Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia

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North Rhine-Westphalia
Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia.svg
Name Landesflagge
Use Civil flag and ensign
Proportion 3:5 (or 1:2)
Adopted 1953 (in use from 1948)
Design A horizontal tricolour of green, white, and red.
Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia (state).svg
Variant flag of North Rhine-Westphalia
Name Landesdienstflagge
Use State flag
Proportion 3:5 (or 1:2)
Adopted 1953 (in use from 1948)
Design The civil flag with the addition of the coat of arms.

The flag of the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia is a horizontal tricolor consisting of green, white and red.


After the establishment of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1946, the tricolor was first introduced in 1948, but was not formally adopted until 1953.[1] The plain variant of the tricolor is considered the civil flag and state ensign, while government authorities use the state flag (Landesdienstflagge) which is defaced with the state's coat of arms.[1]

The flag is a combination of the two former provinces of Prussia that comprise most of the state: the Rhine Province and Westphalia. The state ensign can easily be mistaken for a distressed flag of Hungary, as well as the former national flag of Iran (1964-1980). The same flag was used by the Rhenish Republic (1923-1924) as a symbol of independence and freedom.

Flags from preceding Prussian provinces:
Flagge Preußen - Rheinland.svg Flagge Preußen - Provinz Westfalen.svg
Rhine Province


  1. ^ a b Government of North Rhine-Westphalia (1953-03-10). "Gesetz über die Landesfarben, das Landeswappen und die Landesflagge" (in German). Archived from the original on 2005-03-12. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 

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