Pacific Islanders rugby union team
The Pacific Islanders was a combined international rugby union team that played from 2004 to 2008. It represented Fiji and Tonga; the team did not play at Rugby World Cups, where each of the nations continued to represent themselves. The Pacific Islands Rugby Alliance was formed in 2003; the coach is appointed by the Islanders board and in turn supported by the national coaches of Fiji and Tonga. Its team, the Pacific Islanders, is drawn from the best Fijian and Samoan players, created far more interest on their inaugural 2004 tour than any of the three nations could have hoped to individually. Despite losing every game, 29-14 v Australia, 41-26 v New Zealand and 38-24 v South Africa, they were impressive in all three Tests and played full-strength teams, something that happens when major nations play Tonga, Fiji or Samoa; the Islanders did, beat a Queensland XV 48-29 at Ballymore and NSW Waratahs 68-21 at Australia Stadium. As the individual nations were concerned with qualifying for the next World Cup the Islanders did not tour again until 2006.
Scheduled matches against Italy and New Zealand in June 2006 did not take place, but they undertook a Northern Hemisphere tour in late 2006 with matches against Scotland and Ireland. PIRA had ruled in July 2006 that the team selected for that year's tour to Great Britain and Ireland would consist only of players who had played for Fiji, Manu Samoa or Tonga; this was intended to ensure that the Pacific Islanders team serves to develop players for the island nations only. Notably, two players on the 2004 tour, Sione Lauaki and Sitiveni Sivivatu, went on to play for the All Blacks. During that tour, they were the last opponents of Ireland at their traditional home of Lansdowne Road before its redevelopment into a modern all-seater stadium; the Pacific Islanders were beaten in all three matches. In November 2008, the team toured Europe and played Tests against England and Italy; the team's manager was Major-General Sitiveni Rabuka, former Prime Minister of Fiji and author of two military coups in 1987.
Though it began with two defeats, the tour ended with the Islanders' first win over European opposition, with a 25-17 victory in Italy. In July 2009, the Samoa Rugby Union informed fellow Alliance members Fiji and Tonga that it had decided to quit the alliance because the merged Pacific Island team had failed to produce financial benefits sought by member unions; the original concept was to provide an opportunity every two years. There were two aims, to get revenue to help in the running of the activities of the unions to provide players with the opportunity to play against tier one sides, but the International Rugby Board changed the schedule for the Pacific Islands team to play every four years. Every four years won't generate the revenue needed to run our rugby. There was much speculation. Many hoped that they would be admitted into an expanded Super 12 competition or the Tri Nations; these hopes were dashed when the organisers of the Super 12 and the Tri Nations, SANZAR, opted to expand the Super 14 by adding one team each in Australia and South Africa and add an extra round of fixtures to the Tri Nations without adding any new teams.
French businessman Eric Series, owner of the Asia Pacific Dragons team, proposed a Pacific Islands team for the 2016 Super Rugby season but was outbid by the Japan Rugby Football Union. In 2014, a match between the Pacific Islanders and the British and Irish Lions was proposed for the 2017 British and Irish Lions tour to New Zealand. Australia: 15. Joe Roff, 14. Clyde Rathbone, 13. Stirling Mortlock, 12. Matt Giteau, 11. Lote Tuqiri, 10. Stephen Larkham, 9. George Gregan, 8. David Lyons, 7. Phil Waugh, 6. Radike Samo, 5. Nathan Sharpe, 4. Justin Harrison, 3. Al Baxter, 2. Brendan Cannon, 1. Bill Young, - replacements: 16. Jeremy Paul, 17. Nic Henderson, 18. Dan Vickerman, 19. George Smith, 20. Chris Whitaker, 21. Matt Burke, 22. Chris Latham Pacific Islanders: 15. Norman Ligairi, 14. Lome Fa'atau, 13. Seilala Mapusua, 12. Seremaia Baikeinuku, 11. Sitiveni Sivivatu, 10. Tanner Vili, 9. Moses Rauluni, 8. Alifereti Doviverata, 7. Sisa Koyamaibole, 6. Sione Lauaki, 5. Ifereimi Rawaqa, 4. Inoke Afeaki, 3. Taufa'ao Filise, 2.'Aleki Lutui, 1.
Soane Tonga'uiha, - replacements: 17. Tevita Taumoepeau, 18. Leo Lafaiali'i, 19. Semo Sititi, 20. Steve So'oialo, 21. Seru Rabeni, 22. Sireli Bobo - No entry: 16. Joeli Lotawa New Zealand: 15. Mils Muliaina, 14. Rico Gear, 13. Tana Umaga, 12. Dan Carter, 11. Joe Rokocoko, 10. Carlos Spencer, 9. Justin Marshall, 8. Xavier Rush, 7. Marty Holah, 6. Jono Gibbes, 5. Keith Robinson, 4. Chris Jack, 3. Carl Hayman, 2. Keven Mealamu, 1. Kees Meeuws, - replacements: 18. Jerry Collins, 20. Byron Kelleher, 21. Nick Evans - No entry: 16. Andrew Hore, 17. Greg Somerville, 19. Mose Tuiali'i, 22. Sam TuitupouPacific Islanders: 15. Seru Rabeni, 14. Lome Fa'atau, 13. Brian Lima, 12. Seremaia Baikeinuku, 11. Sitiveni Sivivatu, 10. Tanner Vili, 9. Moses Rauluni, 8. Sisa Koyamaibole, 7. Alifereti Doviverata, 6. Sione Lauaki, 5. Ifereimi Rawaqa, 4. Inoke Afeaki, 3. Taufa'ao Filise, 2.'Aleki Lutui, 1. Soane Tonga'uiha, - replacements: 17. Tevita Taumoepeau, 18. Filipo Levi, 19. Semo Sititi, 19. Semo Sititi, 21. Tane Tu'ipulotu, 22. Sireli Bobo - No entry: 16.
Joeli Lotawa, 20. Steve So'oialo South Africa: 15. Percy Montgomery, 14. Breyton Paulse, 13. Marius Joubert, 12. De Wet Barry, 11. Jean de Villiers, 10. Jaco van der Westhuyzen, 9. Bolla Conradie, 8. Jacques Cronje, 7. AJ Venter, 6. Schalk Burger, 5. Gerrie Britz, 4. Bakkies Botha, 3. Eddie Andrews
Rugby union in Fiji
Rugby union in Fiji is a popular team sport and is considered to be the national sport of the country. The sport was introduced to Fiji in the 1880s. Fiji is defined as a tier two rugby nation by World Rugby; the national team has made it as far as the quarter finals. Their sevens team is noted for their success, have won the Rugby World Cup Sevens twice and the World Rugby Sevens Series three times. Fiji Rugby Union is the governing body for the sport, it was founded in 1913, joined the IRB in 1987. It is divided into over 30 provincial unions; the Fiji Rugby Union is a member of the Pacific Islands Rugby Alliance along with Tonga. The FRU was established as the Fiji Rugby Football Union, with the change in title coming about in 1963; the FRFU was formed in 1913 as the sport begun to grow. Fiji were awarded'second tier' status by the International Rugby Board. By 1976, the union contained 750 clubs. For a number of years, Fiji rugby suffered from a degree of racial segregation - the Native Rugby Union was formed in 1915, but did not merge with the national union until 1945.
Rugby football was introduced into Fiji in the 1884 if not earlier, by Britons and New Zealanders, Fijian soldiers of the Native Constabulary at Ba, on Viti Levu. By the early 1890s, the sport had started to draw attention from media outlets, such as newspaper and other print, the game started to establish itself as a sport in the country. In its early years, it faced off strong competition from association football, but by 1904, rugby had won out as the stronger code in Fiji, remains so today. At the turn of the twentieth century, a lot of the regular players were expatriates, however, by 1904, a domestic club competition had been organised; the first formally organised club, was formed in 1913 by New Zealander PJ Sheehan, a tradesman. The idea to form a rugby club came about from Sheehan and his co-workers, most who were New Zealand or Australian expatriates, had no organised sporting club or competition; the club was founded with around 40 members. These matches became popular with the locals, as well as the European population in Fiji.
Sheehan was approached by a European to consider the formation of a governing body. Thus, the Fiji Rugby Football Union was soon formed; the Cadets club and the United Services club were established in this period. Sir Ernest Bickham Sweet-Escott, the governor of the colony at the time, donated the Escott Shield, with the purpose for competitive club competition; the first championship was won by the Pacific club. During this period, Sheehan arranged for the All Blacks to stop in Fiji on their way home from a tour of California in the United States. A match was organised between the a Fijian representative side; the All Blacks won 67 to 3, with Sheehan, the captain-coach getting the only points for the Fijian representative side. The Fijian team was made up of Europeans, as were most of the clubs at this point, though by now the locals had taken an enthusiastic interest in the game. Several Fijian locals asked him to teach the sport to the locals. Sheehan subsequently organised a match between two sides, all made up of local players.
The game was played on a rainy afternoon, along with different interpretations of the rules, made the game difficult. By the following year, locals had formulated their own competition, the clubs Taipou, Tarirere and Ofisa had been established. Local businessman J Davies presented the Davies Cup for competition in 1915, first won by Tarirere. A governing body for the competition was established through the main Rugby union. On 18 August 1924, the national team played their first test, playing Western Samoa; the match was played in Samoa at 7 in the morning, so the Fijians could continue onto Tonga that same day, as well, so the Samoans could work after the game. Fiji won the match 6 to nil, continued on to a nine match tour of Tonga; the team wore black jerseys, as opposed to their now-traditional white ones. Spectators at their first game praised the visiting Fijians for their agility. In 1926, two overseas sides visited Fiji, being the Auckland University College and the national team of Tonga.
This became the first time that the national side of Fiji would wear their now traditional white jerseys and black shorts. Two years a domestic schools competition was started; the Māori toured Fiji in 1938. It was in 1939; that year, Fiji embarked on a tour of New Zealand. The team became famous for becoming the first side to leave New Zealand without losing a match - winning seven and drawing one of their eight fixtures; the Fijians impressed the New Zealand crowds with their unpredictable and free-flowing style of rugby. After their final match against the New Zealand Maori, a newspaper wrote that "Fiji is destined to play a big part in world rugby". Fiji toured New Zealand again in 1951, were successful with most of their fixtures, winning eight of their games, losing five and drawing twice; as early as the 1950s, the Fijians toured Australia twice. The 1952 tour was notable for its record crowds in Australia: in the 1952 game at the Sydney Cricket Ground, a crowd of 42,000 turned up to watch.
Fiji held the Wallabies to a one-a-piece drawn two-test series. The Farebrother-Sullivan Trophy, started in 1961 was for competition between Fijian sub-unions. Fiji returned two years achieving the same test series result, breaking further crowd records. In 1963 the Fiji Rugby Football Union became the Fiji Rugby Union. Fiji's first tour to Europe came in 1
World Rugby Pacific Nations Cup
The Pacific Nations Cup is an international rugby union competition held between three Pacific nations: Fiji and Tonga. The 2019 edition of the tournament will include the national teams of Canada and United States. First held in 2006, the tournament is intended to strengthen the Tier 2 rugby nations by providing competitive test matches in a tournament format. Japan participated from 2006 to 2015, New Zealand from 2006 to 2009, Australia from 2007 to 2008, Canada and the United States from 2013 to 2015; the inaugural tournament was the only one. The tournament is a round-robin. There are two points for a draw and none for a defeat. There are bonus points offered with one bonus point for scoring four or more tries in a match and one bonus point for losing by 7 points or fewer; the tournament occurs every year in the June mid-year international test window. The tournament was played throughout June, with the last round in early July; the revised tournament begins in May due to pre-existing Test commitments and concludes in late June.
The Pacific Nations Cup was funded as an International Rugby Board tournament, part of the $US50 million, three-year, global strategic investment programme launched in August 2005. The competition was aimed at developing the Pacific rim sides in the second tier of the rugby nations: Fiji, Japan and Tonga; the Junior All Blacks were invited to compete, who are New Zealand's second XV. "The IRB Pacific 5 Nations is a tournament that will provide more certainty for Fiji, Japan and Tonga in terms of regular high level Test match rugby, while providing a high level of competition for the Junior All Blacks," said Mark Egan, the IRB's Head of Rugby Services. In the first year only it did not include Australia. Australia had been invited to take part in the inaugural 2006 tournament but decided against sending a team stating that they wanted to focus on their domestic competition; the inaugural tournament kicked off 3 June 2006 and was played in a round-robin format, with some games being held in Australia.
The Junior All Blacks won all of their matches en route to winning the 2006 tournament. The inaugural tournament was a success in providing a platform for Pacific nations and Japan in gaining valuable exposure. Australia A joined an expanded competition for the 2007 season; the inclusion of Australia A meant that the tier 2 nations would have an greater number of matches in the buildup to the 2007 Rugby World Cup. For Australia, it provided a stepping stone for Wallaby selection. Following the 2008 tournament, the ARU announced Australia A would not play in 2009 due to the current economic environment. Australia has not participated since then. In 2008, the New Zealand Māori team replaced the Junior All Blacks in the competition; the New Zealand Rugby Union had decided that the New Zealand Māori needed to play more matches at home and that the Junior All Blacks would not be assembled in 2008 for reasons of "player welfare." The Junior All Blacks returned for the 2009 tournament, but no New Zealand team has participated since then.
From 2010 to 2012, the Pacific Nations Cup was a four-team tournament, contested by Japan, Fiji and Tonga, with Samoa winning in 2010 and 2012. In January 2013, the IRB announced that both the USA and Canadian rugby teams would be joining the 2013 competition on a permanent basis. For the first time, the reigning champion Samoan team did not compete as they took part in a competition in South Africa; the World Rugby Pacific Nations Cup was downscaled for 2016 and 2017 with these two editions featuring only Fiji and Tonga. The sides from Canada and United States played in their respective regional qualifiers for the 2019 Rugby World Cup; as part of the Oceanian qualification, places at the 2019 Rugby World Cup were awarded to the two top teams of the 2016 and 2017 PNC, whereas the bottom team played a repechage match against the second best Rugby Europe Championship team. Georgia was invited for the 2018 tournament hosted in Suva. An announcement was made that the 2019 edition of the tournament would include Canada and the United States and that the tournament would be a warm up to the 2019 Rugby World Cup being that all six nations in the tournament have qualified for the World Cup.
This would be the first time that these nations would participate in the tournament since 2015. The teams in the Pacific Nations Cup and their finishing positions are as follows: Notes: On 20 June 2008 the International Rugby Board announced that regional financial institution ANZ had agreed to become presenting sponsor of the competition, as well as the FORU Oceania Cup and the Pacific Rugby Cup. Updated: 15 July 2017Source: statbunker.com Notes: The following sections contain points and tries scored in the Pacific Nations Cup. Below is a table listing all the venues that have been used in the tournaments, listed with the number of matches each venue has hosted annually and historically: Table updated to 2017 tournament World Rugby Pacific Challenge World Rugby tournament page
The Fiji Warriors referred to as Fiji A, is a national representative rugby team of rugby union in Fiji. It is the second-tier side to the Fiji national team; the Warriors team is selected from players in the Fijian domestic competitions and competes in the World Rugby Pacific Challenge against Samoa A and Tonga A. Since 2016, the Fiji Warriors team has played in the Americas Pacific Challenge against national A teams from North and South America. Fiji's national A team has made several tours to South America, the earliest being in 2003 where they defeated Uruguay by 24–3 in Montevideo, but the history of the second national team can be traced back half a century earlier to 1955 when a Fiji XV side undertook a two-week tour of Samoa and was undefeated in all three matches played. The Fiji Warriors first played in the Pacific Rugby Cup in 2006, but the team was one of two Fijian sides in the competition for the first five years – the other being the Fiji Barbarians – and so it was not considered to be Fiji A for that period.
In 2010, Fiji A played. The team claimed the series on aggregate scores; this result was repeated in the second Punjas Series in 2011. The Pacific Rugby Cup was reorganised in 2011, with Fiji Warriors becoming the sole Fijian representative in the PRC, which has since been contested by national'A' teams. From 2011 onward the Fiji Warriors team has been Fiji A. In 2012, the Fiji A team toured to Ireland where they suffered one of their heaviest defeats, beaten 53–0 at Limerick by the Ireland Wolfhounds. At the 2015 World Rugby Pacific Challenge, the Fiji Warriors were the runner-up, with wins over Junior Japan and Samoa A and two defeats against the Argentine Pampas XV. In May 2015, the Fiji Warriors made a South American tour to play Uruguay and an Argentina XV, winning all three matches. In 2016, it played World Rugby Pacific Challenge and World Rugby Americas Pacific Challenge. Fiji Warriors 28-man squad for the uncapped June matches against Uruguay and Pampas XV, acting as 2015 Rugby World Cup warm-ups for all three nations.
The team will be coached by Senirusi Seruvakula, who will work with the national head coach John McKee. Warriors Head Coach: Senirusi Seruvakula Caps Updated: 15 May 2015Note: Flags indicate national union for the club/province as defined by World Rugby. Pacific Challenge Champion: 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2016, 2017, 2018. Runner-up: 2006, 2014, 2015. Americas Pacific Challenge Runner-up: 2016 Pacific Challenge Americas Pacific Challenge Matches against national teams or national'A" teams since 2010 up to and including the 2015 tour to Uruguay: Fijian Drua Fiji national rugby union team 2014 Pacific Rugby Cup News on oceaniarugby.com
World Rugby is the world governing body for the sport of rugby union. World Rugby organises the Rugby World Cup every four years, the sport's most recognised and most profitable competition, it organises a number of other international rugby competitions, such as the World Rugby Sevens Series, the Rugby World Cup Sevens, the World Under 20 Championship, the Pacific Nations Cup. World Rugby's headquarters are in Ireland, its membership now comprises 120 national unions. Each member country must be a member of one of the six regional unions into which the world is divided: Africa, Americas North, Europe, South America and Oceania. World Rugby was founded as the International Rugby Football Board in 1886 by Scotland and Ireland, with England joining in 1890. Australia, New Zealand and South Africa became full members in 1949. France became a member in 1978 and a further eighty members joined from 1987 to 1999; the body was renamed the International Rugby Board in 1998, took up its current name of World Rugby in November 2014.
In 2009, the International Olympic Committee voted to include rugby sevens in the 2016 Summer Olympics. World Rugby gained membership of the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations in 2010; until 1885 the laws of rugby football were made by England as the founder nation. However, following a disputed try in an international between Scotland and England in 1884, letters were exchanged in which England claimed that they made the laws, the try should stand. Scotland refused to play England in the 1885 Home Nations Championship. Following the dispute, the home unions of Scotland and Wales decided to form an international union whose membership would agree on the standard rules of rugby football; the three nations met in Dublin in 1886. On 5 December 1887, committee members of the Irish Rugby Football Union, Scottish Rugby Union and Welsh Rugby Union met in Manchester and wrote up the first four principles of the International Rugby Football Board. England refused to take part in the founding of the IRFB, stating that they should have greater representation, as they had more clubs.
The England Union refused to accept the IRFB as the recognised lawmaker of the game. This led to the IRFB taking the stance of member countries not playing England until they joined, no games were played against England in 1888 and 1889. In 1890 England joined the IRFB; the same year, the IRFB wrote the first international laws of rugby union. In 1893, the IRFB was faced with the divide between amateurism and professionalism, nicknamed the "Great Schism". Following the introduction of working class men to the game in Northern England, clubs began paying "broken time" payments to players, due to the loss of earnings from playing on a Saturday. Cumberland County Union complained of another club using monetary incentives to lure players, leading to the IRFB conducting an enquiry; the IRFB was warned by all the chief clubs in Lancashire and Yorkshire that any punishment would lead to the clubs seceding from the union. The debate over broken time payments caused the 22 leading clubs in Yorkshire and Lancashire to form the Northern Rugby Football Union.
The competing unions' laws of the game diverged immediately. England's seats on the IRFB were reduced from six to four in 1911; the Australian Rugby Union, New Zealand Rugby Football Union and South African Rugby Board joined the board with one seat each in 1948, with England's seats being reduced to two, the same as the other home nations. The three Southern Hemisphere unions were given a second seat each in 1958; the French Rugby Federation was admitted in 1978 and the Argentine Rugby Union, Canadian Rugby Union, Italian Rugby Federation and Japan Rugby Football Union were admitted in 1991. In 2016, Georgia and the USA were added to the voting Council with one vote each. Additionally, current Council members Argentina and Italy were granted a second representative and vote; the six regional associations represented on the Council received an additional vote. It is thought. In 1983 and 1984 the Australian and New Zealand Rugby Football Unions each proposed hosting such a tournament; the following year the board committed to conduct a feasibility study.
A year there was another meeting in Paris, the Union subsequently voted on the idea. It was the South African Rugby Board's vote that proved to be crucial in setting up a tied vote, as they voted in favour though they knew they would be excluded due to the sporting boycott because of their apartheid policies. English and Welsh votes were changed, the vote was won 10 to 6; as at January 2017, World Rugby has 17 associated unions. Membership of World Rugby is a four-step process: A Union must apply to become an associate member of its Regional Union After all membership criteria are met, including one year as an associate member, the Union is admitted to the Regional Union as a full member After completion of stages 1 and 2, two years as a full member of a Regional Union, the Union may apply to become an Associate member of World Rugby; as an associate member, the union can participate in World Rugby funded tournaments but not the Rugby World Cup Following two years of associate membership of World Rugby, the union may apply to become a Full MemberRegional Unions Six regional associations, which represent each continent, are affiliated with World Rugby and help to develop the
World Rugby Pacific Challenge
The World Rugby Pacific Challenge the IRB Pacific Rugby Cup, is an annual rugby union football tournament held in Oceania since 2006. It is contested by national'A' teams from the Asia-Pacific region; the tournament is run by World Rugby through Oceania Rugby. The original IRB Pacific Rugby Cup featured two teams from each of the three Pacific Island countries of Fiji and Tonga; the competition followed the completion of Fiji's Colonial Cup, Samoa's National Provincial Championship and Tonga's Provincial Championship and provided player development pathway leading into the IRB Pacific Nations Cup. Since 2011, the tournament has been contested by national'A' sides, although some matches featured teams from Super Rugby academies in Australia and New Zealand. Teams from Japan and Canada have joined the tournament to compete with the three Pacific Island countries; the competing national'A' teams as of the 2018 season were: Fiji Warriors Junior Japan Samoa A Tonga A Summary of all Pacific Challenge winners and runners-up, for tournaments up to and including 2018: The Pacific Rugby Cup featured six representative teams, two from each Pacific Island country: The format was a single round-robin tournament with the top-placed team hosting a final against the second-placed to decide the title.
The Fiji Warriors won the competition twice, the Samoan teams won the Cup once each, Tautahi Gold claimed the title once for Tonga. From 2011, the three Pacific Island countries were represented by their national'A' teams, they were joined by Japan's national'A' team, Junior Japan, as the fourth core team in 2013. The itinerary included tour matches against Super Rugby academy opposition from Australia and New Zealand and included the following sides: The tournament was split into three stages with the core Pacific Cup teams playing Super Rugby academies in the first two stages in Australia and New Zealand, respectively. In the third stage, the Pacific Cup teams played each other in a single round robin, home or away, to decide the title. No finals were played and the team finishing on top of the combined table after all stages was the tournament winner; the Fiji Warriors won all three tournaments from 2011 to 2013. The format was expanded again in 2014 with Argentina's Pampas XV and four Australian academy teams joining the competition as core teams competing with the Pacific A sides.
The New Zealand development teams did not participate in 2014 and the tournament was held in Australia. Two pools were formed as follows: A single round robin was played in each pool with the top ranked sides from each playing in the final; the Pampas XV defeated Reds A in the final held in Sydney to win the title. Fiji Warriors defeated Samoa A in the play-off for third place; the Pacific Rugby Cup was held in Fiji. It returned to a being a tournament for national'A' teams, with Canada A replacing the Australian academy teams. Pampas XV won in 2015. Notes Teams listed are those. Results of the final matches are written so that the score of the team in each row is mentioned first. Contested by the national'A' teams of Fiji, Japan and Tonga. Canada A along with Argentina's Pampas XV competed in 2015. Contested by the national'A' teams of Fiji and Tonga. Japan A joined as a core team in 2013; the core teams played against Super Rugby academy opposition from Australia and New Zealand before meeting each other in a single round robin to decide the title.
No finals were played and team finishing on top of the table after all matches were completed was the tournament winner. In 2014, Argentina's Pampas XV and four Australian Academy sides were added as core teams. Two pools were formed and a single round robin played in each; the top ranked sides in each pool played off in the final for the title and the second ranked teams played off for third place. Notes: For the first five seasons, the tournament was contested by six teams; the format consisted of a single round-robin, home or away, the teams finishing in the first two positions on the table played in a final, hosted by the top ranked team, to decide the Pacific Rugby Cup title. Pacific Nations Cup Oceania Rugby official website