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Film4 is a British free-to-air television channel owned by the Channel Four Television Corporation, that broadcasts films. It was launched on 1 November 1998. While its standard-definition channel is available as a FTA network, its high-definition variant is offered as a pay television service. Film4 was started in 1982 as Film4 Productions, a film production company owned by Channel Four Television Corporation and has been responsible for backing a large number of films made in the United Kingdom, around the world; the company's first production was Walter, directed by Stephen Frears, released in 1982. In late 1998, the outfit was re-branded as FilmFour, to coincide with the launch of a new Digital TV channel of the same name on the Sky Digital and ONdigital platforms. Film4 was known as FilmFour and became Channel 4's second channel, it was a subscription-only service available on satellite television via the Sky platform, digital terrestrial via ITV Digital, most UK cable services. It cost £6 a month rising to £7.

The launch night, broadcast on Channel 4, was hosted by Johnny Vaughan and the first film to be shown was The Usual Suspects. Channel 4 cut its budget from £30 to £10 million and 50 staff in 2002, due to mounting losses, re-integrated FilmFour as a division of its TV operation to continue to invest in new films; the cuts were a consequence of FilmFour's unsuccessful attempts to compete with Hollywood. David Thompson, head of BBC Films, described it as "a sad day" for the British film industry; the British film industry needs confidence right now and this doesn't inspire confidence,"In 2004, Tessa Ross became head of both Film4 and Channel 4 drama. The name "Film4 Productions" was introduced in 2006 to tie in with the relaunch of the FilmFour broadcast channel as Film4. FilmFour Weekly ceased broadcasting on 19 July 2006; the subscription service ended on 19 July 2006 and the channel re-launched as a free-to-air service a few days on 23 July. When the channel became free, it returned to digital terrestrial as part of the Freeview brand, became free-to-air on satellite television.

Due to the change, the channel's availability increased from 300,000 to 18 million households. It changed its broadcasting hours to 12:45 - 08:45, commercial breaks were included during films for the first time; the first film broadcast under the new format was the British non-subscription television premiere of Lost in Translation. Prior to the arrivals of Movie Mix and movies4men on the Freeview platform, Film4 was the only free film channel available on digital terrestrial television. From 23 May 2009, the broadcasting hours were changed to 11:00am - 04:00am, with it broadcasting teleshopping or an animated caption stating it will return at 11:00 during the downtime hours. On 1 November 2010, Film4 partnered with FilmFlex to launch Film4oD. On 2 September 2014, Film4 debuted a new on-air look, designed by Machine. There are 15 new idents in the series. Prior to 20 August 2007, Film4 operated a one-hour-timeshift channel, Film4 +1, on satellite and Freeview; this channel was dropped on Freeview to make way for Channel 4 +1, but returned on 27 August 2013.

It continued to be broadcast on Sky and Freesat during this time period. As of November 2014, Film4+1 became available via Freeview HD Services only. On 10 January 2019 Film4+1 was moved from the Freeview HD PSB3 multiplex to the Freeview PSB-2 multiplex thus making the service available to viewers who have not yet upgraded their TV receivers for DVB-t2 reception; the capacity on PSB-2 was made available by the "Sewing Quarter" service moving to Freeview COM6 multiplex operated by Arqiva and available from all main and daughter transmitting stations, but not relays. On 20 July 2010, Film4 HD launched on Virgin Media's cable television platform on channel 429, it is only available on certain packages. Film4 HD launched on Sky on 2 September 2013, but requires customers to add the Sky HD upgrade to their subscription.. Film 4 HD is not available on Freeview. Additional channels were added, FilmFour World and FilmFour Extreme which operated on a timeshare and the timeshift channel FilmFour +1. FilmFour World and Extreme were discontinued in 2003 and replaced by FilmFour Weekly, which screened four films across the week at the same time each day to make it easier to catch a film at least once.

FilmFour Weekly ceased broadcasting on 19 July 2006. The channel offered an online Video on demand service, Film4oD until it was closed in July 2015. List of television stations in the United Kingdom 50 Films to See Before You Die London FrightFest Film Festival 4+Film FrightFest Film Festival Official website

Nkosi Nofuma

Nkosikhona Nofuma is a South African rugby union player for the Griffons in the Currie Cup and in the Rugby Challenge. He can play as number eight or lock. Despite being born in the Eastern Cape, Nofuma went to school in Welkom, he was selected to represent the Welkom-based Griffons rugby province at the Under-18 Academy Week in 2005 and played for a Griffons Country Districts side at the same competition in 2006. After high school, he continued to progress through age-group rugby at the Griffons. However, he failed to break into their senior squad. In 2011, Nofuma represented the rugby team of Alice-based university side University of Fort Hare in the Varsity Shield competitions in 2011, 2012 and 2013, he scored four tries for them during the 2013 edition, getting a brace in their match against UKZN Impi and one each in their matches against UWC and eventual champions CUT Ixias. He was one of several amateur players brought into the Border Bulldogs provincial set-up at the start of 2014 after the professional side was declared bankrupt.

He was included in their squad for the 2014 Vodacom Cup competition and made his debut in their First Round match against Sharks XV, suffering a 24–46 defeat. He featured in a defeat in the Eastern Cape derby against the Eastern Province Kings in their next match and helped the Border Bulldogs to an 18–17 win in their next match against Kenyan side Simba XV, their only victory of the competition, his first start for the Border Bulldogs came in their 16–29 defeat to Western Province in their next match and he made a further three appearances, to bring his tally in the competition to seven. Nofuma was retained for their 2014 Currie Cup qualification campaign and he made his debut in the Currie Cup competition in their opening-day 5–52 defeat to Griquas, he made one more appearance during the qualification series, but the Border Bulldogs lost all six of their matches, failing to qualify for the 2014 Currie Cup Premier Division, instead qualifying to the 2014 Currie Cup First Division. He was named in their squad for the First Division campaign, where he made a further five appearances – starting just one of those, their final match of the season against the Boland Cavaliers.

The Border Bulldogs ended the competition bottom of the log with a single win all season. He returned to action in the 2015 Vodacom Cup, starting their opening match of the season against the Sharks XV

The Bad & the Better

The Bad & the Better is the third studio album by American electropop singer-songwriter The Ready Set. The album title was announced on March 2014 along with the track listing, it was released on May 2014 by Razor & Tie Records. The album was released as a 4 track-EP featuring the singles "Higher", "Freaking Me Out" and "Give Me Your Hand" plus the song "Carry Me Home" digitally outside the United States; the Ready Set released "Give Me Your Hand" as the first single from the Better. The second official single, "Higher", was serviced to contemporary hit radio in the United States on May 6, 2014; the song "Freakin' Me Out" was released on October 15, 2014 along the premiere of its official music video via VEVO. A live music video for the track "Fangz" directed by Sergio Padilla was released on December 10, 2014. Tim Sendra of AllMusic rated the album three-and-a-half stars, remarking how the release is "all AM pop giddiness, spunky energy, soft-pedaled, cuddly heartbreak", how "It's machine-driven, it's juvenile, it's not going to change the world, but it's a bunch of fun and that's plenty."

At Alternative Press, Evan Lucy rated the album two and a half stars, stating that the release is "ultimately disappointing."

Laurie Styvers

Laurette Stivers, known as Laurie Styvers, was a British-based, American singer-songwriter. In London, in the late 1960s, Styvers responded to an advertisement for female singers, placed by John McBurnie and Keith Trowsdale; the three, with additional vocalists Bethlyn Bates and Valerie Cope, formed the psychedelic folk band Justine and recorded one album with producer Hugh Murphy, released in 1970. Styvers left soon afterwards and the remaining group disbanded. With Murphy as producer, co-writer and boyfriend, Styvers released two solo albums and one single between 1972 and 1973. None were commercially successful. Reviewing her Spilt Milk LP, Robert Christgau wrote in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies: "Normally, I ignore records as rightfully obscure as this one, but I thought it was time I mentioned that our hippest record company is getting more complacent all the time—just how many L. A. airheads can we stand? Styvers is the kind of person who makes me like junkies—you know, the baby you want to steal candy from, so trite and pretty-poo in her fashionably troubled adolescence that you hope she chokes on her own money.

One line says it all:'There just aren't words for the songs of the people who feel.' Oh shut up, Laurie."Styvers subsequently ended her music career and returned to the United States. Styvers died in 1997 as a result of alcoholism. Justine, Uni Records UNLS 111 She Brings The Morning With Her, Uni Records, UNS 528 Spilt Milk, Chrysalis Records CHR 1007 / Warner Brothers WS1946 The Colorado Kid, Chrysalis Records CHR 1038 Beat The Reaper, Chrysalis Records CYK 4796

Missouri Tigers baseball 2010–19

Amid an otherwise undistinguished decade, the Missouri Tigers baseball team won the Big 12 Conference Tournament in 2012. The team moved from the Big 12 Conference to the Eastern division of the Southeastern Conference in 2013; the Tigers struggled the first two seasons after the change of Conference improved to a limited extent. As of 2018 their best performance during the decade in a Conference league was in 2015 and their best overall performance was in 2018. Tim Jamieson retired as head coach in 2016 after 22 years; the following members of the Missouri Tigers baseball program were drafted in the 2010 Major League Baseball Draft. The Tigers went 1-2 in the Tucson Regional in the NCAA Tournament. Blake BrownAll-Big 12 Honorable Mention All-Big 12 Tournament TeamJeff EmensAll-Big 12 Tournament TeamEric GarciaBig 12 Tournament Most Outstanding PlayerBlake HolovachBig 12 Newcomer of the Week John MilesBig 12 Newcomer of the Week Dane OpelAll-Big 12 Honorable Mention All-Big 12 Tournament Team Big 12 Player of the Week Dusty RossAll-Big 12 Second TeamBen TurnerAll-Big 12 Honorable MentionRob ZastryznyAll-Big 12 Honorable Mention Big 12 Pitcher of the Week The following members of the Missouri Tigers baseball program were drafted in the 2012 Major League Baseball Draft


Samba-canção is, in its most common acceptance or interpretation, the denomination for a kind of Brazilian popular songs with some sort of samba rhythm. It appeared after the World War II, at the end of the 1940s, disappeared in the middle of the 1960s when majority of composers began to present their songs without category denomination; the name is somewhat arbitrary, adopted by the music industry, that is, publishers and record companies, some composers. Like many popular songs of the world, Samba-canção's principal theme is the love relationship moaning for a lost love. Tempo is a little slower; the denomination suggests that the song is more sophisticated, less earthy, than ordinary samba songs. It has, in most two parts, they are repeated totally. Always it has a small introduction and sometimes short additional ending. In the repetition, the first part is played by musicians and the second sung; the musical accompaniment can be anything, from piano solo or guitar duet to jazz-style big band or philharmonic orchestra.

In these cases, samba rhythm was provided by a drum player. It always maintained Brazilian flavor, more or less, but influenced by American popular songs in every way; some were influenced by Cuban-Mexican bolero. Under the denomination'Samba-canção' there has been many hit tunes and several of them has got the'classic' or'standard' status in the history of Brazilian popular music, but the name is obsolete nowadays. Because the public preferred to call them only samba and today they are just a part of MPB; the most renowned tunes published with the denomination'samba-canção' are as follows. Year 1945 - Dora 46 - Saia do caminho - Copacabana 47 - Marina / Nervos do aço 48 - Caminhemos Also well known afterward by a Spanish-language version with the rhythm of bolero. 50 - Errei sim 51 - Vingança Also well known afterward by a Spanish-language version with the rhythm of tango. 52 - Ninguém me ama - Risque Originally performed as'fado'. Well known afterward by a Spanish-language version with the rhythm of bolero.

55 - Folha morta / Duas contas 56 - Só louco / Resposta / 57 - Ouça / Por causa de você / Se todos fossem iguais a você 58 - Estrada do sol / Meu mundo caiu 59 - A noite do meu bem / Dindi / Eu sei que vou te amar There had been another kind of Samba-canção. In the 1930s,'samba-canção' was the denomination applied to some sentimental tunes written for musical reviews, they were not many. Some representative sambas-canções of this kind are: No rancho fundo, Na batucada da vida and Serra da Boa Esperança. Referring to the "first" samba-canção of this kind, Paulo Tapajós wrote in a LP jacket: The old modinha has gotten out of fashion. In its place, a new type of Brazilian song appeared telling the misfortunes of love; that led Henrique Vogeler to compose, in 1928, a new musical expression, using the rhythm of samba, but in much slower and much more relaxed tempo. The tune was called Iaiá, but becoming better known as Ai, Ioiô or Linda Flor. In the piano sheet music the author classified it as "Samba Canção Brasileira", fusing the samba with traditional Brazilian song.

Afterward the word "Brasileira" disappeared. Henrique Vogeler was a composer-pianist with solid musical education, studied at the National Conservatory, but best known as the composer of popular tunes, wrote this "first" Samba-canção as an opening number of a review; the above-mentioned LP contains some oldies, one Cartola composition and contemporary songs associated with bossa nova style