Flintholm Station is a key S-train and Metro interchange junction station in Copenhagen, Denmark. Opened on 24 January 2004, it is located in the west of Copenhagen where the Frederikssund S-train Line crosses the S-train Ring Line, it is located in fare zone 2. The station has two levels. On the lower level the Ring Line runs north-south with side platforms. On the upper level, tracks on Frederikssund Line and the Metro run on bridge constructions with a center platform for each above the ring line tracks; the bridges continue west of the station, above a bus terminal and the street Grøndals Parkvej towards Vanløse station. A large monumental glass roof covers the bus terminal; the design of the station has earned it various awards, among others the European Steel Design Awards. Flintholm Metro station on www.m.dk Flintholm Metro station on www.m.dk Flintholm Railway station on www.dsb.dk
Åboulevard is a street in central Copenhagen, Denmark. Together with H. C. Andersens Boulevard in the city centre and Borups Allé, it forms a major artery in and out of the city; the road is built over Ladegårds Å, a canal built to supply Copenhagen with water, which still runs in a pipe under it, feeding water into Peblinge Lake. The canal was dug during the late Middle Ages to supply Copenhagen with drinking water from Damhus Lake and from about 1550 Lundehus Lake; the name Ladegårdså originates from Ladegården, a farm under Copenhagen Castle, located on the south bank of the stream where the Radio House is today. It was built in 1623 to provide produce for the royal household and feed for the royal mews but was never a success; the complex was converted into first a military hospice and a poorhouse with an associated textile manufactory. A road on the south side of the stream was called Ladegårdsvej while the north side was called Agade; the lower part of the stream, from Brohusgade to Peblinge Lake, was covered in 1897 to allow for an expansion of the road.
Agade was renamed Åboulevard. Ladegården was replaced by Sundholm on Amager. Ladegårdsvej disappeared in connection with an expansion of Åboulevard and the rest of the remainder of the stream was covered in 1942; the elevated road Åbuen was built in 1970–72, connecting Åboulevard to Borups Allé. The Functionalist apartment building Trekanten on the rounded corner of Åboulevard and Rosenørns Allé was designed by Kay Fisker. In collaboration with C. F. Møller, Fisker designed the neighbouring housing estate, which consists of two buildings surrounding a greenspace called Hermann Triers Plads; the bay windows are typical of his Functionalist style. The buildings were listed in 1981; the Bethlehem Church was designed by Peder Vilhelm Jensen-Klint and completed by his son Kaare Klint in 1937. The design resembles that of Jensen-Klint's most famous work, the monumental Grundtvig's Church in Bispebjerg. Åhusene is named for its patterned brickwork resembling old-fashioned linoleum flooring. The building was designed by Povl Baumann and completed in 1930.
It was listed in 2010. A pyramidical granite stone in the street side outside No. 16 commemorates an accident that occurred on the night between 26 and 27 November 1812 when a carriage with five women and a boy, on its way from the country house Rolighed into town, fell into the water at Ladegården. Two of the women drowned. Tradition had it that a pointed granite stone was installed in the water at the site of the accident to commemorate the event; the stone is an old water level marker. The stone used to have a no longer readable inscription reading "26–27 November 1812; when Ladegårds Å was filled to create the current Åboulevard, this memorial was installed between the trees on the boulevard at the site where it stood in the water". The artwork City Wall is designed by Morte Stræd and was installedin in connection with the creation of three new urban spaces between the Agade Cycle Bridge and Rantzausgade in 2011; the Agade Bicycle Bridge was installed in 2009 as part of the Nørrebro Route, a section of Copenhagen's network of super bikeways.
The super bikeway uses part of the alignment of the abandoned rail line between Nørrebro station and Copenhagen's second Central Station at Axeltorv on its way from Emdrup in the north to Valby in the south. It has been proposed to re-establish the Ladegårdså Canal by placing it on top of a 3-km long car tunnel; the project was put on hold in 2013. H. C. Ørsteds Vej
Allégade is the oldest street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Frederiksberg Runddel to Frederiksberg Town Hall Square, along the east side of Frederiksberg Gardens, connecting Pile Allé to Falkoner Allé; the streetscape is, in spite of the central location, characterized by houses that are pulled back from the street with front gardens behind white fences. Several buildings are old country houses from the time when Frederiksberg was a summer destination outside Copenhagen. Along the northernmost part of the street, on its west side, is a narrow garden complex, Digterlunden with a statue of Holger Drachmann; the street was founded as the main street of a new community, known variously as Ny Holænnerby or Nt Amager, founded when King Christian III transferred 20 Dutch families from Amager in 1651. They built their tenant farms on both sides of the street. New Dutch Town was destroyed by Swedish troops during the Siege of Copenhagen in 1658 in the Second Northern War.
After the war, the Dutch community returned to the area but, struck with deep poverty, a new church was not completed until 1681 After the turn of the century, the area changed when King Frederick IV built Frederiksberg Palace on a nearby hilltop. The Dutch farmers were forced away from the area which became a fashionable summer destination, from 1710 known as Frederiksberg. Several of the country houses that were built along the street in the 18th and 19th century are still there today. Møllmanns landsted was built between 1750 and 1753 for Magnus Møllmann, a textile merchant to a design by Philip de Lange, it is in one storey and a Mansard roof and has polygonal projections from the sides and Baroque detils on the gables. The design resembles that of Store Mariendals in Hellerup. In 1794, a new building on the street closed the site off. Ludvigs Minde at No. 22 was built by Chief Surveyor Johan Jørgen Berner after he had purchased two of the original farms and merged them into one property.
He built two houses on the estate, one for himself and his family and one for summer boarders from Copenhagen. Riises Landsted, is a Neo-Classical country house from 1860, it now houses the Danish Revue Museum. The building complex now known as Lorry is a former entertainment venue which traces its history back to 1834, it now contains TV2's local television station for the Copenhagen area and a small theatre, Riddersalen. No. 4 and No. 10 are listed. Digterlunden is a narrow, rectangular garden complex at the northern end of Allégade, on its west side, just south of the Town Hall Square, it consists of four sections with different vegetation and each featuring an artwork depicting a poet with associations to Frederiksberg. The largest of the four artworks is a statue of Holger Drachmann, it was created by Hans Christian Holter. Drachmann was a frequent guest at the Lorry establishment where a restaurant was posthumously named after him; the three other artworks are busts. Gottfred Eickhoff's bust of Henri Nathansen faces the Drachmann statue.
The two other busts, depicting Meïr Aron Goldschmidt and Hans Vilhelm Kaalundm both face the traffic
The S-train is a type of hybrid urban-suburban rail serving a metropolitan region. Some of the larger S-train systems provide service similar to rapid transit systems, while smaller ones resemble commuter or regional rail, they are common in Germany and Austria, where they are known as S-Bahn, which in the 1930s was an abbreviation of either Schnellbahn, Stadtbahn or Stadtschnellbahn, depending on the city, but they must not be confused with U-Stadtbahnen. Similar S-train systems exist in Denmark, there known as S-tog, the Czech Republic as Esko, Switzerland as S-Bahn, northern Italy as Servizio ferroviario followed by either the word "metropolitano" or "suburbano". There is no complete definition of an S-train system. S-trains are, where they exist, the most local type of railway stopping at all existing stations inside and around a city, while other mainline trains only call at major stations, they are slower than mainline railways but serve as fast crosstown services within the city. S-trains service the hinterland of a certain city, rather than connecting different cities, although in high population density areas a few exceptions from this exist.
A good example of a such exception is the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn, which interconnects the cities and suburbs of the Ruhr, a large urban agglomeration, not unlike the large net of regional trains which serve the area. Most S-train systems are built on older local railways, or in some cases parallel to an existing dual track railway. Most use existing local mainline railway trackage, but a few branches and lines can be purpose built S-train lines. S-trains use overhead lines or a third rail for traction power. In Hamburg the S-trains use both the methods, depending on. In smaller S-train systems and suburban sections of larger ones S-trains share tracks other rail traffic, with the Berlin S-Bahn, Hamburg S-Bahn and Copenhagen S-train being notable exceptions. Busy S-train corridors sometimes have sections of exclusive trackage of their own but parallel to mainline railways. Many of the larger S-train systems will have central corridors of exclusive trackage that individual suburban branches feed into, creating high frequency corridors.
In many cases, the central corridor is an dedicated underground line in the city center with close stop spacing and a high combined frequency similar to metro systems. A good example of this is the Berliner Stadtbahn in the Berlin's S-Bahn, regarded as a tourist attraction. However, in more used sections outside the city center, S-trains share tracks with other train types. Further out from the central parts of a city the individual services branch off into lines where the distances between stations can exceed 5 km, similar to commuter rail; this allows the S-train to serve a dual transportation purpose: local transport within a city center and suburban transport between central boroughs of larger cities, to suburbs. Frequencies vary wildly between systems with short headways in the core sections of large networks to headways of over 20 minutes in remote sections of the network, late at night and/or on Sundays and in smaller systems; the rolling stock used in S-Trains reflect its hybrid purpose.
The interior is designed for short journeys with provision for standing passengers but may have more space allocated to larger and more numerous seats. Integration with other local transport for ticketing and easy interchange between lines or other system like metros is typical for S-trains. Where both S-train and metro exist, the number of interchange stations between the two systems is substantial with metro tickets being valid on S-trains, vice versa; the S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland constitutes the main local railway system for Leipzig but connects to Halle, where a few stations are located. The Rostock S-Bahn is an example of a smaller S-Bahn system; the name S-Bahn is an abbreviation for the German "Stadtschnellbahn" and was introduced in December 1930 in Berlin. The name was introduced at the time of the reconstruction of the suburban commuter train tracks— the first section to be electrified was a section of the Berlin–Szczecin railway from Berlin Nordbahnhof to Bernau bei Berlin station in 1924, leading to the formation of the Berlin S-Bahn.
The main line Berlin Stadtbahn was electrified with a 750 volt third rail in 1928 and the circle line Berlin Ringbahn was electrified in 1929. The electrification continued on the radial suburban railway tracks along with changing the timetable of the train system into a rapid transit model with no more than 20 minutes headway per line where a number of lines overlapped on the main line; the system peaked during the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin to a train schedule below 2 minutes. The idea of heavy rail rapid transit was not unique to Berlin. Hamburg had an electric railway between the central station and Altona which opened in 1906 and in 1934 the system adopted the S-Bahn label from Berlin; the same year Copenhagen's S-tog opened its first line. Vienna had its Stadtbahn main line electrified in 1908 and introduced the term Schnellbahn in 1954 for its planned commuter railway network; the S-Bahn label was sometimes used as well, but the name was only switched to S-Bahn Wien in 2005. As for Munich, a first breaking ground for an S-train-like rapid transport system running through tunnels in downtown areas and interconnecting existing suburban and local railways, the construction of what is now Goetheplatz underground station took place in 1938, executed by the Nazi governmen
Dalgas Boulevard is a broad avenue in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Roskildevej in the south to Femte Juni Plads in the north, intersecting Peter Bangs Vej and Finsensvej on the way; the road was planned and it was at this point decided to name it after the officer and road engineer Enrico Dalgas. Construction did not start until 1911. Dalgas Have is one of several campuses of Copenhagen Business School in Frederiksberg, it was designed by Henning Larsen Architects. Much of the southern part of the street is lined by single family detached homes. No. 45 was designed by Kaj Gottlob. In the central reservation, close to the southern end of the street, stands a bronze cast of Aksel Hansen's sculpture Ancient Hunter]. In Borgmester Godskesens Pads, a small greenspace off the west side of the street, stands Johannes Bjerg's statue Dance from 1916; the house at No. 48 has been used as a location in several films and television series, including Manden med de gyldne ører and Klovn.
The fictional journalist and "senior correspondent" Kirsten Birgit Schiøtz Kretz Hørsholm in the Radion24Suv programme De Korte Nyheder lives in a house on Dalgas Boulevard
Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J