File:Gawthorpe Hall 2016 038.jpg
Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.
|current||20:38, 11 September 2016||3,456 × 5,184 (10.45 MB)||Mike Peel|
Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.
|current||20:38, 11 September 2016||3,456 × 5,184 (10.45 MB)||Mike Peel|
1. Borough of Burnley – The Borough of Burnley is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a non-metropolitan district and borough. It has an area of 42.7 square miles and a population of 87,400, the borough is bounded by Hyndburn, Ribble Valley, Pendle, Rossendale – all in Lancashire – and the borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire. It is governed by Burnley Borough Council, which has controlled by the Liberal Democrats since 2008. The district was formed on 1 April 1974, when the county borough of Burnley merged with the urban district of Padiham. At this time Simonstone and the parish of North Town were included in the borough. Another part was transferred to Pendle districts Higham with West Close Booth and small adjustments occurred to the boundaries with Padiham, in 2007 its proposal to merge with neighbouring Pendle Borough Council to form a larger unitary authority was rejected by the government. Burnley Borough Council has had a predominantly Labour controlled history, the party returned to power in 2012, the borough comprises 15 wards electing a total of 45 councillors. The borough contains the parishes of Ightenhill, Habergham Eaves, Dunnockshaw and Clowbridge, Hapton, Cliviger, Briercliffe. Padiham Town Council was established in 2002, since 2002, a number of BNP councillors have been elected in the borough, with the last councilor losing her seat in the Hapton with Park ward in 2012. Places in the borough of Burnley include, The boroughs population has fallen from a high of 130,339 in 1911 to an estimated 87,700 in 2005, between 1991 and 2001, it fell by 2. 6%. Its employment rate of 59. 0% places it 261st out of 376 local authorities in England & Wales, just 12. 6% of its workforce are graduates, education Services in the borough are provided and controlled by Lancashire County Council. The Hospital Trust operates Burnley General Hospital, while the PCT operates the network of GP surgeries, policing Services in the borough are provided by the Pennine division of Lancashire Constabulary based at Burnley Police station, and controlled by Lancashire County Council. Plans are in place to merge the pennine division into the eastern division. Policing Services of the boroughs Railways are provided by North West division of the British Transport Police - the nearest Transport Police office being in Preston, Fire and rescue services in the borough are provided by Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service and controlled by Lancashire County Council. The borough Council has signed up to Lancashires Municipal Waste Management Strategy, there are currently 2 household waste recycling centres run by Lancashire County Council in the borough. One located on Grosvenor Street in Burnley and the second on Park Road in Padiham,3 months later they then announced the closure of the Padiham site as part of cost-cutting measures, increasing the unsuitability of the new Burnley site’s location
2. East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust – East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust is an NHS hospital trust in Lancashire, England. The trusts two major bases are the Royal Blackburn Hospital, and the Burnley General Hospital, the Trusts headquarters and the majority of management is based at the Royal Blackburn Hospital, the larger of the two. A fifth, Rossendale General, was shut down over a period dating from 2006, finally closing in September 2010. The trust also provides services for, and deals with, The Accrington Victoria Hospital, Clitheroe Community Hospital & Longridge Community Hospital. ”Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust consider themselves to be the provider of prostatectomies within the region. The Robotic Prostatectomy service has proven to be both popular and effective for patients of East Lancashire and across the Northwest. As is common in situations, the decision was deeply unpopular with the public of the Burnley & Pendle districts. A campaign to save/return the A&E service was an issue in local politics. Both the district’s current MPs were elected in 2010 on a platform of support for the campaign, in December 2011, Burnley MP Gordon Birtwistle claimed a partial victory, with news of a new £12m emergency unit. The trust inherited two PFI construction projects from its predecessors, both planned in the 1990s, construction of the Royal Blackburn Hospital began in July 2003, with it being completed three years later. In Burnley, a scheme known as Phase 5 was underway, intended to provide improved care of the elderly. Also, much consolidation has come into effect since the merging of the two original trusts and this has involved the closure of many wards and departments at the Burnley General Hospital, with much speculation of the sites belittlement. Despite this, a new building was completed in May 2006, since the consolidation of many departments, patients have recently been required to attend clinics at a different site from their local hospital. Also, staff frequently move between the Blackburn and Burnley hospitals to go about their work, because of this, a free shuttle bus has been introduced between sites, using the M65 to quickly shuttle between both hospitals. The service runs from 6. 15am until 9. 30pm, East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust has been attempting to become an NHS Foundation Trust since 2007. The chief executive, Mark Brearley, announced he was resigning with effect in December 2013. In October 2013, as a result of the Keogh Review the Trust was put into the highest risk category by the Care Quality Commission and it was put into special measures and there were calls for resignations. Concerns centred on the Trusts policy of opening extra beds, or leaving patients on chairs and trolleys and it was put into a buddying arrangement with Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust. In December 2013, it clear that stroke services at the Royal Blackburn Hospital were under threat
3. Burnley Mechanics – The Burnley Mechanics is a theatre and former Mechanics Institute in the market town of Burnley, Lancashire, England. It was built 1854–55 and converted to a theatre in 1979, Historic England has designated the theatre a Grade II* listed building. The Mechanics Institute was built 1854–55 to a design by Todmorden architect James Green, sir Charles Towneley opened the institute in 1855. It was a club for reading and discussion by an earnest few, as the town grew, the institute increasingly became a social and cultural community centre. Architect William Waddington enlarged the building in 1888, Burnley Borough Council bought the building in 1959 and leased it to companies for a variety of leisure purposes. In 1979, the interior was reconstructed as a theatre, Burnley Mechanics was designated a Grade II* listed building by Historic England on 29 September 1977. The Grade II* designation—the second highest of the three grades—is for particularly important buildings of more special interest. It is described by Hartwell and Pevsner as one of Burnleys best buildings, john Champness calls its façade certainly the finest Classical façade in Burnley and among the very best of its date in the country. Bunley Mechanics is built in the Palazzo style in sandstone ashlar, greens original construction is on a rectangular plan with five bays at the front, it is on two storeys. The ground floor has Venetian-style windows with round, rusticated arches, waddingtons extension at the rear of the building is on a slightly lower level. Its design matches that of the rest of the building, on the second floor, there are central windows flanked by Corinthian columns and pilasters. The entrances to the building have coupled Corintian columns, Grade II* listed buildings in Lancashire Listed buildings in Burnley Footnotes Bibliography Official website
4. Burnley Youth Theatre – Burnley Youth Theatre is a youth theatre at the heart of the community in Burnley, Lancashire. Established in 1973 it has created shows, tours and performances, including new, activities include drama workshops, dance workshops, production auditions, volunteering for front of house or technical duties, and working towards a qualification such as the Arts Award. These sessions run weekly alongside, education projects, work in the community, the theatre also works with a range of young people in outreach activities and partake in community cohesion work in Burnley. Established in 1973, the organization worked from an old shed and depended on volunteers to ensure the successful running of the organisation. On average, the developed and delivered 6 to 10 shows annually at that time. The shed was known as the Quarry Theatre, because the theatre sat in the heart of a quarry site. The theatre remains on the site today. This meant that the organisation could begin to explore means of generating funds. In 1999 it was given RFO status, and began receiving public funds, throughout this period, a colossal effort was made to raise funds to develop a new building. In 2004, these began to take shape. The organisation was awarded funding and money from NWDA and the building began in earnest. In 2013 the old Burnley Youth Theatre buildings was demolished and permission was given to build a building with additional rehearsal space. The building is now complete and is opened on 29 March,2014 as The Moira Preston Building. Collectively with Burnley Youth theatre the site will be Burnley Arts Centre, home of Burnley Youth Theatre
5. Burnley bus station – Burnley bus station serves the town of Burnley, Lancashire, England. The bus station was funded by both the Lancashire County Council and Burnley Borough Council, the station was opened in October 2002, at a total cost of £3M and consists of 11 stands, a travel centre and electronic passenger boards. It was designed by SBS Architects, the main operators from the bus station are Transdev in Burnley & Pendle, Blackburn Bus Company, First West Yorkshire, Rosso, M&M Coaches, Pennine Motor Services, Pilkingtons Buses and Tyrer Bus. Burnley bus station - Lancashire County Council
6. Church of St John the Divine, Holme Chapel – The Church of St John the Divine is in Burnley Road, Holme Chapel, a village in the civil parish of Cliviger, near Burnley, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Blackburn, and it was built between 1788 and 1794, replacing a small chapel, and is in simple Classical style. Above the west front is a turret with an octagonal cupola, and inside the church are carved oak stalls, moved from a demolished church. The present church replaced a small chapel, which measured only 42 by 18 feet. This chapel, probably built during the reign of Henry VIII and considered the property of the Whitaker family of the Holme, becoming ruinous, was demolished in 1788. It was replaced by the present church, standing on higher ground, at a cost of £870, the church, which had seating for 400 people, was consecrated on 29 July 1794 by the Rt Revd William Cleaver, Bishop of Chester. Whitaker would be assigned perpetual curate of the new chapel in 1797, the chapelry district of St. John, Holme was assigned in 1843. The chancel and vestry were added in 1897, the church is built in squared sandstone, it has dressed quoins, and its roof is probably of slate, although this is obscured by the parapet. Its architectural style is simple Classical, the church has a rectangular plan with a three-bay nave, a two-bay chancel, and a vestry. Around the church is a course, and at the top is a moulded cornice. The west front is in two storeys, with a central entrance surrounded by a Tuscan architrave containing a round-headed doorway and this is contained within a round-headed blind arch in which is a lunette. The entrance is flanked by two windows, also round-headed, and containing circular tracery, and there are two similar, but smaller, windows in the storey above. Also in this storey are three tie-bars, at the top of the west front is a pediment containing a round window. On the roof is a bell turret surmounted by an octagonal cupola, along the sides of the church are windows similar to those in the west front. In the east wall of the chancel is a Venetian window, inside the church, between the nave and the chancel, is a screen with a large central round-headed arch flanked by lower arches. At the west end is a gallery carried on three semicircular arches, the gallery front has fluted pilasters creating four panels containing the Ten Commandments. The 16th-century oak pulpit is octagonal and has an embattled top and it contains panels of elaborate pierced flamboyant tracery. Also in the church are two pairs of oak stalls which were moved here from the church of Blackburn, which was demolished in 1820
7. Church of St Mary of the Assumption, Burnley – The Church of St Mary of the Assumption is in Yorkshire Street, Burnley, Lancashire, England. It is an active Roman Catholic parish church in the diocese of Salford, the church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building. It was built between 1846 and 1849 to replace a chapel on a different site. The church was designed by Weightman and Hadfield in Decorated style, until the 19th century the Roman Catholics in the Burnley area worshipped in a chapel in Towneley Hall. St Marys parish was founded in 1819 when a known as Burnley Wood Chapel. The present church was built between 1846 and 1849, and was designed by Weightman and Hadfield and it was opened in August 1849, the sermon being preached by Cardinal Wiseman. In 1879 a north chapel, known as the Towneley Chapel, was added to the church, the church is constructed in sandstone with slate roofs, and is in Decorated style. Its plan consists of a nave with a clerestory, north and south aisles, north and south transepts, a chancel with a north and south chapels. The tower is uncompleted, and has two stages and it stands on a moulded plinth with angle buttresses and a northeast canted stair turret. There is a west doorway, above which is a large five-light window, at the top of the window is a canopied niche containing a statue. In the clerestory are windows, and along the sides of the aisles are buttresses. In the second bay of each aisle is a gabled porch, the transepts are also buttressed, and they contain windows with varied tracery, the south transept also has a circular window. The east window in the chancel has five lights, above which is a niche with a crocketed surround. Inside the church, the arcades are carried on alternate round. The richly carved altar dating from the 1860s is by E. W. Pugin, the Towneley Chapel contains dark panelling and painting on a gold surround, and has ironwork gates. In the nave is a scheme of stained glass windows from the late 19th century by Mayer of Munich, the two-manual pipe organ was built by Gray and Davidson in 1855, and has been awarded a Historic Organ Certificate. Attached to the north and south sides of the church are cast iron railings, on the north side is a gateway with stone piers in Gothic style between which are elaborate cast iron gates. To the east of the church are a Franciscan convent containing a chapel, St Marys Church was designated as a Grade II listed building on 29 September 1977
8. Coal Clough Wind Farm – Coal Clough Wind Farm is one of the oldest onshore wind farms in England. The wind farm, which was built for Scottish Power, currently produces electricity from 24 Vestas WD34 wind turbines and it has a total nameplate capacity of 9.6 MW of electricity, enough to serve the average needs of 5,500 homes. It is situated near Burnley, Lancashire in the parish of Cliviger, near Coal Clough Farm, for just a few weeks it was the largest wind farm in the UK, until the much larger Penrhyddlan and Llidiartywaun wind farms in Powys, Wales overtook it. It narrowly remained the largest in England until Coldham opened in Cambridgeshire in November 2005, in 2009 Scottish Power announced plans to replace the existing turbines with eight 2 MW units with an estimated maximum height 110 metres
9. Gawthorpe Hall – Gawthorpe Hall is an Elizabethan country house on the banks of the River Calder, in the civil parish of Ightenhill in the Borough of Burnley, Lancashire, England. Its estate extends into Padiham, with the Stockbridge Drive entrance situated there, since 1953 it has been designated a grade I listed building. The hall is financed and run by the National Trust in partnership with Lancashire County Council, in 2015 the Hall was given £500,000 funding from Lancashire County Council for vital restoration work needed on the south and west sides of the house. Gawthorpe Halls origins are in a tower, a strong fortification built by the Shuttleworths in the 14th century as a defence against invading Scots. The Shuttleworths occupied Shuttleworth Hall near Hapton from the 12th century, the Elizabethan house was dovetailed around the pele tower from plans drawn up by Richard Shuttleworth but carried out after his death by his brother the Reverend Lawrence Shuttleworth. The foundation stone was laid on 26 August 1600, the architect is not recorded, but the house is generally attributed to Robert Smythson. In 1604 Richard Stone, from Carr House in Bretherton, imported Irish panel boards and timber, the mottoes of the Kay-Shuttleworths are Prudentia et Justitia and Kynd Kynn Knawne Kepe. Mottoes are found in the front porch and around the top of the tower, the initials KS, Kay-Shuttleworth occur in decoration throughout the house, on the front door and plaster roundels on the ceiling in the main dining room. An early occupant was Colonel Richard Shuttleworth, who inherited it in about 1607 from his uncle, Colonel Shuttleworth was High Sheriff of Lancashire for 1637, Member of Parliament for Preston and commander of the Parliamentarian Army of the Blackburn Hundred during the Civil War. After his death Gawthorpe was leased to tenants, the Shuttleworths preferring to live at Forcett Hall near Richmond, after Forcett was sold the Shuttleworths returned to Gawthorpe. In 1818 barrister, Robert Shuttleworth died and his daughter Janet inherited the estate at an early age and her mother remarried and remained at Gawthorpe to protect her inheritance. In 1842 Janet married Sir James Kay of Rochdale, who adopted the surname Kay-Shuttleworth and commissioned Sir Charles Barry to carry out restoration, Sir James was made a baronet in 1849 and served as High Sheriff of Lancashire for 1864. Charlotte Brontë, a friend visited the house. The National Trust described the hall as an Elizabethan gem in the heart of industrial Lancashire, nicholas Cooper described the halls plan as an early example in which the main stair is immediately accessible from the main entrance, a feature that became standard. A stone plaque displaying the Shuttleworth, Kay and Kay-Shuttleworths arms carved by Thomas Hurdeys in 1605 was retained, the Kay motto was inscribed on the outside of the door lintel and the Shuttleworths on the inside. The doors decorative ironwork was designed by Pugin and made by Hardmans of Birmingham in 1851 at a cost of £17 1s 6d. The interior is decorated with a stone panel bearing Sir James Kay-Shuttleworths arms. The entrance hall was extended at its east end and reordered when the 17th-century mezzanine bedroom, a low-ceilinged pantry, the fireplaces stone over-mantel was used in the vestibule
10. Harle Syke Mill – Harle Syke mill is a weaving shed in Briercliffe on the outskirts of Burnley, Lancashire. It was built on a field site in 1856, together with terraced houses for the workers. These formed the nucleus of the community of Harle Syke, the village expanded and six other mills were built, including Queen Street Mill. The Haggate Joint Stock Commercial Company opened it in 1858 as a production mill, seven producer partnerships were formed by the shareholders who had been allocated looms on a pro rata basis. The companies consolidated into 4 main businesses, shares in the room and power walls company were traded resulting in a smaller number of shareholders with larger investments. In 1903, the walls liquidated passing assets to the Harle Syke Mill Company which built a new larger shed, the new mill engine which is now displayed in the Science Museum, London, where it is run on occasions under steam power. The older part of the building is called Oxford Mill, Harle Syke Mill, lies within Harle Syke, a suburb of Burnley,4 km from the town centre, in the civil parish of Briercliffe with Extwistle. It lies 22 miles north of Manchester and 26 miles east of Preston, Harle Syke is on high ground to the south of the River Calder near the M65. Haggate was the hamlet and it is there one finds the nearest public houses. The later mills in Harle Syke are Briercliffe Mill, Walshaw Mill, Queen Street Mill, Primrose Mill and Kings Mill. Between 1770 and 1820, the increase in the availability of cheap machine spun cotton caused many families to leave the land. It was their source of income. In 1830, there were 171 Briercliffe families running 606 looms and this involved 968 persons, the population of the parish had expanded from 956 to 1755. Most worked in the existing farmhouses or the newly built weavers cottages with the shop above the living space. These were in Haggate, Lane Bottom and Holt Hill, the 1830s were a time of hardship, and the population declined to 1498. The other employment was in the stone quarries, Briercliffe had the labour but did not have available capital switch its economy to factory production. The power loom arrived in Briercliffe in 1848, the only family in Briercliffe that had any capital were the Smiths of Hill End. William Smith as the owner of a factory was under the same pressures as individual rural hand loom weavers-