Fiennes Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis

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The Lord Cornwallis
Fiennes Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis c 1902.gif
Fiennes Cornwallis c. 1902
Born Fiennes Stanley Wykeham Cornwallis
(1864-05-27)27 May 1864
Chacombe Priory, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England
Died 26 September 1935(1935-09-26) (aged 71)
Linton, Kent, England
Nationality United Kingdom British
Education Eton College
Occupation Politician
Title 1st Baron Cornwallis
Successor 2nd Baron Cornwallis
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Mabel Leigh, Lady Cornwallis
Children 7

Colonel Fiennes Stanley Wykeham Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis CBE TD JP DL (27 May 1864 – 26 September 1935), was a British Conservative politician.

Early life[edit]

Lord Cornwallis was born 27 May 1864 at Chacombe Priory, Banbury, Oxfordshire, the eldest son of Fiennes Cornwallis[1] and Harriet Elizabeth (née Mott). He had one brother and two sisters[2] and was educated at Eton College.[3]

Political career[edit]

He was elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Maidstone in 1888, a seat he held until 1895 and again from 1898 to 1900. He was also Chairman of the Kent County Council between 1910 and 1930. In 1927 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Cornwallis,[4] of Linton in the County of Kent, where his country house, Linton Park, was situated.

Family life[edit]

Lord Cornwallis married Mabel Leigh, daughter of Oswald Peter Leigh, in 1886. They had seven children, three sons and four daughters. [5]

Fiennes Wykeham Mann Cornwallis was killed in Ireland in May 1921 during the Irish War of Independence. Lord Cornwallis was succeeded in the barony by his second son, Wykeham Stanley. Lady Cornwallis died in 1957.

Cornwallis was the grandson of Charles Wykeham Martin; the great-grandson of James Mann, 5th Earl Cornwallis; the 2nd great-grandson of James Cornwallis, 4th Earl Cornwallis; the 3rd great-grandson of Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis; the 4th great-grandson of Charles Cornwallis, 4th Baron Cornwallis; the 5th great-grandson of Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis; the 6th great-grandson of Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis; the 7th great-grandson of Frederick Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis; and the 8th great-grandson of Jane Cornwallis, and Elizabeth Richardson, 1st Lady Cramond. His other ancestors include Edward Cornwallis, Frederick Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, William Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Marquess Cornwallis, and Philip Wykeham Martin.

Freemasonry[edit]

Was an eminent Freemason and was Provincial Grand master of Kent and a Past Grand Warden [6] in the United Grand Lodge of England. Stanley Wykeham Lodge 6599 [7] was named for him.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kidd, Charles; Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition).
    New York: St Martin's Press, 1990. ISBN 0-333-38847-X

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Was born Fiennes Wykeham-Martin, but changed his name to Cornwallis after an inheritance.
  2. ^ His siblings were:-
    • Arthur Wykeham Cornwallis 1865– 1952.
    • Helen Florence Cornwallis 1867– 1957.
    • Caroline Vere Cornwallis 1868– 1909.
  3. ^ Old Etonians born in 1860's
  4. ^ Second creation of Baron Cornwallis in 1927, first being in 1661
  5. ^ His children were:-
    • Lt. Fiennes Wykeham Mann Cornwallis, 1890 – 1921
    • Wykeham Stanley Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis, 1892 – 1982
    • Capt. Oswald Wykeham Cornwallis, R.N., 1894 – 1974
    • Lady Julia Dorothy Cochrane (née Cornwallis), 1887 – 1971
    • Lady Vere Mabel Steel (née Cornwallis), 1889 – 1964
    • Hon. Yvonne Cecil (née Cornwallis), 1896 – 1983
    • Hon. Bridget Frances Kate Petherick (née Cornwallis) born 1900
  6. ^ A Past rank is an honorific title and not an active officer.
  7. ^ Stanley Wykeham Lodge 6599 Archived 23 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alexander Henry Ross
Member of Parliament for Maidstone
18881895
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Seager Hunt
Preceded by
Sir Frederick Seager Hunt
Member of Parliament for Maidstone
18981900
Succeeded by
John Barker
Civic offices
Preceded by
Chairman of Kent County Council
1910 – 1930
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Cornwallis
1927–1935
Succeeded by
Wykeham Cornwallis
Masonic offices
Preceded by
Earl Amherst
Provincial Grand Master of Kent
1905 – 1935
Succeeded by
2nd Baron Cornwallis