Festival of Lights (New Plymouth)
The TSB Festival of Lights is an annual event held in Pukekura Park, New Plymouth. Running for free every year from mid-December to early February, it has daytime and night time programmes of events for people of all ages, the festival itself transforms the park into an illuminated wonderland every evening. Colourful lights are used to highlight tree crowns and other plants. Light art displays are installed along the festival walking route and the waterfall is lit in changing colors; the festival has been a major summer attraction and cultural event for the city since 1993, is attended by over 100,000 people each year. The festival celebrated its 20th year in 2013; the festival is sponsored by TSB Bank. Www.festivaloflights.nz
Festival of Lights (Berlin)
Festival of Lights Berlin is an international event series and a registered trademark. It is one of the most famous light festivals worldwide. A free event, it takes place in Berlin, Germany each year in October, transforms landmarks and buildings across the city through the use of illuminations, luministic projections and 3D mapping. Structures and squares, including Brandenburg Gate, the Berlin TV Tower, The Berlin Cathedral or the Berlin Victory Column have been metamorphosed through light each year since the first Festival of Lights took place in 2005. Festival of Lights Berlin Since 2005 Birgit Zander and her agency Zander & Partner have been the sole producer of the Festival of Lights. Creative director is Birgit Zander. In 2008, the Light Festival opened on 14 October with the light fountain show Flames of Water in front of Humboldt University of Berlin in Berlin; the light artists threw projections across 49 landmarks and squares across Berlin. The church towers of the Nikolaikirche Nikolaikirche in the city centre were for the first time illuminated all in white, commemorating the legend of the escape of John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg from his castle to the Nikolai quarter in the 17th century.
A light clock on the Marx-Engels Forum with a diameter of 60 meters found its way into the Guinness World Records as the largest in the world. For joggers there was a ‘light run’ on a 7.5 km-long track bordered on either side by an array of illuminated buildings. A multitude of museums, theaters and companies opened their doors on this night and invited people in for light-oriented presentations; each Festival of Lights has its own motto. In the program highlight "World Championship of Projection Mapping", the best video artists from all over the world skilfully present their visions in 3D video mappings each year; this was the case in 2017 under the motto "Creating Tomorrow" at the Berlin Cathedral. One of the highlights of the 13th Festival Of Lights was the special "Democracy" award, in which video artists from all over the world took part, their works were shown at Bellevue Castle, with the award ceremony being opened by Federal President Frank Walter Steinmeier. There was the first 360° production at Bebelplatz with a 3D video mapping for the 275th anniversary of the Berlin State Opera.
For the first time there was a 3D video mapping on the Old Town House, opened by Oscar winner Julianne Moore. The 13th Festival of Lights was seen by 2.3 million visitors. Festival of Lights On Tour projects have taken place in New York, Luxembourg, Zagreb, Beijing and Jerusalem. Website Festival of Lights Media related to Festival of Lights at Wikimedia Commons Official website of the Festivals of Lights
Saint Lucy's Day
Saint Lucy's Day called the Feast of Saint Lucy, is a Christian feast day celebrated on 13 December in Advent, commemorating Saint Lucy, a 3rd-century martyr under the Diocletianic Persecution, who according to legend brought "food and aid to Christians hiding in the catacombs" using a candle-lit wreath to "light her way and leave her hands free to carry as much food as possible". Her feast once coincided with the Winter Solstice, the shortest day of the year before calendar reforms, so her feast day has become a Christian festival of light. Falling within the Advent season, Saint Lucy's Day is viewed as an event signaling the arrival of Christmastide, pointing to the arrival of the Light of Christ in the calendar, on Christmas Day. Saint Lucy’s Day is celebrated most in Scandinavia, with their long dark winters, where it is a major feast day, in Italy, with each emphasising a different aspect of the story. In Scandinavia, where Saint Lucy is called Santa Lucia in Norwegian and Danish, Sankta Lucia in Swedish, she is represented as a lady in a white dress and red sash with a crown or wreath of candles on her head.
In Norway and Swedish-speaking regions of Finland, as songs are sung, girls dressed as Saint Lucy carry cookies and saffron buns in procession, which "symbolizes bringing the light of Christianity throughout world darkness". In both Protestant and Catholic churches, boys participate in the procession as well, playing different roles associated with Christmas, such as that of Saint Stephen, it is said that to vividly celebrate Saint Lucy's Day will help one live the long winter days with enough light. A special devotion to Saint Lucy is practiced in the Italian regions of Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige, in the north of the country, Sicily, in the south, as well as in the Croatian coastal region of Dalmatia. In Hungary and Croatia, a popular tradition on Saint Lucy's Day involves planting wheat grains that will be several centimetres high at Christmas, representing the Nativity. An inscription in Syracuse dedicated to Euskia mentioning St Lucy's Day as a local feast dates back to the 4th century A.
D. which states "Euskia, the irreproachable, lived a good and pure life for about 25 years, died on my Saint Lucy's feast day, she for whom I cannot find appropriate words of praise: she was a Christian, perfection itself, full of thankfulness and gratitude". The Feast of Saint Lucy became a universal feast of the Church in the 6th century, commemorating the Christian martyr's death on 13 December 304 A. D. St. Lucy's Day appears in the sacramentary of Gregory, as well as that of Bede, Christian churches were dedicated to Saint Lucy in Italy as well as in England. Christian missionaries arrived in Scandinavia to evangelize the local population, carrying the commemoration of Saint Lucy with them, this "story of a young girl bringing light in the midst of darkness no doubt held great meaning for people who, in the midst of a North Sea December, were longing for the relief of warmth and light". Saint Lucy is one of the few saints celebrated by the overwhelmingly Lutheran Nordic people — Danes.
It is speculated that the St. Lucy's Day celebrations in Scandinavia alone may retain a few indigenous Germanic pagan, pre-Christian midwinter elements; some of the practices associated with the Feast of Saint Lucy may predate the adoption of Christianity in that region, like much of Scandinavian folklore and religiosity, is centered on the annual struggle between light and darkness. The Nordic observation of St. Lucy is first attested in the Middle Ages, continued after the Protestant Reformation in the 1520s and 1530s, although the modern celebration is only about 200 years old, it is that tradition owes its popularity in the Nordic countries to the extreme change in daylight hours between the seasons in this region. The pre-Christian holiday of Yule, or jól, was the most important holiday in Scandinavia and Northern Europe; the observance of the winter solstice, the rebirth of the sun, it brought about many practices that remain in the Advent and Christmas celebrations today. The Yule season was a time for feasting, gift-giving, gatherings, but the season of awareness and fear of the forces of the dark.
In Scandinavia this date was the longest night of the year, coinciding with Winter Solstice, due to the Julian Calendar being employed at that time. The same can be seen in the poem "A Nocturnal upon S. Lucy's Day, Being the Shortest Day" by the English poet John Donne. While this does not hold for our current Gregorian calendar, a discrepancy of 8 days would have been the case in the Julian calendar during the 14th century, resulting in Winter solstice falling on 13 December. With the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar in the 16th century the discrepancy was 10 days and had increased to 11 days in the 18th century when Scandinavia adopted the new calendar, with Winter solstice falling on 9 December; the Winter solstice is not visibly shorter than the several days leading up to and following it and although the actual Julian date of Winter solstice would have been on 15 or 14 December at the time when Christianity was introduced to Scandinavia, 13 December could well have lodged in peoples mind as being the shortest day.
The choice of 13 December as Saint Lucy's day, predates the eight-day error of the 14th century Julian calendar. This date is attested in the pre-Tridentic Monastic calendar going back to the earliest attestations of her life in the 6th and 7th centuries, it is the date used t
Festival of Lights (film)
Festival of Lights is a 2010 film directed and written by Shundell Prasad. It stars Melinda Shankar as the rebellious and mouthy Reshma, Jimi Mistry as Reshma's birth father, Aidan Quinn as Reshma's stepfather; the film deals with Reshma's struggles to find her father whom she was separated from when she and her mother, played by Ritu Singh Pande, migrate from Guyana to New York City. Separated from her father when their family immigrates from Guyana, a young girl comes of age in New York City. Battling through a troubled youth and a broken relationship with her mother, she struggles to find peace and discover the secret of what happened to her father. Melinda Shankar as Reshma Jimi Mistry as Vishnu, Reshma's father Aidan Quinn as Adem, Reshma's stepfather Ritu Singh Pande as Meena, Reshma's mother Stephen Hadeed, Jr. as Ravin Nandanie Dudhnath as Asha Isabella A. Santos as Sandy Fawad Siddiqui as Mike, Reshma's uncle Dion Matthews as Warden's Assistant The film was directed, written and co-produced by Shundell Prasad.
It was filmed in Georgetown and Queens, New York. Official website Festival of Lights on IMDb
Guangzhou known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities. Guangzhou is at the heart of the most-populous built-up metropolitan area in mainland China that extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan and Shenzhen, forming one of the largest urban agglomerations on the planet. Administratively, the city holds sub-provincial status and is one of China's nine National Central Cities. In 2018 year end, the city's expansive administrative area is estimated at 14,904,400 by city authorities, up 3.8% year on year. Guangzhou is ranked as an Alpha global city. There is a increasing number of foreign temporary residents and immigrants from Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Africa.
This has led to it being dubbed the "Capital of the Third World". The domestic migrant population from other provinces of China in Guangzhou was 40% of the city's total population in 2008. Together with Shanghai and Shenzhen, Guangzhou has one of the most expensive real estate markets in China. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, nationals of sub-Saharan Africa who had settled in the Middle East and other parts of Southeast Asia moved in unprecedented numbers to Guangzhou, China in response to the 1997/98 Asian financial crisis. Long the only Chinese port accessible to most foreign traders, Guangzhou fell to the British during the First Opium War. No longer enjoying a monopoly after the war, it lost trade to other ports such as Hong Kong and Shanghai, but continued to serve as a major entrepôt. In modern commerce, Guangzhou is best known for its annual Canton Fair, the oldest and largest trade fair in China. For three consecutive years, Forbes ranked Guangzhou as the best commercial city in mainland China.
Guǎngzhōu is the pinyin romanisation of the Chinese name 廣州, simplified in mainland China to 广州 in the 1950s. The name of the city is taken from the ancient Guang Province, after it had become the prefecture's seat of government, how some other Chinese cities, including Hangzhou and Fuzhou got their names; the character 廣 or 广—which appears in the names of the provinces Guangdong and Guangxi, together called the Liangguang—means "broad" or "expansive" and refers to the intention to dispense imperial grace broadly in the region with the founding of county of Guangxin in Han Dynasty. Before acquiring its current name, the town was known as Panyu, a name still borne by one of Guangzhou's districts not far from the main city; the origin of the name is still uncertain, with 11 various explanations being offered, including that it may have referred to two local mountains. The city has sometimes been known as Guangzhou Fu or Guangfu after its status as the capital of a prefecture. From this latter name, Guangzhou was known to medieval Persians such as Al-Masudi and Ibn Khordadbeh as Khanfu.
Under the Southern Han, the city was renamed Xingwang. The Chinese abbreviation for Guangzhou is "穗", after its nickname "Rice City"; the city has long borne the nickname City of Rams or City of the Five Rams from the five stones at the old Temple of the Five Immortals said to have been the sheep or goats ridden by the Taoist culture heroes credited with introducing rice cultivation to the area around the time of the city's foundation. The former name "City of the Immortals" came from the same story; the more recent City of Flowers is taken as a simple reference to the area's fine greenery. The English name "Canton" derived from Portuguese Cantão or Cidade de Cantão, a muddling of dialectical pronunciations of "Guangdong". Although it and chiefly applied to the walled city, it was conflated with Guangdong by some authors, it was adopted as the Postal Map Romanization of Guangzhou and remained in common use until the gradual adoption of pinyin. As an adjective, it is still used in describing the people, language and culture of Guangzhou and the surrounding Liangguang region.
The 19th-century name "Kwang-chow foo" derived from Nanjing dialect of Mandarin and the town's status as a prefectural capital. A settlement now known as Nanwucheng was present in the area by 1100 BC; some traditional Chinese histories placed Nanwucheng's founding during the reign of Ji Yan, king of Zhou from 314–256 BC. It was said to have consisted of little more than a stockade of mud. Panyu was established on the east bank of the Pearl River in 214 BC to serve as a base for the Qin Empire's first failed invasion of the Baiyue lands in southern China. Legendary accounts claimed the soldiers at Panyu were so vigilant that they did not remove their armor for three years. Upon the fall of the Qin, General Zhao Tuo established his own kingdom of Nanyue and made Panyu its capital in 204 BC, it remained independent through the Chu-Han Contention, although Zhao negotiated recognition of his independence in exchange for his nominal submission to the Han in 196 BC. Archaeological evidence shows that Panyu was an expansive commercial centre: in addition to items from central China, archaeologists have found remains originating from Southeast Asia and Africa.
Zhao Tuo was succeeded by Zhao Mo and Zhao Yingqi. Upon Zhao Yingqi's death in
The Lantern Festival or the Spring Lantern Festival is a Chinese festival celebrated on the fifteenth day of the first month in the lunisolar Chinese calendar. Falling in February or early March on the Gregorian calendar, it marks the final day of the traditional Chinese New Year celebrations; as early as the Western Han Dynasty, it had become a festival with great significance. During the Lantern Festival, children go out at night carrying paper lanterns and solve riddles on the lanterns. In ancient times, the lanterns were simple, only the emperor and noblemen had large ornate ones. In modern times, lanterns have been embellished with many complex designs. For example, lanterns are now made in the shape of animals; the lanterns can symbolize the people letting go of their past selves and getting new ones, which they will let go of the next year. The lanterns are always red to symbolize good fortune; the festival acts as an Uposatha day on the Chinese calendar. It should not to be confused with the Mid-Autumn Festival.
The Lantern Festival has become popular in Western countries in cities with a large Chinese community. In London, the Magical Lantern Festival is held annually. There are several beliefs about the origin of the Lantern Festival. However, its roots trace back more than 2000 years ago and is popularly linked to the reign of Emperor Ming of Han at the time when Buddhism was growing in China. Emperor Ming was an advocate of Buddhism and noticed Buddhist monks would light lanterns in temples on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month; as a result, Emperor Ming ordered all households and the imperial palace to light lanterns on that evening. From there it developed into a folk custom. Another origin is the celebration of "the declining darkness of winter" and community's ability to "move about at night with human-made light," namely, lanterns. During the Han Dynasty, the festival was connected to the deity of the North Star. There is one legend that states that it was a time to worship Taiyi, the God of Heaven in ancient times.
The belief was. He had sixteen dragons at his beck and call and he decided when to inflict drought, famine or pestilence upon human beings. Beginning with Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China, who named China, all the emperors ordered splendid ceremonies each year; the emperor would ask Taiyi to bring good health to him and his people. Wudi of the Han Dynasty directed special attention to this event. In 104 BCE, he proclaimed it to be one of the most important celebrations and the ceremony would last throughout the night. Another legend associates the Lantern Festival with Taoism. Tianguan is the Taoist god responsible for good fortune, his birthday falls on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month. It is said that Tianguan likes all types of entertainment, so followers prepare various kinds of activities during which they pray for good fortune. Another legend associates the Lantern Festival with an ancient warrior name Lan Moon, who led a rebellion against the tyrannical king in ancient China.
He was killed in the storming of the city and the successful rebels commemorated the festival in his name. Yet another common legend dealing with the origins of the Lantern Festival speaks of a beautiful crane that flew down to earth from heaven. After it landed on earth it was killed by some villagers; this angered the Jade Emperor in heaven. So, he planned a storm of fire to destroy the village on the fifteenth lunar day; the Jade Emperor's daughter warned the inhabitants of her father’s plan to destroy their village. The village was in turmoil. However, a wise man from another village suggested that every family should hang red lanterns around their houses, set up bonfires on the streets, explode firecrackers on the fourteenth and sixteenth lunar days; this would give the village the appearance of being on fire to the Jade Emperor. On the fifteenth lunar day, troops sent down from heaven whose mission was to destroy the village saw that the village was ablaze, returned to heaven to report to the Jade Emperor.
Satisfied, the Jade Emperor decided not to burn down the village. From that day on, people celebrate the anniversary on the fifteenth lunar day every year by carrying lanterns on the streets and exploding firecrackers and fireworks. Another legend about the origins of Lantern Festival involves a maid named Yuan-Xiao. In the Han Dynasty, Dongfang Shuo was a favorite adviser of the emperor. One winter day, he went to the garden and heard a little girl crying and getting ready to jump into a well to commit suicide. Shuo asked why, she said she was Yuan-Xiao, a maid in the emperor's palace and that she never had a chance to see her family since she started working there. If she could not have the chance to show her filial piety in this life, she would rather die. Shuo promised to find a way to reunite her with her family. Shuo set up a fortune-telling stall on the street. Due to his reputation, many people asked for their fortunes to be told but everyone got the same prediction - a calamitous fire on the fifteenth lunar day.
The rumor spread quickly. Everyone asked Shuo for help. Shuo said that on the thirteenth lunar day, the God of Fire would send a fairy in red riding a black horse to burn down the city; when people saw the fairy they should ask for her mercy. On that da
Vivid Sydney is an annual festival of light and ideas, held in Sydney. It includes outdoor immersive light installations and projections, performances by local and international musicians, an ideas exchange forum featuring public talks and debates with leading creative thinkers; this event takes place over the course of three weeks in June. The centrepiece of Vivid Sydney is the light sculptures, multimedia interactive work and building projections that transform various buildings and landmarks such as the Opera House and Harbour Bridge in and around the Sydney central business district into an outdoor night time canvas of art. During the 2015 festival, sites of interest were Central Park and the University of Sydney as well as around the CBD, Darling Harbour and The Rocks. Vivid began as a Smart light festival in 2009 for energy efficiency curated by lighting designer Mary-Anne Kyriakou and headlined by Brian Eno who in collaboration with lighting designer Bruce Ramus, projected light painting onto both sides of the Opera House.
According to New South Wales Deputy Premier and government Andrew Stoner, Vivid 2012 attracted more than 500,000 visitors to the outdoor exhibition and events, generating around $10 million in income for the state, whereas Vivid 2013 attracted more than 800,000 visitors, contributing more than $20 million to the NSW economy. In 2014, the festival involved the Opera House, Walsh Bay, Circular Quay, The Rocks, North Sydney, Darling Harbour, joining in for the first time, Harbour Lights, The Star and Carriageworks. A new projected work by London based creative team 59 Productions illuminated the sails of the Sydney Opera House. In 2015, Vivid Sydney attracted more than 1.7 million visitors to the city. The 2016 Vivid event included an expanded program of multi-genre music, stimulating presentations and Vivid Talks from global presenters and dazzling light projections across the city. In 2016, a display was added at Taronga Zoo. In 2016, Vivid Sydney was attended by more than 2.3 million people.
In 2017, Vivid Sydney attracted a record 2.33 million attendees and injected over $143 million into NSW’s visitor economy. At Vivid Sydney, there are many opportunities for individuals to interact with the unique technology, offered. Exhibits at Vivid Sydney are all numbered based on their location and these numbers are all displayed on a map. While there are multiple larger light shows such as the ones displayed on the Opera House and the Harbour Bridge, there are multiple smaller exhibits located around the harbour. One of the interactive activities in the harbor was called Musical cubes. In this activity, a group of 6 individuals would take part in a musical experiment; each member would be given a three dimensional cube. Each cube represented a different instrument and each side of the cube would represent a different pace; every member of the group would take their cube, select a side, place the cube on a table. A computer program would interpret all the information from the cubes and play the resulting musical beat over loud speakers that surrounded the table.
Participants would be allowed to change the tempo of their instrument and as they changed them, the program would react to reflect the change and play the new tune. Another activity located in the harbor was called the Heart of the City; this was one of the more popular activities at Vivid Sydney 2015 due to its immersive nature. The Heart of the City resembled a large, solid beanbag chair and was located near the Sydney Opera House. Upon reaching the front of the line, participants would be asked to seat themselves in the middle of the chair. Once seated, they would be instructed by a Vivid Sydney volunteer to insert their finger into a small hole located near the chair. If your finger was inserted the chair would begin to light up red to match your heartbeat; as participants began to notice this, their heart rate sometimes increased causing the chair to light up more rapidly. Vivid Live Tourism in Sydney Culture of Sydney List of festivals in Australia Media related to Vivid Sydney at Wikimedia Commons Vivid Sydney Light Music & Ideas Festival Vivid Sydney with Kids