9th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
The 9th Cavalry Regiment includes several active duty reconnaissance troops, squadrons and battalions of the United States Army. Historically, it was one of a few segregated African American regiments, the unit served in combat during the Indian and Spanish American Wars. The regiment was constituted 21 July 1866 in the Regular Army as Company d, the regiment was organized on 21 September 1866 in New Orleans, Louisiana, and mustered between September 1866 and 31 March 1867. Its first commanding officer was Colonel Edward Hatch, the men enlisted for five years and received $13 per month, plus room, board and clothing. Later, they were dubbed Buffalo Soldiers, the regiments motto was, and remains, We Can, We Will. The mustering, organized by Maj. Francis Moore, 65th U. S, colored Infantry, formed the nucleus of the enlisted strength, and was obtained from New Orleans and its vicinity. In the autumn of 1866 recruiting began in Kentucky, and all the men of the 9th were obtained from that state, the horses were obtained at St. Louis, Missouri. About the middle of September all recruits were assembled in New Orleans, an epidemic of cholera caused the camp to be moved to Carrollton, a suburb of New Orleans. However, Troops L and M went directly to their duty station at Brownsville, in July 1867 the 9th Cavalry was ordered to western and southwestern Texas, to maintain law and order between the Rio Grande and Concho Rivers from Fort Clark to El Paso. Regimental Headquarters and Troops A, B, E and K, under Col. Hatch, were stationed at Fort Stockton, Troops C, D, F, G, H and I, Troops L and M under 1st Lt. Hamilton had previously been sent to Brownsville. The 9th remained in Texas for eight years, nearly all of it in the field, the regiment went to New Mexico Military District, which covered parts of New Mexico, Colorado and Texas, and participated in the Apache Wars from 1875 to 1881. That service included the Battle of Tularosa with Chiricahua Apache warriors led by Victorio in May 1880, the 9th Cavalry was transferred to Fort Riley, Kansas, in 1881, and to Fort Robinson, Nebraska, in 1885. On 5 November 1887, Company H, of the 9th Cavalry fought at the Battle of Crow Agency during the Crow War, at Crow Agency, Montana. In 1898, the 9th US Cavalry Regiment fought alongside Theodore Roosevelts Rough Riders at the battles of Kettle Hill, later, they served as his honor guard during his visit to San Francisco. In 1899 and again in 1904, the 9th Cavalry patrolled Yosemite National Park joining other cavalry and infantry as the first rangers of the park system, under General John J. Pershing, the regiment fought in the Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villa in Mexico in 1916. The regiment spent World War I in the Philippines, from 3 April 1921 to 11 October 1922, Brigadier general Edward Anderson commanded the regiment. On 1 March 1933, the 9th Cavalry was assigned to the 3rd Cavalry Division, on 23 March 1907, the United States Military Academy Detachment of Cavalry was changed to a colored unit. This had been a long time coming, the one hundred man detachment from the 9th Cavalry served to teach future officers at West Point riding instruction, mounted drill and cavalry tactics until 1947
John Bigelow Jr.
John Bigelow, Jr. was a United States Army lieutenant colonel. The book Frontier Cavalryman is based on his journals and service with the Buffalo Soldiers and he received a Silver Star and a Purple Heart for his actions in Cuba. He was assigned as a superintendent of Yosemite National Park in early 1904 and he became a teacher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and later an author of several books. He was recalled to duty in World War I and served in Washington. He retired again and died in 1936 at age 81, John Bigelow, Jr. was the eldest of the two sons of the statesman John Bigelow, Senior and Jane Tunis Poultney born in New York City, New York. He spent much of his years in France and Germany. At the Mining Academy of Freiberg/Saxony he became a member of the fraternity Montania and he traveled throughout Europe with his parents. He became fluent in the French language as well as having an understanding of German and Italian. On April 28,1883 he married Mary Dallam and they had one son and their son, Captain Braxton Bigelow was killed in action in 1917 while serving with the British Royal Engineers near Loos. Bigelow was appointed from New York and graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point and he requested cavalry and was assigned to the 10th U. S. Cavalry but served with the 9th U. S. Cavalry for a time before going back to the 10th. While at the Military Academy Bigelow met Henry Ossian Flipper a classmate who had born a slave. Bigelow faced for the first time the then prevailing in America. His upbringing in Europe did not prepare him for such hatred and his efforts to explain what he saw in Europe only inflamed other racists. With subtle help from his peers, Flipper was the first negro to graduate from West Point, after the Civil War two regiments of Negro Troops were raised for cavalry service on the frontier. These were the 9th Cavalry and the 10th U. S. Cavalry, by 1877 the regiments led by white officers were veterans of Indian Warfare and frontier life. Bigelow, later with the 10th Cavalry, wrote historical sketches for these Buffalo Soldiers which are used today as a reference. On December 14,1877, the young Bigelow reported for duty at Fort Duncan in West Texas and he was assigned to Company B, 9th Cavalry. In time he learned to become a cavalry trooper and his handsome looks turned many a ladys head and he left many broken hearts behind him