The Canadian Encyclopedia
The Canadian Encyclopedia is a source of information on Canada published by Historica Canada of Toronto. Articles appear in French, it is available at no cost. The Canadian Encyclopedia includes 14,000 articles in each language on numerous subjects including history, popular culture, people, politics, First Nations and science; the website provides access to the Encyclopedia of Music in Canada, The Canadian Encyclopedia Junior Edition, Maclean's magazine articles and Timelines of Canadian history. Canada had been without a national encyclopedia since the 1957 Encyclopedia Canadiana; when looking through the Canadian entries in existing encyclopedias such as Random House, Canadian nationalist and book publisher Mel Hurtig found blatant errors and omissions. In response, in the 1980s he launched a project to create a wholly new Canadian encyclopedia with support from Alberta Premier Peter Lougheed; the Editor-in-Chief James Harley Marsh recruited more than 3,000 authors to write for it. They made index cards for every fact in the encyclopedia, signed off by the researcher, sourced from three sources.
They had to have every article read by three outside readers. The whole thing was proofread by an independent source. There were over 3,000 people who contributed to the content and accuracy of the encyclopedia's entries; the first edition of The Canadian Encyclopedia was published in three volumes in 1985 for $125/set and sold out within days of publication – a Canadian bestseller. A revised and expanded edition was sold out as well, it was the first encyclopedia in the world to use a computer to help compile, typeset and print it. It was encoded in a markup language precursor of HTML. In September 1990, Hurtig published the five-volume Junior Encyclopedia of Canada, the first encyclopedia for young Canadians. Hurtig sold his publishing company with it the encyclopedia. In 1995, the first edition of The Canadian Encyclopedia Plus was published as a digital CD-ROM. In 1999, the Historica Foundation, made a full version of The Canadian Encyclopedia available online. List of online encyclopedias Marsh, James H..
The Canadian Encyclopedia. The Canadian Encyclopedia. ISBN 978-0-7710-2099-5. Official website
1997 Toronto International Film Festival
The 22nd Toronto International Film Festival ran from September 4 to September 13, 1997. This festival was notable for the introduction of the Masters programme to TIFF. Artemisia by Agnès Merlet The Assignment by Christian Duguay Chinese Box by Wayne Wang The Edge by Lee Tamahori Eve's Bayou by Kasi Lemmons FairyTale: A True Story by Charles Sturridge Gattaca by Andrew Niccol In & Out by Frank Oz L. A. Confidential by Curtis Hanson Marquise by Véra Belmont Men with Guns by John Sayles Mrs Dalloway by Marleen Gorris Regeneration by Gillies MacKinnon Seven Years in Tibet by Jean-Jacques Annaud The Sweet Hereafter by Atom Egoyan Swept from the Sea by Beeban Kidron Washington Square by Agnieszka Holland The Wings of the Dove by Iain Softley Afterglow by Alan Rudolph The Apostle by Robert Duvall Le Bassin de J. W. by João César Monteiro The Big One by Michael Moore The Blackout by Abel Ferrara The Blood Oranges by Philip Haas Boogie Nights by Paul Thomas Anderson Face by Antonia Bird Fast, Cheap & Out of Control by Errol Morris Hana-bi by Takeshi Kitano 4 Little Girls by Spike Lee Henry Fool by Hal Hartley The House of Yes by Mark Waters The Informant by Jim McBride Inspirations by Michael Apted The Alarmist by Evan Dunsky Loved by Erin Dignam Mr. Jealousy by Noah Baumbach My Best Girl by Sam Taylor Nil by Mouth by Gary Oldman One Night Stand by Mike Figgis Pronto by Jim McBride The Spanish Prisoner by David Mamet Suicide Kings by Peter O'Fallon The Tango Lesson by Sally Potter Two Girls and a Guy by James Toback Welcome to Sarajevo by Michael Winterbottom Year of the Horse by Jim Jarmusch Das Schloß by Michael Haneke Iruvar by Mani Ratnam Esmeralda Comes by Night by Jaime Humberto Hermosillo Funny Games by Michael Haneke Voyage to the Beginning of the World by Manoel de Oliveira Keep Cool by Zhang Yimou Mon oncle Antoine by Claude Jutra Moon Over Broadway by Chris Hegedus and D. A. Pennebaker Mother and Son by Alexander Sokurov The Scar by Krzysztof Kieślowski The Eel by Shōhei Imamura L'Absent by Céline Baril Across by Cara Morton Anna à la lettre C by Hugo Brochu The Big Pickle by Gary Yates BP by Brian Nash Breakfast with Gus by Siobhan Devine Bury Me Happy by Brian McPhail City of Dark by Bruno Lazaro The Countess of Baton Rouge by André Forcier Cosmos by Manon Briand, André Turpin, Marie-Julie Dallaire, Denis Villeneuve, Jennifer Alleyn and Arto Paragamian Cotton Candy by Roshell Bissett Cube by Vincenzo Natali Dance with Me by Cassandra Nicolaou Drive, She Said by Mina Shum Drowning in Dreams by Tim Southam Erotica: A Journey Into Female Sexuality by Maya Gallus Fresh Off the Boat by Peter Demas Gerrie & Louise by Sturla Gunnarsson Grace Eternal by Neil Burns Guise by Wrik Mead Guy Maddin: Waiting for Twilight by Noam Gonick The Hanging Garden by Thom Fitzgerald Hayseed by Josh Levy and Andrew Hayes The Hazards of Falling Glass by John Martins-Manteiga Incantation by Cara Morton Kid Nerd by Shereen Jerrett Kitchen Party by Gary Burns Linear Dreams by Richard Reeves The Mao Lounge by Chad Derrick Men with Guns by Kari Skogland Museum by Chris Walsh 1919 by Noam Gonick Permission by Daniel MacIvor Pitch by Spencer Rice and Kenny Hotz The Planet of Junior Brown by Clement Virgo Question of Reality by Barry Gibson The Seat of the Soul by Olivier Asselin Shift by Shaun Cathcart Shooting Indians: A Journey with Jeffrey Thomas by Ali Kazimi Shopping for Fangs by Quentin Lee and Justin Lin The Skating Party by Marcia Connolly and Janet Hawkwood The Swimming Lesson by Sheri Elwood Tu as crié: Let me go by Anne Claire Poirier Twilight of the Ice Nymphs by Guy Maddin Two Feet, One Angel by Ramiro Puerta Uncut by John Greyson La vie arrêtée by Martine Allard We Are Experiencing... by John Kneller What Goes Around by Lloyd Surdi White Cloud, Blue Mountain by Keith Behrman Zie 37 Stagen by Sylvain Guy The Assistant by Daniel Petrie Bird Watching by Shinobu Yaguchi Blinded by Daniel Calparsoro Brain Holiday by Hineki Mito Brother by Aleksei Balabanov Love and Sex by Charlotte Silvera Character by Mike van Diem Clandestins by Denis Chouinard and Nicolas Wadimoff Close To by David Ottenhouse Conceiving Ada by Lynn Hershman Leeson Delirium by Peque Gallaga and Lore Reyes Des majorettes dans l'espace by David Fourier Devil's Island by Friðrik Þór Friðriksson Doing Time for Patsy Cline by Chris Kennedy East Palace, West Palace by Zhang Yuan Four Days in September by Bruno Barreto A Friend of the Deceased by Viatcheslav Krichtofovitch and Leonid Boyko Un frère... by Sylvie Verheyde The Girl with Brains in Her Feet by Roberto Bangura Gummo by Harmony Korine Hanoi-Winter 1946 by Đặng Nhật Minh Happy Together by Wong Kar-wai Heaven's Burning by Craig Lahiff Homesick Eyes by Hsu Hsiao-ming I Think I Do by Brian Sloan Silvester Countdown by Oskar Roehler Inside/Out by Robert Tregenza Insomnia by Erik Skjoldbjærg The James Gang by Mike Barker Junk Food by Masashi Yamamoto Junk Mail by Pål Sletaune Keep the Aspidistra Flying by Robert Bierman Kiss or Kill by Bill Bennett Labyrinth of Dreams by Gakuryū Ishii The Leading Hand by Masahiro Muramatsu Long Twilight by Attila Janisch Love and Death on Long Island by Richard Kwietniowski Ma vie en rose by Alain Berliner The Maker by Tim Hunter The Man in Her Life by Carlos Siguion-Reyna Marius and Jeannette by Robert Guédiguian Metroland by Philip Saville The Mirror by Jafar Panahi Misfortune's End by Vu Xuan Hung Murmur of Youth by Lin Cheng-sheng The Myth of Fingerprints by Bart Freundlich Nettoyage à sec by Anne Fontaine No Child of Mine by Peter Kosminsky Obsession by Peter Sehr Okke-ke Bibirobos by Takuji Suzuki Onibi by Rokurō Mochizuki Our Boy by David Evans The Oyster and the Wind by Walter Lima, Jr. Ashes of Paradise by Marcelo Piñeyro Passage by Juraj Herz Port Djema by Eric Heumann After Sex by Brigitte Roüan Private Confessions by Liv Ullmann Rizal sa Dapitan by Tikoy Aguiluz The Rocking Horse Winner by Michae
TIFF Bell Lightbox
TIFF Bell Lightbox is a cultural centre in Toronto, Canada, located in the first five floors of the Bell Lightbox and Festival Tower on the north west corner of King Street and John Street. It is the headquarters for the Toronto International Film Festival. TIFF Bell Lightbox opened on land donated by Ivan Reitman and family, it is the headquarters for the Toronto International Film Festival. The entrance for the structure's 46-storey tower of condominiums is on John Street, set back from the much smaller 19th-century buildings along King Street. TIFF Bell Lightbox cinema complex, the Toronto International Film Festival offices, a ground-floor restaurant and a roof-top terrace are housed in a five-storey structure on King. TIFF Bell Lightbox is a five-storey structure that features five cinemas, two restaurants, major exhibitions and galleries, a gift shop, rooftop terrace, learning studios; the five-screen cinema complex includes a film reference library and workshops. During construction, crews found artifacts belonging to York General Hospital, located on the site in 1829.
The podium is a five-storey complex that forms the base of the Bell Festival Tower. As the new headquarters for the Toronto International Film Festival, it contains five cinemas of various sizes, a three-storey public atrium, two galleries, three learning studios, a centre for students and scholars, a bistro, a restaurant, a lounge, a gift shop, a rooftop terrace; the theatres present specially-curated programming, as well as some new releases. Some of the films presented tie-in with exhibitions, retrospectives of actors or filmmakers; the extensive reference library and archives of film, open to the public, includes publications and archival movies, as well as research and study space. Since 2010, TIFF Bell Lightbox has been the home of the festival, marking its permanent move from Yorkville to King West. Future plans include a "Cinema Tower" on the north side on the block, which will contain five additional theatres; the area includes prominent venues for the festival, such as Roy Thomson Hall.
The complex opened on September 12, 2010 with a block party. Bruce McDonald's Trigger was the first film; the galleries host exhibitions related to art history. The fourth floor gallery is free to the public, while the larger main gallery on the first level hosts large paid exhibitions; the first exhibition was the MoMA's monograph on Tim Burton, subsequent exhibits have included retrospectives of Federico Fellini, Grace Kelly, James Bond, David Cronenberg, Stanley Kubrick, most Andy Warhol. TIFF is a non-for-profit organization that generates an annual economic impact of $189 million CAD. TIFF Bell Lightbox is supported by contributors including founding sponsor Bell Canada, the Province of Ontario, the Government of Canada, the City of Toronto, the Reitman family, The Daniels Corporation and Royal Bank of Canada. Festival Tower was developed by The Daniels Corporation and designed by Toronto-based architectural firm Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects. TIFF Bell Lightbox is the home of the Toronto International Film Festival, while Festival Tower contains condominium residences.
The project was conceived in partnership by the Toronto International Film Festival Group and the King and John Festival Corporation. List of tallest buildings in Toronto List of tallest buildings in Canada Media related to TIFF Bell Lightbox at Wikimedia Commons Official website
1987 Toronto International Film Festival
The 12th Toronto International Film Festival took place in Toronto, Canada between September 10 and September 19, 1987. I've Heard the Mermaids Singing by Patricia Rozema; the Princess Bride by Rob Reiner won the People's Choice Award at the festival. André the Giant, one of the stars of the film sat on constructed girth for him, during the premiere of the film at the festival; the Glass Menagerie by Paul Newman The Princess Bride by Rob Reiner Near Dark by Kathryn Bigelow Babette's Feast by Gabriel Axel Barfly by Barbet Schroeder Tough Guys Don't Dance by Norman Mailer Dark Eyes by Nikita Mikhalkov Five Corners by Tony Bill The Belly of an Architect by Peter Greenaway A Taxing Woman by Juzo Itami Under the Sun of Satan by Maurice Pialat Dust in the Wind by Hou Hsiao-hsien Aria by Robert Altman, Bruce Beresford, Bill Bryden, Jean-Luc Godard, Derek Jarman, Franc Roddam, Nicolas Roeg, Ken Russell, Charles Sturridge and Julien Temple Magdalena Viraga by Nina Menkes Mauvais Sang by Leos Carax La mitad del cielo by Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón A Successful Man by Humberto Solás Family Viewing by Atom Egoyan I've Heard the Mermaids Singing by Patricia Rozema The Last Straw by Giles Walker Night Zoo by Jean-Claude Lauzon Taking Care by Clarke Mackey Artist on Fire: Joyce Wieland by Kay Armatage Vincent by Paul Cox Official site TIFF: A Reel History: 1976 - 2012 1987 Toronto International Film Festival at IMDB
1995 Toronto International Film Festival
The 20th Toronto International Film Festival took place in Toronto, Canada between September 7 and September 16, 1995. The Confessional by Robert Lepage was selected as the opening film and Devil In A Blue Dress by Carl Franklin was selected as the closing film. Devil In A Blue Dress by Carl Franklin Welcome to the Dollhouse by Todd Solondz Antonia's Line by Marleen Gorris La Cérémonie by Claude Chabrol Desolation Angels by Tim McCann Eggs by Bent Hamer Fallen Angels by Wong Kar-wai Blue in the Face by Paul Auster, Wayne Wang & Harvey Wang Leaving Las Vegas by Mike Figgis To Die For by Gus Van Sant Madagascar Skin by Chris Newby Four Rooms by Quentin Tarantino, Robert Rodriguez, Alexandre Rockwell & Allison Anders Mighty Aphrodite by Woody Allen Persuasion by Roger Michell Things to Do in Denver When You're Dead by Gary Fleder The Crossing Guard by Sean Penn The White Balloon by Jafar Panahi The Young Poisoner's Handbook by Benjamin Ross Love Letter by Shunji Iwai Brother of Sleep by Joseph Vilsmaier The Last Supper by Stacy Title Peculiarities of the National Hunt by Aleksandr Rogozhkin Someone Else's America by Goran Paskaljevic Sátántangó by Béla Tarr Ulysses' Gaze by Theodoros Angelopoulos Stonewall by Nigel Finch A Month by the Lake by John Irvin Dos crímenes by Roberto Sneider Harvest Home by Carlos Siguion-Reyna Margaret's Museum by Mort Ransen Bye-Bye by Karim Dridi The Journey of August King by John Duigan Cry, the Beloved Country by Darrell Roodt Unstrung Heroes by Diane Keaton Voices by Malcolm Clarke Go Now by Michael Winterbottom Wings of Courage by Jean-Jacques Annaud On the Beat by Ning Ying Under the Domim Tree by Eli Cohen Guantanamera by Tomás Gutiérrez Alea & Juan Carlos Tabío Angel Baby by Michael Rymer Maborosi by Hirokazu Koreeda Cyclo by Tran Anh Hung Black List by Jean-Marc Vallée Blood and Donuts by Holly Dale The Champagne Safari by George Ungar The Confessional by Robert Lepage Curtis's Charm by John L'Ecuyer The Eye Like a Strange Balloon Mounts Toward Infinity by Guy Maddin House by Laurie Lynd House of Pain by Mike Hoolboom If Only I Were an Indian by John Paskievich Live Bait by Bruce Sweeney Margaret's Museum by Mort Ransen The Michelle Apartments by John Pozer Once in a Blue Moon by Philip Spink Reconstruction by Laurence Green Rude by Clement Virgo Skin Deep by Midi Onodera Soul Survivor by Stephen Williams The Suburbanators by Gary Burns Voices of Change by Barbara Doran and Lyn Wright The War Between Us by Anne Wheeler Use Once and Destroy by John L'Ecuyer Water Child by Robert Ménard Who's Counting?
Marilyn Waring on Sex and Global Economics by Terre Nash Zigrail by André Turpin Screamers by Christian Duguay Crying Freeman by Christophe Gans Tokyo Fist by Shinya Tsukamoto Mute Witness by Anthony Waller Gamera: Guardian of the Universe by Shūsuke Kaneko Trailer Camp by Jenni Olson To Kill a Dead Man by Alexander Hemming Synthetic Pleasures by Iara Lee An Evil Town by Richard Sears The Day of the Beast by Álex de la Iglesia Wizard of Darkness by Shimako Sato The Celluloid Closet by Rob Epstein & Jeffrey Friedman Official site TIFF: A Reel History: 1976 - 2012 1995 Toronto International Film Festival at IMDB
1985 Toronto International Film Festival
The 10th Toronto International Film Festival took place in Toronto, Canada between September 5 and September 14, 1985. The festival featured the highest number of films in festival. My American Cousin by Sandy Wilson was selected as the opening film; when Father Was Away on Business by Emir Kusturica My Beautiful Laundrette by Stephen Frears The Official Story by Luis Puenzo Desert Hearts by Donna Deitch The Funeral by Juzo Itami Singleton's Pluck by Richard Eyre Lieber Karl by Maria Knilli Chain Letters by Mark Rappaport Seduction: The Cruel Woman by Elfi Mikesch and Monika Treut Colonel Redl by István Szabó Gebroken spiegels by Marleen Gorris A Strange Love Affair by Eric de Kuyper & Paul Verstaten Oriana by Fina Torres Death of a Salesman by Volker Schlöndorff My American Cousin by Sandy Wilson Canada's Sweetheart: The Saga of Hal C. Banks by Donald Brittain Samuel Lount by Laurence Keane Official site TIFF: A Reel History: 1976 - 2012 1985 Toronto International Film Festival at IMDB
Indiana University Press
Indiana University Press known as IU Press, is an academic publisher founded in 1950 at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences. Its headquarters are located in Indiana. IU Press publishes 140 new books annually, in addition to 29 academic journals, maintains a current catalog comprising some 2,000 titles. Indiana University Press publishes in the following areas: African, African American, cultural, Holocaust, Middle Eastern studies and Eastern European, women's and gender studies. IU Press undertakes extensive regional publishing under its Quarry Books imprint. IU Press began in 1950 as part of Indiana University's post-war growth under President Herman B Wells. Bernard Perry, son of Harvard philosophy professor Ralph Barton Perry, served as the first director. IU Press's first book was a translation of Edouard de Montulé's Travels in America, 1816-1817, published in March 1951. A total of six books were published the first year. In 1952, IU Press earned full membership with the Association of American University Presses.
During its first decade in operation, IU Press published more than 200 books and increased sales from zero in 1950 to $167,000 in 1959-1960. That same decade, in 1955, it published Rolfe Humphries's translation of the Metamorphoses of Ovid, IU Press's all-time bestseller, having sold more than 500,000 copies to date. Bernard Perry retired as director in 1976 and was replaced by John Gallman who focused on the academic strengths of Indiana University. By 1980 IU Press's annual sales by 1990 had reached $4.1 million. The Journals Division now carries 29 in its catalog. By the end of John Gallman's tenure as director in 2000, IU Press published 150 books annually and reached sales of close to $7 million. In 2004 IU Press launched an imprint dedicated to regional topics. In 1965, IU Press received the Centennial Medal, the highest prize of the U. S. Civil War Centennial Commission, for its role in preserving Civil War history. IU Press's 1967 translation of volume 1 of Kierkegaard's Journals and Papers won a National Book Award.
It was followed by a second National Book Award in 1970 for a translation of Bertolt Brecht's Saint Joan of the Stockyards. In 2009 Indiana University Press publication The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, Volume I was selected as the winner of the 2009 National Jewish Book Award in the Holocaust category. In a ranking of scholarly publishers in political science, IUP ranked 28th among all scholarly publishers by respondent preferences for publishers whose books they read or rely upon for the best research in political science. Official website IU Press Journals on JSTOR