Ernie Reyes Jr.
He has also done stunt work in films such as Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, as well as motion capture stunts in films such as Avatar and Alice in Wonderland. His TV work includes such as the short-lived Sidekicks and NCIS, Los Angeles. Reyes was born in San Jose, California, to actor/stuntman Ernie Reyes Sr. and is the grandson of Filipino immigrants and he has three brothers and two sisters, one of whom, Lee Reyes, is a boxer and another, Santino Ramos, is a filmmaker/artist. By the age of 6, Reyes had joined his fathers group, Reyes Jr. made his film debut at age 13 in the 1985 film The Last Dragon. The same year he shared the screen with Arnold Schwarzenegger and Brigitte Nielsen in Red Sonja. During this time, he also had his own series, Sidekicks. He also appeared in an episode of the hit television series MacGyver in 1988, Reyes had starring roles in Surf Ninjas and the second Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles film, The Secret of the Ooze, as Keno, the pizza delivery boy. He also served as the martial arts stunt double for Donatello in the first Ninja Turtles film and he later appeared in films such as Rush Hour 2 playing Zing and in The Rundown alongside WWE wrestler Dwayne The Rock Johnson. Reyes guest starred in three episodes of the TV series Kung Fu, The Legend Continues alongside David Carradine, in 2006, Ernie Reyes Jr. hosted the MTV martial arts reality show Final Fu. Ernie Reyes Jr. has a professional record of 3–0 in Strikeforce which was a large mixed martial arts organization but started out as a Muay Thai. Ernie fought Anthony Elkaim the WKA ISKA Champion, Reyes knocked out the champion in the 3rd round. His next two fights would be won by decision, including a decision over Veasna Thach which aired on ESPN. Ernie Reyes Jr. s fight against the champion Anthony Elkaim also aired on ESPN, Ernie Reyes Jr. has done motion capture stunts for blockbuster films such as Avatar and Alice in Wonderland. He also played a warrior in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull who gets killed by his own poison dart. Reyes guest starred on NCIS, Los Angeles The Frozen Lake playing Jay Thapa, in June 2015, it was reported that Reyes was suffering from kidney failure and is in need of a transplant. According to his sister, Reyes undergoes dialysis three times per week for four each day. His family set up a GoFundMe campaign to help raise $75,000 for his medical expenses, patusan Ernie Reyes Jr. at the Internet Movie Database
MTV2 is an American digital cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Global Entertainment Group, a unit of the Viacom Media Networks division of Viacom. The channel was initially broadcast over-the-air in selected markets, where the former all-request music channel known as The Box was broadcast, the channel launched initially as a constant, commercial-free music videos, once the original MTV had started to change its direction to reality television and serial documentaries. During the 2000s, the changed as well on MTV2, music video programming has been moved gradually away from MTV. In February 2015, approximately 79,416,000 American households received MTV2, MTV2 began broadcasting as simply M2 on August 1,1996 – MTVs 15th anniversary – with Becks Where Its At being the first video to air. Upon M2s launch, the new 24-hour music video proved to be as popular with viewers as MTV hoped. M2 also broadcast live over the internet during its early years, as digital cable expanded nationwide, MTV2 continued its own inexorable growth. During M2s first year, music videos were programmed to run on a 24-hour basis without repeating, leading to reports of marathon viewing sessions at college campuses across the country. However, once it became clear M2s market growth was being thwarted by the cable companies obstinance. The most obvious change—and the most upsetting to viewers—was the decision to end M2s popular 24-hour no repeat policy, predictably, this new format was as disappointing and frustrating to M2 fans as it was to the network itself. At its launch, M2 had three VJs, Jancee Dunn, Matt Pinfield and Kris Kosach, each of whom appeared on-screen 3-5 times per hour over the course of their individual 4-6 hour host segments. To many long-time MTV viewers, Pinfield was well known for hosting the seminal MTV show 120 Minutes, while Kosach, Pinfield eventually left to host other shows on MTV, while Kosach moved on to TechTV, Dunn, ever popular, remained at the channel through 2001. This unprecedented mandate gave programmers the freedom to showcase obscure and/or emerging artists, or connections between the videos themselves, e. g. the director, common themes, visual effects, etc. In addition, record companies asked to have new artists appear on the channel in taped segments with the VJs because M2 viewers were considered tastemakers and early-adopters. Even an act as huge as the Spice Girls made their first American TV appearance on M2, as did their video for Wannabe, which was a number-one hit worldwide. Starting on January 1,2000, in honor of the millennium, while a majority of videos were played, many were skipped over. The special ended in mid-April 2000, in 1997, Viacom, MTV and MTV2s parent company, bought out the independent, viewer-requested jukebox music video channel known as The Box. Starting on January 1,2001, all households that had received The Box began to receive MTV2 in its place, MTV2 also began adding television commercials to its broadcasts, beforehand, cable or satellite providers interrupted MTV2s feed to insert their own ads. MTV2 also began to separate the types of videos it played by genre, hip-hop and soul music was played for one hour every weekday at 10 a. m. and 10 p. m
It differs from documentary television in that the focus tends to be on drama, personal conflict, and entertainment rather than educating viewers. The genre has various standard tropes, including confessionals used by cast members to express their thoughts, an early example of the genre was the 1991 Dutch series Nummer 28, which was the first show to bring together strangers and record their interactions. It then exploded as a phenomenon in the late 1990s and early 2000s with the success of the series Survivor, Idols. These shows and a number of others became global franchises, spawning local versions in dozens of countries, Reality television as a whole has become a fixture of television programming. There are grey areas around what is classified as reality television, Reality television has faced significant criticism since its rise in popularity. Much of the criticism has centered on the use of the word reality, Television formats portraying ordinary people in unscripted situations are almost as old as the television medium itself. Precedents for television that portrayed people in unscripted situations began in the late 1940s, queen for a Day was an early example of reality-based television. The 1946 television game show Cash and Carry sometimes featured contestants performing stunts, debuting in 1948, Allen Funts hidden camera show Candid Camera broadcast unsuspecting ordinary people reacting to pranks. In 1948, talent search shows Ted Macks Original Amateur Hour and Arthur Godfreys Talent Scouts featured amateur competitors, in the 1950s, game shows Beat the Clock and Truth or Consequences involved contestants in wacky competitions, stunts, and practical jokes. Confession was a show which aired from June 1958 to January 1959. The radio series Nightwatch tape-recorded the daily activities of Culver City, the series You Asked for It incorporated audience involvement by basing episodes around requests sent in by postcard from viewers. First broadcast in the United Kingdom in 1964, the Granada Television documentary Seven Up, broadcast interviews with a dozen ordinary 7-year-olds from a broad cross-section of society and inquired about their reactions to everyday life. Every seven years, a film documented the life of the same individuals during the period, titled the Up Series, episodes include 7 Plus Seven,21 Up. The program was structured as a series of interviews with no element of plot, however, it did have the then-new effect of turning ordinary people into celebrities. The first reality show in the modern sense may have been the series The American Sportsman, Another precursor may be considered Mutual of Omahas Wild Kingdom which aired from 1963 through 1988. This show featured zoologist Marlin Perkins traveling across the globe and illustrating the variety of animal life on the planet. Though mostly a travelogue, it was popular in syndication and new episodes were produced through the eighties. The 12-part 1973 PBS series An American Family showed a nuclear family going through a divorce, unlike many later reality shows, it was more or less documentary in purpose and style
Although the term martial art has become associated with the fighting arts of eastern Asia, it originally referred to the combat systems of Europe as early as the 1550s. The term is derived from Latin, and means arts of Mars, Martial arts may be categorized along a variety of criteria, including, Traditional or historical arts vs. contemporary styles of folk wrestling and modern hybrid martial arts. Such traditions include eskrima, silat, kalaripayat, kobudo, and historical European martial arts, Many Chinese martial arts also feature weapons as part of their curriculum. Similarly, modern Western martial arts and sports include fencing, stick-fighting systems like canne de combat or singlestick. Combat-oriented Health-oriented Many martial arts, especially those from Asia, also teach side disciplines which pertain to medicinal practices and this is particularly prevalent in traditional Asian martial arts which may teach bone-setting, herbalism, and other aspects of traditional medicine. Spirituality-oriented Martial arts can also be linked with religion and spirituality, numerous systems are reputed to have been founded, disseminated, or practiced by monks or nuns. Throughout Asia, meditation may be incorporated as part of training, in those countries influenced by Hindu-Buddhist philosophy, the art itself may be used as an aid to attaining enlightenment. Japanese styles, when concerning non-physical qualities of the combat, are strongly influenced by Mahayana Buddhist philosophy. Concepts like empty mind and beginners mind are recurrent, aikido, for instance, can have a strong philosophical belief of the flow of energy and peace fostering, as idealised by its founder Morihei Ueshiba. Traditional Korean martial arts place emphasis on the development of the spiritual and philosophical development. A common theme in most Korean styles, such as taekkyeon and taekwondo, is the value of peace in a practitioner. The Koreans believe that the use of force is only justified through defense. Many such martial arts incorporate music, especially strong percussive rhythms, the oldest works of art depicting scenes of battle are cave paintings from Spain dated between 10,000 and 6,000 BCE that show organized groups fighting with bows and arrows. Chinese martial arts originated during the Xia Dynasty more than 4000 years ago and it is said the Yellow Emperor Huangdi introduced the earliest fighting systems to China. The Yellow Emperor is described as a general who, before becoming Chinas leader, wrote lengthy treatises on medicine, astrology. One of his opponents was Chi You who was credited as the creator of jiao di. The foundation of modern Asian martial arts is likely a blend of early Chinese, during the Warring States period of Chinese history extensive development in martial philosophy and strategy emerged, as described by Sun Tzu in The Art of War. Legendary accounts link the origin of Shaolinquan to the spread of Buddhism from India during the early 5th century AD, with the figure of Bodhidharma, to China
Clinch fighting is the part of stand-up fighting where the combatants are grappling in a clinch, typically using clinch holds. Clinching the opponent can be used to eliminate the opponents effective usage of some kicks, punches, the clinch can also be used as a medium to switch from stand-up fighting to ground fighting by using takedowns, throws or sweeps. Clinch fighting is the focus of many combat sports such as Judo and it is also a fundamental part of Amateur Wrestling, Sambo, Muay Thai. The nature of the clinch is fighting in each depends on the rules involved. Muay Thai put much emphasis on strikes from the clinch, while Judo focuses on throws, the rule common to all these forms is the allowance for the grappling necessary to form a clinch. Others combat sports like Boxing or Taekwondo only allow clinching for a time or do not allow it at all. If clinching is disallowed, the fighter will be issued a warning. The type of techniques employed are heavily dependent on whether or not the participants are wearing clothing heavy enough to be grabbed and used to gain leverage or unbalance them to set up throws. In competitive environments examples of clothing would be the Judogi. In competition where such clothing is being there is a strong emphasis on grip fighting where the fighters will attempt to gain a dominant hold on the opponents gi to unbalance. Examples of such competition would be Judo, Sambo or some Brazilian Jiu Jitsu competitions although in BJJ there is frequently a division for both gi and no-gi competition. In no-gi competition getting double underhooks is generally considered advantageous, as the position can be used to perform throws or takedowns. Being behind the opponent in such a position is known as getting the back, a typical example of a technique that can be performed from this position is the suplex. While clinching, the position of a fighters arms is vitally important, the fighter always tries to keep his arms on the inside of his opponents, allowing him to press his elbows together building a tighter grip. The fighter attempts to hold his hands in a cupping position. A multitude of striking techniques exist that can be used effectively from the clinch, punching, elbows in the clinch, also sometimes referred to as dirty boxing is an important aspect of Muay Thai and mixed martial arts. Elbows and short looping punches such as hooks and uppercuts can be used effectively from the single collar tie position, although disallowed in many combat sports, headbutts can also be effectively used from the clinch. The short distance in the clinch nullifies kicking to some extent, there are very few submission holds that can be applied effectively from the clinch, without engaging in ground fighting
Ground fighting is hand-to-hand combat which takes place while the combatants are on the ground, generally involving grappling. It is the focus of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and is featured in varying amounts in Catch wrestling, Judo, Sambo, Shoot wrestling. Similarly to clinch fighting, ground fighting implies that the combatants are at a close range. Traditionally neglected by most grappling arts, striking on the ground is an important aspect of ground fighting, another factor is gravity, which is in favor of the top combatant when he or she is striking downwards. In addition, the effect of ground strikes may be amplified, depending on the area struck, the types of strikes that can be employed effectively depend on the particular grappling position, common ones include elbows, headbutts, knees and punches. Clinch fighting Combatives Grappling Stand-up fighting Submission grappling Sweep