Alberta is a western province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces, its area is about 660,000 square kilometres. Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905; the premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015. Alberta is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, the U. S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U. S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. It has a predominantly humid continental climate, with stark contrasts over a year. Alberta's capital, Edmonton, is near the geographic centre of the province and is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, the Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries.
About 290 km south of the capital is the largest city in Alberta. Calgary and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations. Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Drumheller, Sylvan Lake and Lake Louise. Alberta is named after the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. Princess Louise was the wife of Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada. Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were named in her honour. Alberta, with an area of 661,848 km2, is the fourth-largest province after Quebec and British Columbia. To the south, the province borders on the 49th parallel north, separating it from the U. S. state of Montana, while to the north the 60th parallel north divides it from the Northwest Territories. To the east, the 110th meridian west separates it from the province of Saskatchewan, while on the west its boundary with British Columbia follows the 120th meridian west south from the Northwest Territories at 60°N until it reaches the Continental Divide at the Rocky Mountains, from that point follows the line of peaks marking the Continental Divide in a southeasterly direction until it reaches the Montana border at 49°N.
The province extends 660 km east to west at its maximum width. Its highest point is 3,747 m at the summit of Mount Columbia in the Rocky Mountains along the southwest border while its lowest point is 152 m on the Slave River in Wood Buffalo National Park in the northeast. With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous lakes used for swimming, fishing and a range of water sports. There are three large lakes, Lake Claire in Wood Buffalo National Park, Lesser Slave Lake, Lake Athabasca which lies in both Alberta and Saskatchewan; the longest river in the province is the Athabasca River which travels 1,538 km from the Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains to Lake Athabasca. The largest river is the Peace River with an average flow of 2161 m3/s; the Peace River originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta and into the Slave River, a tributary of the Mackenzie River.
Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located at about the geographic centre of the province. It is the most northerly major city in Canada, serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada; the region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity. Calgary is about 280 km south of Edmonton and 240 km north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country. 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The land grant policy to the railroads served as a means to populate the province in its early years. Most of the northern half of the province is boreal forest, while the Rocky Mountains along the southwestern boundary are forested; the southern quarter of the province is prairie, ranging from shortgrass prairie in the southeastern corner to mixed grass prairie in an arc to the west and north of it. The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, east to Lloydminster, contains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population.
Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farming, with mixed farming more common in the north and centre, while ranching and irrigated agriculture predominate in the south. The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, features deep canyons and striking landforms. Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the lush landscape. Alberta has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the province is open to cold arctic weather systems from the north, which produce cold conditions in winter. As the fronts between the air masses shift north and south across Alberta, the temperature can change rapidly. Arctic
Municipal District of Provost No. 52
The Municipal District of Provost No. 52 is a municipal district in east-central Alberta, Canada, on the Alberta/Saskatchewan border. Located in Census Division No. 7, its municipal office is located in the Town of Provost. The municipal district was established in 1943 through the amalgamation of the Municipal District of Hillcrest No. 362 and the Municipal District of Sifton No. 391. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Municipal District of Provost No. 52 recorded a population of 2,205 living in 825 of its 930 total private dwellings, a −3.6% change from its 2011 population of 2,288. With a land area of 3,628.39 km2, it had a population density of 0.6/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, the Municipal District of Provost No. 52 had a population of 2,288 living in 838 of its 941 total dwellings, a -10.2% change from its 2006 population of 2,547. With a land area of 3,625.2 km2, it had a population density of 0.6/km2 in 2011. List of communities in Alberta List of municipal districts in Alberta Official website
In geography and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live. The complexity of a settlement can range from a small number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surrounding urbanized areas. Settlements may include hamlets, villages and cities. A settlement may have known historical properties such as the date or era in which it was first settled, or first settled by particular people. In the field of geospatial predictive modeling, settlements are "a city, village or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work". A settlement conventionally includes its constructed facilities such as roads, field systems, boundary banks and ditches, ponds and woods, wind and water mills, manor houses and churches; the oldest remains that have been found of constructed dwellings are remains of huts that were made of mud and branches around 17,000 BC at the Ohalo site near the edge of the Sea of Galilee. The Natufians built houses in the Levant, around 10,000 BC.
Remains of settlements such as villages become much more common after the invention of agriculture. Landscape history studies the form of settlements – for example whether they are dispersed or nucleated. Urban morphology can thus be considered a special type of cultural-historical landscape studies. Settlements can be ordered by centrality or other factors to define a settlement hierarchy. A settlement hierarchy can be used for classifying settlement all over the world, although a settlement called a'town' in one country might be a'village' in other countries. Geoscience Australia defines a populated place as "a named settlement with a population of 200 or more persons"; the Committee for Geographical Names in Australasia used the term localities for rural areas, while the Australian Bureau of Statistics uses the term "urban centres/localities" for urban areas. The Agency for Statistics in Bosnia and Herzegovina uses the term "populated place" for rural, "municipality" and "town" for urban areas.
The Bulgarian Government publishes a National Register of Populated places. The Canadian government uses the term "populated place" in the Atlas of Canada, but does not define it. Statistics Canada uses the term localities for historical named locations; the Croatian Bureau of Statistics records population in units called settlements. The Census Commission of India has a special definition of census towns; the Central Statistics Office of the Republic of Ireland has a special definition of census towns. There are various types of inhabited localities in Russia. Statistics Sweden uses the term localities for various densely populated places; the common English-language translation is urban areas. The UK Department for Communities and Local Government uses the term "urban settlement" to denote an urban area when analysing census information; the Registrar General for Scotland defines settlements as groups of one or more contiguous localities, which are determined according to population density and postcode areas.
The Scottish settlements are used as one of several factors defining urban areas. The United States Geological Survey has a Geographic Names Information System that defines three classes of human settlement: Populated place − place or area with clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent human population. A populated place is not incorporated and by definition has no legal boundaries. However, a populated place may have a corresponding "civil" record, the legal boundaries of which may or may not coincide with the perceived populated place. Census − a statistical area delineated locally for the tabulation of Census Bureau data. Civil − a political division formed for administrative purposes."Populated places may be defined in the context of censuses and be different from general-purpose administrative entities, such as "place" as defined by the U. S. Census Bureau or census-designated places. In the field of geospatial predictive modeling, settlements are "a city, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work".
The Global Human Settlement Layer framework produces global spatial information about the human presence on the planet over time. This in the form of built up population density maps and settlement maps; this information is generated with evidence-based analytics and knowledge using new spatial data mining technologies. The framework uses heterogeneous data including global archives of fine-scale satellite imagery, census data, volunteered geographic information; the data is processed automatically and generates analytics and knowledge reporting objectively and systematically about the presence of population and built-up infrastructures. The GHSL operates in an free data and methods access policy; the term "Abandoned populated places" is a Feature Designation Name in databases sourced by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and GeoNames. Populated places can be abandoned. Sometimes the structures are still accessible, such as in a ghost town, these may become tourist attractions; some places that have the appearance of a ghost town, may still be defined as populated places by government entities.
A town may become a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, because of a government action, such as the building of a dam that floods t
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
Beaver County, Alberta
Beaver County is a municipal district in central-east Alberta, Canada. It is centred on Holden in the western part of Census Division No. 10. Its municipal office is located in Ryley. Beaver County was incorporated as a municipal district on July 31, 1999, the name was changed from "County of Beaver No. 9" to "Beaver County". In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Beaver County recorded a population of 5,905 living in 2,177 of its 2,381 total private dwellings, a 3.8% change from its 2011 population of 5,689. With a land area of 3,317.57 km2, it had a population density of 1.8/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, Beaver County had a population of 5,689 living in 2,109 of its 2,324 total dwellings, a 0.2% change from its 2006 population of 5,676. With a land area of 3,315.84 km2, it had a population density of 1.7/km2 in 2011. In 2009, Beaver County had a population of 5,630 living in 2,291 dwellings. Two parks with campgrounds are located in Black Nugget Lake and Camp Lake.
List of communities in Alberta List of municipal districts in Alberta Official website
County of Stettler No. 6
The County of Stettler No. 6 is a municipal district in central Alberta, Canada. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the County of Stettler No. 6 recorded a population of 5,322 living in 1,850 of its 2,137 total private dwellings, a 4.3% change from its 2011 population of 5,103. With a land area of 4,018.84 km2, it had a population density of 1.3/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada reported that the County of Stettler No. 6 had a population of 5,089 living in 1,744 of its 1,922 total dwellings, a -1.9% change from its 2006 adjusted population of 5,189. Statistics Canada subsequently amended the 2011 census results to a population of 5,103 living in 1,752 of its 1,967 total dwellings, a -1.7% change from 2006. With a land area of 4,005.1 km2, it had a population density of 1.3/km2 in 2011. List of communities in Alberta List of municipal districts in Alberta Official website
Daysland is a town in central Alberta located on Highway 13, 43 kilometres east of Camrose. The community was named for its founder and first mayor, Edgerton W. Day, who purchased 116,483 acres of land from the CPR in 1904 to form the basis of Daysland. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Daysland recorded a population of 824 living in 330 of its 356 total private dwellings, a 2.1% change from its 2011 population of 807. With a land area of 1.75 km2, it had a population density of 470.9/km2 in 2016. In the 2011 Census, the Town of Daysland had a population of 807 living in 329 of its 352 total dwellings, a -1.3% change from its 2006 population of 818. With a land area of 1.75 km2, it had a population density of 461.1/km2 in 2011. Richard Petiot, professional hockey player Matthew Spiller, professional hockey player List of communities in Alberta List of towns in Alberta Official website