Rat Fink is one of several hot rod characters created by artist Ed "Big Daddy" Roth, one of the originators of Kustom Kulture of automobile enthusiasts. Roth conceived Rat Fink as an anti-hero to Mickey Mouse. Rat Fink is portrayed as either green or gray, comically grotesque and depraved-looking with bulging, bloodshot eyes, an oversized mouth with sharp, narrow teeth, wearing red overalls with the initials "R. F." on them. He is seen driving cars or motorcycles. Roth began airbrushing and selling "weirdo" T-shirts at car shows and in the pages of hot rod publications such as Car Craft in the late 1950s. By the August 1959 issue of Car Craft, "weirdo shirts" had become a craze with Ed Roth at the forefront of the movement. Rat Fink was advertised for the first time in the July 1963 issue of Car Craft; the ad called it "The rage in California". In 1963, the Revell Model Company issued a plastic model kit of the character; the initial run of the kit was from 1963 to 1965, but the Rat Fink kit, along with Roth's other creations, has been re-issued by Revell over the years.
Rat Fink continues to be a popular item to this day in hot rod and Kustom Kulture circles in the form of T-shirts, key chains, toys, etc. Other artists associated with Roth drew the character, including Rat Fink Comix artist R. K. Sloane and Steve Fiorilla, who illustrated Roth's catalogs. Rat Fink and Roth are featured in Ron Mann's documentary film Tales of the Rat Fink. Jeannette Catsoulis reviewed in The New York Times: Ogling fins and drooling over fenders, the movie traces the colorful history of the hot rod from speed machine to babe magnet and museum piece and collector's item. Along the way we learn of Mr. Roth's lucrative idea to paint hideous monsters — including the Rat Fink of the title — on children's T-shirts. A Rat Fink revival in the late 1980s and the 1990s centered on the grunge/punk rock movements, both in the U. S. West Coast and in Australia; the band White Zombie had a song titled "Ratfinks, Suicide Tanks, Cannibal Girls". Punk band The Misfits had a song titled "Ratt Fink".
Rat Fink Official Site Official Ed "Big Daddy" Roth Website Rat Fink Museum Previous Official Site
Fin Greenall, known professionally as Fink, is an English singer, guitarist, DJ born in Cornwall and based in Berlin and London. From 1997–2003 he focused on electronic music and DJ'd internationally, releasing in 2000 his debut album Fresh Produce on Ninja Tune. Since the 2006 release of his album Biscuits for Breakfast, the name Fink has referred to the recording and touring trio fronted by Greenall himself, completed by Guy Whittaker and Tim Thornton. Most he has written in collaboration with John Legend, Ximena Sarinana and Professor Green. With Amy Winehouse he co-wrote the song "Half Time", which appears on Winehouse's posthumous collection Lioness: Hidden Treasures. In 2012 Fink collaborated and performed with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra in Amsterdam, resulting in the live album Fink Meets The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. Fink is signed to his own label, R'COUP'D Records, a subsidiary of Ninja Tune, on which he has released his latest albums. Greenall was born 1972 in Cornwall, grew up in Bristol.
Greenall recalls "the one thing of his dad's that he wasn't allowed to touch was the old Martin acoustic guitar." Greenall said "It was his one possession where he said,'everything in this house is owned by everybody – apart from that.'" Their presence influenced his future in music. "The great thing about growing up in a house where music is a big factor... was the fact that music being part of your life was a natural thing." During his teenage years, he accumulated eclectic musical interests, gravitating towards The Cure, The Smiths, The Orb, African music, Japanese hardcore before discovering electronic and dance music at University of Leeds. He earned his degree in History and English at University of Leeds and, with student friends, formed the short-lived dance act EVA, who signed to Kikin' Records in 1993. For the remainder of the 1990s and much of the early 2000s, Greenall worked in the music industry for various London-based labels, including Virgin's Source, Def Jam, Sony, he pursued a musical career and producing for various artists, including Ryuichi Sakamoto and Elbow but as a DJ. Fink's serious recording career began with Ninja Tune subsidiary N-Tone's release of his debut single "Fink Funk" in 1997, followed by the album Fresh Produce in 2000, a well received chill-out set that fitted neatly with the output of the label.
In the following years, he continued to produce other artists including Martin Taylor, Michael Pitt and Robert Belfour. Towards the mid-2000s, Greenall developed a disillusionment with dance music and being a DJ, began to turn to more traditional musical avenues, it was this feeling which resulted in 2006's Biscuits for Breakfast, the first album to feature current collaborators Guy Whittaker and Tim Thornton, whom Greenall had been friends with for a few years, but did not work with yet. Built around his bluesy voice, finger-picking acoustic guitar and the stripped-back live rhythm section, the self-produced Biscuits boasted a fledgling pop sensibility while retaining some of the signature Ninja Tune sonic hallmarks, he became the label's first singer/songwriter. The album, along with single "Pretty Little Thing", helped define his style and began to bring his name to a wider, higher-profile, notably Zero 7, who invited Fink to support them on their UK tour. During the extensive European and American tours which accompanied Biscuits, Greenall began to write songs for the follow-up album.
For this, he collaborated both with his bandmates and third parties, teaming up with Blair MacKichan for the writing of the "This is the Thing", producer Andy Barlow of Lamb. The eventual album and Time, was released through Ninja Tune in October 2007, was recognised as a more robust, band-led affair than its predecessor, with musicOMH stating that "the soft-spoken confessionals of their debut are more accomplished this time, taken to the big city and returned home just as wounded, but more worldly-unwise than their little brothers." The tour following Distance's release took Fink to new territories such as Germany, South Africa and Canada, saw the band supporting Italian rock band Negramaro at their climactic San Siro stadium show in Milan. One of Distance and Time's tracks "If Only" attracted the attention of American singer-songwriter John Legend, with whom Greenall collaborated on tracks for his album Evolver; the hit single "Green Light", featuring André 3000, won a BMI Award for Greenall in 2010.
Legend reciprocated by collaborating on songs for Fink's 2009 album Sort of Revolution. Greenall decided to return to production duties for this set, resulting in a more experimental approach that the BBC's Keira Burgess described as a "sublime study in the art of pleasing yourself without drowning in indulgence". Radiohead became a fan of Fink's work at this time, posting the song "Q&A" on their website playlist. BBC Radio One DJ Gilles Peterson, who commissioned a live session for his late-night show, recorded at the BBC's Maida Vale Studios. Sort of Revolution's accompanying tour was more extensive than previous outings, taking the band to China and Australia for the first time. In the latter country, Fink headlined a three-night stand at the Sydney Festival, it was during this trip that Greenall met Professor Green, the pair decided on a collaboration for Green's upcoming debut album, 2010's Alive Till I'm Dead. The track, "Closing The Door", features a rap from Green, a sung vocal from Greenall and instrumental backing from Thornton and Whittaker.
The experience led Green to request a further partnership, this time for his 2011 release At Your Inconvenience, another full-band collaboration on "Spinning Out", a reworking of The Pixies 1987 classic "Where Is My Mind". On the America
James Edward Finks was an American football and Canadian football player and executive. Finks was born in St. Louis, attended high school in Salem and attended college at the University of Tulsa. After being selected as a 12th-round pick of the Pittsburgh Steelers in the 1949 NFL Draft, he played for several years as a defensive back and quarterback, retiring after the 1955 season. Finks served as an assistant coach under Terry Brennan at the University of Notre Dame in 1956, after which he went on to the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League, where he served as a player/coach before becoming the general manager on October 31, 1957. Finks turned the Stampeders into a winning team, he signed many of the players that made Calgary the winningest team in the CFL during the 1960s, though the team did not win a Grey Cup title until 1971. He signed quarterback Joe Kapp, who would later play under Finks in the NFL. In 1964, Finks was named the general manager of the Minnesota Vikings. In 1968, Minnesota won its first NFL Central Division Championship, marking the start of a dynasty that produced 11 division championship teams and four Super Bowl appearances in the following 14 years.
In 1969, the Vikings won 12 of 14 games and claimed the NFL championship before losing to the American Football League's Kansas City Chiefs 23–7 in Super Bowl IV. The Vikings team that Finks put together was powered by a dynamic defensive front four, popularly known as The "Purple People Eaters"; the first member of the unit, defensive end Jim Marshall, came to the Vikings in a 1961 trade before Finks arrived. In 1964, the new general manager added two potential stars to the line: end Carl Eller as a first-round pick in the NFL Draft, tackle Gary Larsen in a trade, he completed "The Purple People Eaters" in 1967 by picking Alan Page in the draft. In 1967, Norm Van Brocklin resigned as head coach and Finks hired Bud Grant, a successful coach of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the CFL for 10 seasons; that year, Finks brought in a new quarterback, Joe Kapp, from the CFL. Kapp had played for the Calgary Stampeders. During the 1969 NFL championship season, Kapp passed for a record seven touchdowns against the Baltimore Colts and was a major contributor to his team's success.
In 1972, Finks made another daring trade with the New York Giants, this time to bring back Fran Tarkenton, the quarterback he had traded in 1967. In 1973, the Vikings defeated the Dallas Cowboys for the NFC championship but lost to the Miami Dolphins 24–7 in Super Bowl VIII, it turned out to be the last game with the Vikings for Finks, who that season was named the NFL Executive of the Year. Finks, named a club vice-president in 1972 as a reward for his brilliant work, resigned in May 1974. Finks joined the Chicago Bears, as general executive vice-president, he spent the remainder of the 1974 season studying the Bears player talent as well as opposition players from all around the NFL. The next year, he began employing the same formula he used so well in Minnesota to improve the Bears' talent pool; the Bears under Finks improved. By 1977, they reached the playoffs for the first time since 1963, they were a playoff team again in 1979 with a 10 -- best-ever for the Finks-led Bears. But Finks' tenure in Chicago ended in 1982 when he resigned because George Halas did not consult him in the hiring of Mike Ditka as head coach.
Finks contributed to one of the most dominant NFL teams of the 1980s. The 1985 Bears went over 15–1 in regular season and shut out both the New York Giants and Los Angeles Rams in playoff games leading to the Super Bowl. After leaving the Bears, Finks joined the Chicago Cubs as president and chief executive officer in September 1983, he remained through the 1984 season when the Cubs captured the 1984 National League's Eastern Division crown. On January 14, 1986, Finks took charge of a New Orleans Saints team that never had experienced a winning season in its 19-year history, his first move was to hire Jim Mora. Success came more for Finks in New Orleans than it had in either Minnesota or Chicago. In just his second season, the Saints won 12 games for their first winning season ever. Finks was named NFL Executive of the Year for the second time; when NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle retired in 1989, Finks was the leading candidate to replace him. He was the only candidate put forward for the job by a six-owner search committee, however, a group of eleven newer owners who wanted more of a voice in the selection process abstained from voting, preventing Finks from receiving the nineteen votes necessary to become Commissioner.
Six months a second meeting was held and it ended with 13 votes for Finks and 13 for attorney Paul Tagliabue. At a third meeting, a compromise was reached by the two groups that would make Tagliabue Commissioner and Finks president in charge of football operations. However, Finks declined Tagliabue was elected by an undisclosed number of votes. Finks died in 1994 in Louisiana from lung cancer, he was selected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1995. Finks enshrinement was based on achievements with the Minnesota Vikings, Chicago Bears and New Orleans Saints franchises, he had previously built the Vikings and Bears into Super Bowl teams -- and the Saints became winners for the first time in franchise history. His longest tenure was spent with the Minnesota Vikings, his son Jim Finks, Jr. authored the 2009 book COLORS: Pro Football Uniforms of the Past and Present. Jim Finks at the Pro Football Hall of Fame
An informant is a person who provides privileged information about a person or organization to an agency. The term is used within the law enforcement world, where they are known as confidential or criminal informants, it can refer pejoratively to someone who supplies information without the consent of the involved parties. The term is used in politics, industry and academia. Informants are found in the world of organized crime. By its nature, organized crime involves many people who are aware of each other's guilt, in a variety of illegal activities. Quite confidential informants will provide information in order to obtain lenient treatment for themselves and provide information, over an extended period of time, in return for money or for police to overlook their own criminal activities. Quite someone will become an informant following their arrest. Informants are extremely common in every-day police work, including homicide and narcotics investigations. Any citizen who provides crime related information to law enforcement by definition is an informant.
The CIA has been criticized for leniency towards drug lords and murderers acting as paid informants, informants being allowed to engage in some crimes so that the potential informant can blend into the criminal environment without suspicion, wasting billions of dollars on dishonest sources of information. Informants are regarded as traitors by their former criminal associates. Whatever the nature of a group, it is to feel strong hostility toward any known informers, regard them as threats and inflict punishments ranging from social ostracism through physical abuse and/or death. Informers are therefore protected, either by being segregated while in prison or, if they are not incarcerated, relocated under a new identity. Informants, criminal informants, can be motivated by many reasons. Many informants are not themselves aware of all of their reasons for providing information, but nonetheless do so. Many informants provide information while under stress, duress and other life factors that can impact the accuracy or veracity of information provided.
Law enforcement officers, defense lawyers and others should be aware of possible motivations so that they can properly approach and verify informants' information. Informants' motivations can be broken down into self-interest, self-preservation and conscience. A list of possible motivations includes: Self-Interest: Financial reward Pre-trial release from custody Withdrawal or dismissal of criminal charges Reduction of sentence Choice of location to serve sentence Elimination of rivals or unwanted criminal associates. Elimination of competitors engaged in criminal activities. Diversion of suspicion from their own criminal activities. RevengeSelf-Preservation: Fear of harm from others. Threat of arrest or charges. Threat of incarceration. Desire for witness protection program. Conscience: Desire to go straight Guilty conscience Genuine desire to assist law enforcement and society. Corporations and the detective agencies that sometimes represent them have hired labor spies to monitor or control labor organizations and their activities.
Such individuals may be recruits from the workforce. They may be willing accomplices, or may be tricked into informing on their co-workers' unionization efforts. Paid informants have been used by authorities within politically and oriented movements to weaken and break them. Informers alert authorities regarding government officials that are corrupt. Officials may be taking bribes, or participants in a money loop called a kickback. Informers in some countries receive a percentage of all monies recovered by their government. Lactantius described an example from ancient Rome involved the prosecution of a woman suspected to have advised a woman not to marry Maximinus II: "Neither indeed was there any accuser, until a certain Jew, one charged with other offences, was induced, through hope of pardon, to give false evidence against the innocent; the equitable and vigilant magistrate conducted him out of the city under a guard, lest the populace should have stoned him... The Jew was ordered to the torture till he should speak as he had been instructed...
The innocent were condemned to die.... Nor was the promise of pardon made good to the feigned adulterer, for he was fixed to a gibbet, he disclosed the whole secret contrivance. Jailhouse informants, who report hearsay which they claim to have heard while the accused is in pretrial detention in exchange for sentence reductions or other inducements, have been the focus of particular controversy; some examples of their use are in connection with Stanley Williams, Cameron Todd Willingham, Gerald Stano, Thomas Silverstein, Marshall "Eddie" Conway, a suspect in the disappearance of Etan Patz. The Innocence Project has stated that 15% of all wrongful convictions exonerated because of DNA results were accompanies by false testimony by jailhouse informants. 50% of murder convictions exonerated by DNA were accompanied by false testimony by jailhouse informants. Slang terms for informants include: Stikker — Danish term meaning "stabber". Used in relation to World War Two. Blabbermouth cheese eater canary -- derives from the fact.
"Singing" is street slang for providing information or talking to the police. Dog — Australian. May refer to police wh