Fitchburg is the third largest city in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 40,318 at the 2010 census, Fitchburg is home to Fitchburg State University as well as 17 public and private elementary and high schools. Fitchburg was first settled in 1730 as part of Lunenburg, and was set apart from that township. It is named for John Fitch, one of the committee that procured the act of incorporation, in July 1748 Fitch and his family, living in this isolated spot, were abducted to Canada by Native Americans, but returned the next year. Fitchburg is situated on both the Nashua River and a railroad line, the original Fitchburg Railroad ran through the Hoosac Tunnel, linking Boston and Albany, New York. The tunnel was built using the Burleigh Rock Drill, designed, Fitchburg was a 19th-century industrial center. Originally operated by power, large mills produced machines, tools, clothing, paper. The city is noted for its architecture, particularly in the Victorian style, a few examples of these 19th century buildings are the Fay Club, the old North Worcester County Courthouse and the Bullock house. As the city is one of two towns, the Northern Worcester County Registry of Deeds, established in 1903. The 1961 film Return to Peyton Place was filmed in Fitchburg, Fitchburg is located at 42°34′43″N 71°48′12″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 28.1 square miles, of which 27.8 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles. The city is drained by the Nashua River, the highest point in Fitchburg is the summit of Brown Hill near the northwestern corner of the city, at 1,210 feet above sea level. Fitchburg is bordered by Ashby to the north, Lunenburg to the east, Leominster to the south, Westminster to the west, Fitchburgs climate is humid continental, which is the predominant climate for Massachusetts and New England. Summers are typically warm, rainy, and humid, while winters are cold, windy, spring and fall are usually mild, but conditions are widely varied, depending on wind direction and jet stream positioning. The warmest month is July, with a high temperature of 79 °F. The coldest month is January, with a high temperature of 31 °F. The museum was founded in 1925 through the bequest of artist, collector and her extraordinary talents and educational vision highlights her as an important pioneer in American social history. Visitors can experience masterpieces in 12 beautifully designed galleries that feature American, European, African, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Asian, and Pre-Columbian art
Downtown Fitchburg seen from the south.
The Rollstone Boulder, on the summit of Rollstone Hill in 1909.
State Normal School in c. 1920, now Fitchburg State University