1989 Loma Prieta earthquake
The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred in Northern California on October 17 at 5:04 p.m. local time. The shock was centered in The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park 10 mi northeast of Santa Cruz on a section of the San Andreas Fault System and was named for the nearby Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains. With an Mw magnitude of 6.9 and a maximum Modified Mercalli intensity of IX, the shock was responsible for 63 deaths and 3,757 injuries. The Loma Prieta segment of the San Andreas Fault System had been inactive since the 1906 San Francisco earthquake until two moderate foreshocks occurred in June 1988 and again in August 1989. Damage was heavy in Santa Cruz County and less so to the south in Monterey County, but effects extended well to the north into the San Francisco Bay Area, both on the San Francisco Peninsula and across the bay in Oakland. No surface faulting occurred, though a large number of other ground failures and landslides were present in the Summit area of the Santa Cruz Mountains.
Liquefaction was a significant issue in the damaged Marina District of San Francisco, but its effects were seen in the East Bay, near the shore of Monterey Bay, where a non-destructive tsunami was observed. Due to the sports coverage of the 1989 World Series, it became the first major earthquake in the United States, broadcast live on national television. Rush-hour traffic on the Bay Area freeways was lighter than normal because the game, being played at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, was about to begin, this may have prevented a larger loss of life, as several of the Bay Area's major transportation structures suffered catastrophic failures; the collapse of a section of the double-deck Nimitz Freeway in Oakland was the site of the largest number of casualties for the event, but the collapse of man-made structures and other related accidents contributed to casualties occurring in San Francisco, Los Altos, Santa Cruz. The history of earthquake investigations in California has been focused on the San Andreas Fault System, due to its strong influence in the state as the boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate.
Andrew Lawson, a geologist from the University of California, had named the fault after the San Andreas Lake and led an investigation into that event. The San Andreas Fault ruptured for a length of 290 mi during the 1906 shock, both to the north of San Francisco and to the south in the Santa Cruz Mountains region. Several long term forecasts for a large shock along the San Andreas Fault in that area had been made public prior to 1989 but the earthquake that transpired was not what had been anticipated; the 1989 Loma Prieta event originated on an undiscovered oblique-slip reverse fault, located adjacent to the San Andreas Fault. Since many forecasts had been presented for the region near Loma Prieta, seismologists were not taken by surprise by the October 1989 event. Between 1910 and 1989 there were 20 varying forecasts that were announced, with some that were specific, covering multiple aspects of an event, while others were less complete and vague. With a M6.5 event on the San Juan Bautista segment, or an M7 event on the San Francisco Peninsula segment, United States Geological Survey seismologist Allan Lindh's 1983 forecasted rupture length of 25 miles for the San Juan Bautista segment nearly matched the actual rupture length of the 1989 event.
An updated forecast was presented in 1988, at which time Lindh took the opportunity to assign a new name to the San Juan Bautista segment – the Loma Prieta segment. In early 1988, the Working Group for California Earthquake Probabilities made several statements regarding their forecasts for the 225 mi northern San Andreas Fault segment, the 56 mi San Francisco Peninsula segment, a 18.8–22 mi portion of that segment, referred to as the southern Santa Cruz Mountains segment. The thirty year probability for one or more M7 earthquakes in the study area was given as 50%, but because of a lack of information and low confidence, a 30% probability was assigned to the Southern Santa Cruz Mountains segment. Two moderate shocks, referred to as the Lake Elsman earthquakes by the USGS, occurred in the Santa Cruz Mountains region in June 1988 and again in August 1989. Following each event, the State office of Emergency Services issued short term advisories for a possible large earthquake, which meant there was "a increased likelihood of an M6.5 event on the Santa Cruz Mountains segment of the San Andreas fault".
The advisories following the two Lake Elsman events were issued in part because of the statements made by WGCEP and because they were two of the three largest shocks to occur along the 1906 earthquake's rupture zone since 1914. The ML 5.3 June 1988 and the ML 5.4 August 1989 events occurred on unknown oblique reverse faults and were within 3 mi of the M6.9 Loma Prieta mainshock epicenter, near the intersection of the San Andreas and Sargent faults. Total displacement for these shocks was small and although they occurred on separate faults and well before the mainshock, a group of seismologists considered these to be foreshocks due to their location in sp
Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans. Seafood prominently includes shellfish. Shellfish include various species of molluscs and echinoderms. Sea mammals such as whales and dolphins have been consumed as food, though that happens to a lesser extent in modern times. Edible sea plants, such as some seaweeds and microalgae, are eaten as seafood around the world in Asia. In North America, although not in the United Kingdom, the term "seafood" is extended to fresh water organisms eaten by humans, so all edible aquatic life may be referred to as seafood. For the sake of completeness, this article includes all edible aquatic life; the harvesting of wild seafood is known as fishing or hunting, the cultivation and farming of seafood is known as aquaculture, or fish farming in the case of fish. Seafood is distinguished from meat, although it is still animal and is excluded in a vegetarian diet. Seafood is an important source of protein in many diets around the world in coastal areas.
Most of the seafood harvest is consumed by humans, but a significant proportion is used as fish food to farm other fish or rear farm animals. Some seafoods are used as food for other plants. In these ways, seafoods are indirectly used to produce further food for human consumption. Products, such as oil and spirulina tablets, are extracted from seafoods; some seafood is used to feed domestic pets, such as cats. A small proportion is used industrially for non-food purposes; the harvesting and consuming of seafoods are ancient practices with archaeological evidence dating back well into the Paleolithic. Findings in a sea cave at Pinnacle Point in South Africa indicate Homo sapiens harvested marine life as early as 165,000 years ago, while the Neanderthals, an extinct human species contemporary with early Homo sapiens, appear to have been eating seafood at sites along the Mediterranean coast beginning around the same time. Isotopic analysis of the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000-year-old anatomically modern human from eastern Asia, has shown that he consumed freshwater fish.
Archaeology features such as shell middens, discarded fish bones and cave paintings show that sea foods were important for survival and consumed in significant quantities. During this period, most people lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle and were, of necessity on the move. However, where there are early examples of permanent settlements such as those at Lepenski Vir, they are always associated with fishing as a major source of food; the ancient river Nile was full of fish. The Egyptians had implements and methods for fishing and these are illustrated in tomb scenes and papyrus documents; some representations hint at fishing being pursued as a pastime. Fishing scenes are represented in ancient Greek culture, a reflection of the low social status of fishing. However, Oppian of Corycus, a Greek author wrote a major treatise on sea fishing, the Halieulica or Halieutika, composed between 177 and 180; this is the earliest such work. The consumption of fish varied in accordance with the location of the household.
In the Greek islands and on the coast, fresh fish and seafood were common. They were eaten locally but more transported inland. Sardines and anchovies were regular fare for the citizens of Athens, they were sometimes sold fresh, but more salted. A stele of the late 3rd century BCE from the small Boeotian city of Akraiphia, on Lake Copais, provides us with a list of fish prices; the cheapest was skaren. Common salt water fish were yellowfin tuna, red mullet, swordfish or sturgeon, a delicacy, eaten salted. Lake Copais itself was famous in all Greece for its eels, celebrated by the hero of The Acharnians. Other fresh water fish were pike-fish and the less appreciated catfish. Pictorial evidence of Roman fishing comes from mosaics. At a certain time the goatfish was considered the epitome of luxury, above all because its scales exhibit a bright red color when it dies out of water. For this reason these fish were allowed to die at the table. There was a recipe where this would take place in garo, in the sauce.
At the beginning of the Imperial era, this custom came to an end, why mullus in the feast of Trimalchio could be shown as a characteristic of the parvenu, who bores his guests with an unfashionable display of dying fish. In medieval times, seafood was less prestigious than other animal meats, seen as an alternative to meat on fast days. Still, seafood was the mainstay of many coastal populations. Kippers made from herring caught in the North Sea could be found in markets as far away as Constantinople. While large quantities of fish were eaten fresh, a large proportion was salted, and, to a lesser extent, smoked. Stockfish, cod, split down the middle, fixed to a pole and dried, was common, though preparation could be time-consuming, meant beating the dried fish with a mallet before soaking it in water. A wide range of mollusks including oysters and scallops were eaten by coastal and river-dwelling populations, freshwater crayfish were seen as a desirable alternative to meat during fish days. Compared to meat, fish was much more expensive for inland populations in Central Europe, therefo
Fleet Week is a United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, United States Coast Guard tradition in which active military ships deployed in overseas operations dock in a variety of major cities for one week. Once the ships dock, the crews can visit its tourist attractions. At certain hours, the public can take a guided tour of the ships. Fleet Week is accompanied by military demonstrations and air shows such as those provided by the Blue Angels; the first Fleet Week was celebrated in San Diego, during the 1935 California Pacific International Exposition. The years between World War I and World War II saw an increasing military build-up in both Japan and Germany, while the communist Soviet Union was given over to the wave of Stalinist nationalism. Most United States citizens experienced little sense of urgency about foreign developments because of isolationism and concerns with the ongoing economic Great Depression. However, then-U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, a former Assistant Secretary of the Navy, was intent on expanding the U.
S. Navy in response to world political trends. A major aircraft company was moving to Lindbergh Field. In this atmosphere, Fleet Week was born. At 11 a.m. on May 29, 1935, a color guard of the U. S. Marine Corps led a parade across Cabrillo Bridge to Plaza del Pacifico, where the U. S. flag was raised to open the Exposition officially. At 8 p.m. Roosevelt spoke by telephone and designated two selected orphans to press the buttons turning on the lights which bathed the grounds in color. In his remarks, heard over the loudspeaker system, Roosevelt said: "The decision of the people of San Diego thus to dedicate the California Pacific International Exposition is, I believe, worthy of the courage and confidence with which our people now look to the future. No one can deny. No one can fail to feel the inspiration of your high purpose. I wish you great success." During Fleet Week in June 1935, 114 warships and 400 military planes arrived under command of U. S. Navy Admiral Joseph M. Reeves, Commander-in-Chief of the U.
S. Fleet, it was described as the mightiest fleet assembled under the U. S. flag. It included forty-eight battleships and aircraft carriers, with more than 3,000 commissioned officers and 55,000 enlisted men; the U. S. Navy men visited the Exposition and, in turn, thousands of San Diegans and other fairgoers were guests on the various ships. For years it was common for several U. S. Navy ships to dock in San Francisco, California for a similar series of events. One or more fleet ships were docked as a "visit ship" for tourists to board, the local community took in sailors for home visits; the highlight of the San Francisco Fleet Week is the Air Show on San Francisco Bay with the Blue Angels as the center of attention. The Air Show features stunt planes and parachute team and coast guard demonstrations. Another highlight of the Fleet Week SF is a parade of ships under the Golden Gate Bridge; the revived name of Fleet Week was applied to an expanded and more publicized fleet visit in 1981, in conjunction with Columbus Day Weekend celebrations during the second week of October.
Since the event has been held each year during the Columbus Day Weekend without a break and celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2005. The event is estimated to attract over one million people who watch the air show along the San Francisco Bay waterfront stretching from the Ferry Building to the Golden Gate Bridge; the event was canceled for 2013, due to federal budgetary issues. But was revived in 2014, continues to be an annual event; the official website: Fleet Week SF Ships included: USS Bonhomme Richard USS Dewey USS Manchester USCGC Forrest Rednour HMCS Vancouver MV Cape Horn MV John D. Dillard For more than 20 years, Fleet Week Port Everglades has been produced as a signature event for South Florida each spring by Broward Navy Days, a non-profit 501. FW PEV provides an annual opportunity for residents to honor and celebrate our Sailors and Coast Guardsmen for their service to our country as well as witness first-hand the latest capabilities of today's modern navy. With the support of sponsors and assistance of hundreds of volunteers representing veterans and service organizations, FW PEV offers opportunities to enjoy shore leave and participate in a wide variety of recreational and community service activities.
Popular events include: All Hands on Deck Welcoming Party, Damage Control Olympics, Community Relations Projects, Ship Tours, Celebrity Chef Luncheon, Ship Honorary Dinners, Submariners Reception, Take a Hero Fishing Tournament, Golf Tournament, Culinary Competitions, Sailor of the Year Recognition and Dignitary Reception. The Air & Sea Show was an annual air show in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida in which military and civilian performances took place on the four mile stretch of beach from Oakland Park to Las Olas Boulevard; the show existed from 1995 until 2007. For more information on Broward Navy Days see *Fleet Week Port Everglades Website Visiting ships included: USS Kearsarge USS Detroit USCGC Confidence USCGC Robert Yered USCGC Willow US Naval vessels had visited New York City in a celebratory manner dating back to the aftermath of the Spanish–American War in 1898, when Commodore George Dewey was celebrated as the hero of the battle of Manila Bay. However, the first official Fleet Week began in New York City in 1982.
Fleet Week in New York City is timed to coincide with the Memorial Day holiday weekend. During the New York City Fleet Week, ships ar
Ripley's Believe It or Not!
Ripley's Believe It or Not! is an American franchise, founded by Robert Ripley, which deals in bizarre events and items so strange and unusual that readers might question the claims. A newspaper panel, the Believe It or Not feature proved popular and was adapted into a wide variety of formats, including radio, comic books, a chain of museums, a book series; the Ripley collection includes 20,000 photographs, 30,000 artifacts and more than 100,000 cartoon panels. With 80-plus attractions, the Orlando-based Ripley Entertainment, Inc. a division of the Jim Pattison Group, is a global company with an annual attendance of more than 12 million guests. Ripley Entertainment's publishing and broadcast divisions oversee numerous projects, including the syndicated TV series, the newspaper cartoon panel, books and games. Ripley first called his cartoon feature involving sports feats and Chumps, it premiered on December 19, 1918, in The New York Globe. Ripley began adding items unrelated to sports, in October 1919, he changed the title to Believe It or Not.
When the Globe folded in 1923, Ripley moved to the New York Evening Post. In 1924, the panel began being syndicated by Associated Newspapers; that same year, Ripley hired Norbert Pearlroth as his researcher, Pearlroth spent the next 52 years of his life in the New York Public Library, working ten hours a day and six days a week in order to find unusual facts for Ripley. Other writers and researchers included Lester Byck. In 1930, Ripley moved to the New York American and was picked up by the King Features Syndicate, being syndicated on an international basis. Ripley died in 1949. Others who assisted included Clem Gretter, Bob Clarke, Joe Campbell, Art Sloggatt, Carl Dorese, Stan Randall. Paul Frehm won the National Cartoonists Society's Newspaper Panel Cartoon Award for 1976 for his work on the series. Clarke created parodies of Believe It or Not! for Mad, as did Wally Wood and Ernie Kovacs, who did a recurring satire called "Strangely Believe It!" on his TV programs. Other strips and books borrowed the Ripley design and format, such as Ralph Graczak's Our Own Oddities, John Hix's Strange as it Seems, Gordon Johnston's It Happened in Canada.
The current artist is John Graziano and current researcher is Sabrina Sieck. At the peak of its popularity, the syndicated feature was read daily by about 80 million readers, during the first three weeks of May 1932 alone, Ripley received over two million pieces of fan mail. Dozens of paperback editions reprinting the newspaper panels have been published over the decades. Recent Ripley's Believe It or Not! books containing new material have supplemented illustrations with photographs. Peanuts creator Charles M. Schulz's first publication of artwork was published by Ripley, it was a cartoon claiming his dog was "a hunting dog who eats pins, screws and razor blades." Schulz's dog Spike became the model for Peanuts' Snoopy. Some notable books: Believe it or not! by Ripley The Big Little Book Ripley's Believe It or Not, reprinted in 2004 Ripley's Mammoth Book of Believe It or Not Ripley's Giant Book of Believe It or Not Ripley's 35th Anniversary Believe It or Not Ripley's 50th Anniversary Believe It or Not Ripley's Believe It or Not Special Edition 2012 A series of paperback books containing annotated sketches from the newspaper feature: Ripley's Believe It or Not 1st Series Ripley's Believe It or Not 2nd Series Ripley's Believe It or Not 3rd Series Ripley's Believe It or Not 34th Series Ripley Entertainment produces a range of books featuring unusual facts, news stories and photographs.
In 2004 Ripley Entertainment founded Ripley Publishing Ltd, based in the United Kingdom, to publish new Believe It or Not titles. The company produces the New York Times bestselling Ripley's Believe It or Not! Annuals, the children's fiction series Ripley's RBI, an educational series called the Ripley's Twists, the Ripley's Believe It or Not! Special Edition in conjunction with Scholastic USA and a number of other titles. At the height of his popularity Robert Ripley received thousands of letters a day from the public, Ripley Entertainment continues to encourage submissions from readers who have strange stories and photographs that could be featured in Ripley's Believe It or Not! books and media. The people whose items are featured in such books as Strikingly True, have what Edward Meyer, Vice President of Exhibits and Archives at Ripley Entertainment Inc. describes as an obsession. "Whatever it is they're after, it is so important to them that all the rest of the world can go on without them.
They want to make something that makes them immortal, makes them a little different than you and me." Despite the wide range of true and unbelievable art, photographs, interactive devices, animal oddities, recycled objects contained within the Ripley's collection considered are alien or witchcraft-type stories, which are, according to Meyers, difficult to prove. To be included in Ripley's Believe It or Not books, museums, or television shows, items must undergo scrutiny from Ripley's staff and be 100% authenticated. On April 14, 1930, Ripley brought "Believe It or Not" to radio, the first of several series heard on NBC, CBS and the Mutual Broadcasting System; as noted by Ripley On Radio, Ripley's broadcasts varied in length from 15 mi
San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park
The San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park is located in San Francisco, United States. The park includes a fleet of historic vessels, a visitor center, a maritime museum, a library/research facility; the park used to be referred to as the San Francisco Maritime Museum, however the former 1951 name changed in 1978 when the collections were acquired by the National Park Service. Today's San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park was authorized in 1988; the park incorporates the Aquatic Park Historic District, bounded by Van Ness Avenue, Polk Street, Hyde Street. The historic fleet of the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park is moored at the park's Hyde Street Pier; the fleet consists of the following major vessels: Balclutha, an 1886 built square rigged sailing ship. C. A. Thayer, an 1895 built schooner. Eureka, an 1890 built steam ferryboat. Alma, an 1891 built scow schooner. Hercules, a 1907 built steam tug. Eppleton Hall, a 1914 built paddlewheel tug; the fleet includes over one hundred small craft.
The Visitor Center is housed in the park's 1909 waterfront warehouse, located at the corner of Hyde and Jefferson Streets. The City of San Francisco declared the four-story brick structure a historic landmark in 1974, the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. Inside, exhibits tell the story of San Francisco's colorful and diverse maritime heritage; the visitor center contains a theater and a ranger-staffed information desk. The maritime museum was until housed in a Streamline Moderne building, the centerpiece of the Aquatic Park Historic District, a National Historic Landmark at the foot of Polk Street and a minute's walk from the visitor center and Hyde Street Pier; the building was built by the WPA as a public bathhouse, its interior is decorated with fantastic and colorful murals, created by artist and color theoretician Hilaire Hiler. The architects were William Mooser Jr. and William Mooser III. The Maritime Research Center is the premier resource for San Francisco and Pacific Coast maritime history.
Originating in 1939, the collections have become the largest maritime collection on the West Coast and the largest museum and research collection in the National Park Service. The collections include more than: 35,000 published titles comprising over 74,000 items 500,000 photographs 7,000 archival and manuscript collections 150,000 naval architecture and marine engineering drawings 3,000 maps and charts 150,000 feet of motion picture film and video 6,000 historical archaeology artifacts 2,500 pieces of folk and fine art 40,000 history objects 100 small craft 50,000 pieces of ephemera 600 oral histories and audio recordings The park is supported by several cooperating associations. One of these is the San Francisco Maritime National Park Association; the Visitors Center, Hyde Street Pier and Maritime Museum are all situated adjacent to the foot of Hyde Street and at the western end of the Fisherman's Wharf district. The park headquarters and Maritime Research Center are located in Fort Mason, some 10 minutes walk to the west of the other sites.
The Beach and Hyde Street terminal of the San Francisco cable car system adjoins the main site, while the Jones Street terminal of the F Market historic streetcar line is some 5 minutes walk to the east. Opening times and fees for the various sites can be found on the park's website, see'External links' below. Aquatic Park is a popular place for open water swimming, both for recreation and training; the South End Rowing Club and Dolphin Club are located in Aquatic Park. There have been several incidents of swimmers being bitten by sea lions. 49-Mile Scenic Drive List of maritime museums in the United States List of museum ships Bill Pickelhaupt, "San Francisco's Aquatic Park," Charleston, SC, 2005, ISBN 0-7385-3084-0 NPS: official San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park website NPS: Aquatic Park Historic District San Francisco Dolphin Club — bay swimming club based at Aquatic Park. WPA murals and sculpture at Aquatic Park — The New Deal Art Registry
Applebee's is an American company which develops and operates the Applebee's Neighborhood Grill + Bar restaurant chain. As of December 2017, there were 1,936 restaurants operating system-wide in the United States, Puerto Rico, 15 other countries, all owned and operated by franchisees; the company was headquartered in Kansas City, after moving from bordering Johnson County, Kansas. In September 2011. On September 3, 2015, it was announced that their parent company, DineEquity, would be consolidating its headquarters for Applebee's and IHOP to DineEquity's Glendale, location; as a result, President Steven R. Layt chose not to relocate and resigned effective September 4, 2015; the Applebee's concept focuses on casual dining, with mainstream American dishes such as salads, pasta, "riblets". All Applebee's restaurants serve alcoholic beverages. On November 29, 2007, IHOP announced that it had completed a $2 billion purchase of the Applebee's chain. On August 11, 2017, DineEquity announced that Applebee's would close between 105 and 135 locations by the end of the year.
The Applebee's chain was started by Bill and T. J. Palmer, who opened their first restaurant, T. J. Applebee's Rx for Edibles & Elixirs, in Decatur, Georgia, on November 19, 1980. After opening a second, the pair sold their company to W. R. Grace and Company in 1983; as part of the transaction, Bill Palmer was named president of the Applebee's Division, an indirect subsidiary of W. R. Grace and Company. In that capacity, Palmer guided the operation from its entrepreneurial beginnings to a full-fledged franchise system, he became an Applebee's franchisee in 1985 and today owns more than three dozen Applebee's restaurants. In 1986, the name of the concept was changed to Applebee's Neighborhood Grill & Bar to reflect the Palmers' original concept of a place people could call their own. In 1988, Applebee's International, Inc. became the restaurant chain's franchiser when Kansas City franchisees Abe Gustin and John Hamra purchased the rights to the Applebee's concept from W. R. Grace. On July 16, 2007, IHOP Corp. announced that it agreed to buy Applebee's International for about $2.1 billion.
Applebee's shareholders would receive $25.50 in cash per share, representing a 4.6% premium to the closing price on July 13, 2007. After the acquisition, IHOP Corp. changed its name to Inc.. DineEquity, which franchises nearly all of its restaurants, said it hoped to employ that strategy with Applebee's. With their merger in November 2007, Applebee's and IHOP combined to make the largest full-service restaurant company in the world, with more than 3,250 locations. Applebee's Kansas City–area headquarters was at 3929 Broadway in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1988. In 1993, it relocated to Kansas. In January 2008, it relocated to neighboring Lenexa, per an agreement made in 2005 before it was taken over by IHOP to a new 175,000-square-foot building designed by BNIM. However, DineEquity has since been downsizing the headquarters presence as it has begun a strategy of converting its company-owned restaurants to franchises with a goal of having 98 percent of its restaurants franchised by 2013. In July 2008, DineEquity sold the headquarters for $39 million in a sale-leaseback arrangement.
The company has now listed the headquarters for sale and is reported looking for new space after it was announced on January 30, 2009, that its headquarters staff of 325 did not meet Lenexa's requirement that at least 497 be employed at the headquarters to receive the property tax abatement. In 2011, it announced plans to relocate to 8140 Ward Parkway in Kansas City proper after receiving $12.65 million in incentives from Missouri. As part of the company's marketing campaign and slogan, Wanda Sykes was hired to voice the chain's new mascot, the Applebee's Apple; the character appears in commercials touting Applebee's various specials and stating the new slogan, "Together is good." Or saying, "Get it together, baby!" as the slogan appears at the bottom right of the screen. A new campaign started on February 25, 2008, without Sykes' character with its slogan, "It's a whole new neighborhood." The commercials used both the company's new logos. In 2009, Applebee's changed its slogan again to "There's no place like the neighborhood."
From 2012–2016, Applebee's aired an advertising campaign focusing on fresh ingredients and new dishes, narrated by Jason Sudeikis, featuring the slogan, "See you tomorrow". In late September 2017, Applebee's brought back its most famous slogan from the early-to-mid 2000s, "Eatin' Good in the Neighborhood." They engaged in an alcohol–based advertising campaign to attract new customers by having a "drink of the month" at a reduced price. Since 2006, Applebee's and its servers have been engaged in a lawsuit over hourly wages; the servers, who received a federal minimum wage of $2.13 per hour as tipped employees, allege that the company requires them to spend 20% of their time doing non-serving labor for which they should be paid the federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour. The case has gone through several stages, including a judicially mandated binding arbitration session. Official website DineEquity, Inc. website Applebee's Historical SEC Filings DineEquity, Inc SEC Filings
In-N-Out Burger is an American regional chain of fast food restaurants with locations in the Southwest and the Pacific coast. It was founded in California, in 1948 by Harry Snyder and Esther Snyder; the chain is headquartered in Irvine and has expanded outside Southern California into the rest of California, as well as into Arizona, Utah and Oregon. The current owner is the Snyders' only grandchild; as the chain has expanded, it has opened several distribution centers in addition to its original Baldwin Park location. The new facilities, located in Lathrop, California. In-N-Out Burger has chosen not to go public; the company's business practices have been noted for employee-centered personnel policies. For example, In-N-Out is one of the few fast food chains in the United States to pay its employees more than state and federally mandated minimum wage guidelines – starting at US$11 per hour in California, as of May 2017; the In-N-Out restaurant chain has developed a loyal customer base, has been rated as one of the top fast food restaurants in several customer satisfaction surveys.
In-N-Out's first location was opened in the Los Angeles suburb of Baldwin Park, California, in 1948 by the Snyders at the southwest corner of what is now the intersection of Interstate 10 and Francisquito Avenue. The restaurant was the first drive-thru hamburger stand in California, allowing drivers to place orders via a two-way speaker system; this was a new and unique idea, since in post-World War II California, carhops were used to take orders and serve food. The second In-N-Out was on the corner of Azusa Canyon Road and San Bernardino Road, the third was in Pasadena and the fourth was opened west of the intersection of Grand Avenue and Arrow Highway in Covina, California, in the late 1950's; the company remained a small southern California chain until the 1970s. The Snyders managed their first restaurants to ensure quality was maintained; the chain had 18 restaurants when Harry Snyder died in 1976, at the age of 63. In 1976, 24-year-old Rich Snyder became the company president after his father's death.
Along with his brother Guy, Rich had begun working in his father's In-N-Outs at an early age. Over the next 20 years, the chain experienced a period of rapid growth under Rich's leadership, expanding to 93 restaurants; the first location outside of the Los Angeles metropolitan area was opened in San Diego County in 1990, the 57th location in the chain. In 1992, In-N-Out opened its first non-Southern California restaurant in Nevada, its first Northern California location was opened the following year in Modesto. Expansion spread to Northern California, including the San Francisco Bay Area, while additional Las Vegas-area restaurants were added. However, after opening store 93 In-N-Out in Fresno, California, on December 15, 1993, Rich Snyder and four other passengers died in a plane crash on approach to John Wayne Airport in Orange County, California; the charter aircraft they were on had been following a Boeing 757 in for landing, became caught in its wake turbulence, crashed. The ensuing crash investigation led to the Federal Aviation Administration requirement for an adequate distance between heavy aircraft and following light aircraft to allow wake turbulence to diminish.
Upon Rich Snyder's death in 1993, Guy Snyder assumed the presidency and continued the company's aggressive expansion until he died from an overdose of painkillers in 1999. He was president for six years, expanding In-N-Out from 83 to 140 locations, his mother Esther subsequently took over the presidency. The company opened locations in Arizona in 2000 and added new restaurants in Reno and Carson City, Nevada in late 2004. In-N-Out became a huge success in these new locations. In 2007, it opened its first restaurant in Arizona; the store opening broke company records for the most burgers sold in one day and the most sold in one week. In 2008, In-N-Out expanded into a fourth state by opening a location in Washington, Utah, a suburb of St. George. By late 2009, the chain expanded into northern Utah with three new locations situated in Draper, American Fork, Orem. More locations opened in the spring of 2010 in West Valley City, West Jordan and Riverton. In May 2010, In-N-Out announced plans to open new spots into Texas within the Dallas–Fort Worth area with the first In-N-Out opening in Frisco and Allen on May 11, 2011.
The chain opened its first location in Austin in December 2013. There are 21 restaurant locations in the Dallas–Fort Worth area, four in the Austin area; these new locations in Texas required the company to build a new patty production facility and distribution center in the state, according to company vice president Carl Van Fleet. In March 2014, the company confirmed its first location in San Antonio; the fall of 2014 saw the restaurant open its 22nd Texas location in Killeen. On November 20, 2014, In-N-Out opened its first location in San Antonio followed by its first location in Waco in November 2015. In January 2017, In-N-Out announced plans to expand into Houston with multiple sites planned in the area, the first being in Stafford. In January 2015, In-N-Out opened its 300th restaurant, located in Anaheim, California. At the time of the opening, the company had generated $558 million in annual sales and employed nearly 18,000 in California, Utah and Arizona; the company opened its first location in Oregon on September 9, 2015 (the same day as Harry Snyde