Flag of Alsace

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Flag of Alsace
Flag of Alsace (historical).svg
NameRot un Wiss
Adopted11th century
DesignRed and white
Designed byGérard d'Alsace, Duke of Lorraine
Part of the series on
Flag of Alsace (historical).svg
Rot un Wiss, traditional flag of Alsace
The official flag of Alsace 1949–2008, representing the two départements of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin
The official flag of Alsace 2008–present

The flag of Alsace (Alsatian: Rot un Wiss or Rot-un-Wiss, "red and white") is the original red and white flag of the region, and can be traced to the red and white banner of Gerard, Duke of Lorraine in the 11th century.

Particularly since the introduction of new French region Grand Est, the traditional Rot un Wiss flag of Alsace has been widely promoted by the advocates of the Alsace autonomous movement.


Rot un Wiss (from the 11th century)[edit]

The original flag of Alsace, the Rot un Wiss, dates back to the red and white banner[1] of Gerard, Duke of Lorraine in the 11th century.

Red and white colours are commonly found on the coat of arms of Alsatian cities such as Strasbourg, Mulhouse and Sélestat,[2] and additionally of many Swiss cities, especially in the region of Basel-Landschaft.

Departments flag (1949–2008)[edit]

Perhaps as the Rot un Wiss marks the Germanic roots of Alsace, it was replaced in 1949 by a new flag, representing the union of the two départements of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin, however without real historical relevance, it was subsequently modified to a slightly different appearance, yet also representing the two departments.


There is controversy around the recognition of the Alsatian flag.

With the purpose of "Francosizing" the region, the Rot un Wiss has not been recognised by the French government; some French politicians have erroneously called this a "Nazi invention" — while the Rot un Wiss is still known as the real historical emblem of the region by most of the population and the departments' parliaments.

Subsequently, the Rot un Wiss has been widely used during protests against the creation of a new "super-region" Grand Est, gathering Champagne-Ardennes, Lorraine and Alsace, namely on Colmar's statue of liberty.[3]