Financial Times

The Financial Times is an English-language international daily newspaper owned by Japanese company Nikkei, Inc. headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news. The paper was founded in 1888 by James Sheridan and Horatio Bottomley, merged in 1945 with its closest rival, the Financial News; the Financial Times has a record paying readership of one million, three-quarters of which are digital subscriptions. On 23 July 2015, Nikkei Inc. agreed to buy the Financial Times from Pearson for £844m and the acquisition was completed on 30 November 2015. The FT was launched as the London Financial Guide on 10 January 1888, renaming itself the Financial Times on 13 February the same year. Describing itself as the friend of "The Honest Financier, the Bona Fide Investor, the Respectable Broker, the Genuine Director, the Legitimate Speculator", it was a four-page journal; the readership was the financial community of the City of London, its only rival being the older and more daring Financial News.

On 2 January 1893 the FT began printing on light salmon-pink paper to distinguish it from the named Financial News: at the time it was cheaper to print on unbleached paper, but nowadays it is more expensive as the paper has to be dyed specially. After 57 years of rivalry the Financial Times and the Financial News were merged in 1945 by Brendan Bracken to form a single six-page newspaper; the Financial Times brought a higher circulation while the Financial News provided much of the editorial talent. The Lex column was introduced from Financial News. Pearson bought the paper in 1957. Over the years the paper grew in size and breadth of coverage, it established correspondents in cities around the world, reflecting a renewed impetus in the world economy towards globalisation. As cross-border trade and capital flows increased during the 1970s, the FT began international expansion, facilitated by developments in technology and the growing acceptance of English as the international language of business.

On 1 January 1979 the first FT was printed in Frankfurt. Since with increased international coverage, the FT has become a global newspaper, printed in 22 locations with five international editions to serve the UK, continental Europe, the U. S. Asia and the Middle East; the European edition is distributed in continental Africa. It is printed Monday to Saturday at five centres across Europe reporting on matters concerning the European Union, the Euro and European corporate affairs. In 1994 FT launched a luxury lifestyle magazine. In 2009 it launched a standalone website for the magazine. On 13 May 1995 the Financial Times group made its first foray into the online world with the launch of This provided a summary of news from around the globe, supplemented in February 1996 with stock price coverage; the site was funded by advertising and contributed to the online advertising market in the UK in the late 1990s. Between 1997 and 2000 the site underwent several revamps and changes of strategy, as the FT Group and Pearson reacted to changes online.

FT introduced subscription services in 2002. is one of the few UK news sites funded by individual subscription. In 1997 the FT launched a U. S. edition, printed in New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta and Washington, D. C. although the newspaper was first printed outside New York City in 1985. In September 1998 the FT became the first UK-based newspaper to sell more copies internationally than within the UK. In 2000 the Financial Times started publishing a German-language edition, Financial Times Deutschland, with a news and editorial team based in Hamburg, its initial circulation in 2003 was 90,000. It was a joint venture with a German publishing firm, Gruner + Jahr. In January 2008 the FT sold its 50% stake to its German partner. FT Deutschland never made a profit and is said to have accumulated losses of €250 million over 12 years, it closed on 7 December 2012. The Financial Times launched a new weekly supplement for the fund management industry on 4 February 2002. FT fund management was and still is distributed with the paper every Monday.

FTfm is the world's largest-circulation fund management title. Since 2005 the FT has sponsored the annual"Financial Times" and Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year Award. On 23 April 2007 the FT unveiled a "refreshed" version of the newspaper and introduced a new slogan, "We Live in Financial Times."In 2007 the FT pioneered a metered paywall, which lets visitors to its site read a limited number of free articles during any one month before asking them to pay. Four years the FT launched its HTML5 mobile internet app. Smartphones and tablets now drive 19 % of traffic to In 2012 the number of digital subscribers surpassed the circulation of the newspaper for the first time and the FT drew half of its revenue from subscriptions rather than advertising. Since 2010 the FT has been available on Bloomberg Terminal. Since 2013 the FT has been available on Wisers platform. In 2016, the Financial Times acquired a controlling stake in Alpha Grid, a London-based media company specialising in the development and production of quality branded content across a range of channels, including broadcast, digital and events.

In 2018, the Financial Times acquired a controlling stake in Longitude, a specialist provider of thought leadership and research services to a multinational corporate and institutional client base. This investment built on th

J. T. Floyd

James Thomas "J. T." Floyd III is a cornerback who played his redshirt senior season for the Michigan Wolverines football team in 2012. He was an honorable mention All-Big Ten Conference selection for the 2012 teams, he was a first team All-State defensive back as a junior and first team All-state wide receiver as a senior. Made his career debut against Western Michigan on September 5, 2009 as a redshirt freshman for the 2009 Wolverines. For the 2010 team his 66 tackles ranked sixth in the conference per game for the 2010 Big Ten Conference football season. Floyd notched a key forced fumble in the opening game against Connecticut on September 4, he made his first interception in the 28–24 September 11, 2010 rivalry game victory against Notre Dame. He posted 7 solo tackles and six assists on October 2, 2010 against Indiana and posted 10 solo tackles and 3 assists the following week in the Paul Bunyan Trophy game against Michigan State on October 9. Floyd accumulated no statistics in the final five games of the season.

He suffered ankle ligament damage on Tuesday November 2 during practice that required season-ending surgery. Floyd did not recover from his injury in time for spring practice and found himself battling for a starting position prior to his fourth-year junior season, he switched from #12 to #8 prior to the 2011 season. He made his second interception the against Notre Dame on September 10, 2011 in the first night game at Michigan Stadium, he added another interception against Illinois on November 12. The interception came, he was an honorable mention 2011 All-Big Ten Conference selection by both the coaches and the media for the 2011 Wolverines. Floyd finished among the conference leaders in passes defended/game. Floyd started 12 games in 2012, he was a 2012 All-Big Ten honorable mention selection by both the coaches and the media for the 2012 Wolverines. Coach Brady Hoke has suspended J. T. Floyd for undisclosed reasons, he will not travel with the team to the January 1, 2013 Outback Bowl. Floyd @ Floyd @ CBS Sports Floyd Michigan Bio Floyd @ ESPN

Madona Municipality

Madona Municipality is a municipality in Vidzeme, Latvia. The municipality was formed in 2009 by merging Arona parish, Barkava parish, Bērzaune parish, Dzelzava parish, Kalsnava parish, Lazdona parish, Liezēre parish, Ļaudona parish, Mārciena parish, Mētriena parish, Ošupe parish, Prauliena parish, Sarkaņi parish, Vestiena parish and Madona town the administrative centre being Madona. Total area is 2,153.4 square kilometres. Municipality's population is 26,953 people. Economically active people ~ 15800 in Madona county and 32,000 economically active people in the closest region. On January 1, 2013 in Madona county were registered 2032 business units, from those 4,3% were sole proprietorships, 0,2% joint-stock companies, 35,8% limited liability companies, 0,4% affiliates, 0,2% general partnerships, 9,4% individual businesses, 48,6% farms and 1,1% cooperative societies. In 2012 the number of enterprises per 1000 population reached 78 enterprises, higher than the average of Vidzeme region and Latvia.

During the period from 2009 the number of enterprises per 1000 population in Madona county has increased by 22%. On January 1, 2012 the majority – 94,7% of all economically active enterprises – are micro enterprises, 4,7% small and 6% medium- sized companies; the registered equity capital of enterprises registered in Madona county in January 2013 reached LVL 17'317'302,00, ranking Madona county in 92nd place out of 120. Forests are one of the most important natural resources in the county, they take up 91,5 % of the total forest land of county. In general, forest land covers 49% of the county area. By the type of ownership, 60% are the private forest land, 38,8% are national forest land and 1,2% are local government forest land; the largest proportion of forests in Madona county is in Lazdona, Sarkaņi, Mārciena, Ļaudona and Liezēre parishes. Agricultural land covers about 39% of the county area. Most of the agricultural lands takes arable lands, grasslands, fruit orchards; the largest agricultural areas are located Ošupe, Prauliena, Ļaudona un Liezēre parishes.

Madona county is rich in mineral resources: peat, clay and sand-gravel, freshwater limestone, sapropel. The available agricultural land and forest resource is the determining factor for main lines of business; the largest number of enterprises working in the agricultural and forestry sector and auto repair sectors, manufacturing and technical services. An important business sector in Madona county is tourism; the largest companies by turnover in 2011 are Ltd."Latvāņi", agricultural cooperative company "Barkavas arodi", Ltd. "Henis", JSC "Lazdonas Piensaimnieks", Ltd. "Baltic Eko Park", Ltd. "IMA Signāls", Ltd. "Turbo AK". Madona county is proud of ecological and natural food producers: JSC "Lazdonas Piensaimnieks", farms "Līvi", "Sveķi", "Kalna Maruškas", "Aizupes", "Jāņkalni", Ltd. "Madonas Patērētāju biedrība" production unit "Madonas Maiznieks", sole trader "55 Mārītes", who in December 2012 set up the joint offer under the brand "Made in Madona county". Madona county with a branched road network provides needs of the county population and the cargo transport of good through the county.

Five national first-class roads, which intersect at the center of the county − in Madona, provides good connections to other regional centers − Cesvaine, Ērgļi, Cēsis, Varakļāni, Pļaviņas, provides access to the main motorways A6, A12, A2. Madona county is located in the hearth of East Latvia, there is the same distance to the neighbouring borders and the International Airport and Port of Riga. Municipality location provides a solid base for logistics connections with the rest of the Baltic States in Europe as well as with Russia and other markets of CIS countries: Riga − 160 km Estonia − 130 km Russia − 120 km Lithuania − 150 kmThe Rīga−Madona−Gulbene railway line crosses Madona county. Madona municipality has nine foreign cooperation partners in Germany, Sweden, Estonia and Belarus. Following the total foreign direct investments in capital during the period from 01.01.1991. to 22.11.2012. Madona municipality is in the 38th place between the Latvian municipalities. Foreign direct investments draw up to 12.08% of the total authorized capital amount of companies registered in Madona county.

Since 1991, 40 foreign investors invested in enterprises registered in Madona county. 50% of foreign investments are from European countries. States with the largest number of investors are Germany, Sweden and Italy. In terms of business activities, the largest foreign direct investments have been in farming, forestry and wholesale of food products. Countries with the largest amount of investments: Germany, Denmark, Italy; the registered unemployment rate in Madona county on July 31, 2012 was 12,8%, of them 56% were women and 44% men. Madona and its surroundings is one of the most popular Latvian winter recreation areas; this is supported by the hilly terrain and stability of natural snow cover, well equipped ski resorts, where national and international competitions take place. In winter the snow cover is on average 20 cm thicker and winter lasts for a month longer than elsewhere in Latvia. Citizens can be proud that "Smeceres sils" hosted Worldcup Skiorienteering competitions 2013 and Nordic cross-country ski championship 2013.

Sports and recreation centre "Smeceres sils" is specialized in the cross-country skiing and biathlon. There offer different class (fro