Commemorative medal of the 1859 Italian Campaign
Early in 1815, there was a powerful popular movement in favour of national unification throughout the Italian peninsula. This idea, championed by the King of Sardinia Victor Emmanuel II, was opposed by Pope Pius IX and the Austrian Empire who occupied the provinces of Lombardy and Veneto. In Europe, Italian unification was only supported by Emperor Napoleon III of France who, on 28 January 1859, based on the clauses of the Treaty of Turin, decided to bring aid and support from France. Piedmont being invaded by 100,000 Austrian soldiers on April 26,1859, then, on June 24, the Franco-Piedmontese forces took the village of Solferino after a terrible battle culminating in an armistice signed at Villafranca on July 12. During the three month campaign, French losses amounted to 8,000 dead and 40,000 wounded, to reward all participants and ensure the memory of this glorious military campaign, the Commemorative Medal of the Italian Campaign was created by Imperial Decree on August 11,1859. Nearly 120,000 medals were awarded to all soldiers and sailors who participated in the Italian campaign of 1859.
All recipients received a certificate of award, a revised list of all French naval units who participated in the campaign was submitted on 18 February 1860 resulting in a 22 March 1860 amendment to the disposition of the award to navy recipients. The Commemorative medal of the 1859 Italian Campaign, a work of Albert Désiré Barre, was a 30 mm in diameter circular silver medal and its obverse bore the left profile of Emperor Napoleon III crowned with a laurel wreath surrounded by the relief inscription NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR. A4 mm wide relief laurel wreath ran along the circumference of both the obverse and reverse of the medal. On the reverse, within the wreath, the circular relief inscription CAMPAGNE D’ITALIE1859. At the centre, the inscription on six lines of the campaigns major battles MONTEBELLO, PALESTRO, TURBIGO, MAGENTA, MARIGNAN. The medal hung from a 36 mm wide silk moiré ribbon bearing six 4 mm wide red stripes, a variant bearing the imperial crown as an integral part of the suspension ring is called variant of the 100 guards
Morocco commemorative medal (1909)
The Morocco commemorative medal was a French military campaign medal. It was established by the law of 22 July 1909 for award to soldiers participating in the Second Franco-Moroccan War under the command of general Hubert Lyautey, long time French colonial interests in North Africa led to tensions between European nations but particularly disturbed Germany. Early in the new century, France pushed established international agreements to their limits bringing tensions to a point in the Agadir Crisis. These military operations went on until 30 March 1912, the date on which the Treaty of Fez was signed making of Morocco a French Protectorate, article 2 of the law of 22 July 1909 further stated that clasps would be worn on the ribbon. The Morocco commemorative medal was a 30mm in diameter circular silver medal, the obverse bore the relief image of the effigy of the warrior republic in the form of the left profile of a helmeted womans bust, the helmet being adorned by a crown of oak leaves. On either side, the inscription along the circumference RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE.
In the background, sand dunes, the wall of a Kasbah, the medal hung from a 36mm wide silk moiré green ribbon with a 7mm white central stripe and two 2mm wide white stripes 1mm from the ribbon edges. The medal suspension ring was adorned by a laurel wreath
Order of Agricultural Merit
The Order of Agricultural Merit is an order bestowed by the French Republic for outstanding contribution to agriculture. It was second in only to the Legion of honour within the French order of precedence when it was created. The original 1883 decree created a single order, only knights were thus decorated. The decree of 18 June 1887 added the grade of Officer and a third grade, the present form and statute of the Order of Agricultural Merit were outlined in decree 59-729 of 15 June 1959. The Order of Agricultural Merit rewards people who rendered services to agriculture whether in public duties or in the very practice of agriculture. It rewards people who distinguished themselves in research or in related publications. There are two annual ceremonies, the first on 1 January and the second on the 14th of July. The annual contingent has been limited to 60 commanders,800 officers and 3,200 knights, a 5% contingency is allowed for people gaining direct entry into the order as officers or commanders for exceptional reasons.
Foreigners receiving the order are not subject to the seniority clause, members of the Order of the Legion of Honour may be admitted to the Order of Agricultural Merit at the same rank they hold in the first. An award certificate always accompanies the order, on the reverse, the gilt medallion bears the relief inscription on three lines MÉRITE AGRICOLE1883, it is surrounded by a plain blue enamelled band. The officers and commanders badges bear a gilt wreath, half vine and half olive branch, the members insignia is made of silver, the officers is made of silver-gilt, the commanders is made of silver-gilt or gold. The order hangs from a 37mm wide silk moiré green ribbon with 5mm amaranth vertical stripes located 1mm from the edges, the commanders insignia is worn on a cravat around the neck. Museum of the Legion of Honour
Cross of the resistance volunteer combatant
This award was created by a special law in 1954 and awarded to those who had been designated and issued cards certifying them as voluntary resistance fighters. Those executed, killed or injured in an act of resistance, a 1989 law removed all previously enacted time constraints for application of the status of resistance volunteer combatant. The Cross of the resistance volunteer combatant, a design of engraver Frédéric de Vernon, is a 36 mm wide cross pattée made of gilt bronze. On the obverse, over the central medallion of the cross, on the reverse, the relief inscription on three lines on the central medallion COMBATTANT VOLONTAIRE RÉSISTANCE. The cross is suspended by a ring through a loop which is an integral part of the top of the upper cross arm
Medal of French Gratitude
The Medal of French Gratitude was a French honour medal created on 13 July 1917 and solely awarded to civilians. The creation of this distinction was mainly the result of unsuccessful offensives of General Nivelle in 1917, the French government thus wanted to thank those who, despite the crisis, were always volunteering. It has three classes, bronze and gold, nearly 15,000 people and communities were recipients of this award. The medal is no longer awarded, the last award was on 14 February 1959, the inhabitants of occupied areas or Alsace and Lorraine who helped these people. The first model was a 30 mm in diameter circular bronze, silver or gilded medal depending on the level of the award, the obverse bore charity personified by France supporting a wounded soldier. On the reverse at centre, the circular inscription RECONNAISSANCE FRANCAISE along the circumference with at centre. The second model is a 32 mm in diameter circular bronze, silver or gilded medal depending on the level of the award, the obverse bears a woman wearing a Phrygian cap representing France offering a palm.
On the reverse, the relief inscription RECONNAISSANCE FRANCAISE around a wreath of roses surrounding an escutcheon bearing the initials RF. The medal hung from a 37 mm wide white silk ribbon with tricolour 2 mm wide edge stripes of blue and red. New Zealand Mr Maurice James Gresson, Christchurch Barrister and solicitor, New Zealand David Lawrence Nathan, New Zealand businessman. New Zealand Henry Valder OBE, recruiting service South East England military district, Thonon et Evian 1921 Céret 1946 Cerbère et Hochfelden 1947 Schaffhausen, Basel and Lausanne, Montreux. Norway World War I German occupation of north-east France during World War I Ribbons of the French military and civil awards Chancellery and museum of the Legion of Honour Entente combattants
National Order of Merit (France)
The National Order of Merit is a French order of merit with membership awarded by the President of the French Republic, founded on 3 December 1963 by President Charles de Gaulle. It comprises about 187,000 members worldwide, the President of the French Republic is the Grand Master of the order and appoints all its members by convention on the advice of the Government of France. The order has a common Chancellor and Chancery with the Legion of Honour, every Prime Minister of France is made a Grand cross of the order after 24 months of service. The medal of the order is a six-armed Maltese asterisk in gilt enamelled blue, the obverse central disc features the head of Marianne, surrounded by the legend République française. The reverse central disc has a set of crossed tricolores, surrounded by the name of the order, the badge is suspended by a laurel wreath. The star is worn by Grand-Croix and Grand Officier respectively, it is a twelve-armed sunburst, the central disc features the head of Marianne, surrounded by the legend République française and the name of the Order, and in turn surrounded by a wreath of laurel.
The ribbon for the medal is a blue field. For the grade of Officier and above, a rosette is centered in the field, for the grades of Commandeur, Grand Officier, and Grand-Croix, the rosette is centered bar of silver and gold, and a solid gold respectively
French commemorative medal
It was established by decree 95-1098 on 9 October 1995 on the initiative of the Defence Minister, François Léotard. Civilian personnel eligible are those placed at the disposal of the authority or actively taking part in the mission in view of their function or specific job. In this case, the responsible for them proposes bestowal of the award to the Defence Minister for final approval. The medal may be awarded to military and civilians having served under French command. Any mission eligible for award of the Overseas Medal cannot be eligible for this award, the medal is always worn with at least one clasp. Each operational mission clasp can only be earned once, the French commemorative medal is a 30mm in diameter circular gilded medal struck from bronze. The obverse bears the effigy of the three quarters facing and wearing a Phrygian cap surrounded by the relief inscription along the medal circumference RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. The medal hangs from a ribbon through a passing through the medals ball shaped suspension loop.
The 38mm wide silk moiré ribbon is divided into four red and three blue alternating 5mm wide stripes and is edged with 1, 5mm green stripes
Commemorative medal of the 1860 China Expedition
It was created by imperial decree on 23 January 1861, by Napoleon III. The French Empire, the United States, and the Russian Empire received requests from Britain to form an alliance, france joined the British action against China, prompted by the execution of a French missionary, Father August Chapdelaine, by Chinese local authorities in Guangxi province. The conflict concluded with the 1858 Treaty of Tianjin finally ratified by the brother, Yixin. All recipients received a certificate of award, the Commemorative medal of the 1860 China Expedition was a 30 mm in diameter circular silver medal designed and engraved by Albert Désiré Barre. Its obverse bore the left profile of Emperor Napoleon III crowned with a wreath surrounded by the relief inscription NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR. A4 mm wide relief laurel wreath ran along the circumference of both the obverse and reverse of the medal. On the reverse, within the wreath, the circular relief inscription EXPÉDITION DE CHINE1860. At the centre, the inscription on four lines of the campaigns major battles TA-KOU, CHANG-KIA-WAN, PA-LI-KIAO.
The medal was suspended from a 36 mm wide silk moiré yellow ribbon, at its center, the name of the city of Peking woven in blue Chinese characters
Middle East operations commemorative medal (1956)
For its part, France decided to send a 10,000 man strong expeditionary force under the command of Admiral Pierre Barjot and General André Beaufre. The French forces had suffered fifteen dead, the medal is not issued with a certificate and the right to wear it is justified by the possession of a military document confirming participation in the operations. No one can claim the right to wear this medal if condemned to a term or severe punishment for reprehensible actions carried out during the operation. Applications for the award are made at the office of the French Ministry of Defence, the Middle East operations commemorative medal is a 30mm in diameter circular medal struck from bronze, it may be gilt. The obverse bears the image of the warrior republic in the form of the left profile of a helmeted womans bust. On either side, the inscription along the circumference RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. On the reverse, the inscription on five lines MÉDAILLE COMMÉMORATIVE DES OPÉRATIONS DU MOYEN-ORIENT1956.
The medal hangs from a ribbon through a passing through the medals suspension loop. The ring is adorned by a 24mm in diameter bronze laurel wreath, the silk moiré ribbon is 37mm wide and is light blue with a yellow central 7mm wide and 2mm wide stripes 2mm from the edges. A gilt clasp bearing the relief inscription MOYEN-ORIENT is worn on the ribbon, Admiral Pierre Barjot Admiral Jacques Lanxade General André Beaufre General Jean Simon Colonel Philippe Erulin Major Hélie de Saint Marc Museum of the Legion of Honour