The Ankara Metro is the rapid transit system serving Ankara, the capital of Turkey. The Ankaray, the M1, M2 and M3 lines, together transported 104.1 million passengers in 2014, the Kızılay to Atatürk Cultural Center link of M4 is not yet opened and remains under construction. Also, a line between Kızılay and Ankara Esenboğa Airport is in the planning stages and would make up the next phase of expansion of the metro. The Ankaray, a rail system was the first phase of the modern rapid transit network of the city. The Ankaray was constructed by a consortium headed by Siemens over a period of four years and it opened on 20 August 1996. The line runs between AŞTİ and Dikimevi, covering a distance of 8.53 kilometres, of which 6.68 kilometres is through underground tunnels. The Ankara Metro has been operating since 29 December 1997, with the opening of its first full line, M1. The M2 line, operating from Kızılay, the city center, to Koru, the M3 line, which serves almost as an extension of the M1 line, operating from Batıkent to Törekent, opened a month on 13 March 2014.
Construction of the metro line is currently underway, North. Another extension of the network to the south is being considered, the TBMM–Dikmen line would run for 4.8 km and have five new stations. The expanded Ankara Metro is expected to reach a capacity of 58,000 passengers per hour per direction in the near future. P. A. M1, M2, and M3 trains, which have a top speed of 80 km/h, the system is served by 11 three-car trainsets. Each traincar is 29-metre long, with 60 seats, and can transport a maximum of 308 passengers, thus each three-car trainset is approximately 90-metre long, the current passenger volume capacity on the Ankaray line is 27,000 passengers per hour per direction. The system has a total of 108 vehicles, which are configured as 18 six-car trainsets. The cars have no forward- or rear-facing seats, and no seats at the front or rear, the cars seats are made of rigid plastic. Istanbul Metro Sincan-Kayaş Line Ankara metro construction resumes soon in, February 2012 Ankaray – official website Network map Ankara Metro at UrbanRail. net
History of Ankara
The oldest settlements in and around the city center of Ankara belong to the Hatti civilization which thrived during the Bronze Age. There is the possibility that at the time Midas came the city was essentially unpopulated, persian sovereignty lasted until the Persians defeat at the hands of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great. Ankara was conquered by Alexander the Great in 333 BC, who came from Gordion to Ankara, after his death at Babylon in 323 BC and the subsequent division of his empire amongst his generals and its environs fell into the share of Antigonus. By that time the city took its name Áγκυρα-Ànkyra which is still used by the Turks with the slightly modified form of Ankara. Other centres were Pessinos, modern Balhisar, for the Trocmi tribe, the city was known as Ancyra. The Celtic element was probably relatively small in numbers, an aristocracy which ruled over Phrygian-speaking peasants. However, the Celtic language continued to spoken in Galatia for many centuries. At the end of the 4th century, St.
Jerome and this may indicate that the older Phyrigian population had adopted the language of the Celtic invaders. The city was conquered by Augustus in 25 BC and passed under the control of the Roman Empire. Now the capital city of the Roman province of Galatia, Ancyra continued to be a center of commercial importance. The ruins of Ancyra still furnish today valuable bas-reliefs, Augustus decided to make Ancyra one of three main administrative centres in central Anatolia. The town was populated by Phrygians and Celts—the Galatians who spoke a language closely related to Welsh. Ancyra was the center of a known as the Tectosages. An estimated 200,000 people lived in Ancyra in good times during the Roman Empire, a small river, the Ankara Çayı, ran through the centre of the Roman town. It has now covered over and diverted, but it formed the northern boundary of the old town during the Roman, Byzantine. Çankaya, the rim of the hill to the south of the present city center, stood well outside the Roman city.
In the 19th century, the remains of at least one Roman villa or large house were still standing not far from where the Çankaya Presidential Residence stands today and it was thus a sizeable city by any standards and much larger than the Roman towns of Gaul or Britain. Ancyras importance rested on the fact was that it was the point where the roads in northern Anatolia running north-south
Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey
There are 81 provinces in Turkey. Among the 81 provinces, thirty are designated metropolitan municipalities, Metropolitan municipalities are subdivided into districts, where each district includes a corresponding district municipality, which is a second tier municipality. The first metropolitan municipalities were established in 1984 and these were the three most populous cities in Turkey, namely, İstanbul, Ankara and İzmir. In each metropolitan municipality a number of second level municipalities were established, in 1986, four new metropolitan municipalities were established in Adana, Bursa and Konya. Two years the number was increased to eight with the addition of Kayseri. Before 2004, only the urban centers with a more than 750,000 were declared metropolitan centers. However, in 2004, the concept of metropolitan municipality was redefined in Istanbul and Kocaeli, in 2012, this was extented to other metropolitan municipalities. Thus, all provinces with a population in excess of 750,000 were declared metropolitan municipality, since the total population of Turkey is 77,695,904, the population in the 30 provinces make up 77% of the population of the country.
Elections for Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey 2013 Turkish local government reorganisation
State Art and Sculpture Museum
The State Art and Sculpture Museum is a museum dedicated to fine arts and sculpture in Ankara, Turkey. It is located close to the Ethnography Museum and houses a collection of Turkish art from the late 19th century to the present day. There are galleries for guest exhibitions, the museum was reopened after the restoration of the building in 1980. Today, the museum is a center of art where the most outstanding works of the artists who played important roles in the development of Turkish painting and sculpture are exhibited. Any damage due to aging which may occur in spite of all measures are restored by experts in the special restoration unit which has been set up as a separate division within the museum. The museum was restored in 2011 to increase the exhibition spaces. As for the security measures, the building is furnished with closed-circuit TV, ultrasonic. In addition to the workshop where painting and traditional printing courses are held, special workshops for Turkish ornamental arts, ceramic, in addition, exhibitions of Turkish artworks selected from the permanent collection of the museum are organized in foreign countries, within the framework of international cultural agreements.
Serving to public with its modern cafeteria, sales outlet and audio system, the institution goes beyond an exhibition place for old artwork, comprising all attributes of a modern museum of arts
TCDD Open Air Steam Locomotive Museum
The TCDD Open Air Steam Locomotive Museum is a railroad museum in Ankara, which traces the history of steam locomotives. Due to the construction of the new Railway Station, the Museum was closed in March 2014, the museum is owned and operated by the Turkish State Railways. It is part of the Ankara Railway Museum, which consists of Ankara Railway History Museum, Atatürks Car, exhibits on display,1909 Beuchelt & Co. Wooden Passenger carriage Restaurant carriage Çamlık Railway Museum, another open air steam locomotive museum in Selçuk, Izmir Province Istanbul Railway Museum
Middle East Technical University
Middle East Technical University is a public technical university located in Ankara, Turkey. The main campus of METU spans an area of 11,100 acres, comprising, in addition to academic and auxiliary facilities, a forest area of 7,500 acres, METU has more than 120,000 alumni worldwide. The official language of instruction at METU is English, over 40% of METUs undergraduate alumni choose to pursue graduate studies. Arrangements and Procedures as for the Foundation of METU, Law No 6213 was enacted on January 22,1957, the Foundation Act No 7907, setting forth the particular standing of METU and establishing it as a juridical entity, was enacted on May 27,1959. In 1963, the university moved to its current location west of Ankara city center, in 1956, the Department of Architecture initiated the first academic program at METU, followed by the Department of Mechanical Engineering in the spring of 1957. At the start of the 1957–1958 academic year, the Faculty of Architecture, the Faculty of Engineering, in 1959, the establishment of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences was completed.
The Faculty of Education launched its program in 1982. METU has 42 academic departments, most of which are organized into 5 faculties and these are responsible for the undergraduate programs. The 5 graduate schools present in METU are responsible for the graduate programs, a further 1,500 students are attending programs in the new Northern Cyprus Campus. Over 40% of METUs students go on to graduate school, as of 2010, the university employs 2,500 faculty,500 academic instructors, and over 2,000 research assistants. The number of the alumni exceeds 500,000. 1% of the nearly 1.5 million applicants, the QS World University Rankings 2010 by Quacquarelli Symonds ranked METU as 185th worldwide in the field of engineering and technology, and as 333th in the field of natural sciences. The language of instruction at METU is English, all enrolled students are required to have a degree of proficiency in English for academic purposes, and this is assured by a proficiency examination before the commence of studies.
Students with unsatisfactory knowledge of English follow a preparatory English education for one year, two exceptions instructed in Turkish are the Turkish language and the history of Turkish revolution courses mandated by the Council of Higher Education. Researchers from METU actively take part in many COST, EUREKA, NASA, NATO, NSF, UN, World Bank, Jean Monnet, Erasmus Mundus, Leonardo and SOCRATES projects. METU has been involved in 56 European Union 6th Framework Programme projects, within the 7th Framework Programme,33 research projects involve participation of METU, since 2007. As of 2010, METU has 19 international joint degree programmes with European and American universities at the undergraduate and graduate levels. METU is a member of associations and networks dealing with international education and exchange, including EUA, EAIE, IIE, GE3, SEFI. The university participates in AIESEC and IAESTE summer internship programs
METU Science and Technology Museum
METU Science and Technology Museum is a museum established within the campus of the Middle East Technical University, Turkey. The museum is aimed to present the modern technological tools as well as technological past of Turkey, the steel carrier system has been used in the construction of the complex which had begun in 2002. Although the planned complex hasnt been finished yet, the museum was opened to public in 2005, when completed, in addition to 10,000 square metres open space exhibit area, the total closed area will be 3,500 square metres. The closed area consists of Main hall, Glass hall for receptions and markets, Supplementary building, Audio-visual hall There will be a pond and aircraft such as the C-47 and F-104 are exhibited in the open space area. In the closed area there are test sets for interactive training, ODTÜ Bilim ve Teknoloji Müzesi Photogallery
War of Independence Museum
The one-storey andesite building was designed by architect Salim Bey, at the request of Enver Pasha, as the headquarters of the Committee of Union and Progress. Construction began in 1915, under the supervision of Turkish Army Corps architect Hasip Bey, before the building was finished, the Turkish Grand National Assembly decided use it, and its completion had to be hurried for the inaugural meeting. Submission to these conditions means acceptance of captivity imposed by the foreign powers, ankara representative Mustafa Kemal followed him. The constitution of this Grand Assembly was made only by the new election system. Presently your Assembly is meeting with all legalities. ”The building continued to house the assembly until October 15,1924. The building served as the headquarters of the Republican Peoples Party, work started in 1957 to convert the building into a museum and it was opened to the public as the Turkish Grand National Assembly Museum on April 23,1961. The building remains open to the public, having recently undergone further renovation, the main corridor contains oil paintings depicting the events of the years from 1918 to 1923, and the work of the assembly in its first and the second terms.
The masjid was used by the Assembly as a room and has prayer rugs. The original appearance and arrangement of Mustafa Kemals has been preserved, the presidential seal, which is on display in this room, is described as the most important and distinguished piece of the museum’s collection. The cabinet and presidential board rooms have been preserved, the seal used at the Erzurum Congress is on display. There is a flag with the signature of Recep Peker hoisted onto the Grand National Assembly on 23 April 1920, the basement is currently used for temporary exhibitions and storage as well as housing the museum’s photographic laboratory