosemary Kelly, Eoin O'Driscoll, Fergus O'Ferrall, Judith Woodworth, Barry Smyth, Caitriona Murphy. In 1969, the longest-serving editor of The Irish Times, Douglas Gageby, was called a "white nigger" by the company chairman (a former Irish Bri
Waterford is a city in Ireland. It is part of the province of Munster; the city is situated at the head of Waterford Harbour. It is the fifth most populous city in the Republic of Ireland, it is the eighth most populous city on the island of Ireland. Waterford City and County Council is the local government authority for the city. According to the 2016 Census, 53,504 people live in the city, with a wider metropolitan population of 82,963. Today, Waterford is known for Waterford Crystal, a legacy of the city's former glass making industry. Glass, or crystal, was manufactured in the city from 1783 until early 2009, when the factory there was shut down after the receivership of Waterford Wedgwood plc; the Waterford Crystal visitor centre in the Viking Quarter, under new owners, opened in June 2010, after the intervention of Waterford City Council and Waterford Chamber of Commerce, resumed production. Waterford is known for being the "starting point" of one of the biggest European airlines – Ryanair's first flight was a 14-seat Embraer Bandeirante turboprop aircraft, flying between Waterford and Gatwick Airport.
The name'Waterford' comes from Old Norse Veðrafjǫrðr, meaning'ram fjord'. The Irish name is Port Láirge, meaning "Lárag's port". Viking raiders first established a settlement near Waterford in 853, it and all the other longphorts were vacated in 902, the Vikings having been driven out by the native Irish. The Vikings re-established themselves in Ireland at Waterford in 914, led at first by Ottir Iarla until 917, after that by Ragnall ua Ímair and the Uí Ímair dynasty, built what would be Ireland's first city. Among the most prominent rulers of Waterford was Ivar of Waterford. In 1167, Diarmait Mac Murchada, the deposed King of Leinster, failed in an attempt to take Waterford, he returned in 1170 with Cambro-Norman mercenaries under 2nd Earl of Pembroke. In furtherance of the Norman invasion of Ireland, King Henry II of England landed at Waterford in 1171. Waterford and Dublin were declared royal cities, with Dublin declared capital of Ireland. Throughout the medieval period, Waterford was Ireland's second city after Dublin.
In the 15th century Waterford repelled two pretenders to the English throne: Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck. As a result, King Henry VII gave the city its motto: Urbs Intacta Manet Waterfordia. After the Protestant Reformation, Waterford remained a Catholic city and participated in the confederation of Kilkenny – an independent Catholic government from 1642 to 1649; this was ended abruptly by Oliver Cromwell. In 1690, during the Williamite War, the Jacobite Irish Army was forced to surrender Waterford in the wake of the Battle of the Boyne; the 18th century was a period of huge prosperity for Waterford. Most of the city's best architecture appeared during this time. A permanent military presence was established in the city with the completion of the Cavalry Barracks at the end of the 18th century. In the early 19th century, Waterford City was deemed vulnerable and the British government erected three Martello towers on the Hook Peninsula to reinforce the existing Fort at Duncannon. During the 19th century, great industries such as glass making and ship building thrived in the city.
The city was represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1891 to 1918 by John Redmond MP, leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party. Redmond leader of the pro-Parnell faction of the party, defeated David Sheehy in 1891. In 1911, Br. Jerome Foley, Br. Dunstan Drumm and Br. Leopold Loughran left Waterford for Australia. Here, they founded a Catholic college, still in existence today. In July 1922, Waterford was the scene of fighting between Irish Free State and Irish Republican troops during the Irish Civil War. See Annals of Inisfallen AI926.2 The fleet of Port Láirge over land, they settled on Loch Gair. AI927.2 A slaughter of the foreigners of Port Láirge at Cell Mo-Chellóc by the men of Mumu and by the foreigners of Luimnech. AI984.2 A great naval expedition by the sons of Aralt to Port Láirge, they and the son of Cennétig exchanged hostages there as a guarantee of both together providing a hosting to attack Áth Cliath. The men of Mumu assembled and proceeded to Mairg Laigen, the foreigners overcame the Uí Cheinnselaig and went by sea.
AI1018.5 Death of Ragnall son of Ímar, king of Port Láirge. AI1031.9 Cell Dara and Port Láirge were burned. Following the Local Government Reform Act 2014, Waterford City and County Council is the local government authority for the city; the authority came into operation on 1 June 2014. Prior to this the city had Waterford City Council; the new Council is the result of a merger of Waterford County Council. The Council has 32 representatives; the city itself forms three of the electoral areas – which when combined form the Metropolitan District of Waterford – and returns a total of 18 councillors to Waterford City and County Council. Residents in these areas are restricted to voting for candidates located in their ward for local elections; the office
County Waterford is a county in Ireland. It is part of the South-East Region, it is named after the city of Waterford. Waterford City and County Council is the local authority for the county; the population of the county at large, including the city, was 116,176 according to the 2016 census. The county is based on the historic Gaelic territory of the Déise, anglicised'Decies' or'Dessia'. There is an Irish-speaking area, Gaeltacht na nDéise, in the south-west of the county. County Waterford has the Knockmealdown Mountains and the Comeragh Mountains; the highest point in the county is Knockmealdown, at 794m. It has many rivers, including Ireland's third longest river, the River Suir. There are over 30 beaches along Waterford's volcanic coast line. A large stretch of this coastline, known as the Copper Coast has been designated as a UNESCO Geopark, a place of great geological importance; the area around Ring is an Irish-speaking area. Waterford City is the county seat, prior to the merger of the 2 Waterford authorities in June 2014 Dungarvan was the county seat for Waterford County Council.
There are eight historic baronies in the county: Coshmore and Coshbride, Decies-within-Drum, Decies-without-Drum, Glenahiry, Middle Third and Waterford City. Abbeyside, Aglish, Annestown, An Rinn, Ardmore Ballinacourty, Ballinamult, Ballybeg, Ballyduff Lower, Ballyduff Upper, Ballygunner, Ballymacarbry, Ballynaneashagh, Ballytruckle, Bunmahon, Butlerstown Cappoquin, Carriglea, Clashmore, Clonea-Power, Clonea Strand, Coolnasmear, Crooke Dungarvan, Dunmore East Dunhill Faha, Fenor, Fews, Fourmilewater Glencairn, Grange Helvick Head Kilbrien, Kill, Kilmacthomas, Kilmeaden, Kilwatermoy, Knockanore Lemybrien, Lismore Mahon Bridge, Mine Head, Mothel, Mount Congreve, Mount Mellaray Newtown Old Parish Passage East, Portlaw Rathgormack Sliabh gCua, Stradbally Tallow, Touraneena, Tycor Waterford, Whiting Bay, Woodstown Villierstown County Waterford is colloquially known as "The Déise", pronounced "day-shih" or, in Irish, /dʲe:ʃʲɪ/; some time between the 4th and 8th centuries, a tribe of native Gaelic people called the Déisi were driven from southern county Meath/north Kildare and settling there.
The ancient principality of the Déise is today coterminous with the current Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore thus including part of south County Tipperary. The westernmost of the baronies are "Decies within Drum" and "Decies without Drum", separated by the Drum-Fineen hills. There are many megalithic tombs and ogham stones in the county; the Viking influence can still be seen with Reginald's Tower, one of the first buildings to use a brick and mortar construction method in Ireland. Woodstown, a settlement dating to the 9th century was discovered 5.5 kilometres west of Waterford city. It was the largest settlement outside Scandinavia and the only large-scale 9th-century Viking settlement discovered to date in Western Europe. Other architectural features are products of the Anglo-Norman invasion of its effects; as of 1 June 2014, Waterford City and County Council is the local government authority for Waterford. The authority was formed following the merger of Waterford City Council and Waterford County Council.
The merger occurred following the Local Government Reform Act 2014. Each local authority ranks as first level local administrative units of the NUTS 3 South-East Region for Eurostat purposes. There are 31 LAU 1 entities in the Republic of Ireland; the local authority is responsible for certain local services such as sanitation and real-estate development, the collection of automobile taxation, local roads and social housing. The county is part of the South constituency for the purposes of European elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of two constituencies: Waterford and Tipperary South. Together they return 7 deputies to the Dáil; the Electoral Act 2009 defines the Waterford constituency as "The county of Waterford, except the part thereof, comprised in the constituency of Tipperary South. Gaeltacht na nDéise is a Gaeltacht area in Co. Waterford consisting of the parish of An Rinn and An Sean Phobal. Gaeltacht na nDéise is located 10 km from the town of Dungarvan, has a population of 1,784 people and encompasses a geographical area of 62 km2.
According to the Comprehensive Linguistic Study of the use of Irish in the Gaeltacht, the percentage of daily Irish speakers in Gaeltacht na nDéise was 46.04%. High Sheriff of County Waterford Lord Lieutenant of Waterford List of abbeys and priories in the Republic of Ireland Saint Declan Limerick–Rosslare railway line Waterford City and County Council website – Official Waterford Tourism website
The People's Park, Waterford
The People's Park is the largest public park in Waterford city, Ireland. Laid out over a century ago, its 6.6 hectares comprise the foremost public green space in the city. It is located at the junction of the Park William Street; the current site of the People's Park was a marshland which John's River ran through, however in 1857 the river was diverted and the marshland drained to make way for the construction of the park. The park contains a Victorian-era bandstand, the Goff cycle track, a children's playground, a spherical monument and water feature and an old painted iron bridge connecting the park to the grounds of the Court House; the park has been upgraded in recent years. The old caretaker's house has been renovated and a small extension has been added with a cafe called the Park Lodge now occupying the structure. A baby playground area has been built. On 12 July 2006, €1 million funding was announced to continue refurbishment; the most important element of the aforementioned refurbishment is the inclusion of a skateboarding park.
In May 2011, there was outcry amongst the community as the Victorian bandstand was attacked by vandals who, under cover of darkness, pulled down and shattered much of the ornate wrought iron railings surrounding it. The morning after the incident Gardaí arrested several youths in the vicinity of the park, strewn with empty beer cans, it was alleged that pupils from a school in the area, who had engaged in a prolonged drinking binge, may have been responsible for the damage. The damage was promptly repaired by the engineering department of the City Council. Power, Dermot, "A history of the People's Park", Decies, 52: 113-144
The River Suir is a river in Ireland that flows into the Atlantic Ocean near Waterford after a distance of 185 kilometres. The catchment area of the Suir is 3,610 km2, its long term average flow rate is 76.9 cubic metres per second, about twice the flow of either River Barrow or River Nore before these join, but a little less than Barrow's flow when it meets the Suir 20 km downstream. Popular with anglers, it holds plentiful reserves of brown trout. While the Suir holds the record for a salmon taken from an Irish river, as is the case in many other Atlantic rivers, salmon stocks have been in decline in recent years. Rising on the slopes of Devil's Bit Mountain, just north of Templemore in County Tipperary, the Suir flows south through Loughmore, Holycross and Knockgraffon. Merging with the River Aherlow at Kilmoyler and further on with the Tar, it turns east at the Comeragh Mountains, forming the border between County Waterford and County Tipperary, it passes through Cahir and Carrick-on-Suir before reaching Waterford.
Near the Port of Waterford it meets the River Barrow at Cheekpoint to form a wide navigable estuary, capable of accommodating seagoing vessels up to 32,000 tons dwt. It exits to the sea between Hook Head. Together with the Nore and the Barrow, the river is one of the trio known as The Three Sisters; the Suir is known in Irish as the Siúr and it is thought the present spelling in English with the u and i reversed is due to a mistake. Some people therefore feel that the spelling in English should be Siur and this spelling is seen.. Edmund Spenser author of The Fairie Queene, in his writings during the Elizabethan age while domiciled in County Cork, referred to the'gentle Shure', probable a most accurate spelling and the most phonetically correct of the period. In the early years of the 21st century, the remains of a large Viking settlement were found at a bend in the river at Woodstown just upstream from Waterford. In Clonmel, the Suir floods the local area after heavy rainfalls falling in the up river catchment of 2,173 km2.
The Office of Public Works completed and installed a Flood Forecasting System, used to forecast flooding in January 2008 and January 2009, the flooding of January 2009 being a 1 in 5-year event. Phase 1 of the Clonmel Flood defence which stated in 2007 is scheduled for completion in late 2009 and phase two and three as one contract by 2011/2012; the flood defence consists of demountable barriers and earth banks. The Gashouse Bridge, Coleville Road, Davis Road, the quays and the Old Bridge are the worst affected areas. Clonmel is not tidal; the tide turns above the Miloko chocolate crumb factory in Carrick-on-Suir. The flood waters spill onto the land above Miloko on the County Waterford side of the river. Carrick-on-Suir has a 1 -- 50-year flood defence; the Office of Public Works now plan to install a 1–200-year flood defence where the river Suir flows through Waterford city. Rivers of Ireland Salmon Ireland, information on the Salmon rivers of Ireland The Suir Navigation from Carrick to Clonmel
Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford
Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford, or more formally, the Cathedral of The Holy Trinity, Christ Church, is a cathedral of the Church of Ireland in Waterford City, Ireland. It is in the ecclesiastical province of Dublin; the cathedral of the Diocese of Waterford, it is now one of six cathedrals in the United Dioceses of Cashel and Ossory. The first church on the site was built in the 11th century. In 1170 it was the venue for the marriage of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke and Aoife Ní Diarmait; this was replaced in 1210 by a Gothic Cathedral. Since Christ Church Cathedral was subject to the Protestant Reformation, Roman Catholic adherents were obliged to worship elsewhere. In the 18th century, the city corporation recommended; the architect was John Roberts, responsible for the Catholic cathedral and for much of Georgian Waterford. During the demolition of the old cathedral, a series of medieval vestments were discovered in 1773, they were presented by the Anglican bishop, the Rt Revd Richard Chenevix, to his Roman Catholic counterpart, the Most Revd Peter Creagh, are now kept in the Museum of Treasures in Waterford and the National Museum in Dublin.
The present building has been described by architectural historian Mark Girouard as the finest 18th century ecclesiastical building in Ireland. Michael Boyle, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore Bishop of Waterford Bishop of Waterford and Lismore Bishop of Cashel and Waterford Bishop of Cashel and Ossory Dean of Waterford
John Francis O'Shea is an Irish professional footballer who plays as a defender for Championship club Reading. He is known for his versatility in playing several positions on either side of the pitch or the centre. Born in Waterford, O'Shea joined Manchester United when he was 17, he spent loan spells at Bournemouth and Royal Antwerp before establishing himself in the Manchester United first team, going on to make 400 appearances in all competitions over 10 years. O'Shea won 14 trophies at United, he is one of the most decorated Irish footballers of all time, with only Denis Irwin, Roy Keane, Steve Heighway and Ronnie Whelan having accrued more honours. He joined Sunderland in July 2011. Having played 256 times for the Wearside club and scoring four goals, he signed for Championship side Reading in July 2018. O'Shea made his Republic of Ireland debut in 2001 against Croatia and made 118 appearances for his country over the next 17 years, scoring three goals, his first in 2003 against Australia.
He was part of the team that controversially lost to France in a play-off for the 2010 FIFA World Cup and went on to play in UEFA Euro 2012 and UEFA Euro 2016. Prior to joining the Manchester United academy, O'Shea played for Ferrybank AFC and Waterford Bohemians, he signed professional forms at the age of 17 and made his professional debut on 13 October 1999 against Aston Villa at Villa Park in a 3–0 Football League Cup defeat. Following loan spells at Bournemouth and Belgian side Royal Antwerp, he returned to Manchester and began to feature in the United first team in the 2002–03 season, demonstrating versatility by playing at left-back, right-back, centre-back and central midfield during the successful 2002–03 Premier League campaign. In 2003–04, United were without Rio Ferdinand after he began a suspension for missing a drugs test in January, O'Shea took over from Ferdinand in central defence, helping United reach the FA Cup Final where they triumphed 3–0 over Millwall, he displayed indifferent form in the 2004–05 season and was linked with a move away from Manchester, with Newcastle United and Liverpool being linked with the Irishman.
One of the highlights of Manchester United's otherwise disappointing season was the 4–2 away victory against Arsenal, in which O'Shea scored the fourth goal by chipping Arsenal goalkeeper Manuel Almunia from the edge of the 18-yard box. An injury to Gary Neville in the 2005–06 season gave O'Shea more first-team opportunities, he was criticised for his lacklustre performances that season, was one of the players lambasted by United veteran Roy Keane in a controversial interview on the club's MUTV channel. On 4 February 2007, during a league game against Tottenham Hotspur, O'Shea deputised for Edwin van der Sar in goal after van der Sar was taken off the pitch for a broken nose, while Manchester United had used all three substitutes. During this time, he denied his Republic of Ireland teammate Robbie Keane a goal with a save a few minutes before full-time. Following this incident, United fans chanted "Ireland's number one" in O'Shea's honour. A month he won over many United fans by scoring a stoppage-time winner against Liverpool at Anfield for United in the league, having come on as a substitute for Wayne Rooney.
This goal was important in United going on to regain the Premier League trophy for the 2006–07 season. He rescued his team against Everton in one of the final games of the season, when he bundled the ball into the net after Everton goalkeeper Iain Turner fumbled a Ryan Giggs corner. United went on to win 4–2; this was an more decisive goal, as Bolton Wanderers were drawing with Chelsea at the same time and defeat would have let Chelsea back into the title race. He scored another goal from close range, in a 2–1 defeat away to Portsmouth that season, this goal came during an injury-hit part of the season, where O'Shea, as a versatile player, was required to play at full-back. O'Shea scored with 80 % of his shots in the 2006 -- 07 season. During the 2007–08 season, Manchester United used O'Shea as an emergency striker due to injury problems, his use as a striker gave him the distinction of having played in every position for Manchester United. In November 2007, O'Shea extended his contract at Manchester United, to keep him at the club until 2012.
Throughout the 2007–08 season, O'Shea came off the bench several times and proved important as a utility player on the way to a European double. O'Shea captained his club for the first time, during a 2–0 home defeat to Coventry City in the League Cup Fourth Round. Throughout the 2008–09 season, O'Shea became a regular within the team, deputising at right-back because of injuries to Gary Neville and Wes Brown. On 20 January 2009, O'Shea scored his first goal of the season against Derby County in the second leg of the League Cup semi-final. O'Shea started the 2009 Football League Cup Final, before being replaced by Nemanja Vidić on 76 minutes, United won the game 4–1 on penalties. On 29 April 2009, O'Shea scored the only goal of the game in the first leg of the Champions League semi-final against Arsenal, this set United up to go on and win in the second leg by 4–1 on aggregate. O'Shea started and played the full 90 minutes in the 2009 Champions League Final 2–0 loss to Barcelona, by many accounts was one of United's better performers on the night.
Sir Alex Ferguson had promised O'Shea, an unused substitute in the 2008 Champions League Final, a starting place in the 2009 final for his contribution to the team that season. O'Shea captained United for the second time against Birmingham City in their first game of the 2009–10 Premier League s