A filibuster or freebooter, in the context of foreign policy, is someone who engages in an unauthorized military expedition into a foreign country or territory to foment or support a revolution. The term is used to describe United States citizens who fomented insurrections in Latin America in the mid-19th century. Filibuster expeditions have occasionally been used as cover for government-approved deniable operations. Filibusters are irregular soldiers who act without official authority from their own government, are motivated by financial gain, political ideology, or the thrill of adventure; the freewheeling actions of the filibusters of the 1850s led to the name being applied figuratively to the political act of filibustering in the United States Congress. Unlike a mercenary, a filibuster works for himself, whilst a mercenary leader works for others; the English term "filibuster" derives from the Spanish filibustero, itself deriving from the Dutch vrijbuiter,'privateer, robber'. The Spanish form entered the English language in the 1850s, as applied to military adventurers from the United States operating in Central America and the Spanish West Indies.
The Spanish term was first applied to persons raiding Spanish colonies and ships in the West Indies, the most famous of whom was Sir Francis Drake with his 1573 raid on Nombre de Dios. With the end of the era of Caribbean piracy in the early 18th century "filibuster" fell out of general currency; the term was revived in the mid-19th century to describe the actions of adventurers who tried to take control of various Caribbean and Central-American territories by force of arms. In Sonora, there were the French Marquis Charles de Pindray and Count Gaston de Raousset-Boulbon and the Americans Joseph C. Morehead and Henry Alexander Crabb; the three most prominent filibusters of that era were Narciso López and John Quitman in Cuba and William Walker in Baja California and lastly Nicaragua. The term returned to American parlance to refer to López's 1851 Cuban expeditions. Several Americans were involved in freelance military schemes, including Aaron Burr, William Blount, Augustus W. Magee, George Mathews, George Rogers Clark, William S. Smith, Ira Allen, William Walker, William A. Chanler and James Long.
Gregor MacGregor was a Scottish filibuster in Florida and South America. Although the American public enjoyed reading about the thrilling adventures of filibusters, Americans involved in filibustering expeditions were in violation of the Neutrality Act of 1794 that made it illegal for a citizen to wage war against another country at peace with the United States. For example, the journalist John L. O'Sullivan, who coined the related phrase "Manifest Destiny", was put on trial for raising money for López's failed filibustering expedition in Cuba. In the 1850s, American adventurer William Walker attempted filibustering campaigns with a strategy involving his leading a private mercenary army. In 1853, he established a short lived republic in the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California; when a path through Lake Nicaragua was being considered as the possible site of a canal through Central America, he was hired as a mercenary by one of the factions in a civil war in Nicaragua. He declared himself commander of the country's army in 1856.
After attempting to take control of the rest of Central America, while receiving no support from the U. S. government, he was defeated by the four other Central American nations he tried to invade and executed by the local Honduran authorities he tried to overthrow. In the traditional historiography by historians in both the United States and in Latin America, Walker's filibustering represented the high tide of antebellum American imperialism, his brief seizure of Nicaragua in 1855 is called a representative expression of Manifest destiny with the added factor of trying to expand slavery into Central America. Historian Michel Gobat, presents a revisionist interpretation, he argues that Walker was invited in by Nicaraguan liberals who were trying to force economic modernization and political liberalism, that thus it was not an attempted projection of American power. Prior to the American Civil war, many Confederate Army officers and soldiers, such as Chatham Roberdeau Wheat, of the Louisiana Tigers, obtained valuable military experience from filibuster expeditions.
The author Horace Bell served as a major with Walker in Nicaragua in 1856. Colonel Parker H. French served as Minister of Hacienda and was appointed as Minister Plenipotentiary to Washington in 1855. There was widespread support in the press for filibusters' missions. A number of journalists, such as John O'Sullivan, Moses S. Beach at the New York Sun and the New Orleans' L. J. Sigur of the Delta, were sympathetic towards filibusters. All supported Narcisco Lopez's Missions to Cuba. John S. Thrasher contributed articles for the annexation of Cuba in New Orleans' Picayune; some journalists enlisted to fight for filibustering missions as Richardson Hardy and John McCann did who both worked for the Cincinnati Nonpareil. The poet Theodore O'Hara was a member of William Walker's expedition to Nicaragua, he worked on the Democratic Rally newspapers. After this, he served in the Confederate army in the American Civil War. Irish Americans saw filibustering as an opportunity to help the Irish Nationalists against British Rule.
In 1856 a group of I
This list combines the statistics and records of the seven CFL American teams from 1993 to 1995: Baltimore Stallions, Birmingham Barracudas, Las Vegas Posse, Memphis Mad Dogs, Sacramento Gold Miners, San Antonio Texans, the Shreveport Pirates. Though no city lasted more than 2 years in the CFL, they combined for 10 seasons of team statistics, including several record breaking performances. Most points – CFL USA Career 406 – Roman Anderson 385 – Carlos Huerta Most Points – Season 235 – Roman Anderson – San Antonio – 1995 228 – Carlos Huerta – Baltimore – 1995 184 – Donald Igwebuike – Baltimore - 1994 171 – Roman Anderson – Sacramento – 1994 157 – Carlos Huerta – Las Vegas – 1993 156 – Jim Crouch – Sacramento – 1993 144 – Luis Zendejas – Birmingham – 1995Most Points – Game 30 – Martin Patton – Shreveport versus Winnipeg, August 5, 1995Most Touchdowns – CFL USA Career 34 – Mike PringleMost Touchdowns – Season 18 – Chris Armstrong – Baltimore - 1994Most Touchdowns – Game 5 – Martin Patton – Shreveport versus Winnipeg, August 5, 1995 Most Passing Yards – CFL USA Career 13,834 – David Archer 7705 – Tracy Ham Most Passing Yards – Season 6023 – David Archer – Sacramento – 1993 4911 – Matt Dunigan – Birmingham – 1995 4471 – David Archer – San Antonio – 1995 4348 – Tracy Ham – Baltimore – 1994 3767 – Billy Joe Tolliver – Shreveport - 1995 3357 – Tracy Ham – Baltimore – 1994 3340 – David Archer – Sacramento - 1994 3211 – Damon Allen – Memphis - 1995 2582 – Anthony Calvillo – Las Vegas – 1994 1812 – Kerwin Bell – Sacramento - 1994 1259 – Mike Johnson – Shreveport – 1994 1222 – Len Williams – Las Vegas – 1994 1193 – Rickey Foggie – Memphis - 1995 1046 – Terrence Jones – Shreveport - 1994Most Passing Yards – Game 551 - Anthony Calvillo – Las Vegas versus Ottawa, Sept. 3, 1994Most Passing Touchdowns – CFL USA Career 86 – David Archer 51 – Tracy Ham 34 – Matt Dunigan Most Passing Touchdowns – Season 35 – David Archer – Sacramento - 1993 34 – Matt Dunigan – Birmingham - 1995 30 – Tracy Ham – Baltimore – 1994 30 – David Archer – San Antonio – 1995Most Passing Touchdowns – Game???
Most Rushing Yards – CFL USA Career 4,131 – Mike Pringle Most Rushing Yards – Season 1972 – Mike Pringle – Baltimore - 1994 1791 – Mike Pringle – Baltimore – 1995 1230 – Troy Mills – Sacramento – 1994 1040 – Martin Patton – Shreveport -1995 1030 – Mike Saunders – San Antonio - 1995Most Rushing Yards – Game 232 – Mike Pringle – Baltimore versus Shreveport, Sep. 3, 1994 230 – Troy Mills – Sacramento versus Ottawa, Oct. 24, 1994 Most Receiving Yards – CFL USA Career 2,697 – Chris Armstrong 2,677 – Rod Harris Most Receiving Yards – CFL USA Career 1586 – Chris Armstrong – Baltimore – 1994 1559 – Marcus Grant – Birmingham – 1995 1415 – Joe Horn – Memphis – 1995 1397 - Rod Harris – Sacramento – 1993 1280 - Rod Harris – Sacramento – 1994 1202 - Curtis Mayfield – Las Vegas – 1994 1111 – Chris Armstrong – Baltimore - 1995 1101 – Jason Phillips – Birmingham – 1995 1074 – Titus Dixon – Sacramento – 1993Most Receiving Yards – Game 319 – Curtis Mayfield – Las Vegas versus Ottawa, September 3, 1994Most Receptions – CFL USA Career 184 – Rod Harris Most Receptions – Season 90 - Rod Harris – Sacramento – 1993 86 - Rod Harris – Sacramento – 1994 84 – Marcus Grant – Birmingham – 1995 76 – Jason Phillips – Birmingham – 1995 72 – Chris Armstrong – Baltimore – 1994 71 – Joe Horn – Memphis – 1995 64 – Chris Armstrong – Baltimore - 1995 61 – Titus Dixon – Sacramento – 1993 61 - Curtis Mayfield – Las Vegas - 1994 61 – Troy Mills - Sacramento - 1994 60 – Mark Stock – San Antonio – 1995 58 - Curtis Mayfield – Shreveport - 1995Most Receptions – Game 14 - Curtis Mayfield – Las Vegas versus Ottawa, September 3, 1994 CFL Record Book 2009 CFL Record Book 2018 CFL website
SimpleScreenRecorder is a Qt-based screencast software made for Linux operating systems, created as a simpler alternative to programs such as ffmpeg/avconv and VLC. SimpleScreenRecorder can capture a video-audio record of the entire computer screen or part of it, or records OpenGL applications such as video games directly; the program synchronizes the captured video and audio properly, reduces the frame rate of the video if the user's computer is too slow, is multithreaded. Users can resume recording by clicking a button or by pressing a hotkey; the program can show statistics about the computer's performance during recording. The program allows users to select options for the screen capture such as'Follow the cursor' and'Record the cursor'. SimpleScreenRecorder can output audio into many final file container formats; these distinct video and audio encodings are customizable. The resolution and frame rate of the resulting video may be set prior to recording, as may the audio quality of the video.
SimpleScreenRecorder has been described as the Fraps of Linux. When recording openGL applications or games, SimpleScreenRecorder is capable of interjecting a library command upon launch to facilitate proper screen capture. SimpleScreenRecorder does not require a large disk-cache like glc, where glc requires a two-step process in order to create a final and playable multimedia file. ScreenRecorder encodes on the fly while the screen is being recorded, a multimedia file can be'saved' after the user clicks on a'Save the recording' button. Comparison of screencasting software recordMyDesktop Screencast Recording desktop or gaming audio Recording Steam games Project website on Github