Flèche (fortification)

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Sketch showing the principle of a redan and flèche

A flèche (Fr. for "arrow") is an outwork consisting of two converging faces with a parapet and an open gorge, forming an arrowhead shape facing the enemy.[1]


The flèche is similar in plan to other defensive works like the ravelin and demi-lune, but smaller and built in front of the glacis. It was thus part of the outworks of a fortress, it was usually placed in front of the point of a bastion in order to create an additional level of fire.

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Literature[edit]

  • Horst Wolfgang Böhme, Reinhard Friedrich, Barbara Schock-Werner (eds.): Wörterbuch der Burgen, Schlösser und Festungen. Reclam, Stuttgart, 2004, ISBN 3-15-010547-1
  • Wolfgang Klefisch: Die Neuendorfer Flesche – Vom Festungsmodell zum neupreußischen Festungswerk. Bornheim (Rhl) 2006 (3rd edn.)