Salen is a settlement on the Isle of Mull, Scotland. It is on the east coast of the island, on the Sound of Mull halfway between Craignure and Tobermory; the full name of the settlement is'Sàilean Dubh Chaluim Chille'. Until the early 1800s, the site of today's village was no more than an unremarkable junction of tracks; the Laird of Gruline and Ulva, Lachlan Macquarie, decided that there was commercial advantage in establishing a village and harbour on the nearest point on the Sound of Mull to his estates: and so Salen came into being. The mailboat service from Oban to Mull called at Salen pier en route to Tobermory. From 1964 the new ferries required bigger piers and Craignure was established as the main ferry terminus on the island due to its central location for visitors to Tobermory and Iona; this meant the end for Salen as a mailboat destination. St Columba visited Salen and preached from a rocky bluff behind the Salen Hotel, it is said that his services were ‘not well attended’. A minor road branches off here towards various places on the west side of Mull.
The psychiatrist Angus MacNiven FRSE is buried in Salen churchyard. Canmore - Salen and Ulva Parish Church site record Canmore - Mull, Salen Free Church site record Canmore - Mull, Fort site record
Lobsters are a family of large marine crustaceans. Lobsters have long bodies with muscular tails, live in crevices or burrows on the sea floor. Three of their five pairs of legs have claws, including the first pair, which are much larger than the others. Prized as seafood, lobsters are economically important, are one of the most profitable commodities in coastal areas they populate. Commercially important species include two species of Homarus from the northern Atlantic Ocean, scampi – the Northern Hemisphere genus Nephrops and the Southern Hemisphere genus Metanephrops. Although several other groups of crustaceans have the word "lobster" in their names, the unqualified term "lobster" refers to the clawed lobsters of the family Nephropidae. Clawed lobsters are not related to spiny lobsters or slipper lobsters, which have no claws, or to squat lobsters; the closest living relatives of clawed lobsters are the reef lobsters and the three families of freshwater crayfish. Lobsters are invertebrates with a hard protective exoskeleton.
Like most arthropods, lobsters must moult to grow. During the moulting process, several species change color. Lobsters have eight walking legs. Although lobsters are bilaterally symmetrical like most other arthropods, some genera possess unequal, specialized claws. Lobster anatomy includes two main body parts: the abdomen; the cephalothorax fuses the thorax, both of which are covered by a chitinous carapace. The lobster's head bears antennae, mandibles, the first and second maxillae; the head bears the compound eyes. Because lobsters live in murky environments at the bottom of the ocean, they use their antennae as sensors; the lobster eye has a reflective structure above a convex retina. In contrast, most complex eyes use a concave retina; the lobster's thorax is composed of maxillipeds, appendages that function as mouthparts, pereiopods, appendages that serve for walking and for gathering food. The abdomen includes pleopods, used for swimming as well as the tail fan, composed of uropods and the telson.
Lobsters, like snails and spiders, have blue blood due to the presence of hemocyanin, which contains copper. In contrast and many other animals have red blood from iron-rich hemoglobin. Lobsters possess a green hepatopancreas, called the tomalley by chefs, which functions as the animal's liver and pancreas. Lobsters of the family Nephropidae are similar in overall form to a number of other related groups, they differ from freshwater crayfish in lacking the joint between the last two segments of the thorax, they differ from the reef lobsters of the family Enoplometopidae in having full claws on the first three pairs of legs, rather than just one. The distinctions from fossil families such as the Chilenophoberidae are based on the pattern of grooves on the carapace. Lobsters are dark colored, either bluish green or greenish brown as to blend in with the ocean floor, but they can be found in a multitude of colors. Lobsters with atypical coloring are rare, accounting for only a few of the millions caught every year, due to their rarity, they aren't eaten, instead released back into the wild or donated to aquariums.
In cases of atypical coloring, there is a genetic factor, such as albinism or hermaphroditism. Notably, the New England Aquarium has a collection of such lobsters, called the Lobster Rainbow, on public display. Special coloring doesn't appear to have an effect on the lobster's taste once cooked. Lobsters live up to an estimated 45 to 50 years in the wild. In 2012, a report was published describing how growth bands in calcified regions of the eyestalk or gastric mill in shrimps and lobsters could be used to measure growth and mortality in decapod crustaceans. Without such a technique, a lobster's age is estimated by size and other variables. Research suggests that lobsters may not slow down, weaken or lose fertility with age, that older lobsters may be more fertile than younger lobsters; this longevity may be due to telomerase, an enzyme that repairs long repetitive sections of DNA sequences at the ends of chromosomes, referred to as telomeres. Telomerase is expressed by most vertebrates during embryonic stages, but is absent from adult stages of life.
However, unlike most vertebrates, lobsters express telomerase as adults through most tissue, suggested to be related to their longevity. Telomerase is present in'Green Spotted' lobsters - whose markings are thought to be produced by the enzyme interacting with their shell pigmentation Lobster longevity is limited by their size. Moulting requires metabolic energy and the larger the lobster, the more energy is needed. Lobsters, like many other decapod crustaceans, grow throughout life and are able to add new muscle cells at each moult. Lobster longevity allows them to reach impressive sizes. According to Guinness World Records, the largest lobster caught was in Nov
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Ben More (Mull)
Ben More is the highest mountain and only Munro on the Isle of Mull, Scotland. It is the highest peak in the Inner Hebrides apart from those on the Isle of Skye; the mountain is situated above the shores of Loch na Keal. The peak is easiest reached from Loch na Keal, the walk up from the B8035 road following farm tracks, the side of a stream. From the summit on a clear day, the view encompasses the Sound of Mull, Ulva, the Ross of Mull and Iona in the distance. From sea loch to summit is a four-hour walk; the more demanding but rewarding route follows a boggy path up the banks of Abhainn na h-Uamha to the bealach between A' Chìoch and Beinn Fhada. From the bealach the route follows South West along a steep and rocky ridge first to the peak of A' Chìoch on and up to Ben More itself. There is respite at the top in a circular refuge of stones; this route starts and ends on the B8035 road and is a 6-hour walk and scramble. Climbers should be cautious when using a compass in misty conditions since there is magnetic rock in places near the summit of the mountain.
Around 60 million years ago, the region was volcanically active, with Ben More being the remnant of a volcano, it was in this period that the famous rock formations of Staffa and the basaltic columns of "The Castles" on Ulva came into being. The lava flows are known as the "Staffa Magma Type member" and can be seen on Mull at Carsaig and near Tobermory on its east coast, they are rich in silica. Breast-shaped hill Computer generated summit panoramas North South index
Lochboisdale is the main village and port on the island of South Uist, Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Lochboisdale is within the parish of South Uist, is situated on the shore of Loch Baghasdail at the southern end of the A865; the town profited from the herring boom in the 19th century, a steamer pier was built in 1880. In 1905, a mission church was built, by 1953, steamers were connecting Lochboisdale with Oban, Castlebay and Lochmaddy. Lochboisdale is the ferry terminal for the island of South Uist, with regular vehicle ferry services to Mallaig and, in the winter, Oban; the pier area has undergone a transformation. Lochboisdale Hotel, built in the late 19th century as a fishing hotel, is adjacent to the ferry terminal; the whole village is within walking distance of the pier, has a post office. The post office has a coffee shop/internet café. A bank branch is present in the village and has a 24h ATM, although the branch itself is only open once a week. By the pier is an all-purpose store called Fàilte.
Lochboisdale Development Limited have opened a new harbour on the small island of Gasaigh. This is about 1km from the village, is reached by two causeways; the harbour provides many facilities. Mooring licences are available for day visiting and seasonal berths, with inclusive use of the quayside facilities, WiFi, showers and laundry. London-based restaurant chain Boisdale is named after Lochboisdale, having been founded in 1987 by Ranald Macdonald, the eldest son of the 24th Chief of Clanranald. Comann Seolaidh Lochbaghasdail Lochboisdale Hotel Lochboisdale Coffee Shop/Cafe
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Ross of Mull
The Ross of Mull is the largest peninsula of the island of Mull, about 28 kilometres long, makes up the south-western part of the island. It is bounded to the south by the Firth of Lorne; the main villages are Bunessan and Fionnphort, with smaller settlements including Ardtun, Carsaig, Knockan and Uisken. Knocknafenaig and Shiaba are three of the many cleared settlements on the Ross; the area's main industries consisted of crofting, fishing and granite quarries. By 2011 this had shifted with tourism becoming the greatest employer accounting for 29% of employment, while between them farming and fishing made up 15%; the 1886 novel Kidnapped by Robert Louis Stevenson is set on the island of Erraid, a tidal island to the south west of the Ross of Mull. The 1945 film I Know Where I'm Going!, directed by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, was principally shot on Mull, using Carsaig as a headquarters, references the fictional "Isle of Kiloran", based on Colonsay. Other scenes were shot at Duart Calgary.
Being shot here is The Silent Storm, starring Damian Lewis and Andrea Riseborough