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Underboss

Underboss is a position within the leadership structure of certain organized crime groups in Sicilian and Italian-American Mafia crime families. The underboss is second in command to the boss; the underboss is sometimes a family member, such as a son, who will take over the family if the boss is sick, killed, or imprisoned. However the position of street boss has somewhat challenged the rank of underboss in the modern era; the position was installed within the Genovese crime family since at least the mid 1960s. It has been used in the Detroit crime family and the Chicago Outfit; the power of an underboss varies. Traditionally they run day-to-day affairs of the family. In some crime families, the appointment is for life. If a new boss takes over a family with an existing underboss, that boss may marginalize or murder the underboss appointed by his predecessor. On the other hand, if a boss is incarcerated, the underboss may become acting boss; as bosses serve large periods of time in prison, an acting boss will become the crime family's effective boss.

With the boss free, sometimes the underboss will gain enough power to become the effective head of the organization, the boss will become a figurehead. An underboss has incriminating information about the boss, so bosses appoint people close to them to the underboss position for protection. In most families, the underboss arbitrates many of the disputes. Depending on the seriousness of the problem, he might consult with the boss; some conflicts are bucked up to the boss. In those cases, the underboss sits in and offers his opinion. In either event, the ultimate authority rests with the boss; this sometimes can lead to problems. An underboss receives monetary compensation in various ways. For example, he may thus get a cut. In addition, several capos may pass their envelopes through the underboss, who takes a percentage and passes the remainder to the boss; however he makes his illegal earnings, it is a significant enough amount to make his position one of envy when prestige and the possibility of additional advancement are weighed.

Sometimes an underboss will have his own crew. Just like the boss of a family, an underboss may have a right-hand man; this right-hand man may speak in place of an underboss or carry out additional tasks for the underboss. Consigliere Maas, Underboss: Sammy the Bull Gravano's Story of Life in the Mafia. NY: Harper Collins, 1997. ISBN 0-06-093096-9 Capeci, Jerry; the Complete Idiot's Guide to the Mafia. Indianapolis: Alpha Books, 2002. ISBN 0-02-864225-2

Annika Lee-Jones

Annika Lee-Jones is an Australian netball player in the Suncorp Super Netball league, playing for the Sunshine Coast Lightning. Lee-Jones debuted in the inaugural season of Super Netball at the West Coast Fever, the home team of her city of birth, Perth; as an underage netballer she represented Western Australia at the under 20 National Netball Championships and was named in the Australian team for the 2017 Netball World Youth Cup. In her two years at the Fever, Lee-Jones made only four appearances for the club, before moving to the Lightning ahead of the 2019 season. Jones is a defensive player and was brought to the Lightning in the hope of being a suitable replacement for former award-winning goal defender Geva Mentor, she signed a contract extension with the Lightning, keeping her at the club until the end of the 2020 season. Sunshine Coast Lightning profile Suncorp Super Netball profile Netball Draft Central profile