1874 Atlantic hurricane season
The 1874 Atlantic hurricane season was a relatively inactive one, in which seven tropical cyclones developed. Four storms intensified into hurricanes, but none attained major hurricane status, an undercount bias of zero to six tropical cyclones per year between 1851 and 1885 and zero to four per year between 1886 and 1910 has been estimated. The first storm of the season developed on July 2, most of the systems directly impacted land. A tropical storm developed in the Bay of Campeche during the month of September destroyed the Brazos Santiago lighthouse. in the state of Texas. The sixth storm of the season, and the third hurricane, the storm was last sighted to the north of the Bahamas on November 4, as a Category 1 hurricane. The Atlantic hurricane database recognizes seven tropical cyclones from the 1874 season. Four storms attained hurricane status, with winds of 75 mph or greater, the seventh hurricane of the season was the most intense, with maximum sustained winds up to 100 mph. The first storm of the season was a storm that formed in the Gulf of Mexico during the month of July.
The system made landfall near Galveston, Texas on July 5, the second and third systems of the season were both hurricanes, with winds up to 80 mph and 90 mph respectively. The first system made landfall in Newfoundland as a tropical storm, in early September, another tropical system developed in the Bay of Campeche and made landfall in Northeast Mexico with winds up to 60 mph. The fifth storm of the season formed northeast of the Bahamas on September 8 and it was last sighted to the south of Newfoundland on September 11. The next system developed in the western Caribbean on the last day of October, before crossing over the Yucatan Peninsula, the storm briefly weakened to a tropical storm over the state before restrengthening into a hurricane off the coast of Georgia. It made a landfall in South Carolina on September 28. This was the first hurricane to ever be shown on a weather map, the seventh, and final, hurricane of the season was the most intense of the year. It developed several hundred miles north of Panama on the last day of October and it weakened to a tropical storm before making landfall in Eastern Cuba, but strengthened into a hurricane again while north of the Bahamas, where it was last sighted on November 4.
On July 2, a tropical storm developed in the Gulf of Mexico. Moving westward, the storm steadily strengthened to reach a peak intensity of 60 mph on July 3. Holding steady in strength, the storm made landfall near Galveston, Texas on July 5