First lieutenant

First lieutenant is a commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces and, in some forces, an appointment. The rank of lieutenant has different meanings in different military formations, but the majority of cases it is common for it to be sub-divided into a senior and junior rank; the NATO equivalent rank for land force officers is OF-1 rank. In navies, while certain rank insignia may carry the name: "lieutenant", the term may be used to relate to a particular post or duty, rather than a rank. In the British Army and Royal Marines, the rank above second lieutenant is lieutenant, with no ordinal attached. Before 1871, when the whole British Army switched to using the current rank of "lieutenant", the Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers and fusilier regiments used "first lieutenant" and "second lieutenant"; the first lieutenant in a Royal Navy ship is a appointment, rather than a rank. The lieutenants in a ship were ranked in accordance with seniority, with the most senior being termed the first lieutenant and acting as the second-in-command, unless the ship was complemented with a commander.

Although lieutenants are no longer ranked by seniority, the post of "first lieutenant" remains. In minor war vessels, destroyers and submarines, the first lieutenant is second in command, executive officer and head of the executive branch; the post of first lieutenant in a shore establishment carries a similar responsibility to the first lieutenant of a capital ship. Colloquial terms in the Royal Navy for the first lieutenant include "number one", "the jimmy" and "James the First". In the U. S. Army, U. S. Marine Corps, U. S. Air Force, a first lieutenant is a junior commissioned officer, it is just above the rank of second lieutenant and just below the rank of captain. It is equivalent to the rank of lieutenant in the other uniformed services. Promotion to first lieutenant is governed by Department of Defense policies derived from the Defense Officer Personnel Management Act of 1980. DOPMA guidelines suggest all "fully qualified" officers should be promoted to first lieutenant. A second lieutenant is promoted to first lieutenant after 18 months in the Army or 24 months in the Marine Corps and Air Force.

The difference between the two ranks is slight being experience and a higher pay grade. It is not uncommon to see officers moved to positions requiring more experience after promotion to first lieutenant. For example, in the Army and Marine Corps these positions can include leading a specialty platoon, or assignment as the executive officer for a company-sized unit. In the Air Force, a first lieutenant may be a flight commander or section's officer in charge with varied supervisory responsibilities, including supervision of as many as 100+ personnel, although in a flying unit, a first lieutenant is a rated officer who has just finished training for his career field and has few supervisory responsibilities. Note: U. S. Marine Corps first lieutenant insignia bars do not have beveled edges. In the U. S. Navy and U. S. Coast Guard, "first lieutenant" is the name of a position title, rather than rank. Officers aboard early sailing ships were a number of lieutenants; the senior among those lieutenants was known as the first lieutenant, would have assumed command if the captain were absent or incapacitated.

As modern ships have become more complex, requiring specialized knowledge of engineering and weapons, the "first lieutenant" is the officer in command of the deck department responsible for line handling during mooring and underway replenishment. On smaller ships, the officer of the "first lieutenant" billet holds the rank of lieutenant, junior grade or ensign. On larger vessels, the position of "first lieutenant" is held by a lieutenant or, in the case of large warships such as cruisers or aircraft carriers, the position of "first lieutenant" may be held by a lieutenant commander or commander. However, on submarines and in aircraft squadrons, where the deck department may only have a few junior sailors, the "first lieutenant" billet may be filled by a first-class petty officer or chief petty officer. What is known in the U. S. Navy as the "first lieutenant division" is composed of junior sailors who are completing their ninety days of temporary assigned duty, or TAD, that all enlisted personnel are required to perform when assigned to a command.

The primary mission of the division is servicing, cleaning and inventorying items within a command. The term "first lieutenant" had a dual meaning in the U. S. Revenue Cutter Service; the position title of first lieutenant was held by a junior officer, in charge of deck operations and gunnery. The rank of first lieutenant was the equivalent to lieutenant in the current rank structure of the U. S. Coast Guard and U. S. Navy; the next senior officer ranking above first lieutenant was captain and the next two lower officer ranks were second and third lieutenant, respectively. The rank of first lieutenant carried over to the formation of the U. S. Coast Guard in 1915 and was used until 1918, when the rank structure of the U. S. Navy was adopted. In Indonesia, "First lieutenant" is known as Letnan Satu; the Lieutenant rank has two levels, which are: First lieutenant. In the Israel De

Belle Starr's Daughter

Belle Starr's Daughter is a 1948 American Western film directed by Lesley Selander and written by W. R. Burnett; the film stars George Montgomery, Rod Cameron, Ruth Roman, Wallace Ford, Charles Kemper, Edith King and William Edward Phipps. The film was released on December 1948, by 20th Century Fox. After the town marshal of Antioch is shot by Bob Yauntis, the newly appointed Tom Jackson sets out to apprehend the killer, but when he and his posse get to the ranch of bandit queen Belle Starr, they discover her dead body and the house on fire. Seeing this from a distance, Belle's daughter Rose mistakenly concludes Marshal Jackson killed her mother. Rose works as a waitress and Jackson attempts to romance her. Rose begins pulling off robberies along with Bob, who shoots the ranch's foreman, Lafe Bailey and attempts to avoid detection as a ruthless outlaw called "Bitter Creek", being sought by lawmen. Bob turns his wrath on Rose, striking her and holding her captive. Rose escapes and turns to Jackson, in love with her.

After being taken into custody, Bob is able to wing Jackson with a concealed weapon, whereupon Jackson shoots him dead. Belle Starr's Daughter on IMDb

Demetrios Constantelos

Demetrios J. Constantelos was a researcher in Byzantology and a professor emeritus of history and religious studies at Stockton University, Pomona, NJ, he was born in Spilia, Greece. He was ordained a priest of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America in 1955 and earned a PhD in Byzantine Civilization at Rutgers University in 1965, he died on 10 January 2017, at the age of 89. Publications by Demetrios Constantelos include: Christian Faith And Cultural Heritage: Essays from a Greek Orthodox Perspective Renewing the Church: The Significance of the Council in Trullo Paideia: Addresses to Young People The Complete Works of His Eminence Archbishop Iakovos, Primate of North and South America 1959-1996 The Torchbearer: Encyclicals Spiritual and Ecclesiastical Subjects, Education, Culture Understanding the Greek Orthodox Church: Its Faith and Life Christian Hellenism, Volume Three: Essays and Studies in Continuity and Change The Greeks, Their Heritage, Its Value Today Poverty and Philanthropy in the Late Mediaeval Greek World Byzantine Philanthropy and Social Welfare Religious-Philosophical Issues and Interreligious Dialogues in the Orthodox Church Since World War II Orthodox Theology and Diakonia: Trends and Prospects Essays in Honor of His Eminence Archbishop Iakovos on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday Christian Hellenism: Essays and Studies in Continuity and Change by Demetrios J. Constantelos ISBN 0-89241-588-6