Flagstaff Gardens is the oldest park in Melbourne, Australia, first established in 1862. Today it is one of the most visited and used parks in the city by residents, nearby office workers and tourists; the gardens are notable for their archeological, horticultural and social significance to the history of Melbourne. The gardens are 7.2 hectares of Crown Land bounded by William, La Trobe and Dudley streets, managed by the City of Melbourne. On the southeast corner opposite is the entrance to Flagstaff railway station. Diagonally opposite stands the Victorian branch of the Royal Mint, established 7 August 1869; the former Royal Mint building is a well-preserved example of Victorian Gold Rush boom-period classical styled architecture. The facade features paired columns with the Royal Mint coat-of-arms. On the northeast corner over William Street, is the Queen Victoria Market; the park contains extensive lawns with a variety of mature trees and wild animals including possums. The southern end is characterised by deciduous trees, while the northern end contains mature eucalypts.
Avenues of elms shade pathways along with several large Moreton Bay Fig trees. The north corner contains a bowling lawn, rose beds and shrub beds. Along William Street there are tennis courts, which double as volleyball and netball courts. Electric barbecues nearby provides a popular site for office parties in December. Scattered about the lawns and gardens are memorials and sculptures that illuminate some of the social significance of the area. Flagstaff Gardens have been classified by the National Trust of Australia and is listed by the Australian Heritage Commission and the Victorian Heritage Register. At the listing ceremony by the Victorian Heritage Council in April 2004, Council Chair Chris Gallagher said "This listing ensures the much loved trees and other individual features are conserved and protected, but it means the whole site is recognised as an important place for gaining an insight into our historical, aesthetic and social heritage." With the establishment of Melbourne in 1835, the first deaths in the colony were buried on high ground between William and King Streets, in what was colloquially called Burial Hill.
The hill had panoramic views of the Yarra River and Port Phillip. 1838 – Melbourne cemetery was marked out in what is now the Queen Victoria market, burials continued at that location. 1839 – Superintendent Charles La Trobe first included the site as part of the green belt encircling Melbourne which included Batman's Hill, Carlton Gardens, Fitzroy Gardens, Treasury Gardens and the Kings Domain. 1840 – a flagstaff was erected on the hill as part of a signalling system between the town and ships in the Port of Melbourne. The flagstaff proved too small and the following year a fifty-foot flagstaff was erected. 11 November 1850: site of announcement of Victoria's Separation from the Colony of New South Wales, resulting in celebrations with a huge bonfire with about 5,000 townspeople in attendance. 1853- establishment of the Melbourne cemetery 1857 – cutting excavated to ease the gradient of King Street. This created the bluestone retaining wall of the high bank along the western boundary. 1857–1863 – A Magnetic Observatory and Weather Station was established by Georg von Neumayer on the hilltop.
William John Wills worked here as an assistant before being appointed to the Burke and Wills expedition. The observatory moved to the Kings Domain when the Melbourne Observatory was established, as iron in the buildings surrounding Flagstaff Hill were affecting Neumayer's magnetic observations. 1860s – the telegraph supersedes signalling by flags. 1862 – West Melbourne residents petition the government to turn the hill into public gardens or recreation reserve. Clement Hodgkinson, the Deputy Surveyor-General in charge of city parks, prepared a plan for the gardens and directed its implementation; the Fitzroy and Treasury Gardens were designed by him. 1871 – Memorial to Melbourne's pioneers erected. 1873 – Gardens permanently reserved 1880 – establishment of path network, lawns and flowerbeds. 9 October 1917 – the City of Melbourne was appointed responsible for the Flagstaff Gardens. 1918 – children's playground established, one of the first in Melbourne. 23 March 2004 – gardens formally added to the Victorian Heritage Register.
City of Melbourne - Flagstaff Gardens
Observation Point known as Flagstaff Lookout or Flagstaff Hill, as Flagstaff Point is a large bluff in central Port Chalmers, in New Zealand's South Island. The point, as its name suggests, offers panoramic views covering the town, its deep-water port, across the Otago Harbour. A road, Aurora Terrace, ascends allowing for easy public access; the point is the site of a large historic flagstaff and of the Hotere Sculpture Garden Oputae. Artist Russell Moses used clay from the site to create large paintings; the flagstaff, recommissioned in 1971, is on the site of the original mast from which the arrival of ships at the harbour mouth was signalled. At one time a black timeball station was located here. Observation Point is the location from which the crew of HMS Acheron made the first detailed cartographical study of Otago Harbour in 1860. A plaque to this effect stands near the flagstaff
Flagstaff Hill, South Australia
There is Flagstaff Hill, one near Burra and Renmark in South AustraliaFlagstaff Hill is a suburb in the City of Onkaparinga local government area. It is named after the hill by that name in the area, where Colonel William Light erected a flagstaff during his survey, used as a trig point. Flagstaff Hill is a leafy suburb established around the Sturt Gorge Recreation Park, maintaining many parks and reserves throughout the suburb. Colonel William Light's survey teams worked south from Adelaide throughout 1838 and 1839, leaving various marks across the landscape. One such mark was a trig point or flagstaff, left at a grid reference of 783 192. By 1842, the area near this trig point was called the Flagstaff. During the late nineteenth century, the Flagstaff was located in a grazing region. In the 1960s, some of the land near the Flagstaff had been earmarked for suburban development. In 1960, Hooker Rex Estates began purchasing land in the region for subdivision and over the next decade had accumulated nearly two hundred hectares.
Blocks were first subdivided in the vicinity of a golf course, planners provided an oval and recreation facilities. The first 130 blocks were sold rapidly. By 1984, all developed land had been sold. From 1985 the suburb was extended when a portion of Minda Home’s Craigburn Farm was subdivided by Essington Ltd; this division was spoken of as ‘landmark residential development’, due to the retention of large trees and waterways and subdivisions that fitted with the shape and orientation of the land. Facilities in Flagstaff Hill include: Flagstaff Hill R-7 School Craigburn Primary School Flagstaff Hill Kindergarten Flagstaff Oval Kindergarten Flagstaff Hill Golf Club & Koppamurra Ridgway Restaurant Flagstaff Hill Community Centre Flagstaff Hill Scout and Guide Complex Sturt Gorge Recreation Park Flagstaff Hill Shopping CentreThe shopping centre facilities consist of an IMVS pathology clinic, Flagstaff Hill Chicken & Seafood fish and chippery, Ray White real estate agency, Baker's Pantry bakery, Flagstaff Hill Newsagency post office/newsagency, Chemmart pharmacy, Allied Health Services, Foodland supermarket and a Cellarbrations bottle shop.
The team sports hub of Flagstaff Hill is the Flagstaff Hill Sports and Community Centre, home of the Flagstaff Hill Football Club, Flagstaff Hill Cricket Club, Flagstaff Hill Tennis Club, Flagstaff Athletics, Happy Valley Netball Club and Southern Hills Little Athletics. Flagstaff Hill is covered by one Federal Electoral Division, the federal Division of Kingston whose representative is Amanda Rishworth Flagstaff Hill is covered by the state electoral district of Davenport, whose current member is Steve Murray. Flagstaff Hill is part of the Thalassa Ward of the City of Onkaparinga, represented by Councillors Darryl Parslow, Marion Themeliotis, Brian Nankivell and Martin Bray. List of Adelaide suburbs ^ History of the City of Onkaparinga
Flagstaff Hill (New Zealand)
Flagstaff Hill overlooks the Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Directly north of the small historical village of Russell, the flagstaff on the hill played a significant role in early relations between the local Māori of the Ngāpuhi iwi and early British colonials. After the Treaty of Waitangi was signed in February 1840 at Waitangi, across the bay, relations between the Ngāpuhi and Pākehā began to deteriorate. Hone Heke, a local Māori chief, identified the flagstaff flying the Union Jack above the bay at Kororareka as the symbolic representation of the loss of control by the Ngāpuhi in the years following the signing of the Treaty. There are a number of causes of Heke's anger, such the fact that the capital of New Zealand had been moved from Okiato to Auckland in 1841, the colonial government had imposed customs duties on ships entering the Bay of Islands and other actions of the colonial government were viewed by Heke as reducing the trade between the Ngāpuhi with the foreigners. Traders in the Bay of Island ferment trouble by saying that flag-staff, flying the Queen's flag.
The flagstaff was cut down for the first time on 8 July 1844, by an ally of Hone Heke. Heke had set out to cut down the flagstaff but had been persuaded by Archdeacon William Williams not to do so; the flagstaff was replaced and troops sent to guard the flagstaff. On 10 January 1845 the flagstaff was cut down a second time, on this occasion by Hone Heke. On 18 January 1845, a flagstaff sheathed in iron was erected; the next morning the flagstaff was cut down again by Hone Heke. The next attack on the flagstaff by Hone Heke was a much more serious incident, Hone Heke's warriors attacked the guard post, killing all the defenders and Heke cut down the flagstaff for the fourth time. At the same time as a diversion, Te Ruki Kawiti and his men attacked the town of Kororareka; this was the beginning of what would be called the'Flagstaff War' or the'Northern War'. In 1846 Hone Heke and Te Ruki Kawiti agreed peace terms with the government; the British colonial government did not re-erect the flagstaff again, fearing to provoke further conflict.
The flagstaff that now stands at Kororareka was erected in January 1858 at the direction of Kawiti's son Maihi Paraone Kawiti. As a further symbolic act the 400 Ngāpuhi warriors involved in preparing and erecting the flagstaff were selected from the ‘rebel’ forces of Kawiti and Heke – that is, Ngāpuhi from the hapu of Tāmati Wāka Nene, but did not participate in the erection of the fifth flagpole; the restoration of the flagpole was presented by Maihi Paraone Kawiti was a voluntary act on the part of the Ngāpuhi that had cut it down in 1845, they would not allow any other to render any assistance in this work. The continuing symbolism of the fifth flagstaff at Kororareka is that it exists because of the goodwill of the Ngāpuhi; the hill is a favoured destination for many of the tourists coming to Russell, with walking tracks leading up the hill, which provides sweeping views over the bay. The bush around the hill is kiwi territory, though the birds are too shy to be seen by passing wanderers.
Flagstaff Hill Track
Flagstaff Hill, Pennsylvania
Flagstaff Hill is a large sloping hill in Schenley Park in Pittsburgh, located near Oakland. It is a popular space to frolic for students from nearby Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh; the City of Pittsburgh offers free summertime outdoor movies there, part of its Dollar Bank Cinema in the Parks program, as well as free summer concerts. Flagstaff Hill lies adjacent to Phipps Botanical Gardens. Pickup Ultimate Frisbee is traditionally played there on Sundays and Wednesdays entirely regardless of weather. On warm days, many residents of Oakland have picnics or take their lunch breaks on the Hill. Festivals are sometimes held there, tents are set up for various events, such as the Pittsburgh Race for the Cure. In the winter when there is snow on the hillside, Flagstaff Hill is popular with sled-riders of all ages. In 1889, Mary Schenley donated 300 acres of a site called "Mt. Airy Tract" to the city of Pittsburgh, part of which included modern Flagstaff Hill. Edward Bigelow, Pittsburgh's first Director of Public Works, created a series of boulevards and attractions in the new park, renamed Schenley Park.
At one time there was a 120-foot electric circular fountain on Flagstaff Hill that featured nighttime light shows. Now the hillside is covered in grass, with a gazebo at the foot of the hill, benches surrounding, trees and a walking pathway on all sides. Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Schenley Park website Schedule of movies for Cinema in the Parks Google Map of Flagstaff Hill Photos of Flagstaff Hill
Linton is a town in Victoria, off Glenelg Highway. Most of the town is located in Golden Plains Shire. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 580; the Clarkesdale Bird Sanctuary lies near Springdallah Creek. Linton was first settled about 1840; the town was named after a pioneer family in an area. Gold was found in 1848 in what became known as Linton's Diggings. Chinese people, among others, mined the local shafts until the gold ran out, the miners remained in the area and set up market gardens; the Post Office opened on 5 November 1857 as Linton's and was renamed Linton around 1860. Much mining equipment can still be found in the Linton district; the local Grenville Standard newspaper began publication in April 1895, ran for 2,389 issues, ceasing 25 October 1941. The 1914-1918 years of the newspaper have been digitised as part of the Australian digitised newspapers project; the ALP politician and Leader of the Federal Opposition 1922-28, Matthew Charlton, was born in Linton in 1866.
In December 1998, five firefighters were killed when they became trapped in a tanker while battling a bushfire near Linton. Http://www.lintonhistory.org.au/ www.lintoncommunity.com – Linton community website travelmate.com.au – Linton, Victoria
Flagstaff, known in Māori as Te Whanaupaki, is a prominent hill overlooking the northwest of the city of Dunedin, in New Zealand's South Island. Together with Mount Cargill, which lies to its northeast, it dominates the skyline of the city. Flagstaff lies seven kilometres to the north of Dunedin's city centre; the hill was known by the Māori as Whakari, an anglicised form of this name is still used for the Dunedin suburb of Wakari, which lies to the south of Flagstaff. The city's first road route to the Taieri Plains, which lie to the west, skirted the slopes of Flagstaff, is still used as an alternative route out of the city. Flagstaff rises to a height of 666 metres, is part of the rim of the Dunedin Volcano, a long-extinct volcano of which the crater forms the Otago Harbour; the Pineapple Track, part of Dunedin's Skyline Walkway, crosses the peak of Flagstaff. The track's unusual name dates from the 1920s, when a local grocer used to act as a guide to the top of Flagstaff, handing out tins of pineapple as a refreshment at the top.
The empty cans were left behind, were seen along the side of the track as unofficial marker posts. This track, though not an arduous walk, needs to be treated with care, as the weather around Flagstaff can be unpredictable. Bishop, G. and Hamel, A.. From Sea to Silver Peaks. Dunedin: McIndoe Publishers. Dann, C. and Peat, N.. Dunedin and South Otago. Wellington: GP Books