ByWard Market is a district in Lower Town located east of the government and business district, surrounding the market buildings and open-air market on George, York, ByWard and William streets. The district is bordered on the west by Sussex Drive and Mackenzie Avenue, on the east by Cumberland Street, it stretches northwards to Cathcart Street. The name refers to the old'By Ward' of the City of Ottawa; the district comprises the main commercial part of the historic Lower Town area of Ottawa. According to the Canada 2011 Census, the population of the area was 3,063; the market itself is regulated by a City of Ottawa municipal services corporation named Marchés d'Ottawa Markets, which operates the smaller west-end Parkdale Market. The corporation is run by a nine member board of directors; the market building is open year-round, open-air stalls are operated in the warmer months offering fresh produce and flowers. Traditionally, the ByWard Market area has been a focal point for Ottawa's French and Irish communities.
The large Catholic community supported Notre Dame Cathedral, one of the largest and oldest Roman Catholic churches in Ottawa. The shape of the cathedral was taken into account in the design of the National Gallery of Canada, built across Sussex Drive; the ByWard Market has been an area of fluid change, adapting to the cosmopolitan nature of downtown Ottawa, as well as trends in Canadian society as a whole. A multitude of restaurants and specialty food stores have sprouted around the market area, making this neighbourhood one of the liveliest in Ottawa outside of normal business hours. A four-block area around the market provides the most dense concentration of eating places and nightclubs in the National Capital Region; the areas beyond this zone offer boutiques and restaurants in abundance, are frequented by a considerable number of buskers. Having acquired a reputation as the city's premier bar district, Byward Market is thronged at night with university students and other young adults. Over the years the city has developed a series of five small, human-scale, open air courtyards east of Sussex Drive, stretching from Saint Patrick Street to George Street.
These cobblestone courtyards are filled with flowers, park benches and sculptures. Several of the houses surrounding them are historic buildings. At the other extreme on the west side of Sussex Drive is the United States Embassy; the building's design, by noted architect David Childs, was somewhat controversial in Ottawa. Others complained; the neighbourhood is today markedly heterogeneous, being visited by a mix of young professionals, many families and some homeless people. At one time, the area had a serious prostitution problem, remedied by a controversial rerouting of traffic through much of the residential area; the area is English-speaking but there exists a significant francophone population as well. The Market is located in close proximity to the downtown, to the Rideau Centre shopping mall, to Parliament Hill and to a number of foreign embassies. In 1826, Lieutenant Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers was sent from England to oversee the construction of the Rideau canal system, designed to connect the Ottawa River to Kingston, on the St. Lawrence River.
It was out of this massive project that the small community of Bytown grew into a flourishing commercial and economic centre. Colonel By prepared plans for two village sites: one on the west side of the Rideau canal, known as Upper Town; the land was surveyed. Both villages were divided into building lots; the Village of Lower Town was bounded by the Rideau River and Sussex and Rideau Streets. This town plan included an area designated as a commercial section within the block bounded by George, Sussex and King Streets. Lt.-Col By designed George and York Streets 132 feet wide in order to leave room for a proposed market building and courthouse, to leave room for the flow of the By Wash. Most of the Lower Town site was covered with swampland. Excess water from the canal was released through a sluice gate; this became known as the By Wash and emptied into the Rideau River. From the beginning Bytown was divided, not only physically by the canal but ethnically and economically. Upper Town was settled by officers and professionals, most of whom were Protestants and Anglicans of English or Scottish descent.
On the other hand, Lower Town was settled by labourers who had come to Bytown seeking employment during the building of the canal. These inhabitants were Catholic Irish immigrants and French Canadians. In 1827, the two towns were connected along Rideau Street by Sappers Bridge, which spanned the canal. In 1827, Colonel By used 160 pounds of revenue from property rents to build a market building with a courthouse behind it on George Street; this was the original market building, large for the time, constructed of timber with dovetailed corners, a veranda on each side, an attached weighing machine. This building served both as a centre for market activities, as a public hall for political and religious meetings. In the 1830s, Lower Town enjoyed a period of rapid commercial growth. Stores of every description, hotels and industrial buildings sprang up all ar
The Bytown Museum is a museum in Ottawa located on the lower locks of the Rideau Canal at the Ottawa River, just below Parliament Hill. Housed in the Commissariat Building, Ottawa's oldest remaining stone building, the museum provides a comprehensive overview of the origins of Bytown and its development and growth into the present city of Ottawa. Founded in 1917 by the Women's Canadian Historical Society of Ottawa, the Bytown Museum was located in the former City Registry Office at 70 Nicholas, across from the Carleton County Gaol; the Museum moved to its current location in 1951 and has operated from the Commissariat since, with the exception of a brief period from 1982-1985, when Parks Canada, the building's landlord, conducted renovations. The museum's permanent exhibition, Where Ottawa Begins, is spread over the second and third floors of the Commissariat Building; the second floor of the museum explores the history of the National Capital Region from the origins of European settlement in the area to the incorporation of Ottawa in 1855.
The third floor continues the narrative by examining the development of the city of Ottawa, the social and cultural life of Victorian times, the assassination of Thomas D'Arcy McGee and the burning of the Parliament Buildings, as well as Canada's involvement in international conflicts. The Temporary Gallery and Community Gallery are located on the second floor; the third floor houses'A Day in My Life' -- the museum's children's area. The museum's temporary gallery, located on the second floor, features exhibitions highlighting Ottawa's history and community. Recent exhibits include: 2009: Justin Wonnacott: Somerset, an exhibition composed of nearly 50 colour photographs from Justin Wonnacott's Somerset Street project, was the museum's first major photography exhibition; the exhibit, curated by Christopher Davidson, was on view from June 6, 2009, to November 30, 2009. A bilingual catalogue accompanied the exhibition. 2009: My Neighbourhood, My Voice, a photovoice project bringing together researchers, community service providers, a diverse group of local residents to tell the story of what they love best and what they feel needs to change within the neighbourhoods they live.
The project, first revealed for one day at Ottawa City Hall in June 2009, was a collaboration between the University of Ottawa, Community Health and Resource Centres, Success By 6, Arts Ottawa East. The exhibit was on view from December 5, 2009, to April 4, 2010.2010: The exhibition Evocative Objects: Artefacts Unfolding Neighbourhoods explored the meaning of objects, both museum artefacts and ordinary objects, as things that matter as they connect one to the community one lives in. The exhibit included some of Charlotte Whitton's personal journal entries from the Library and Archives Canada collection, ordinary household items from the vast LeBreton Flats collection now in the care of the City of Ottawa, photographs by Tony Fouhse and several of China Doll's accessories; the exhibit, curated by Mike Steinhauer, was on view from May 20, 2010, to September 5, 2010.2010: On Thursday, June 17, the Bytown Museum hosted live performance art within its temporary and permanent galleries. Sandra Johnston and Sinéad Bhreathnach-Cashell used live art to respond to and animate the interior of the museum to transform one's perceptions of place.
The exhibition, curated by Christine Conley and part of Crossings/Traversées: A Performance Art Exchange and Residency, Ottawa-Belfast, was organized by Galerie SAW Gallery and Bbeyond Live Art Collective, Northern Ireland. 2010: The Many Guises: Contemporary Self-Portraits exhibition presented self-portraits "through the pairing or juxtaposing of two images" by Ottawa and Gatineau artists namely Rosalie Favell, Chantal Gervais, Marie-Jeanne Musiol, Pedro Isztin, Jeff Thomas and Justin Wonnacott. The exhibit was accompanied by Likeness: Historic Photographs from the Bytown Museum Collection, a display of thirteen portraits dating from 1800 to 1910. Curated by Judith Parker, the exhibit was on view from September 25 to December 31, 2010. A bilingual catalogue accompanied the exhibition.2011: The exhibition Hidden Treasures from the Bytown Museum presented some 40 artefacts from the museum's permanent collection of Canadian art and historical artefacts. The exhibit included lithographs by Cornelius Krieghoff, a marble bust by Marshall Wood, drawings by Goodridge Roberts, photographs by Daniel Alexander McLaughlin, Wm Notman & Son, Alfred G. Pittaway.
To Peter Simpson, the "highlight of the show" was an etching by a 19-year-old Winslow Homer, the artist's first known work, of the Rideau Falls. The exhibition, on view from June 23 to October 2, 2011, was accompanied by an illustrated bilingual catalogue with texts by Janet Carlile, Charlotte Gray, Lilly Koltun, Steven C. McNeil, Judith Parker, Mike Steinhauer, Rosemarie L. Tovell, René Villeneuve.2011: Following the museum's first collections-based artist residency, in the winter of 2011, Cindy Stelmackowich: Dearly Departed opened to critical acclaim that year. Ottawa artist Cindy Stelmackowich examined the charged language of 19th century memorial and bereavement objects in a series of digital prints and sculptural works. Stelmackowich's contemporary art were presented alongside a selection of historic mourning artefacts from the Bytown Museum. "Dearly Departed," writes Paul Gessell, "is a brilliant way of educating visitors about the past by marrying the past with the present." The exhibit, curated by Judith Parker, was on view from October 19, 2011, to January 8, 2012.
A bilingual exhibition catalogue accompanied the exhibition. 2012: Six Moments in the History of an Urban Forest, an exploration of the role of trees in Ottawa's urban history. This exhibit, a collaboratio
The Rideau Canal known unofficially as the Rideau Waterway, connects Canada's capital city of Ottawa, Ontario, to Lake Ontario and the Saint Lawrence River at Kingston, Ontario. It is 202 kilometres in length; the name Rideau, French for "curtain", is derived from the curtain-like appearance of the Rideau River's twin waterfalls where they join the Ottawa River. The canal system uses sections of two rivers, the Rideau and the Cataraqui, as well as several lakes; the Rideau Canal is operated by Parks Canada. The canal was opened in 1832 as a precaution in case of war with the United States, it remains in use today for pleasure boating, with most of its original structures intact, operated by Parks Canada. The locks on the system open for navigation in close in mid-October, it is the oldest continuously operated canal system in North America, in 2007 it was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The construction of the Rideau Canal was a preventive military measure undertaken after a report that during the War of 1812 the United States had intended to invade the British colony of Upper Canada via the St. Lawrence River, which would have severed the lifeline between Montreal and Kingston.
The British built a number of other canals as well as a number of forts to impede and deter any future American invasions of Canadian territory. The initial purpose of the Rideau Canal was military, as it was intended to provide a secure supply and communications route between Montreal and the British naval base in Kingston. Westward from Montreal, travel would proceed along the Ottawa River to Bytown southwest via the canal to Kingston and out into Lake Ontario; the objective was to bypass the stretch of the St. Lawrence bordering New York; the canal served a commercial purpose. The Rideau Canal was easier to navigate than the St. Lawrence River because of the series of rapids between Montreal and Kingston; as a result, the Rideau Canal became a busy commercial artery from Montreal to the Great Lakes. However, by 1849, the rapids of the St. Lawrence had been tamed by a series of locks, commercial shippers were quick to switch to this more direct route; the construction of the canal was supervised by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers.
Private contractors such as future sugar refining entrepreneur John Redpath, Thomas McKay, Robert Drummond, Thomas Phillips, Andrew White and others were responsible for much of the construction, the majority of the actual work was done by thousands of Irish and French-Canadian labourers. Colonel John By decided to create a slackwater canal system instead of constructing new channels; this was a better approach as it required fewer workers, was more cost effective, would have been easier to build. The canal work started in the fall of 1826, it was completed by the spring of 1832; the first full steamboat transit of the canal was done by Robert Drummond's steamboat, leaving Kingston on May 22, 1832 with Colonel By and family on board, arriving in Bytown on May 29, 1832. The final cost of the canal's construction was £822,804 by the time all the costs, including land acquisitions costs, were accounted for. Given the unexpected cost overruns, John By was recalled to London and was retired with no accolades or recognition for his tremendous accomplishment.
Once the canal was constructed, no further military engagements took place between Canada and the United States. Although the Rideau Canal never had to be used as a military supply route, it played a pivotal role in the early development of Canada. Prior to the locks being completed on the St. Lawrence in the late 1840s, the Rideau served as the main travel route for immigrants heading westward into Upper Canada and for heavy goods from Canada's hinterland heading east to Montreal. Tens of thousands of immigrants from the British Isles travelled the Rideau in this period. Hundreds of barge loads of goods were shipped each year along the Rideau, allowing Montreal to compete commercially in the 1830s and 40s with New York as a major North American port. In 1841, for instance, there were 19 steamboats, 3 self-propelled barges and 157 unpowered or tow barges using the Rideau Canal; as many as one thousand of the workers died from other diseases and accidents. Most deaths were from disease, principally complications from malaria, endemic in Ontario within the range of the Anopheles mosquito, other diseases of the day.
Accidents were rare for a project of this size. Inquests were held for each accidental death; the men and children who died were buried in local cemeteries, either burial grounds set up near work sites or existing local cemeteries. Funerals were held for the workers and the graves marked with wooden markers; some of the dead remain unidentified. Memorials have been erected along the canal route, most the Celtic Cross memorials in Ottawa and Chaffeys Lock; the first memorial on the Rideau Canal acknowledging deaths among the labour force was erected in 1993 by the Kingston and District Labour Council and the Ontario Heritage Foundation at Kingston Mills. Three canal era cemeteries are open to the public today: Chaffey's Cemetery and Memory Wall at Chaffey's Lock—this cemetery was used from 1825 to the late 19th century.
Canadian Tulip Festival
The Canadian Tulip Festival is a tulip festival, held annually in May in Ottawa, Canada. The festival claims to be the world's largest tulip festival, displaying over one million tulips, with attendance of over 650,000 visitors annually. Large displays of tulips are planted throughout the city, the largest display of tulips is found in Commissioners Park on the shores of Dow's Lake, along the Rideau Canal with 300,000 tulips planted there alone. Millions of tulips set the stage for a celebration of authentic art, historic and family tulip experiences at various official venues across the capital. In 1945, the Dutch royal family sent 100,000 tulip bulbs to Ottawa in gratitude for Canadians having sheltered the future Queen Juliana and her family for the preceding three years during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands in the Second World War; the most noteworthy event during their time in Canada was the birth in 1943 of Princess Margriet at the Ottawa Civic Hospital. The maternity ward was temporarily declared to be extraterritorial by the Canadian government, thereby allowing Princess Margriet's citizenship to be influenced by her mother's Dutch citizenship.
In 1946, Juliana sent another 20,500 bulbs requesting that a display be created for the hospital, promised to send 10,000 more bulbs each year. In the years following Queen Juliana's original donation, Ottawa became famous for its tulips and in 1953 the Ottawa Board of Trade and photographer Malak Karsh organized the first "Canadian Tulip Festival". Queen Juliana returned to celebrate the festival in 1967, Princess Margriet returned in 2002 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the festival. For many years, the festival featured a series of outdoor music concerts in addition to the tulips; the 1972 festival saw Liberace give an opening concert, at the 1987 festival, Canadian singer Alanis Morissette made her first appearance at the age of 12. The Trews first became known after opening for Big Sugar at the 2003 festival. Montreal's General Rudie gained valuable exposure early in their career with a performance at the 2000 festival. After several years of cold and rainy weekends drove the festival to the brink of bankruptcy in 2006, the outdoor music concerts were discontinued.
Though concert admission fees were a source of revenue for the festival, rainy weather contributed to low concert attendance on many occasions, making the concerts a heavy financial risk. In 2007, the festival was reorganised under new leadership; the festival was redesigned to focus on promoting international friendship, the original symbolic role of the gift of tulips. Park admission charges were eliminated and a new feature called Celebridée: a Celebration of Ideas was introduced. Another component of the 2007 festival was a fund-raising effort in support of War Child Canada. Beyond celebrating the tulip as a symbol of beauty and friendship, the Canadian Tulip Festival, through Celebridée, aims to present some of the most brilliant thinkers of our time speaking about ideas that matter. Celebridée has continued to grow since its inception in 2007. 2008's speakers included such diverse and thought-provoking individuals as Sir Salman Rushdie, Wired Magazine's Chris Anderson, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Guns and Steel Jared Diamond, world-renowned pianist Angela Hewitt.
Official Sites Lansdowne Park – The Art & Culture Tulip Experience Commissioners Park – Dow's Lake - The Garden Tulip Experience. Photographer Malak Karsh became known for his photographs of the Tulip Festival. While the Netherlands continues to send 20,000 bulbs to Canada each year, by 1963 the festival featured more than 2 million, today sees nearly 3 million tulips purchased from Dutch and Canadian distributors. Commissioner's Park, on the shores of Dow's Lake is a major centre of activity for the Tulip Festival; the largest concentration of tulips in the National Capital Region — some 300,000 — can be found planted along a 1 km section of the lakeshore. Commissioners Park features buskers and musicians, artists demonstrating their skills; the Garden Promenade celebrates Ottawa's garden culture with over 70 experiences through 40 of the region's most beautiful must-visit gardens. Join us during the Canadian Tulip Festival and delight in a self-guided or escorted showcase of Ottawa's public gardens exploding with millions of tulips in bloom and many tulip centric special activities planned such as Yoga in the Tulips on Parliament Hill and in Major's Hill Park.
Www.gardenpromenade.ca The Garden of the Provinces and Territories, located directly across from Library and Archives Canada on Wellington Street is one of many sites that the National Capital Commission plants with thousands of tulips. Others include Parliament Hill, the banks of the Rideau Canal, in Gatineau, Jacques Cartier Park, Montcalm-Taché Park, the Malak flowerbed behind the Canadian Museum of Civilization. Lansdowne Park Tulip Gallery – The Art & Culture Tulip Experience Aberdeen Pavilion and the Great Lawn will be brimming with tulip art and floral exh
TD Place Arena
TD Place Arena the Ottawa Civic Centre, is an indoor arena located in Ottawa, Canada, seating 9,500. With temporary seating and standing room it can hold 10,585. Opened in December 1967, it is used for sports, including curling, figure skating, ice hockey and lacrosse; the arena has hosted Canadian and world championships in figure skating and ice hockey, including the first women's world ice hockey championship in 1990. Canadian championships in curling have been hosted at the arena, it is used for concerts and conventions such as Ottawa SuperEX. The arena is the home of the Ottawa 67's of the Ontario Hockey League, it was the former home of the Ottawa Senators of the National Hockey League from 1992 through 1995, the Ottawa Nationals of the World Hockey Association from 1972 to 1973 and the Ottawa Civics of the WHA in 1976, the Ottawa Rebel of the National Lacrosse League from 2002 to 2003. In the 1960s, the City of Ottawa was preparing to rebuild the football stadium at Lansdowne Park, on Bank Street at the Rideau Canal.
During the planning phase, the old Ottawa Auditorium arena was demolished and the City now needed two new sports venues. The City combined plans and the arena, named the Civic Centre, was built together under the north grandstand of the football stadium. One side of the arena is located beneath the upper part of the stadium grandstand, with a much lower ceiling than the opposite side of the arena. Dominion Bridge was the supplier of the huge steel girders for the arena and stadium's frame, some so large they had to be brought to the site by barge, up the Ottawa River and down the Rideau Canal. According to Dominion Bridge "the most striking feature of the unique design concept is a giant overhanging roof reaching out 170 degrees from atop eight massive steel A-frames."The new Civic Centre opened on December 29, 1967, although seating was not complete, for an exhibition game between the Ottawa 67's, boosted by five players from the Montreal Junior Canadiens, the NHL Montreal Canadiens. Seats were taken temporarily from the Coliseum building nearby.
President Howard Darwin said about 500 fans had to be turned away at the door. Of the 9,000 who attended the opening game, only six ticket-holders received refunds; the football stadium and arena complex was Ottawa's official "Centennial Project." Federal government grant money depended on the facility opening in 1967, construction was rushed to meet the deadline. It was renovated and seating increased in 1992 in order to temporarily accommodate the Ottawa Senators of the NHL. Luxury boxes were hung from the ceiling over ¾ of the bowl and all seats except for the club seats were narrowed in order to increase capacity to over 10,000; the seats were replaced in 2005 and wider seats were installed, thus reducing capacity to under 10,000 again. As part of the Lansdowne Park redevelopment, the arena underwent renovations, which included new seats digital signage, ceiling tiles to cover the steel support beams, in which the fire retardant was removed; the scoreboard over the ice was removed, a new scoreboard was installed on the north wall.
The renovation sealed up constant leaks, a problem for the Civic Centre for years. During the 2011–12 season, a 67's game had to be rescheduled because of the leaking roof. Midway through the renovation process at the end of 2013, steel corrosion was discovered by workers and cost an extra $17 million to repair. While the arena was renovated, the 67's used the Canadian Tire Centre for the 2012–13 and 2013-14 seasons; the primary tenant since the building's opening has been the Ottawa 67's junior men's team. The arena's seating capacity is large by junior standards; the team played before large crowds in the 1960s and 1970s but attendance started to drop in the late 80s and bottomed out after the arrival of the Ottawa Senators in the early 1990s. In 1998 the team was bought by local businessman Jeff Hunt and he improved attendance to take advantage of the arena's large capacity. Since the 67's have been one of the top-10 junior teams in Canada in terms of attendance finishing #1 on the list; the club has been successful on the ice, winning the OHL Championship in 1977, 1984, 2001 and the Memorial Cup championship in 1984 and 1999.
The 1972 and 1999 Memorial Cup tournaments were played at the arena, the 1999 tournament was won by the host 67's. In the 1970s, the arena was home to two WHA professional teams, the Ottawa Nationals and Ottawa Civics. Neither survived in Ottawa for more than one season; the Nationals played for one regular season, but moved their playoff games to Toronto, subsequently moved there permanently to become the Toronto Toros. The Civics were the hastily transplanted Denver Spurs franchise that played only two home games in Ottawa before disbanding; the arena hosted the first-ever Canada Cup hockey game on September 2, 1976, when Canada crushed Finland 11-2. They hosted games in the 1981 Canada Cup; the arena was the site of the first IIHF Women's World Ice Hockey Championships in 1990. Canada defeated the United States 5 -- 2 on March 1990 to win the gold medal. Starting in 1992, the new National Hockey League Ottawa Senators called the arena home for three and a half seasons. In preparation for the NHL, it was refurbished for the Senators, adding additional seating and 32 private boxes.
From 1995 to 1997, Roller Hockey International's Ottawa Loggers brought inline hockey to the arena, though the inline version of the sport proved to be both unprofitable and unpopular in Ottawa. In 2008 and 2009, it was used for games of the 2009 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships; the arena's unique arrangement of having most of the seats on
Canada Aviation and Space Museum
The Canada Aviation and Space Museum is Canada's national aviation history museum. The museum is located in Ottawa, Canada, at the Ottawa/Rockcliffe Airport; the museum was first formed in 1964 at RCAF Station Rockcliffe as the National Aeronautical Collection from the amalgamation of three separate existing collections. These included the National Aviation Museum at Uplands, which concentrated on early aviation and bush flying. In 1982 the collection was renamed the National Aviation Museum and in 1988 the collection was moved to a new experimental type triangular hangar from the Second World War-era wooden hangars it had been residing in. In 2006 an additional hangar was opened, which allows all of the collection's aircraft to be stored indoors; the museum closed 2 September 2008 for remodeling and rearrangement of the aircraft on display. This project was completed and the museum reopened 19 November 2008; the changes made include making space for a new exhibition entitled Canadian Wings: A Remarkable Century of Flight, unveiled on 23 February 2009, the centennial of the first heavier than air aircraft flight in Canada.
In December 2008, the museum announced that approval had been granted for a C$7M expansion to begin in May 2009 and to be completed by the fall of 2010. The improvements carried out included an addition of 2600 m² giving 18% more space and providing room for a new foyer, cafeteria, retail space, a landscaped entrance and classrooms. In April 2010, the parent Canada Science and Technology Museum Corporation announced that the museum would be expanded and that its name would be changed to the "Canada Aviation and Space Museum" in May 2010; the Canadian Press expressed concern that the name change would cause confusion with the existing Toronto-based Canadian Air and Space Museum. The Canada Aviation and Space Museum is under the control of Ingenium known as the Canadian Science and Technology Museums Corporation. Ingenium is an autonomous Crown corporation which works to preserve and protect Canada's scientific and technical heritage; the Corporation is responsible for three museums: the Canada Aviation and Space Museum, the Canada Agriculture Museum and the Canada Science and Technology Museum.
The museum is home to 51 Canada Aviation Museum Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Cadets. The museum's collection contains a wide variety of civilian and military aircraft, representing the history of Canadian aviation from the pioneer era before the First World War up to the present day. Noteworthy is the collection of vintage bushplanes from the 1920s to the 1940s; the military aircraft represent aircraft flown by Canadians in the First World War, Second World War, the Cold War. The museum's best known exhibit is the surviving components of the Avro Arrow interceptor from the late 1950s. At the museum is Space Shuttle Endeavour's Canadarm, the space shuttles' Canadian-built robotic arm, it was unveiled on 2 May 2013 with Chris Hadfield on hand from the International Space Station via video screen to aid with the unveiling. While Endeavour's Canadarm known as Canadarm 201, was moved back to Canada, Atlantis's and Discovery's Canadarms went to the museums of their respective shuttles. On site are interactive activities on the science of flight, demonstrations, a boutique, guided tours.
A few of the tours take the visitors "behind the scenes" to see conservation and restoration work in progress, components which are in storage. The museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, Virtual Museum of Canada. List of aerospace museums Organization of Military Museums of Canada Military history of Canada Canada Science and Technology Museum Corporation History of aviation in Canada McCaffery, Canada's Warplanes: Unique Aircraft in Canada's Aviation Museums, J. Lorimer, ISBN 1-55028-699-4 Official website Canada Aviation Museum floor plan Fall 2008 Canada Aviation Museum Exhibit Photos Canada Aviation Museum Photos 51 Canada Aviation Museum Squadron – Royal Canadian Air Cadets
National Gallery of Canada
The National Gallery of Canada, located in the capital city of Ottawa, Ontario, is Canada's premier art gallery. The Gallery is now housed in a glass and granite building on Sussex Drive with a notable view of the Canadian Parliament buildings on Parliament Hill; the building was designed by Moshe Safdie and opened in 1988. The Gallery's former director, Jean Sutherland Boggs, was chosen by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to oversee construction of the national gallery and museums. Marc Mayer was named the museum's director, succeeding Pierre Théberge, on 19 January 2009; the Gallery was first formed in 1880 by Canada's Governor General, John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, and, in 1882, moved into its first home on Parliament Hill in the same building as the Supreme Court. In 1911, the Gallery moved to the Victoria Memorial Museum, now the home of the Canadian Museum of Nature. In 1913, the first National Gallery Act was passed. In 1962, the Gallery moved to the Lorne Building site, a rather nondescript office building on Elgin Street.
Adjacent to the British High Commission, the building has since been demolished for a 17-storey office building, to house the Federal Finance Department. The museum moved into its current building beside Nepean Point. In 1985, the newly created Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography the Stills Photography Division of the National Film Board of Canada, was affiliated to the National Gallery; the CMCP's mandate and staff moved to its new location in 1992, at 1 Rideau Canal, next to the Château Laurier. In 1998, the CMCP's administration was amalgamated to that of the National Gallery's. In 2000, the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada chose the National Gallery as one of the top 500 buildings produced in Canada during the last millennium; the Gallery has a large and varied collection of paintings, drawings and photographs. Although its focus is on Canadian art, it holds works by many noted European artists, it has a strong contemporary art collection with some of Andy Warhol's most famous works.
In 1990 the Gallery bought Barnett Newman's Voice of Fire for $1.8 million, igniting a storm of controversy. Since that time its value has appreciated sharply. In 2005, the Gallery acquired a painting by Italian Renaissance painter Francesco Salviati for $4.5 million. Its most famous painting is The Death of General Wolfe by Anglo-American artist Benjamin West. In 2005, a sculpture of a giant spider, Louise Bourgeois's Maman, was installed in the plaza in front of the Gallery. In 2011 the gallery installed Canadian sculptor Joe Fafard's Running Horses next to the Sussex Drive entrance, American artist Roxy Paine's stainless steel sculpture One Hundred Foot Line in Nepean Point behind the gallery; the Canadian collection, the most comprehensive in Canada, holds works by Louis-Philippe Hébert, Tom Thomson, the Group of Seven, Emily Carr, Alex Colville, Jean-Paul Riopelle and Jack Bush. The Gallery organizes its own exhibits which travel across Canada and beyond, hosts shows from around the world co-sponsored with other national art galleries and museums.
The Gallery's collection has been built up through purchase and donations. Much of the collection was donated, notably the British paintings donated by former Governor General Vincent Massey and that of the Southam family; the museum features Canadian and Inuit art and European painting, sculpture and drawings, modern and contemporary art and photographs. The largest work in the Gallery is the entire interior of the Rideau Street Chapel, which formed part of the Convent of Our Lady Sacred Heart, The interior decorations of the Rideau Street Chapel were designed by Georges Couillon in 1887. After the convent was demolished in 1972, the chapel was dismantled and reconstructed within the gallery as a work of art in 1988. Auguste Rodin, Age of Bronze, 1875–1876, cast in 1901. M. C. Escher, Stars, 1948. Barnett Newman, Voice of Fire, 1967; the Museum is affiliated with: CMA, Ontario Association of Art Galleries, CHIN, Virtual Museum of Canada. Ord, The National Gallery of Canada: ideas, architecture, McGill-Queen's University Press, ISBN 0-7735-2509-2 Robert Fulford, "Turning the absurd into an art form: Canada's National Gallery has a history filled with bizarre decisions," National Post, 9 September 2003, http://www.robertfulford.com/2003-09-09-gallery.html Official website