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Flavio Biondo

Flavio Biondo was an Italian Renaissance humanist historian. He was one of the first historians to use a three-period division of history and is known as one of the first archaeologists. Born in the capital city of Forlì, in the Romagna region, Flavio was well schooled from an early age, studying under Ballistario of Cremona. During a brief stay in Milan, he discovered and transcribed the unique manuscript of Cicero's dialogue Brutus, he moved to Rome in 1433. After his patron's death, Flavio was employed by his papal successors, Nicholas V, Callixtus III and the humanist Pius II. Flavio published three encyclopedic works that were systematic and documented guides to the ruins and topography of ancient Rome, for which he has been called one of the first archaeologists. At the time the ruins of ancient Rome were unexplored; when in 1420 Bracciolini climbed the Capitol he saw only deserted fields. The Forum, buried in eroded topsoil, was grazed by cows—the Campo Vaccino—and pigs rooted in its unweeded vegetation.

Flavio and fellow humanists like Leone Battista Alberti began to explore and document the architecture and history of Rome, in the process revived a vision of Rome's former glory. Flavio's first work was a reconstruction of ancient Roman topography, it was and remains a influential humanist vision of restoring Rome to its previous heights of grandeur by recreating what Rome used to look like based on the ruins which remained. This work was the first systematic and well documented guide to the ruins of Rome, or indeed any ancient ruins; the second was the popular De Roma triumphante about pagan Rome as a model for contemporary governmental and military reforms. The book was influential in reviving Roman patriotism and respect for ancient Rome, while presenting the papacy as a continuation of the Roman Empire. Biondo's greatest works were Italia illustrata and the Historiarum ab inclinatione Romanorum imperii decades; the Italia illustrata is a geography, based on the author's personal travels, history of fourteen Italian regions.

Unlike medieval geographers, whose focus was regional, taking Strabo for his model, reinstated the idea of Italy to include the whole of the peninsula. Through topography, he intended to link Antiquity with modern times, with descriptions of each location, the etymology of its toponym and its changes through time, with a synopsis of important events connected with each location; this first historical geography starts with the Roman Republic and Empire, through 400 years of barbarian invasions and an analysis of Charlemagne and Holy Roman Emperors. He gives an excellent description of the humanist revival and restoration of the classics during the first half of the fifteenth century. Flavio's greatest work is the Historiarum ab Inclinatione Romanorum Imperii, a history of Europe in thirty-two books, from the plunder of Rome in 410 by the Visigoths to contemporary Italy. Using only the most reliable and primary sources, it used a three-period framework, with Italy reviving in Biondo's own time and breaking free of earlier trends.

Leonardo Bruni used a three-period framework in History of the Florentine People, written at about the same time as Biondo's work. Repertorium Blondianum Rome Restored, Edited by Fabio Della Schiava and William McCuaig, English translation, To be announced. "Flavio Biondo". In Encyclopædia Britannica Online. "Flavio Biondo" in Catholic Encyclopedia. Castner, Catherine J.. Biondo Flavio's Italia illustrata: Text and commentary. Vol. I: Northern Italy.. J. A. White, Biondo Flavio, Italy Illuminated. Vol. 1: Books I-IV, I Tatti Renaissance Library 20 and Italy Illuminated. Vol. 2: Books V-VIII, I Tatti Renaissance Library 75 De Origine et Gestis Venetorum Historiae Ab Inclinatione Romanorum Imperii Historiarum ab inclinatione romanorum imperii In Romam Instauratam Roma Instaurata Italia Illustrata Triumphans Roma Historiam Blondi forliviensis ab inclinatione Imperii romanorum

Queens Arcade

Queens Arcade shopping centre is located in Cardiff city centre. It opened on 28 April 1994. Developed on the site of the Allders department store and the named Queen Street Arcade, the main entrance is located on Queen Street, the second entrance faces Working Street near Cardiff Central Market; the Arcade has two levels, is unusual in that the levels are sloped, so that despite its two entrances being on the same level, the upper floor at the Working Street entrance is the ground floor at Queen Street. The centre internally connects with the St. David's Centre. Queens Arcade recorded 11.2m annual footfall in 2012 and is anchored by New Look, Tim Hortons and Post Office. Four of Queens Arcade’s stores – Argos, Christopher George, F. Hinds and Whittard of Chelsea – have been in the centre from its launch and others from the opening year line up have changed their company names – such as Cookie Jar now Millie’s Cookies and Partners now Ryman; the original architecture was inspired by the many late 19th century arcades of Cardiff city centre and has appeared as the backdrop for various TV programmes, including the 2005 Doctor Who story "Rose", starring Christopher Eccleston and Billie Piper, set in London.

List of shopping arcades in Cardiff Media related to Queens Arcade, Cardiff at Wikimedia Commons Queens Arcade official site

Hilde Lindemann

Hilde Lindemann is an American philosophy professor and bioethicist teaching at Michigan State University. Lindemann earned her B. A. in German language and literature in 1969 at the University of Georgia. Lindemann earned her M. A. in theatre history and dramatic literature, in 1972, at the University of Georgia. Lindemann began her career as a copyeditor for several universities, she moved on to a job at the Hastings Center in New York City, an institute focused on bioethics research, co-authored book The Patient in the Family, with James Lindemann Nelson, before deciding to earn a Ph. D. in philosophy at Fordham University in 2000. She taught at the University of Tennessee and Vassar College and served as the associate editor of the Hastings Center Report. Lindemann teaches courses on feminist philosophy and agency, naturalized bioethics, narrative approaches to bioethics at Michigan State University. Lindemann's work focuses on feminist bioethics, the ethics of families, feminist ethics, the social construction of identities.

She is the former editor of Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy and was coeditor, with Sara Ruddick and Margaret Urban Walker, of the Feminist Constructions series for Rowman & Littlefield. In addition, she coedited, with James Lindemann Nelson, a series on Reflective Bioethics for Routledge. Lindemann is a Hastings Center Fellow, a member of the advisory board for the Women’s Bioethics Project, was the president of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. Hilde Lindemann is a narrative ethicist. A narrative approach uses stories and relationships between people in specific cases, as well as generalizable examples, for moral contexts and discussion. Two of her books and Letting Go: The Social Practice of Personal Identities and Alzheimer's: Answers to Hard Questions for Families, co-authored by her partner James Lindemann Nelson, have various reviews that summarize philosophical theories and ethics demonstrated in her works; the review of Holding and Letting Go: The Social Practice of Personal Identities and Alzheimer's Answer to Hard Questions for Families explains that Lindemann adopts a non-obscure, story-related approach to make readers think about realistic situations: "Only when we see ethical lives as diachronically and interpersonally structured and as embedded in narratively rich contexts can ethical reflection take hold in actual persons' lives".

The review of the co-authored book, Alzheimer's: Answers to Hard Questions for Families demonstrates that Lindemann employs case studies and life experiences for the patients and caregivers to convey ideas in her work. This method of provoking thought is aimed at a wide general audience of people who are not ethics scholars. "I think. Men aren’t responsible for the subordination of women – they just benefit from it. It’s not politically useful to set men up as the enemy, because that alienates people whom we need as allies, and it perpetuates the victor/vanquished, master/slave relation that’s the whole problem in the first place. If the gender system is to be dismantled, it won’t be by declaring war on men. It’s much better to affirm lots of differences among people without insisting that differences have to be ordered into power hierarchies". "Narrativists have claimed, among other things, that stories of one kind or another are required: to teach us our duties, to guide morally good action, to motivate morally good action, to justify action on moral grounds, to cultivate our moral sensibilities, to enhance our moral perception, to make actions of persons morally intelligible, to reinvent ourselves as better persons.".

"It might help to recall that personhood, as I have been conceptualizing it, is a social practice consisting of four necessary moments: A human being feels, wonders, thinks, or in some other respect engages in the mental activity that gives rise to her personality. The mental activity finds bodily expression. Another human being recognizes it as the expression of a personality, and responds." Lindemann has published numerous peer-reviewed articles in journals such as The Journal of Medical Ethics, The American Journal of Bioethics, The Hastings Center Report and Hypatia. Her books include Holding and Letting Go: The Social Practice of Personal Identities, An Invitation to Feminist Ethics, Damaged Identities, Narrative Repair, Alzheimer’s: Answers to Hard Questions for Families, The Patient in the Family. Lindemann has edited five collections: Feminism and Families, her most recent book and Letting Go: The Social Practice of Personal Identities, was published by Oxford University Press in 2014.

In addition to being named a Hastings Center Fellow and having been elected President of the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities, Lindemann was awarded a NWO grant, a National Endowment for the Humanities grant, several grants from the University of Tennessee including the Haines-Morris grant. Lindemann has received a Distinguished Service Award from the American Society of Bioethics and is both a Fulbright scholar

Arizona State Route 261

State Route 261 is a highway in Apache County, Arizona that runs from its junction with SR 260 west of Eagar to its junction with SR 273 north of Big Lake. It is overall a north -- south route; the southern terminus of SR 261 is located at a junction with SR 273 north of Big Lake. It heads northeast from this intersection and follows this heading for its entire length. There are several portions of the highway that wind through the area to follow the terrain as the highway nears its northern terminus; the highway reaches its northern terminus at a junction with SR 260 within the Eagar city limits. SR 261 does not pass through any cities or towns, it serves as an access road to Big Lake, as well as general access to the White Mountains. To prevent mileposts from being used twice, a portion of the nearby SR 273 was renumbered to SR 261 in August 1991, establishing the state highway; the entire route is in Apache County

Cindy Crawford

Cynthia Ann Crawford is an American model and actress. Her years of success at modeling made her an international celebrity that have led to roles in television and film, work as a spokesperson. During the 1980s and 1990s, Crawford was among the most popular supermodels and a ubiquitous presence on magazine covers, in fashion campaigns. Cynthia Ann Crawford was born in DeKalb, Illinois, on February 20, 1966, the daughter of John Daniel Crawford and Jennifer Sue Crawford-Moluf, she has two sisters and Danielle, as well as a brother, who died of childhood leukemia at age 3. She has stated that her family has been in the United States for generations and that her ancestry is German and French. By appearing in an episode of Who Do You Think You Are? in 2013, she discovered that her ancestors included English nobility and continental royal families of the Middle Ages and that she was descended from Charlemagne. In her sophomore year at high school, she received a call from a local clothing store regarding modeling work, only to discover that it was a practical joke set up by two of her classmates.

However, the following year another store hired a number of high-school girls, including Crawford, to work for them. In her junior year, local photographer Roger Legel, whose duties included photographing a different college girl to be that week's coed in the DeKalb Nite Weekly, asked to take her picture for the publication; the photo and positive feedback she received were enough to convince her to take up modeling. She was the runner-up. Elite Model Management in Chicago started representing her. Crawford graduated from DeKalb High School in 1984 as valedictorian, she earned an academic scholarship to study chemical engineering at Northwestern University, which she attended for only one quarter. She dropped out. After working for photographer Victor Skrebneski in Chicago, Crawford moved to New York City in 1986, signed with the Elite New York modeling agency. During the 1980s and 1990s, Crawford was among the most popular supermodels and a ubiquitous presence on magazine covers, in fashion campaigns.

She was and featured on the cover of many magazines, including Vogue, W, Harper's Bazaar, Elle and Allure. A partial count in 1998 totalled over 500 appearances. Crawford has walked the runways for Chanel, Dolce & Gabbana, Christian Dior, Calvin Klein, Ralph Lauren, Michael Kors, Todd Oldham, DKNY, Valentino. Crawford appeared in many fashion campaigns during her career, including those for Versace, Calvin Klein, David Yurman, Oscar De La Renta, Hermes, Ellen Tracy, Bally, Liz Claiborne, Hervé Leger, Anne Klein, Isaac Mizrahi, Guess, Ink and Revlon, she has worked for Omega, Clairol and Chilean retail stores Ripley. In 1987, Crawford appeared during the opening credits of the Michael J. Fox film The Secret of My Success. Three years she appeared alongside top models Christy Turlington, Linda Evangelista, Tatjana Patitz and Naomi Campbell on the cover of the January 1990 edition of British Vogue magazine. Crawford and the other four models subsequently appeared in the video for George Michael's hit "Freedom'90" that year.

Subsequently, Crawford played the lost love of Jon Bon Jovi in the 1994 video for his version of "Please Come Home For Christmas", "John Taylor" in the 2011 video for Duran Duran's "Girl Panic", Headmistress in the 2015 video for Taylor Swift's "Bad Blood" as part of a cast including Jessica Alba, Selena Gomez, fellow models Lily Aldridge, Cara Delevingne, Gigi Hadid, Martha Hunt and Karlie Kloss. The red Versace dress which she wore to the 63rd Academy Awards in 1991 had a major influence on fashion, many copies and fakes of the dress were produced. In 1992, Crawford—through GoodTimes Home Video and her company Crawdaddy Productions—made an exercise video with Radu Teodorescu named Cindy Crawford: Shape Your Body. In 2001, Crawford made a shorter fitness video aimed at children, Mini-Muscles with Cindy Crawford and the Fit-wits, an animated production featuring the voices of Crawford and Kobe Bryant; the inaugural issue of George, a short lived political magazine in the 1990s, featured Crawford dressed like George Washington on the cover.

In 2005, the American Society of Magazine Editors listed it as the 22nd best magazine cover of the last 40 years. Crawford is 5 feet 9 inches tall with brown hair and eyes, her measurements are 34–25.5–36". Crawford's trademark is a mole above her upper lip, she is so associated with this physical feature that she appeared in an Australian advertising campaign for flavoured milk featuring a TV commercial wherein she "licked off" her own mole. During the beginning of her career, the mole was removed from her modeling pictures, including her first Vogue cover, her resemblance to model Gia Carangi led her to being known as "Baby Gia


KNWB is a radio station in Hilo, Hawaii broadcasting a classic hits format. The station is owned by New West Broadcasting Corporation. KNWB and sister station KMWB form a simulcast to reach all of the Big Island. On May 3, 1976, the Christian Broadcasting Association, a branch of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association and owner of KAIM-AM-FM in Honolulu, filed for a construction permit for a new radio station at 97.1 MHz to serve Hilo. The Federal Communications Commission granted the permit on April 28, 1977; the station took the call letters KFSH and was mentioned as a development project for the ministry in KAIM's fundraising appeals. However, KFSH's sign-on was continually delayed, in part because the station needed the Hawaii Land Use Commission to approve its request to build its tower. Though a studio location had been secured and fitted out upstairs from a Christian book store, tower site issues continued to hold up completion; the tower site north of Kaiwiki Church was dedicated on December 15, 1984, test transmissions commenced on July 25, 1985 ahead of an August 3 launch, more than eight years after the permit was issued and after 17 extensions and modifications to the construction permit.

Two years after putting KFSH on the air, the Christian Broadcasting Association spun the station off to the Pacific & Asia Christian University known as the University of the Nations. In July 1995, New West Broadcasting Corporation, owned by John Leonard, announced it would buy KFSH from the university and take over operations via a time brokerage agreement on August 1. Leonard paid $270,000 for the station, University of the Nations' lone broadcast outlet. New West, which owned KWXX and KPUA, did not buy $60,000 in KFSH studio equipment, which allowed the university to donate it to Hilo Christian Broadcasting; when New West took over, 97.1 FM changed to a secular operation as "The Wave". The Wave aired a smooth jazz format. Two years the station adopted its present classic hits format as "B97". KNWB lured D. C. Carlson from KKBG to do B97's first live morning show in December 2001. B97 became an island-wide radio station in 2007 when Captain Cook Broadcasting, the winner of an auction for an FM station at 93.1 in West Hawaii, entered into a marketing agreement to simulcast KNWB as KMWB.

KMWB was sold to New West in 2010. Query the FCC's FM station database for KNWB Radio-Locator information on KNWB Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KNWB