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Fitzroy Island National Park

Fitzroy Island National Park is a gazetted protected area covering Fitzroy Island, in Far North Queensland, Australia. Fitzroy Island, is a continental island located 22 kilometres east of Cairns on the mainland; the Aboriginal people connected to this Island are the Kobaburra from within the Gungganyji language group. As a Queensland National Park the natural and cultural resources of the Island itself are protected by the Nature Conservation Act 1992 and much of the island is therefore off-limits to visitors. Most visitors remain on the sheltered western side of the island, where the jetty and best snorkeling can be found. Fitzroy Island is a continental island, not a coral cay, it became an island when sea levels rose at the end of the last ice age, flooding a plain between a hill, now Fitzroy Island, what is now Cape Grafton. Over the 10,000 years since that time, coral reefs have formed in the bay on the protected western side of the island, lush rainforest on its shore. Fitzroy Island has been put to many uses by humankind.

It is part of the traditional lands of the Gurabana Gungandji people, who recorded its formation in myth, was used as a hunting and fishing ground. In 1778, Lieutenant James Cook named the island after the family name of the Duke of Grafton, the British Prime Minister when his ship, HMB Endeavour, had set sail. Through the 1800s, a pearling and beche-de-mer industry operated from the island. In 1876, a quarantine station was established on Fitzroy Island for Chinese "coolies" en route to the Palmer River Goldfields. A giant clam research station remains in operation on Welcome Bay; the Island has served as part an aboriginal mission in the early 1900s, an artillery gun emplacement in World War II, more a tourist resort. The Island has been home to lighthouses warning ships in the Grafton Passage of the reefs around the island, a small automatic light on Little Fitzroy Island, just off the north-east point, still serves this purpose. An inactive lighthouse sits on the point above, is part of the circuit trail, open to tourists.

Fitzroy's isolation has resulted with few large mammals. The dominant predators on the island are reptiles; the latter of these is common and will be seen as a tourist wanders around the trails. There are no venomous snakes on the island. There is a walking track that takes in the northern end of the island, the lighthouse on the north-west point which overlooks Little Fitzroy Island, the island's peak, which offers stunning 360 degree views over the surrounding reefs and Cape Grafton. From the top, on a clear day it is possible to make out the Frankland Islands to the south; the trail drops back down to the resort. Nudey Beach can be accessed by heading along the trail at the southern end of the resort, leads along the edge of the island through rainforest, with occasional glimpses out to Cape Grafton, descends to Nudey Beach, once a nude bathing beach, with some coral available for snorkelers; the fringing reef is a fair distance from the shore at the northern end of Welcome Bay, where it starts at the quite prominent'Bird Rock'.

It runs all the way down to the jetty before there is a small gap where the boats come in. The reef starts again near the rocks at the southern end of the beach, runs around the corner to Nudey Beach. Along this stretch it is close to shore - just a few steps from the shore; the snorkelling at Fitzroy is underrated. Visibility can be a bit low after rough weather, but the coral is excellent and the variety of fish superb; the clownfish can be found, as well as other anemonefish. Parrotfish and wrasses are common, green sea turtles frequent the bay, it is unlikely that box jellyfish would be encountered at Fitzroy Island due to the 4 km passage between the island and the mainland, but they have been found there as well as other stinging jellyfish. Fitzroy Island Resort can be found on Welcome Bay. Fitzroy Island Resort is a 60-minute ferry ride from Cairns in Queensland and is surrounded by a reef system that forms part of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Protected areas of Queensland Great Barrier Reef Official Fitzroy Island National Park website

Melvin J. Binford

Melvin J. Binford was an American football and basketball coach and college athletics administrator. Binford was the head football coach at McPherson College in McPherson, serving for six seasons, from 1930 until 1935, compiling a record of 23–26–4. Binford was the 17th head football coach at the Municipal University of Wichita—now known as Wichita State University, serving for two seasons, from 1944 to 1945, compiling a record of 11–6–1. Binford "re-started" the program after a one-year hiatus. Binford was more successful as Wichita's fourteenth head basketball coach, he assumed the head coaching job for the 1942–43 season restarted the program after it was suspended for the 1943–44 season during World War II. He coached the Shockers' basketball team for a total of five seasons, building a record of 60–50. Melvin J. Binford at Find a Grave

David Gann

David Michael Gann CBE is a British academic, innovation strategy adviser and speaker. He is a member of the College's Executive Board. Gann is an accomplished university leader and advocate, renowned for his work on innovation and technology management, his academic research spans strategy, management science and systems engineering. His distinctive strength is in building relationships proactively and internationally, to connect ideas and solutions with substantial funding between academia and government, he plays a central role in shaping the vision and innovation agenda for Imperial's 25-acre White City Campus. and the development of new ventures such as Imperial College ThinkSpace and diversifying income. In 2015 he led a review of Imperial’s technology transfer and collaboration activities, Pathways to Societal Impact. Gann took up this post in April 2013, he was Deputy Principal for Research and Business Engagement, Imperial College Business School. Gann holds the Chair in Innovation and Technology Management at Imperial College Business School and Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London.

He has a PhD in Industrial Economics, is a Chartered Civil Engineer, a Fellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers, an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Art, a Fellow of the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts and Commerce and a Fellow of City & Guilds Institute. He held the Royal Academy of Engineering Chair in Innovative Manufacturing at the University of Sussex. Gann was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2010 Queen's Birthday Honours for services to engineering, he is the recipient of the 2014 Tjalling C. Koopmans Asset Award, for extraordinary contributions to the economic sciences. Gann attended St Bartholomew's school in Berkshire, he holds a PhD from the University of Sussex, an MSc in Science and Industrialisation from the University of Sussex, a BSc in Building Construction and Management from the University of Reading. Gann's main research interest is innovation: exploring why and how innovation happens, the ways it continually transforms the world we live in, how it can be managed.

His particular focus is on innovation in the digital economy, including smart cities, data-driven innovation, new business models. As the founding Head of the Imperial College Business School's Innovation and Entrepreneurship Group, Gann built a portfolio of research in collaboration with large and small firms, including IBM, Nokia, Finmeccanica, Arup and BP; the Group is ranked in the top tier worldwide by the Financial Times, under Gann's leadership from 2003 to 2013, has been awarded over £65 million in research funding. During this time, Gann co-founded multi-disciplinary initiatives such as: the Digital Economy Lab, a cross-faculty portal, connecting activities in the Digital Economy across Imperial. From 2003 to 2013, Gann directed the Innovation Studies Centre – a ten-year EPSRC-funded programme conducting multi-disciplinary research on the innovation process in the science and engineering industries, from knowledge creation to commercialisation; the ISC final report showcases the major impact the programme has had on practice.

Gann has led Imperial College Business School's executive education programmes on innovation for business leaders at organisations such as IBM, Laing O'Rourke, Total, Citigroup and the Royal Society. He is a member of Crossrail's Innovation Board – Europe’s biggest civil engineering project. Gann was seconded from Imperial College to be the Group Innovation Executive at Laing O'Rourke, the UK's largest owned construction and civil engineering group, which jointly managed the 2012 Olympic Games development programme. Gann holds the following positions, advising government and academic institutions: Chair of the Smart London Board, reporting to Boris Johnson, Mayor of London Member of the Smart Cities Forum Member of the UK Smart Cities All-Party Parliamentary Group Member of the London Enterprise Panel’s Digital, Science & Technology Group Member of the UK Information Economy Council In recent years, Gann has joined a select group of world leaders at the annual Ambrosetti Forum. Member of the McMillan Task and Finish Group on Technology Transfer, Higher Education Funding Council for England Member of the League of European Research Universities Enterprise and Innovation Working Group Member of the Advisory Board of the Association for Consultancy and Engineering Member of the Imperial College India Foundation Board.

London Enterprise Panel's Higher Education representative Member of the Greater London Authority's Investment Infrastructure Plan Advisory Group Member of the London Enterprise Panel's Economic Development Plan for London Advisory Group. Selected previous advisory roles: Trustee and Director of the Institute for Sustainability, 2009–2015 Panel Member, Review of IP and Growth, UK Government, 2011 Adviser, Sir John Fairclough's Department of Trade and Industry Review of Construction R&D, 2001 – 2002 Advisory Board member and Physical Sciences Research Council, 1998 – 2001 Adviser, Deputy Prime Minister's Construction Egan Taskforce, 1997 – 1998 Member, Karpin

David Gareja Lavra

The Lavra of David or David Gareja Lavra is a historical and architectural monument within the monastic complex of David Gareja. It was built during the first half of the 6th century under the guidance of San David Gareja; the monastery includes several buildings dating from the VI-XVIII centuries, intended for the use of churches and visitors. It is surrounded by defensive walls with rounded towers. In the center, there is an old church with a bell tower over the entrance, it is located in a mountainous area rich in caves. In the monastery, a system has been created to collect and use rainwater from the mountain. Water accumulates continuously in one of the caves that enter the complex. According to legend, this cave is called "The Tear of David."The largest and most important building in the complex is the Church of the Apostle John. Located in the heart of the complex, this church was built in the 12th century with red tiles; the north wall of the church, restored during the 18th century, is decorated with wall paintings depicting different eras of David Gareja's life.

6th century - David Gareja 1881 - Archimandrite Grigory Dadiani Sagaradze Sh. Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 340, Tb. 1978. Lubinashvili N. Пещерные монастыри David-Гарежи, Тб. 1948

List of Category 2 Pacific hurricanes

Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, categorizes tropical cyclones with 1-minute maximum sustained winds between 83 knots and 95 knots. Tropical cyclones that strengthen to Category 2 status and make landfall are capable of causing severe damage to human lives and infrastructure; as of 2019, a total of 84 hurricanes have peaked at Category 2 intensity within the Northeast Pacific tropical cyclone basin, defined as the region of the Pacific Ocean north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. Collectively, 1,775 people have been killed as a result of Category 2 Pacific hurricanes. Storms that attained Category 3, 4, or 5 status on the scale are not included. There is a plethora of factors that influence tropical cyclogenesis, the formation of tropical cyclones, in the Northeastern Pacific; the North Pacific High and Aleutian Low, which occur from December to April, produce strong upper-level winds which prevents the formation of tropical cyclones.

During the summer and early autumn months, sea surface temperatures are warm enough to support tropical cyclone development in the Northeast Pacific, even rapid intensification. Additionally, El Niño events cause more powerful hurricanes to form by generating weaker wind shear and higher sea surface temperatures, while La Niña events reduce the number of such hurricanes by doing the opposite. A Category 2 hurricane is defined by the National Hurricane Center as a tropical cyclone with winds of at least 83 knots, but not greater than 95 knots on the Saffir-Simpson Scale, developed in 1971. Sustained winds are defined by the National Hurricane Center as the average wind speed over the course of one minute at a height of 10 metres. Category 2 hurricanes that make landfall have the potential to cause extensive damage. There is a substantial risk of injury or death to humans and animals due to flying debris; the Northeast Pacific tropical cyclone basin is the area of the Pacific Ocean north of the equator and east of the International Date Line.

The basin is further divided into the central Pacific sub-basins. The east Pacific is located between the western coast of the 140th meridian west; the east Pacific is monitored by the National Hurricane Center, the current Regional Specialized Meteorological Center for that area. The central Pacific is located between the International Date Line, it has the Central Pacific Hurricane Center as its RSMC. Tropical cyclones occur less in the central Pacific than in the east Pacific, with some years featuring no systems forming or crossing into the basin. Since 1949, all tropical cyclones that have been recorded by RSMCs, both past and present, are listed in the Northeast and North Central Pacific hurricane database, produced and supported by the National Hurricane Center. Tropical cyclones occurring within the Northeast Pacific before 1970 were classified into three categories: tropical depression, tropical storm, hurricane; the only deviations from these procedures occurred when humans were able to take pressure and/or wind measurements.

Due lack of specific wind and pressure records, there have been only two confirmed Category 2 hurricanes prior to 1970. In the east Pacific and central Pacific sub-basins, hurricane season begins on May 15 and June 1 with both concluding on November 30. Since 1949, a total of 84 Category 2 hurricanes have developed in the Northeast Pacific basin. Only one has occurred in the off-season: Hurricane Pali of 2016, which developed on January 7, marks the earliest formation of a tropical cyclone in the Northeastern Pacific basin on record. In addition to Pali, 3 systems formed in May, 8 in June, 17 in July, 22 in August, 17 in September, 12 in October, 4 in November; the majority of tropical cyclones form and organize in areas of warm sea surface temperatures of at least 26.5 °C and low vertical wind shear. When a pre-existing tropical disturbance – a tropical wave or a disturbance originating in the Intertropical Convergence Zone – enters an area where the aforementioned conditions are present, the disturbance can develop into a tropical cyclone, provided it is far enough from the equator to experience a sufficiently strong Coriolis force, which causes the counterclockwise rotation of hurricanes in the Northern Hemisphere.

Between the months of December and April, sea surface temperatures in the tropics, where most Northeast Pacific tropical cyclones develop, are too low to support significant development. The presence of a semi-permanent high-pressure area known as the North Pacific High in the eastern Pacific reduces tropical cyclone development in the winter months, as the North Pacific High results in vertical wind shear that causes environmental conditions to be unconducive to tropical cyclone formation. Another factor preventing tropical cyclones from forming during the winter is the presence of a semi-permanent low-pressure area called the Aleutian Low between January and April, its effects in the central Pacific near the 160th meridian west cause tropical waves that form in the area to move northward into the Gulf of Alaska. As the disturbances travel northward, they transition into an extratropical cyclone; the Aleutian Low's retreat in late-April allows the warmth of the Pacific High to meander in, bringing its po

Juan Bauza

Juan Francisco Bauza is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a right winger for FK Miercurea Ciuc, on loan from Colón. Bauza started his career with Argentine Primera División side Colón, his first appearance for the club came on 22 October 2016 in loss at home to Patronato. He made three further appearances in the 2016–17 season, prior to being loaned out for the following campaign to Primera B Nacional team Juventud Unida, he scored the first two goals of his senior career in April 2018 against Deportivo Riestra and Santamarina respectively. Bauza signed for fellow Primera B Nacional club Gimnasia y Esgrima on loan on 12 July 2018. One goal in twenty-two games followed. On 29 July 2019, Bauza headed to Poland to join Ekstraklasa outfit Górnik Zabrze on a season-long loan, he made his bow in a league defeat away to Wisła Kraków on 5 August. Bauza played in the fourth tier on 11 August for their reserve team Górnik II Zabrze, notably scoring against Ruch Zdzieszowice in III liga. On 17 February 2020 the Polish club confirmed, that the loan deal had been terminated and that Bauza had joined Romanian club FK Miercurea Ciuc instead on loan for the rest of the season.

As of 26 October 2019. Juan Bauza at Soccerway