Fictionary known as The Dictionary Game or Dictionary, is a word game in which players guess the definition of an obscure word. Each round consists of one player selecting and announcing a word from the dictionary, other players composing a fake definition for it; the definitions are collected by the selector and read aloud, players vote on which definition they believe to be correct. Points are awarded for correct guesses, for having a fake definition guessed by another player; the game requires a large and preferably unabridged dictionary, a pencil, pen or other writing implement for each player, notecards or identical pieces of paper for each player. Individual house rules may vary when playing Fictionary, but play proceeds like this: One player, the "picker" for the turn, chooses an obscure word from the dictionary and announces and spells it to the other players; the chosen word should be one. If a player is familiar with the chosen word, they should say so and the picker should choose a different word.
If a word has more than one definition listed, the Picker chooses which one to use, but in such a case must specify, "X, when it does not mean so-and-so." The Picker can edit the dictionary definition as they desire. Each player writes a crafty and credible definition of the word, initials it, submits it to the word picker; the Picker collects and shuffles the definitions, including their own, the correct one. As definitions are handed in, the picker should check them over to ensure that they can read the handwriting and to clarify any questions. Stumbling over or misreading a definition is a sign that it is not the correct one—unless the picker is trying to bluff. Once all definitions have been handed in, the picker reads the list once. On the second reading, each other player in turn votes for the definition they believe is correct; because the picker selected the word and knows the definition, the picker does not vote. Players earn one point for voting for the correct definition, one point for each vote cast for the definition they wrote.
The Picker earns. There are variations where the picker earns no points during their round as picker, fairness being achieved by ensuring that all players take equal numbers of turns as picker. Play proceeds with the dictionary going to another player, which starts a new turn. A full circuit of the dictionary constitutes a round. One variation allows a player to vote for their own definition, although they do not get points for doing so. Another variation does not allow a player to vote for their own definition. Simple words are more successful than complicated words with detectable Latin roots. Stock phrases such as "Any of several..." or "One or more..." sometimes lend authority to definitions. Players may decide beforehand; the dictionary might be passed around first. One variation uses a book of assorted poems instead of a dictionary. A rhyming quatrain is chosen by the picker; the first three lines are read and a fake fourth line must be made up by the other players which acts like the fake definitions.
Another variation asks players to write the first line of a novel using the title and the blurb read out from the back of the book as clues. The dictionary game is sometimes suggested as a game to teach vocabulary; the board games Balderdash, Dictionary Dabble and Weird Wordz are based on Fictionary. In one round of the board game Derivation, players fabricate a word's etymology. In the board game Wise and Otherwise, the Picker randomly chooses a quotation and reads the beginning, other players try to create realistic endings to the quotation. Fictionary is featured as a segment on the weekly US National Public Radio quiz show Says You!, where it is known as the bluffing round. In the UK, Call My Bluff was a popular daytime BBC television panel game based on Fictionary, which ran from 1965 to 1988, was revived in 1996. Two teams of three players compete. A player from one team has to decide between the three proposed definitions provided by the opposing team. If the first player identifies the true definition of the word, they earn their team a point.
If they are wrong, the team which provided the definitions are awarded the point. Call My Bluff was first aired with Robin Ray as chair. Presenter Robert Robinson chaired it for many years; as of 2003 the programme was chaired by Fiona Bruce. Other television game shows based on the concept include Take My Word For It and Wordplay. In Japan, Tahoiya featured the game under the same name; the 30 minute late night game show aired on Fuji TV in 1993, was rebroadcast on Fuji TV 739 satellite channel in 2008. Tahoiya meaning "a cabin used for boar hunting", was one of the chosen words in early game play. A version of the game called Dixonary has been running online since July 4, 1989, for the first fifteen years on CompuServe in its Tapcis Forum, it is believed that this game is the longest-running on-line game, has run for more than 2,950 rounds. In Ma
Conus zebra is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous, they are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled or not at all. The size of the shell varies between 20 mm and 40 mm; the shell is cylindrically ovate, with a moderate, smooth spire. The body whorl is encircled below by distant grooves; the shell is clouded with olivaceous, ashy blue and chestnut-brown, with revolving lines articulated of chestnut and white spots. The aperture is brown-stained; this marine species is known to occur off the Solomons, Papua New Guinea and Irian Jaya and off the Philippines. Puillandre, N.. F.. M.. "One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails". Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1–23. Doi:10.1093/mollus/eyu055. PMC 4541476. PMID 26300576; the Conus Biodiversity website Cone Shells - Knights of the Sea "Asprella zebra". Gastropods.com.
Retrieved 16 January 2019
Donald James Dobbie Macfadyen, Lord Macfadyen was a regarded Scottish lawyer who served as a judge for over a decade. In 2002, he was one of the five judges who heard the appeal of Abdelbaset al-Megrahi against his conviction for the bombing in 1998 of Pan Am Flight 103. Macfadyen was born to Donald and Christina Macfadyen, he was educated at Hutchesons' Boys Grammar School and at Glasgow University, where he won many prizes and graduated in law in 1967. In 1969, Macfadyen was admitted to the Faculty of Advocates, at the unusually young age of 23, he was an advocate depute from 1979 to 1982, was standing junior counsel to the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland from 1977 to 1979 and to the Scottish Home and Health Department from 1982 to 1983. Macfadyen became a Queen's Counsel in 1983, aged only 38. From 1989 to 1995 he was a part-time chairman of Medical Appeal Tribunals and Vaccine Damage Tribunals. From 1991 to 1992 he was counsel to the inquiry into the Orkney child abuse scandal, when children had been removed from their parents following allegations of ritualistic abuse.
This high-profile cases established his reputation, from 1992 to 1995 he was vice-dean of the Faculty of Advocates. He died on 11 April 2008, his ashes are buried in Dean Cemetery in western Edinburgh north of the main entrance, facing the eastern path. In 1994 Macfadyen one of the first people to be appointed a temporary judge of the Court of Session. In 1995 his promotion was made permanent, when he was appointed as a Senator of the College of Justice. Inner House in 2002
Substituted amphetamines are a class of compounds based upon the amphetamine structure. The compounds in this class span a variety of pharmacological subclasses, including stimulants and hallucinogens, among others. Examples of substituted amphetamines are amphetamine, ephedrine, phentermine, bupropion, selegiline, pyrovalerone, MDMA, DOM; some of amphetamine's substituted derivatives occur in nature, for example in the leaves of Ephedra and khat plants. These have been used since antiquity for their pharmacological effects. Amphetamine was first produced at the end of the 19th century. By the 1930s, amphetamine and some of its derivative compounds found use as decongestants in the symptomatic treatment of colds and occasionally as psychoactive agents, their effects on the central nervous system are diverse, but can be summarized by three overlapping types of activity: psychoanaleptic and empathogenic. Various substituted amphetamines may cause these actions either separately or in combination.
A variety of prodrugs of amphetamine and/or methamphetamine exist, include amfecloral, benzphetamine, clobenzorex, D-deprenyl, dimethylamphetamine, fencamine, fenproporex, lisdexamfetamine, mefenorex and selegiline. Amphetamines are a subgroup of the substituted phenethylamine class of compounds. Substitution of hydrogen atoms results in a large class of compounds. Typical reaction is substitution by methyl and sometimes ethyl groups at the amine and phenyl sites: Ephedra was used 5000 years ago in China as a medicinal plant. Natives of Yemen and Ethiopia have a long tradition of chewing khat leaves to achieve a stimulating effect; the active substances of khat are cathinone and, to a lesser extent, cathine. Amphetamine was first synthesized in 1887 by Romanian chemist Lazăr Edeleanu, although its pharmacological effects remained unknown until the 1930s. MDMA was produced in 1912 as an intermediate product. However, this synthesis went unnoticed. In the 1920s, both methamphetamine and the dextrorotatory optical isomer of amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, were synthesized.
This synthesis was a by-product of a search for ephedrine, a bronchodilator used to treat asthma extracted from natural sources. Over-the-counter use of substituted amphetamines was initiated in the early 1930s by the pharmaceutical company Smith, Kline & French, as a medicine for colds and nasal congestion. Subsequently, amphetamine was used in the treatment of narcolepsy, hay fever, orthostatic hypotension, Parkinson's disease and migraine; the "reinforcing" effects of substituted amphetamines were discovered, the misuse of substituted amphetamines had been noted as far back as 1936. During World War II, amphetamines were used by the German military to keep their tank crews awake for long periods, treat depression, it was noticed. The widespread use of substituted amphetamines began in postwar Japan and spread to other countries. Modified "designer amphetamines" gained popularity since the 1960s, such as MDA and PMA. In 1970, the United States adopted "the Controlled Substances Act" that limited non-medical use of substituted amphetamines.
Street use of PMA was noted in 1972. MDMA emerged as a substitute to MDA in the early 1970s. American chemist Alexander Shulgin first synthesized the drug in 1976 and through him the drug was introduced into psychotherapy. Recreational use grew and in 1985 MDMA was banned by the US authorities in an emergency scheduling initiated by the Drug Enforcement Administration. Since the mid-1990s, MDMA has become a popular entactogenic drug among the youth and quite non-MDMA substances were sold as ecstasy. Ongoing trials are investigating its efficacy as an adjunct to psychotherapy in the management of treatment-resistant post-traumatic stress disorder. Substituted phenethylamines Substituted methylenedioxyphenethylamines Substituted cathinones Substituted phenylmorpholines 2Cs, DOx, 25-NB Substituted tryptamines Substituted α-alkyltryptamines D-Deprenyl, MAO-B inhibitor prodrug that metabolizes into both D-amphetamine and D-methamphetamine Amphetaminil, brand name Aponeuron a largely-market-withdrawn amphetamine Media related to Substituted amphetamines at Wikimedia Commons
Major Chandrakanth is a Tamil-language play written by K. Balachander and staged in the 1960s, it was adapted into a Hindi film titled Oonche Log in 1965, a Tamil namesake film in 1966, a Telugu film titled Sukha Dukhalu in 1968, a Malayalam film titled Karthavyam in 1982, a Kannada film titled Karune Illada Kanoonu in 1983. Chandrakanth, a morally upright blind major, gives asylum to a man, a fugitive, having committed murder; the murdered man was the lover of the fugitive's sister. Chandrakanth's elder son Srikanth, a police officer, is tasked with finding the murderer, it is revealed that Rajinikanth was Chandrakanth's younger son, that both Chandrakanth and the fugitive were unaware of each other's identity the whole time. Srikanth arrests his father for having given shelter to a criminal. Major Sundarrajan as Chandrakanth Venky as Srikanth Gokulnath as the fugitive P. R. Govindarajan as Rajinikanth When working in the Accountant General's office in Madras, K. Balachander wrote and starred as a blind major in a play titled Courage of Conviction.
Since the new Accountant General was a Bengali, Balachander decided the play had to be in English so that the General would understand it. This was unlike his other plays, he decided to expand the play into a full-length script for his friend P. R. Govindarajan's troupe Ragini Recreations, this time in Tamil and with the title Major Chandrakanth due to the limited scope for English plays in Madras. In the Tamil play, Sundarrajan portrayed Chandrakanth, Venky portrayed his elder son Srikanth, Gokulnath portrayed the fugitive, Govindarajan portrayed Rajinikanth; the play was first staged in 1963. It received critical acclaim, was staged over a hundred times. Major Chandrakanth was adapted into a Hindi film titled Oonche Log in 1965, a Tamil namesake film in 1966, a Telugu film titled Sukha Dukhalu in 1968, a Malayalam film titled Karthavyam in 1982, a Kannada film titled Karune Illada Kanoonu in 1983. Rajadhyaksha, Ashish. Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema. Oxford University Press. ISBN 019-563579-5
No Apologies is an album by the Eyeliners, released on 5 April 2005 by Blackheart Records. It includes a covers of When in Rome's 1988 song "The Promise" and Eddie and the Hot Rods' 1977 song "Do Anything You Wanna Do". Joan Jett and Kenny Laguna produced this album for the girls, Joan guested on the track "Destroy" and made a cameo appearance in the music video. "Think of Me" – 3:08 "Destroy" – 3:23 "All I Wanted" – 2:55 "The Promise" – 3:25 "Voice of Reason" – 3:02 "Can't Get Enough" – 2:24 "Bleed Til Today" – 2:43 "Next Big Thing" – 2:43 "No Apologies" – 3:18 "Do Anything You Wanna Do" – 2:26 "Hanging On" – 3:30 "Disappointed" – 2:48 "Mea Culpa" – 3:39 "Streets and Avenues" – 2:52