The Comet River is a river located in Central Queensland, Australia. Formed by the confluence of the Brown River and Clematis Creek, the Comet River rises in the Expedition Range, north of Expedition National Park and south of Rolleston; the river flows north, joined by seventeen tributaries, splits as an anabranch on multiple occasions. The river flows through the Teatree Waterhole and Comet towards its confluence with the Nogoa River to form the Mackenzie River; the river descends 93 metres over its 294-kilometre course. The river is crossed by the Capricorn Highway at Comet; the Comet River Weir is the main water storage facility on the river, with a surface area of 13 hectares when full. In the late 1990s the river was the site for a proposed new dam. List of rivers of Queensland
A river mouth is the part of a river where the river debouches into another river, a lake, a reservoir, a sea, or an ocean. The water from a river can enter the receiving body in a variety of different ways; the motion of a river is influenced by the relative density of the river compared to the receiving water, the rotation of the earth, any ambient motion in the receiving water, such as tides or seiches. If the river water has a higher density than the surface of the receiving water, the river water will plunge below the surface; the river water will either form an underflow or an interflow within the lake. However, if the river water is lighter than the receiving water, as is the case when fresh river water flows into the sea, the river water will float along the surface of the receiving water as an overflow. Alongside these advective transports, inflowing water will diffuse. At the mouth of a river, the change in flow condition can cause the river to drop any sediment it is carrying; this sediment deposition can generate a variety of landforms, such as deltas, sand bars and tie channels.
Many places in the United Kingdom take their names from their positions at the mouths of rivers, such as Plymouth and Great Yarmouth. Confluence River delta Estuary Liman
The Archer brothers were among the earliest European settlers in Queensland. They were pastoralists. Seven sons of William Archer, a Scottish timber merchant, they spent varying amounts of time in the colony of New South Wales in parts of what became Queensland. A substantial number of locations in Queensland were either named for them, they were, in order of birth: The first of the Archer brothers to settle in Australia was David, who arrived in Sydney in 1834. He was joined by William and Thomas in 1838. Together, they planned to seek pastoral land on the Darling Downs. Delays meant they would be too late to secure good land, so this venture did not proceed. In 1841 David and Thomas, joined by their brother John, travelled to the upper reaches of the Stanley River, an eastern tributary of the Brisbane River. There, near present-day Woodford, they established Durundur Station, a holding of 200 square miles, equal to 128,000 acres. Durundur is an aboriginal name for the Moreton Bay Ash The Archer name is seen in the main street of Woodford, in Mount Archer about 12 km to the west.
Charles Archer arrived in Australia in 1841, joined his brothers at Durundur in 1843. He was accompanied by the explorer Ludwig Leichhardt, who stayed at Durundur for several months until early 1844; the country at Durundur proved unsuitable for sheep, leading the brothers to take up two runs further west in 1845. One of these was Cooyar, a holding of 71,660 acres on Cooyar Creek, a western tributary of the Brisbane River, near present-day Cooyar, 90 kilometres north of Toowoomba, on the New England Highway; the other was Emu Creek, a holding of 32,000 acres on Emu Creek, another western tributary of the Brisbane River. In 1847, Thomas Archer travelled west to the area called Fitzroy Downs by the explorer Thomas Mitchell, near present-day Roma, but did not take up any land. In 1848 he travelled north to the Burnett region, which led to two runs being taken up on the Burnett River in the names of David and Thomas Archer. One of these was named Eidsvold, after Eidsvoll, where the Archer family had land holdings.
The present day town of Eidsvold was named for the nearby property. The other, named Coonambula, was south of Eidsvold on St John Creek, a tributary of the Burnett River. Near the site of Eidsvold Station is present day Tolderodden Conservation Park; the Archer connection to this name lies in the fact that Colin Archer was born in a house named Tollerodden, in Norway. Although not on the Burnett River, Maryborough was the main port for the Burnett region for the export of wool. One of the houses of St Mary's College, Maryborough is named Archer in honour of the contribution of the pioneering family to the Burnett region. In 1853, Charles and William Archer were the first Europeans to explore the Fitzroy River, which they named in honour of Sir Charles FitzRoy, Governor of the Colony of New South Wales, they explored the river valley and marked proposed boundaries for a new run before returning to the Burnett region. In 1855 the brothers took up the run on the Fitzroy River, naming it Gracemere Station in honour of Thomas Archer's bride, whom he had married in Scotland in 1853.
Gracemere homestead was built in 1858, overlooking a shallow lagoon variously known as Padgole and Gracemere. The present-day town of Gracemere was named for the station. In 1860 Archibald Archer joined his brothers at Gracemere. At first both cattle and sheep were raised, but in the early 1870s the station switched to cattle; the city of Rockhampton now stands on part of the original Gracemere run. Mount Archer National Park is based near Rockhampton; the mountain was named in honour of Charles and William Archer, who had named the Berserker Range and Mount Sleipner in 1853. Google Maps shows the central point of Gracemere as near the intersection of Lawrie St and Platen St. About 1,000 metres to the north is the intersection of Capricorn Highway and Archer Rd. With satellite imaging enabled, a tree-lined drive can be observed opposite Archer Rd; this extends west for about 2,000 metres to the Gracemere homestead buildings, on the eastern shore of the lagoon. Archibald Archer was a member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly from 1867 to 1869, from 1879 to 1895.
He served as colonial treasurer and minister for education from 1882 to 1883. He was a supporter of the movement to have Central Queensland declared a separate state. In 1870 he accepted the position of Agent-General for Queensland, but resigned when he realised that his plan to present a petition from the supporters of separation to the Colonial Office was inconsistent with his holding of that position, he was replaced in early 1872 by Richard Daintree. Thomas Archer was Agent-General for Queensland from 1881 to 1884 and from 1888 to 1890, he was appointed C. M. G. in 1884. While serving as Agent-General he published pamphlets designed to foster interest in Queensland. Colin Archer was the first to sail a vessel – Ellida, a ketch of about twelve tons – up the Fitzroy River to the present site of Rockhampton, he was met by Charles, riding his horse Sleipner, on 1 September 1855. This event is commemorated by a statue of rider on the river bank in Rockhampton. In life he became a successful shipbuilder in Norway, where he built the Fram, the ship in which Fridtjof Nansen made the successful exploration of the North Polar Sea in 1893 – 1896.
Kerr, Ruth. Confidence and tradition: a history of the Esk Shire. Esk Shire Council. ISBN 978-0-7316-1568-1. Archived from the original on 8 March 2018. Gracemere state school, 1871-1971: centenary souvenir. City Printing Works. 1971. McDonald, Lorna
The Burnett River is a river located in the Wide Bay–Burnett and Central Queensland regions of Queensland, Australia. The Burnett River rises in the Burnett Range, part of the Great Dividing Range, close to Mount Gaeta and east of Monto; the river flows south past Eidsvold and Mundubbera before heading east, adjacent to the townships of Gayndah and Wallaville before entering the city of Bundaberg. The river flows into the Coral Sea at Burnett Heads 20 kilometres from Bundaberg; the river descends 485 metres over its 435-kilometre course. The Burnett River region is given over to growing sugar cane and small crops; the river is part of the Brigalow South East Queensland bioregions. Major tributaries of the Burnett River include the Three Moon Creek that rises near Kroombit Tops National Park north of Monto and flows south through Monto and Mulgildie, dammed near Cania Gorge to form Lake Cania, before emptying into the Burnett River south-east of Abercorn; the river is named after James Charles Burnett, the first European explorer who discovered the river in 1847.
Construction of the Paradise Dam on the Burnett River, 80 kilometres upstream from Bundaberg, was completed in November 2005. The dam reservoir has a capacity of 300,000 megalitres. Named after the old gold mining township of Paradise, now submerged under the waters of the reservoir, all of the structures and artefacts found at the site were transferred to the nearby town of Biggenden; the design of the dam complies with environmental guidelines and includes a fish ladder that allows fish such as the Queensland lungfish to travel upstream as well as downstream from the dam wall. The Burnett River, together with the nearby Mary River, is home to the Queensland lungfish, one of the most ancient of the extant vertebrate species. List of rivers of Queensland Auburn River Dam Map of Burnett and its tributaries from the Bureau of Meteorology Australia Burnett Water Pty. Ltd
Rockhampton is a city in the Rockhampton Shire of Queensland’s Central Coast Queensland, Australia. The estimated urban population of Rockhampton in June 2015 was 80,665, making it the fourth-largest city in the state outside of the cities of South East Queensland. and the 22nd-largest city in Australia. Rockhampton is one of the oldest cities in Northern Australia. In 1853, Charles and William Archer discovered the Fitzroy River, which they named in honour of Sir Charles FitzRoy; the Archer brothers took up a run near Gracemere in 1855, more settlers arrived soon after, enticed by the fertile valleys. The town of Rockhampton was proclaimed in 1858, surveyed by Arthur F Wood and Francis Clarke, the chosen street design resembled the Hoddle Grid in Melbourne and consisted of a grid of wide boulevards and laneways, uncommon in Queensland. Within the year, gold was found at Canoona, led to the first North Australian gold rush; this led to an influx of migrants who transformed Rockhampton into the second-largest port in the state.
Subsequent gold rushes at Mount Morgan Mine, at the time one of the most productive gold mines in the world, laid the foundations for much of the city's Victorian architecture. Today, Rockhampton is an industrial and agricultural centre of the north, is the regional centre of Central Queensland. Rockhampton is a large tourist destination known for its history and culture supporting such institutions as the Rockhampton Art Gallery, one of the most extensive regional galleries in Australia, the Central Queensland University with campuses across five states, the Rockhampton Heritage Village, Dreamtime Cultural Centre, it is famous as the hometown of Rod Laver - one of the best tennis players in history. The city is served by the Rockhampton Airport and acts as a gateway to local tourist locations such as the Capricorn Caves and Mount Archer National Park, as well as regional tourist areas like Yeppoon and the Capricorn Coast alongside the island chains offshore that include Great Keppel Island.
A giant waterslide was built in Rockhampton for an attraction. The Capricorn district is the traditional home of the Darumbal Aboriginal people; the European history of the area began in 1853, when the area that would become Rockhampton was visited by the Archer brothers Charles and William, who were seeking grazing lands. They were acting on information from earlier expeditions by Ludwig Leichhardt and Thomas Mitchell, who had explored the area in 1844 and 1846 and noted suitable land for grazing then. In January 1854, the New South Wales Government proclaimed two new districts: Port Curtis and Leichhardt, the Archer brothers returned in August 1855 to set up their pastoral run at Gracemere; the Fitzroy River provided a convenient waterway for shipping of supplies and produce, the Archer brothers constructed a wool shed just downstream of a bar of rocks which prevented further upstream navigation from the coast. These rocks were incorporated with the traditional English term for a village, the name "Rockhampton" was first coined by Charles Archer and the local Commissioner from Crown Lands, William Wiseman.
In 1856, the Elliott brothers arrived at Gracemere and soon after, took up landholdings at Canoona, north of present-day Yaamba. There, Philip Elliott and his party came under attack from the Darumbals of the Taroomball tribe. Elliott was wounded by a spear and one of his men was killed. However, Elliott had brought with his party a contingent of Native Police who turned near-certain loss into victory, it was the first of many battles. Permanent British settlement at the Rockhampton township began in July 1856, when Richard Palmer travelled from Gladstone with an escort of Native Police under sub-Lieutenant Walter Powell to set up a store. Powell constructed the Native Police barracks; this was the first habitable British building established at Rockhampton and it was located on the south bank of the Fitzroy River at the end of Albert Street. With abundant grazing lands and waters from the Fitzroy River and its many tributaries and lagoons, the region continued to expand rapidly. In 1858, the town of Rockhampton was proclaimed.
The town was surveyed at this time and the first sales of building allotments were held that year. In 1859, gold was discovered at Canoona. Miners rushed to the new field, using the site of Rockhampton on the Fitzroy River as the nearest navigable port; the Canoona field proved to be disappointing and thousands of would-be gold seekers were left stranded at Rockhampton. Although many returned south, others stayed. By 1861, the town boasted a regular newspaper, court house and School of Arts. Direct shipments of imported goods and migrants from the United Kingdom began to be received during the 1860s. During the 1860s and 1870s Rockhampton developed as the main port for the developing Central Queensland hinterland. In the 1880s and 1890s, sea ports were established on the coast, adjacent to the mouth of the Fitzroy River. Broadmount was on Port Alma on the south. Railways were subsequently constructed to carry goods to the wharves at these locations, the railway to Broadmount opening on 1 January 1898 and the line to Port Alma opened on 16 October 1911.
Maintenance on the Broadmount line ceased in August 1929. The following month, the wharf caught fire and the line was closed in July 1930; the line to Port Alma closed on 15 October 1986. The significant gold deposit at Mount Morgan to the southwest was discovered in the 1880s, a
Central Queensland is an ambiguous geographical division of Queensland that centres on the eastern coast, around the Tropic of Capricorn. Its major regional centre is Rockhampton; the region extends from the Capricorn Coast west to the Central Highlands at Emerald, north to the Mackay Regional Council southern boundary, south to Gladstone. The region is known as Capricornia, it is one of Australia's main coal exporting regions. At the 2011 Australian Census the region recorded a total population from the six local government areas of 233,931. Economically, Central Queensland is an important centre of primary industries for food and fibre production. Central Queensland includes the Bowen Basin, rich in high quality coking coal, the Port of Gladstone produces 40% of the state's export earnings, the Fitzroy River is the second-largest river system in Australia and commands significant water resources such as Fairbairn Dam. Gladstone has a significant aluminium smelter. Rockhampton is claimed to be the beef capital of Australia, a title, disputed by Casino in New South Wales.
Beef production in the region speargrass land types. There are three abattoirs in the region; every three years, Rockhampton holds the national Beef Australia exposition to celebrate the cattle industry as well as to facilitate trade opportunities for Australian beef producers. Central Queensland is one of exporters of black coal. Ludwig Leichhardt was the first European to discover coal deposits in the region in 1845. In the 2011-2012 financial year the region produced 40% of the state's total coal production. Coal is extracted from the Bowen Basin and transported to port facilities at Port of Gladstone via the Blackwater railway system or to both Hay Point and Abbot Point via the Goonyella railway line. Coal mining is expanding west into the Galilee Basin and requires an extension of the Goonyella line to transport coal to port. Many mines in the region those within the Fitzroy River basin, were impacted by flooding during the 2010–11 Queensland floods. Gold, limestone, coal seam gas and gemstones are mined.
Sapphires were discovered here in 1875. Gold was discovered in the Mount Morgan region around 1865. Mount Morgan Mine has since gone on to become one of Australia's richest mines. Purpose built mining towns in Central Queensland include Dysart, Moranbah, Mount Morgan and Moura. Three mining disaster have occurred at Moura since 1975. In 2004, an orchard on Evergreen farm was the site of the first detection of citrus canker in Central Queensland. A significant part of the citrus growing industry was devastated when a total of 6,000 acres of crop had to be destroyed so the disease would not spread across the country. In 2005 several fresh outbreaks were reported so the eradication expanded to include private backyard trees; the outbreak's cause has not been explained despite a federal inquiry. In 2009 authorities from the Government of Queensland declared the eradication program complete; the region contain 33 national parks. Great Keppel Island has been an island tourist attraction since the 1960s.
It and several other islands in the area are surrounded by coral reefs. In the west of the region is Queensland's central highlands and the Carnarvon Gorge, protected within the Carnarvon National Park. Carnarvon Gorge features white sandstone cliffs, steep-sided gorges a diverse range of significant plant and animal species and many walking tracks. Kroombit Tops National Park provides habitat for the endemic Kroombit tinker frog. Deepwater National Park is good place for turtle watching. From November to March three species of turtle lay their eggs on beaches protected within the park. For this purpose the area of Central Queensland was restricted to the areas encircled by the Dawson Highway between Gladstone and Springsure. Major cities in the region are Emerald and Rockhampton; some communities on the Capricorn Coast include Byfield, Great Keppel Island, Emu Park and Cawarral. Central Queensland University has a campus at Emerald and Rockhampton; the "Central Highlands Regional Council" operates the following library branches: Emerald Library The Gemfields library Blackwater Library Dingo Library Duaringa Library Capella Library Tieri Library Springsure Library Rolleston Library Bauhinia Library Central West Queensland Regions of Queensland Central Queensland Territorial Separation League Media related to Central Queensland at Wikimedia Commons
Regions of Queensland
The Regions of Queensland refer to the geographic areas of the Australian state of Queensland. Due to its large size and decentralised population, the state is divided into regions for statistical and administrative purposes; each region varies somewhat in terms of its economy, climate, geography and fauna. Cultural and official perceptions and definitions of the various regions differ somewhat depending on the government agency or popular group by which they are being applied. Various Queensland state government departments adopt different definitions of regions for administrative purposes; the Queensland government Trade and Investment Queensland defines seven regions. These are. South East Queensland Darling Downs South West Wide Bay–Burnett Central Queensland Mackay and Whitsunday Northern Far NorthSmaller regions may exist within these defined regions, such as the Torres Strait Islands, Whitsunday Islands and South West Queensland. South East Queensland is considered to be a single region.
It contains two statistical regions listed above and Moreton. The region has 72 % of the state's population; the area contains Brisbane, the state's capital city, as well as the Logan City, Gold Coast, Sunshine Coast and the Lockyer Valley. The region is focus of tourism within Queensland; the Brisbane region comprises the greater Brisbane metropolitan area, centred on the City of Brisbane and including the Logan, Moreton Bay and Ipswich local government areas. The metropolitan area has a population of 2,360,241 It is the state's main commercial and administrative centre and contains the state's largest domestic and international airport; the Gold and Sunshine Coasts, located south and north of Brisbane are two of the Queensland's most popular tourist regions, containing many hotels and resorts. Each region has an airport which caters to tourists; the remaining parts of the region are located inland, west of Brisbane, are rural. The Darling Downs South West region is located about 160 kilometres west of Brisbane and borders the states of New South Wales and South Australia.
The region consists of the fertile agricultural area west of the Great Dividing Range and south to the New South Wales state border, centred on the city of Toowoomba. It has an area of 410,129 square kilometres and contains the local government areas of Toowoomba, Southern Downs, Western Downs, Balonne, Murweh and Quilpie. In 2008, the region had a population of 257,749. Economic activities include cattle grazing, cotton farming, natural resource extraction such as natural gas and opal mining; the Wide Bay–Burnett region is located north-east of the Darling Downs and north of the Sunshine Coast, covering a region of 52,377 square kilometres. It consists of the Bundaberg, Fraser Coast, North Burnett and South Burnett local government areas. Major centres include Bundaberg, Hervey Bay and Maryborough; the area is rich in sugar cane farms and mills and has a significant tourism industry – it includes Fraser Island, a popular tourist destination and world's largest sand island. Its population in 2008 was 276,752.
The Central Queensland region borders South Australia and the Northern Territory, contains the major centres of Rockhampton and Gladstone, the coastal areas and popular holiday destination's Agnes Water and 1770, well as the areas further west of the Barcaldine, Blackall-Tambo, Diamantina and Winton local government areas. Despite its vast land area of 497,714 square kilometres, it only had a population of 200,172; the region's economy is dominated by coal mining, cattle grazing. A major aluminium smelter is located in Gladstone; the Mackay, Isaac & Whitsunday region is centred on the coastal city of Mackay and extends some 300 km inland. It contains the Whitsunday Islands group and the coastal towns of Proserpine and Sarina; the coastal areas are densely covered in sugar cane farms, while the less densely populated inland areas have several mining communities. The North Queensland region is a coastal region centered on the city of Townsville and secondary inland city of Mount Isa. Townsville is the location of a major seaport handling exports from mines in Mount Isa and cattle exports from coastal and inland areas.
The region contains a bulk sugar exporting terminal at Lucinda in the region's north. Other inland towns include Charters Towers and Cloncurry, the coastal towns of Ayr, Home Hill and Ingham; the Far North region is Queensland's largest region covering 22% of the state's area and includes Cape York Peninsula, the Torres Strait, at the Gulf of Carpentaria. The main population and administrative centre of the region is located in Cairns. Other key population centres include Cooktown, the Atherton Tableland, Weipa and Thursday Island; the region consists of many Aboriginal and farming communities. The region covers an area of 380,748.3 square kilometres and in 2012 the region's population was 301,256 of which 146,778 lived in Cairns. Significant industries include tourism, cattle grazing and mining of both sand and bauxite. Other names for regions are in popular usage, for example by different government agencies and in various regional maps of Queensland; the state contains smaller regions within those discussed above which are not used for statistical purposes, but which are distinct in terms of their geography, economy or demographic characteristics.
Such regions in Queensland include