Parco Agricolo Sud Milano
Parco Agricolo Sud Milano is a large protected rural area located south and south-east of Milan, Italy. The park was established in 1990 with the purpose of preserving, safeguarding and it is 47,000 hectares wide and shaped like a half-circle, located between Milan and the southern border of its Province. It connects two other protected natural areas, Ticino Park to the west and Adda Park to the east. The park is managed by the Province of Milan. The territories of the municipalities are completely or partially included in Parco Agricolo Sud Milano
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria, San Marino, Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate and Mediterranean climate. Due to its shape, it is referred to in Italy as lo Stivale. With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state, the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, exploration, Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo and Machiavelli. The weakened sovereigns soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France and Austria.
Despite being one of the victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil. The subsequent participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in defeat, economic destruction. Today, Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and it has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs, as a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country. The assumptions on the etymology of the name Italia are very numerous, according to one of the more common explanations, the term Italia, from Latin, was borrowed through Greek from the Oscan Víteliú, meaning land of young cattle. The bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War. Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus states this account together with the legend that Italy was named after Italus, mentioned by Aristotle and Thucydides.
The name Italia originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy – according to Antiochus of Syracuse, but by his time Oenotria and Italy had become synonymous, and the name applied to most of Lucania as well. The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger region, excavations throughout Italy revealed a Neanderthal presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, some 200,000 years ago, modern Humans arrived about 40,000 years ago. Other ancient Italian peoples of undetermined language families but of possible origins include the Rhaetian people and Cammuni. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily, the Roman legacy has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world
Brera (district of Milan)
Brera is a district of Milan, Italy. It is located within the Zone 1 and it is centered on Brera street, the name stems from Medieval Italian braida or brera, derived from Old Lombardic brayda, meaning a land expanse either cleared of trees or naturally lacking them. This is because around the year 900, the Brera district was situated just outside Milans city walls and was clear for military reasons. The root of the word is the same as that of the Dutch city of Bredas name, other features that contribute to the character of Brera include restaurants, night clubs and art shops, colorful street markets, as well as fortune tellers booths. From 1998 to 2002 novelist Paolo Brera, along with Franco Brera and Francesca Brera and published the magazine Brera, devoted to the Brera district
Lombardy is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of 23,844 square kilometres. Milan, Lombardys capital, is the second-largest city and the largest metropolitan area in Italy, the word Lombardy comes from Lombard, which in turn is derived from Late Latin Longobardus, derived from the Proto-Germanic elements *langaz + *bardaz, equivalent to long beard. Some sources derive the second element instead from Proto-Germanic *bardǭ, *barduz, Lombardy referred during the early Middle Ages to the entire territory of Italy ruled by the Lombards, a Germanic tribe who conquered much of the Italian peninsula beginning in the 6th century. During the late Middle Ages, the term shifted meaning and was used to identify the whole of Northern Italy, with a surface of 23,861 km2, Lombardy is the 4th largest region of Italy. It is bordered by Switzerland and by the Italian regions of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, three distinct natural zones can be fairly easily distinguished in the Lombardy region, mountains and plains – the latter being divided in Alta and Bassa.
Inconsistent with the three distinctions above made is the subregion of Oltrepò Pavese, formed by the Apennine foothills beyond the Po River. The mighty Po river marks the border of the region for a length of about 210 km. In its progress it receives the waters of the Ticino River, the other streams which contribute to the great river are, the Olona, the Lambro, the Adda, the Oglio and the Mincio. The numerous lakes of Lombardy, all of glacial origin, lie in the northern highlands, from west to east these are Lake Maggiore, Lake Lugano, Lake Como, Lake Iseo, Lake Idro, Lake Garda, the largest in Italy. A minor mountainous area, the Oltrepò Pavese, lies south of the Po, in the plains, intensively cultivated for centuries, little of the original environment remains. The most commons trees are elm, sycamore, willow, in the area of the foothills lakes, grow olive trees and larches, as well as varieties of subtropical flora such as magnolias, acacias. Numerous species of flora in the Prealpine area include some kinds of saxifrage, the Lombard garlic, groundsels bellflowers.
The highlands are characterized by the vegetation of the whole range of the Italian Alps. At a lower levels oak woods or broadleafed trees grow, on the slopes beech trees grow at the lowest limits. Shrubs such as rhododendron, dwarf pine and juniper are native to the summital zone, Lombardy has a wide array of climates, due to local variances in elevation, proximity to inland water basins, and large metropolitan areas. In addition, there is a seasonal temperature variation. A peculiarity of the climate is the thick fog that covers the plains between October and February. In the Alpine foothills, characterised by an Oceanic climate, numerous lakes exercise a mitigating influence, in the hills and mountains, the climate is humid continental
Piazzale Loreto is a major town square Milan, Italy. The name Loreto is used in a sense to refer to the district surrounding the square. The name Loreto derives from an old sanctuary that used to be there, the Milan metro Loreto station on line 1 is located partially underneath the square, it is an important transfer station with line 2. The tracks and platforms of this line are located, however. Piazzale Loreto was the scene of one of the most well-known events in the history of Italy, namely the public display of Benito Mussolinis corpse on 29 April 1945. The day before, his mistress Clara Petacci and some other high-ranking Fascists had been captured and their bodies were taken to Milan and hung upside down from the roof of an Esso petrol station in the square. Also on 29 April 1945 Achille Starace was taken to the square, the body of Starace was subsequently strung up next to Mussolinis. The bodies were photographed as a crowd vented their rage upon them, the square had even been renamed Piazza Quindici Martiri in honor of the executed.
After the war, the appearance of the square was changed to adjust to the road traffic of the city. So today it is difficult to locate the exact spot where the bodies were displayed
Porta Venezia is one of the historical gates of the city of Milan, Italy. In its present form, the dates back to the 19th century, its origins can traced back to the Medieval. The name Porta Venezia is commonly used to both to the gate proper and to the surrounding district, part of the Zone 3 of Milan. The name Porta Venezia was formally given in 1862, possibly in the hope that Venice would soon join Milan in the newly born Kingdom of Italy, the gate was mostly called Porta Orientale, with Porta Renza being another widely used name. Stendhal, who lived in Milan, uses a variation Porta Rense, the origin and meaning of former names of Porta Venezia are disputed. Furthermore, it has to be noted that Milanese gates are not, in general, named after cardinal directions, as a consequence, some scholars argue that Porta Orientale might actually be a corruption of Porta Renza, rather than the other way round, as some have suggested. As Renza has no meaning in Italian, this is usually regarded as a popular corruption of another name.
Other candidates to be the form of Porta Renza are Porta Argentea and Porta Fiorenza. The name Porta Argentea, in turn, is derived from the name of a settlement in the area of Gorgonzola or Crescenzago. A gate whose location and direction roughly correspond to those of modern Porta Venezia was already part of the Roman walls of Milan and it connected Milan to eastern Brianza and Bergamo. Over time, the walls lost their purpose, and so did the gates. During the Austrian Empire rule, between 1783 and 1786, the walls in the Porta Venezia area were redesigned, and avenues and city parks were created in the area, yet the gate itself remained. The renewal of Porta Venezia was commissioned to architect Giuseppe Piermarini, who is responsible for a part of the renewal of Milan. Piermarini made plans for the renewal of the gate in neoclassic style, piermarinis work was continued by his student Luigi Cagnola, who built a first temporary triumphal arch to celebrate the visit of Eugène de Beauharnais. He proceeded to the design, which was still incomplete in 1825 when Emperor Francis II visited Milan.
The gate was completed between 1827 and 1828 with the addition of customs offices designed by Rodolfo Vantini, the neoclassical bas-reliefs and statues were added in 1833. Until recently, they were covered by advertising posters, in 2004 these posters were removed. Each building has doric porticos on three sides, bas-relief-adornated architraves, and a set of four niches each hosting a statue, bas-relief and statues, coherently with the building structure, are of classical taste, and reproduce Roman deities and subjects
Rho is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Milan in the Italian region of Lombardy, located about 14 kilometres northwest of Milan. Rho is lapped by the river Olona and crossed by its tributaries Bozzente and Lura, at the north and east of the town, there is the Strada statale 33 del Sempione, which in the past was crossing the town itself, in the current corso Europa. Rho is at the point of railways linking Milan to Varese and Domodossola. Rho is one of the most ancient towns of Lombardy, originating during the Roman era and this was confirmed by excavations associated with building and road construction in 1876,1890 and 1917. Additional research during the 20th century showed that the town had remarkable importance during the imperial age, the current topography can be traced to a style of organization from Roman times, for the most part the roads run parallel in east-west or north–south directions. The reference axis are the cardo and the Decumano and these roads are crossing in piazza San Vittore, nowadays in the downtown.
Further archeological research confirmed the existence in Roman age of a road connecting Milan to the Lake Maggiore, passing through Legnano, along this infrastructure Rho was placed at the 10th mile, the resting point for the army then. Based on archeological research, it has found that Christianization of the village took place in the 4th – 5th centuries. In the piazza San Vittore an ancient cemetery and a Christian chapel has been found, in the current via Belvedere there were Capuchin graves with engravings of alfa and omega. The barbarian invasions caused a deep crisis in the zone. During the Lombard reign, the village assumed in its own topography names found even nowadays, Pomero for example, coming from the Latin Post Moerus, such origin is nevertheless not universally recognized, some texts related it to the presence in the place of several apple trees. In the same period it is conferred to Rho the appeal of Curtis, other two documents are from 871. He instituted a Court of Justice, and dug a canal for irrigation, in 1160, Rho was razed to the ground by Frederick Barbarossa, as punishment for rebellion against the Holy Roman Empire, it was quickly rebuilt.
Between 1130 and 1215 are recorded nine consuls from Rho in the Milanese state, some of them belonging to the family of Capitanei de Raude, residing in Rho since 1196. In 1305 the noble Cressone Crivelli tried with his soldiers to take possession of Rho and Nerviano, eight years the town was nonetheless conquered by Milan, who killed or imprisoned almost all the inhabitants. Thanks to the water and fertile lands, in the 15th century many Milanese notables moved to Rho, the noble presence was such that in Rho it was declared a Universitas nobilium dicti loci de Raude. Between the 16th and 17th centuries two monasteries were built, by Agostinians and by Capuchins, both destroyed in the Napoleonic invasion, in 1511 the Landsknecht sacked Rho commanded by Matteo Schinner. Then the Spanish domination took place and in 1539 King Charles V granted the feud to Visconti family, in 1570 a plague epidemic took place in the population weakened by the Spanish oppression
Regions of Italy
The regions of Italy are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy, constituting its second NUTS administrative level. There are 20 regions, of five are constitutionally given a broader amount of autonomy granted by special statutes. Each region, except for the Aosta Valley, is divided into provinces, regions are autonomous entities with powers defined in the Constitution. As the administrative districts of the state during the Kingdom of Italy. The original draft list comprised the Salento region and Venezia Giulia were separate regions, and Basilicata was named Lucania. Abruzzo and Molise were identified as regions in the first draft. They were merged into Abruzzo e Molise in the constitution of 1948. Implementation of regional autonomy was postponed until the first Regional Elections of 1970, the ruling Christian Democracy party did not want the opposition Italian Communist Party to gain power in the regions, where it was historically rooted. Regions acquired a significant level of autonomy following a reform in 2001.
In June 2006 the proposals, which had been associated with Lega Nord. The results varied considerably among the regions, ranging from 55. 3% in favour in Veneto to 82% against in Calabria, number of regions controlled by each coalition since 1995, Macroregions are the first-level NUTS of the European Union. These regions, whose statutes are approved by their councils, were created in 1970. Since the constitutional reform of 2001 they have had residual legislative powers, the regions have exclusive legislative power with respect to any matters not expressly reserved to state law. Yet their financial autonomy is quite modest, they just keep 20% of all levied taxes, Article 116 of the Italian Constitution grants to five regions home rule, acknowledging their powers in relation to legislation and finance. These regions became autonomous in order to take into account cultural differences, the government wanted to prevent their secession from Italy after the Second World War. Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol constitutes a special case, the region is nearly powerless, and the powers granted by the regions statute are mostly exercised by the two autonomous provinces within the region and South Tyrol.
In this case, the regional institution plays a coordinating role, the latter is directly elected by the citizens of each region, with the exceptions of Aosta Valley and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, where he is chosen by the regional council. Under the 1995 electoral law, the winning coalition receives a majority of seats on the council
Trenno is a district of Milan, part of the Zone 8 administrative division of the city. It borders on green areas to the north and west and to the south, to the east, before being annexed to Milan, in 1923, it was an autonomous comune. The district is quite isolated from Milan, being connected to the centre by a bus line. The closest stop of the Milan Metro subway is in Bonola, the settlement of Trenno exists at least since the middle ages as a rural borgo close to the Olona river. All of these are now districts of Milan, media related to Trenno at Wikimedia Commons
Porta Nuova (Milan)
Porta Nuova is the main business district of Milan, Italy. It is named after the well-preserved Napoleonic gate built in 1810–13 on this site, the gates of Porta Nuova were built in 1810–1813 from a design of the poet Giuseppe Zanoia. Stylistically, it is a Neoclassic triumphal arch of Corinthian influence and it was built in friable sandstone, and as a consequence its decorations have decayed over time. After a long period of decay, the Porta Nuova district is now undergoing a massive renewal. The project, which has been under construction since the late 2000s, includes several high rise buildings, cultural centres. This project effects areas from the neighborhoods of Isola, construction started in 2009, with completion planned in 2014. The project involves the work of noted architects such as Cesar Pelli, Stefano Boeri, the redevelopment area extends from Porta Garibaldi station to piazza della Repubblica and from Porta Nuova gate to Palazzo Lombardia