White Mischief (film)
White Mischief is a 1987 British film directed by Michael Radford and starring Greta Scacchi, Charles Dance, Joss Ackland, Sarah Miles, Geraldine Chaplin, Ray McAnally, Murray Head, John Hurt, Trevor Howard. Based on the novel of the same name by the Sunday Times journalist James Fox, it dramatizes the events of the Happy Valley murder case in Kenya in 1941, when Sir Henry "Jock" Delves Broughton was tried for the murder of Josslyn Hay, Earl of Erroll. With much of the rest of the world at war, a number of bored British aristocrats live dissolute and hedonistic lives in a region of the Kenya Colony known as Happy Valley, drinking and indulging in decadent sexual affairs to pass the time. On 24 January 1941, Josslyn Hay, the philandering Earl of Erroll, is found dead in his car in a remote location; the Earl has a noble pedigree but a somewhat sordid past and a well-deserved reputation for having affairs with married women. Diana Delves Broughton is one such woman, she is the beautiful wife of Sir John Henry Delves Broughton, known to most as "Jock," a man 30 years her senior.
Diana has a pre-nuptial understanding with her husband that should either of them fall in love with someone else, the other will do nothing to impede the romance. Diana has indeed succumbed to the charms of the roguish Earl of Erroll, whose other lovers include the drug-addicted American heiress Alice de Janze and the somewhat more reserved Nina Soames; the Earl is more serious about this affair than any of his earlier dalliances, wants Diana to marry him. She is reluctant to leave what she thinks is the financial security of her marriage to formalise her relationship with Erroll, unaware that Delves Broughton is deep in debt. Humiliated but appearing to honour their agreement, Delves Broughton publicly toasts the couple's affair at the club in Nairobi, asking Erroll to bring Diana home at a specified time. Delves Broughton appears to be intoxicated for the rest of the evening. After dropping off Diana, Erroll is shot to death in his car not far from the home of Delves Broughton, soon charged with Errol's murder.
Diana is distraught over losing her lover, as is Alice, who masturbates next to his corpse at the mortuary. A local plantation owner, Gilbert Colvile, whose only friend is Delves Broughton offers Diana advice and solace and shocks her by proposing marriage. Delves Broughton stands trial. There are no witnesses to the crime and the physical evidence that appears incriminating is circumstantial, he had the motive and means, but is found innocent and the scandal comes to an end. De Janze is dying of a drug overdose, Diana discovers further evidence that implicates her husband in her lover's death. After menacing her with a shotgun, Broughton shoots himself in front of her; the film ends with a fleeing, bloodstained Diana discovering the remaining Happy Valley set partying around de Janze's grave. Greta Scacchi as Diana Broughton Joss Ackland as Sir Henry "Jock" Delves Broughton, 11th Baronet Charles Dance as Josslyn Hay, Earl of Erroll Sarah Miles as Alice de Janzé Geraldine Chaplin as Nina Soames Ray McAnally as Morris Murray Head as Lizzie John Hurt as Gilbert Colvile Trevor Howard as Jack Soames Susan Fleetwood as Gwladys Delamere Catherine Neilson as June Carbery Hugh Grant as Hugh Dickinson Alan Dobie as Sir Walter Harragin Jacqueline Pearce as Idina Soltau Obtaining funding for the film was difficult and only achieved when David Puttnam became head of Columbia and agreed to provide the balance.
The film made a loss during its theatrical release. De Janzé shot herself on 30 September 1941, while Delves Broughton returned to England and committed suicide by morphine overdose in the Adelphi Hotel in Liverpool in December 1942, over a year later. In 1996, Mariette Bosch murdered Ria Wolmerans in Botswana. Both women were white South Africans; the case was referred to as "Botswana's white mischief". The Happy Valley, a BBC television drama dealing with the murder, was first aired on 6 September 1987, several months before White Mischief was released. White Mischief on IMDb White Mischief at Rotten Tomatoes White Mischief at Box Office Mojo White Mischief article at Daily Mail White Mischief review in cosmopolis.ch White Mischief film trailer at YouTube
Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984 film)
Nineteen Eighty-Four known as 1984, is a 1984 British dystopian science fiction film written and directed by Michael Radford, based upon George Orwell's novel of the same name. Starring John Hurt, Richard Burton, Suzanna Hamilton, Cyril Cusack, the film follows the life of Winston Smith, a low-ranking civil servant in a war-torn London ruled by Oceania, a totalitarian superstate. Smith struggles to maintain his sanity and his grip on reality as the regime's overwhelming power and influence persecutes individualism and individual thinking on both a political and personal level; the film, which features Burton's last screen appearance, is dedicated to him. The film was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Art Direction, won two Evening Standard British Film Awards for Best Film and Best Actor. In a dystopian 1984, Winston Smith endures a squalid existence in the totalitarian superstate of Oceania under the constant surveillance of the Thought Police; the story takes place in the capital city of the territory of Airstrip One.
Winston works in a small office cubicle at the Ministry of Truth, rewriting history in accordance with the dictates of the Party and its supreme leader, Big Brother. A man haunted by painful memories and restless desires, Winston keeps a secret diary of his private thoughts, thus creating evidence of his thoughtcrime, his life takes a major turn when he is accosted by a fellow Outer Party worker — a mysterious, bold-looking girl named Julia — and they begin an illicit affair. Their first meeting takes place in the remote countryside where they exchange subversive ideas before having sex. Shortly after, Winston rents a room above a pawn shop. Julia — a sensual, free-spirited young woman — procures contraband food and clothing on the black market, for a brief few months they secretly meet and enjoy an idyllic life of relative freedom and contentment together, it comes with the sudden raid of the Thought Police. They are both arrested and it's revealed that there is a telescreen hidden behind a picture on the wall in their room, that the charmingly old-fashioned and sensitive proprietor of the pawn shop, Mr. Charrington, is a covert agent of the Thought Police.
Winston and Julia are taken away to the Ministry of Love to be detained, questioned and "rehabilitated" separately. There O'Brien, a high-ranking member of the Inner Party whom Winston had believed to be a fellow thought criminal and agent of the resistance movement led by the archenemy of the Party, Emmanuel Goldstein, systematically tortures him. O'Brien instructs Winston about the state's true purpose and schools him in a kind of catechism on the principles of doublethink — the practice of holding two contradictory thoughts in the mind simultaneously. For his final rehabilitation, Winston is brought to Room 101, where O'Brien tells him he will be subjected to the "worst thing in the world", designed around Smith's personal phobias; when confronted with this unbearable horror — which turns out to be a cage filled with wild rats — Winston's psychological resistance and irretrievably breaks down, he hysterically repudiates his allegiance to Julia. Now subjugated and purged of any rebellious thoughts, impulses, or personal attachments, Winston is restored to physical health and released.
In the final scene, Winston returns to the Chestnut Tree Café, where he had seen the rehabilitated thought criminals Jones and Rutherford who have since been "vaporized" and rendered unpersons. While sitting at the chess table, Winston is approached by Julia, "rehabilitated", they share a bottle of Victory Gin and impassively exchange a few words about how they have betrayed each other. They act indifferently towards each other. After she leaves, Winston watches a broadcast of himself on the large telescreen confessing his "crimes" against the state and imploring forgiveness from the populace. Upon hearing a news report declaring the Oceanian army's utter rout of the enemy's forces in North Africa, Winston looks at the still image of Big Brother that appears on the telescreen turns away and has tears in his eyes. In winter 1983, the director Michael Radford asked his producer to try for the rights to Orwell's novel, with low expectations that they were available, it turned out that the rights were held by Marvin Rosenblum, a Chicago lawyer, trying on his own to get such a film produced.
Rosenblum agreed to become an executive producer, while producer Simon Perry raised the production money from Richard Branson, Radford wrote the script, inspired by his idea to make a "science fiction film made in 1948." The script was finished in three weeks. For the role of O'Brien, Paul Scofield was contracted to play the part, but had to withdraw after sustaining a broken leg while filming The Shooting Party. Anthony Hopkins, Sean Connery and Rod Steiger were all considered. Richard Burton, living in Haiti, joined the production six weeks into its shooting schedule and insisted on his costume of a boiler suit being hand-made for him in Savile Row; some internet sources claim that principal photography began on 19 March 1984 and ended in October 1984. However the film was released that same month, a title card at the end of the film explicitly states, it "was photographed in and around London during the period April-June 1984, the exact time and setting imagined by the author." The budget was £2.5 million but this rose during filming and additional funds were required.
Radford and cinematographer Roger Deakins wanted to sho
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Fiction broadly refers to any narrative, derived from the imagination—in other words, not based on history or fact. It can refer, more narrowly, to narratives written only in prose, is used as a synonym for the novel. In its most narrow usage fiction refers to novels, but it may denote any "literary narrative", including novels and short stories. More broadly, fiction has come to encompass imaginative storytelling in any format, including writings, theatrical performances, films, television programs, games, so on. A work of fiction implies the inventive act of constructing an imaginary world, so its audience does not expect it to be faithful to the real world in presenting only characters who are actual people or descriptions that are factually true. Instead, the context of fiction understood as not adhering to the real world, is more open to interpretation. Characters and events within a fictional work may be set in their own context separate from the known universe: an independent fictional universe.
Fiction's traditional opposite is non-fiction, a narrative work whose creator assumes responsibility for presenting only the historical and factual truth. The distinction between fiction and non-fiction however can be unclear in some recent artistic and literary movements, such as postmodern literature. Traditionally, fiction includes novels, short stories, legends, fairy tales and narrative poetry, plays. However, fiction may encompass comic books, many animated cartoons, stop motions, manga, video games, radio programs, television programs, etc; the Internet has had a major impact on the creation and distribution of fiction, calling into question the feasibility of copyright as a means to ensure royalties are paid to copyright holders. Digital libraries such as Project Gutenberg make public domain texts more available; the combination of inexpensive home computers, the Internet and the creativity of its users has led to new forms of fiction, such as interactive computer games or computer-generated comics.
Countless forums for fan fiction can be found online, where loyal followers of specific fictional realms create and distribute derivative stories. The Internet is used for the development of blog fiction, where a story is delivered through a blog either as flash fiction or serial blog, collaborative fiction, where a story is written sequentially by different authors, or the entire text can be revised by anyone using a wiki. Types of literary fiction in prose include: Short story: A work of at least 2,000 words but under 7,500 words; the boundary between a long short story and a novella is vague. Novella: A work of at least 7,500 words but under 50,000 words. Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness is an example of a novella. Novel: A work of 50,000 words or more. Fiction is broken down into a variety of genres: subsets of fiction, each differentiated by a particular unifying tone or style, narrative technique, media content, or popularly defined criterion. Science fiction, for example, predicts or supposes technologies that are not realities at the time of the work's creation: Jules Verne's novel From the Earth to the Moon was published in 1865 and only in 1969 did astronaut Neil Armstrong first land on the moon.
Historical fiction places imaginary characters into real historical events. In the early historical novel Waverley, Sir Walter Scott's fictional character Edward Waverley meets a figure from history, Bonnie Prince Charlie, takes part in the Battle of Prestonpans; some works of fiction are or re-imagined based on some true story, or a reconstructed biography. When the fictional story is based on fact, there may be additions and subtractions from the true story to make it more interesting. An example is Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried, a series of short stories about the Vietnam War. Fictional works that explicitly involve supernatural, magical, or scientifically impossible elements are classified under the genre of fantasy, including Lewis Carroll's Alice In Wonderland, J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series, J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. Creators of fantasy sometimes introduce imaginary beings such as dragons and fairies. Literary fiction is a term used in the book-trade to distinguish novels that are regarded as having literary merit, from most commercial or "genre" fiction.
Neal Stephenson has suggested that while any definition will be simplistic there is today a general cultural difference between literary and genre fiction. On the one hand literary authors nowadays are supported by patronage, with employment at a university or a similar institution, with the continuation of such positions determined not by book sales but by critical acclaim by other established literary authors and critics. On the other hand, he suggests, genre fiction writers tend to support themselves by book sales. However, in an interview, John Updike lamented that "the category of'literary fiction' has sprung up to torment people like me who just set out to write books, if anybody wanted to read them, the more the merrier.... I'm a genre writer of a sort. I write literary fiction, like spy fiction or chick lit". On The Charlie Rose Show, he argued that this term, when applied to his work limited him and his expectations of what might come of his writing, so he does not like it, he suggested that all his works are literary be
Dancing at the Blue Iguana
Dancing at the Blue Iguana is an American erotic drama film, released in 2000, directed by Michael Radford about the lives of strippers in an adult club. The film was based on an improvisational workshop involving the lead actors, it explores the intersecting lives of five exotic dancers who work at a San Fernando Valley strip club, the Blue Iguana, the difficulties in their lives. Angel wishes for a baby of her own or a foster child to take care of, but her messy, dysfunctional existence makes this an impossible dream. Jo is pregnant, wants an abortion, can contain her rage at the world. Jasmine writes beautiful poetry on the side and finds a boyfriend, she tells him she's a stripper. However, once he sees her dance at the club, he leaves. Jesse, the youngest and newest stripper looks for acceptance and love among the strippers and customers, but is beaten by her boyfriend, leading her to drink and depression. Stormy is having an incestuous relationship with her brother. In 2001, actress Daryl Hannah released a one-hour companion documentary, Strip Notes, based on her experience researching her role as a stripper in the film, included as an extra on the Dancing at the Blue Iguana DVD.
Hannah stars along with Charlotte Ayanna, Elias Koteas, Jennifer Tilly, Sandra Oh. Sandra Oh as Jasmine Charlotte Ayanna as Jessie Kristin Bauer as Nico W. Earl Brown as Bobby Daryl Hannah as Angel Chris Hogan as Dennis Sheila Kelley as Stormy Elias Koteas as Sully Vladimir Mashkov as Sacha Rodney Rowland as Charlie Jennifer Tilly as Jo Robert Wisdom as Eddie Dancing at the Blue Iguana on IMDb Dancing at the Blue Iguana at Rotten Tomatoes Dancing at the Blue Iguana at Box Office Mojo
Another Time, Another Place (1983 film)
Another Time, Another Place is a 1983 British drama film directed by Michael Radford and starring Phyllis Logan, Giovanni Mauriello and Denise Coffey. The screenplay was based on the novel by Jessie Kesson. In Scotland in 1943 during World War II, Janie is a young Scottish housewife married to Dougal, 15 years older. Participating in a war rehabilitation program, the couple take in three Italian prisoners of war to work on their farm. Janie soon falls in love with one of Luigi, she begins a secret relationship with Luigi, doomed from the start. Phyllis Logan – Janie Giovanni Mauriello – Luigi Denise Coffey – Meg Tom Watson – Finlay Gianluca Favilla – Umberto Gregor Fisher – Beel Paul Young – Dougal Claudio Rosini – Paolo Jennifer Piercey – Kirsty Yvonne Gilan – Jess Carol Ann Crawford – Else Ray Jeffries – Alick Scott Johnston – Jeems Nadio Fortune – Antonio David Mowat – Randy Bob Colin Campbell – Accordionist John Francis Lane – Farmer Corrado Sfogli – Raffaello Peter Finlay – Officer Stephen Gressieux – Prisoner of War
Michael Radford is an English film director and screenwriter. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director for the 1994 film Il Postino: The Postman. Radford was born on 24 February 1946, in New Delhi, India, to a British father and an Austrian Jewish mother, he was educated at Bedford School before attending Oxford. After teaching for a few years, he went to the National Film and Television School, becoming a student there in its inaugural year. Between 1976 and 1982, Radford worked as a documentary film maker on projects for the BBC, covering subjects such as Scottish islanders on the Isle of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides who believe in the literal truth of the Bible: The Last Stronghold of the Pure Gospel. On the last two of these Radford worked with the cinematographer Roger Deakins, who would shoot two of Radford's feature films. Another notable early work was Another Time, Another Place, a feature film set in Scotland during World War II and centered on a love story between a local woman and an Italian POW.
Radford came to international attention with Nineteen Eighty-Four, his adaptation of George Orwell's novel 1984, starring John Hurt as Winston Smith, in which Richard Burton gave his final film performance. The film was made in the place at which the book was set. Radford's next film, released in 1987, was White Mischief, a period drama set in Kenya during the 1940s. Radford again wrote the screenplay, an adaptation of the novel by James Fox called White Mischief. Michael Radford is most known as the writer and director of the 1994 film Il Postino: The Postman, which Radford adapted from the novel Ardiente Paciencia by Antonio Skármeta; the massive international success of the film led to international acclaim for Radford and the star of the film Massimo Troisi. Tragically Troisi died, aged 41; the film won many international film awards including the'Best Film Not In The English Language' BAFTA for Radford, nominated for the Best Director and Adapted Screenplay Academy Awards. In 2000, Radford's film Dancing at the Blue Iguana was released.
In a departure from his more usual development technique, namely adapting novels, this film was improvised, although Radford shared the screenwriting credit with David Linter. In 2004, Radford directed The Merchant of Venice, he adapted the William Shakespeare play, the film stars Al Pacino as Shylock and Jeremy Irons as Antonio. In 2007, he reunited Demi Moore and Michael Caine in Flawless, a diamond heist story set in 1960, his most recent film is Elsa & Fred, a romantic comedy starring Shirley MacLaine and Christopher Plummer. Radford directed his first play in a West End production of The Seven Year Itch; this was an adaptation of Billy Wilder's 1955 film starring Marilyn Monroe. Radford has a son Felix from his first marriage to Iseult Teran, he has a daughter Amaryllis, a son Linus, with his current wife Emma Tweed. In September 2013, he took part in the Clipper Round the World Sailing Race, in which he raced one of 12 identical 70 foot racing yachts from London to Rio. Van Morrison in Ireland - Director The White Bird Passes - Director Another Time, Another Place – Director/Writer Nineteen Eighty-Four – Director/Writer White Mischief – Director/Writer Il Postino: The Postman – Director/Writer B.
Monkey – Director/Writer Dancing at the Blue Iguana – Director/Writer/Producer Ten Minutes Older: The Cello - Director/Writer The Merchant of Venice – Director/Writer Flawless – Director Michel Petrucciani - Director La Mula – Writer/Co-Producer Elsa & Fred – Director/Writer The Music of Silence – Director/Writer Michael Radford on IMDb