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File:Giovanni Messe.jpg

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Giovanni_Messe.jpg(270 × 371 pixels, file size: 21 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

Italian Field Marshal Giovanni Messe (here as General around 1936)

Source Archive of Esercito Italiano (Italian Army)
Author Official photograph of Kingdom of Italy with no credited author
(Reusing this file)
Public domain
The country of origin of this photograph is Italy. It is in the public domain there because its copyright term has expired. According to Law for the Protection of Copyright and Neighbouring Rights n.633, 22 April 1941 and later revisions, images of people or of aspects, elements and facts of natural or social life, obtained with photographic process or with an analogue one, including reproductions of figurative art and film frames of film stocks (Art. 87) are protected for a period of 20 years from creation (Art. 92). This provision shall not apply to photographs of writings, documents, business papers, material objects, technical drawings and similar products (Art. 87). Italian law makes an important distinction between "works of photographic art" and "simple photographs" (Art. 2, § 7). Photographs that are "intellectual work with creative characteristics" are protected for 70 years after the author's death (Art. 32 bis), whereas simple photographs are protected for a period of 20 years from creation.
This may not apply in countries that don't apply the rule of the shorter term to works from Italy. In particular, these are in the public domain in the United States only if:

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Public domain This work was previously under Public Domain, or a Free License. It has been digitally enhanced and/or modified. This derivative work has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its author, Reptil at the German Wikipedia project. This applies worldwide.

In some countries this is not legally possible; if so:
Reptil grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

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File history

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current23:34, 10 July 2006Thumbnail for version as of 23:34, 10 July 2006270 × 371 (21 KB)Reptil~commonswiki

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