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File:Margaret Hamilton 1966.jpg

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Original file(594 × 750 pixels, file size: 71 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

Publicity photo of American actress, Margaret Hamilton promoting the Broadway stage production of Goldilocks, circa 1958.

Date Accompanying press-information promotes Hamilton's role in the Broadway production of Goldilocks which opened on Broadway on October 11, 1958 and closed on February 28, 1959
News-agency date stamp is April 14, 1966. (Indication of a subsequent date of publication and not for when the photo was originally generated/distributed)
Source eBay item photo front photo back
Author Press-materials are presumed to have been authored by the producers of the Broadway production of Goldilocks.
(Reusing this file)


  • The photo has no copyright markings on it as can be seen in the links above (also see original upload).
  • It was created for publicity purposes-distribution to the media. The image was meant to bring attention and publicity for the personalities pictured, the program/production he/she was part of, and/or the network/production airing/producing it, the same as the publicity photos for actors and actresses in the film industry were intended to do.

Film production expert Eve Light Honthaner in The Complete Film Production Handbook, (Focal Press, 2001 p. 211.):

"Publicity photos (star headshots) have traditionally not been copyrighted. Since they are disseminated to the public, they are generally considered public domain, and therefore clearance by the studio that produced them is not necessary."
"There is a vast body of photographs, including but not limited to publicity stills, that have no notice as to who may have created them." (The Professional Photographer's Legal Handbook By Nancy E. Wolff, Allworth Communications, 2007, p. 55.)
Creative Clearance-Publicity photos
"Publicity Photos (star headshots) older publicity stills have usually not been copyrighted and since they have been disseminated to the public, they are generally considered public domain and therefore there is no necessity to clear them with the studio that produced them (if you can even determine who did)."
  • United States Copyright Office page 2 "Visually Perceptible Copies The notice for visually perceptible copies should contain all three elements described below. They should appear together or in close proximity on the copies.
1 The symbol © (letter C in a circle); the word “Copyright”; or the abbreviation “Copr.”
2 The year of first publication. If the work is a derivative work or a compilation incorporating previously published material, the year date of first publication of the derivative work or compilation is sufficient. Examples of derivative works are translations or dramatizations; an example of a compilation is an anthology. The year may be omitted when a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work, with accompanying textual matter, if any, is reproduced in or on greeting cards, postcards, stationery, jewelry, dolls, toys, or useful articles.
3 The name of the copyright owner, an abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally known alternative designation of owner.1 Example © 2007 Jane Doe.")


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published in the United States between 1923 and 1977 without a copyright notice. See Commons:Hirtle chart for further explanation. Note that it may still be copyrighted in jurisdictions that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works (depending on the date of the author's death), such as Canada (50 p.m.a.), Mainland China (50 p.m.a., not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany (70 p.m.a.), Mexico (100 p.m.a.), Switzerland (70 p.m.a.), and other countries with individual treaties.

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File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

current10:20, 6 September 2012Thumbnail for version as of 10:20, 6 September 2012594 × 750 (71 KB)CrakkerjakkReverted to version as of 20:03, 23 August 2012
10:20, 6 September 2012Thumbnail for version as of 10:20, 6 September 20124,908 × 3,000 (5.32 MB)CrakkerjakkAlternate copy of the same photo with additional press-information on back to establish dating. Will revert immediately after upload.
20:03, 23 August 2012Thumbnail for version as of 20:03, 23 August 2012594 × 750 (71 KB)CrakkerjakkPhoto has been cropped, color-corrected and modified to eliminate the appearance of the most significant damage to it over the last 40+ years. Previous upload was to establish dating and that there are no copyright marks on the image.
20:01, 23 August 2012Thumbnail for version as of 20:01, 23 August 20121,284 × 800 (300 KB)Crakkerjakk{{Information |Description=Publicity photo of American actress, Margaret Hamilton, circa 1966. |Source=[
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