Flickr is an image hosting service and video hosting service. It was created by Ludicorp in 2004, it has changed ownership several times and has been owned by SmugMug since April 20, 2018. The Verge reported on March 20, 2013 that Flickr had a total of 87 million registered members and more than 3.5 million new images uploaded daily. On August 5, 2011, the site reported. Photos and videos can be accessed from Flickr without the need to register an account, but an account must be made to upload content to the site. Registering an account allows users to create a profile page containing photos and videos that the user has uploaded and grants the ability to add another Flickr user as a contact. For mobile users, Flickr has official mobile apps for iOS, an optimized mobile site. Flickr was launched on February 10, 2004 by Ludicorp, a Vancouver-based company founded by Stewart Butterfield and Caterina Fake; the service emerged from tools created for Ludicorp's Game Neverending, a web-based massively multiplayer online game.

Flickr proved a more feasible project, Game Neverending was shelved, Butterfield launched a similar online game, shut down on November 14, 2012. Early versions of Flickr focused on a chat room called FlickrLive, with real-time photo exchange capabilities; the successive evolutions focused more on the uploading and filing back-end for individual users and the chat room was buried in the site map. It was dropped as Flickr's back-end systems evolved away from Game Neverending's codebase. Key features of Flickr not present are tags, marking photos as favorites, group photo pools and interestingness, for which a patent is pending. In addition to being a popular website for users to share and embed personal photographs and an online community, on December 9, 2004, the service was used by photo researchers and by bloggers to host images that they embed in blogs and social media. Yahoo! acquired Ludicorp and Flickr on March 20, 2005. The acquisition cost $22 million to $25 million. During the week of June 26, 2005 to July 2, 2005, all content was migrated from servers in Canada to servers in the United States, all resulting data become subject to United States federal law.

On May 3, 2007, Yahoo! announced that Yahoo! Photos would close down on September 2007, after which all photos would be deleted. On January 31, 2007, Flickr announced that "Old Skool" members those who had joined before the Yahoo! acquisition would be required to associate their account with a Yahoo! identity by March 15, 2007 to continue using the service. This move was criticized by some users. Flickr upgraded its services from "beta" to "gamma" status on May 16, 2006. On December 13, 2006, upload limits on free accounts were increased to 100 MB a month and were removed from Flickr Pro accounts, which had a 2 GB per month limit. On April 9, 2008, Flickr began allowing paid subscribers to upload videos, limited to 90 seconds in length and 150 MB in size. On March 2, 2009, Flickr added the facility to upload and view HD videos, began allowing free users to upload normal-resolution video. At the same time, the set limit for free accounts was lifted. In 2009, Flickr announced a partnership with Getty Images in which selected users could submit photographs for stock photography usage and receive payment.

On June 16, 2010, this was changed so that users could label images as suitable for stock use themselves. On May 20, 2013, Flickr launched the first stage of a major site redesign, introducing a "Justified View" close-spaced photo layout browsed via "infinite scrolling" and adding new features, including one terabyte of free storage for all users, a scrolling home page and updated Android app; the Justified View is paginated between 72 and 360 photos per page but unpaginated in search result presentation. Tech Radar described the new style Flickr as representing a "sea change" in its purpose. Many users criticized the changes, the site's help forum received thousands of negative comments. On March 25, 2014, Flickr's New Photo Experience, a user interface redesign, left beta. On May 7, 2015, Yahoo! Overhauled the site, adding a revamped Camera Roll, a new way to upload photos and upgraded the site's apps; the new Uploadr application was made available for Macs and mobile devices. In early May 2019, SmugMug announced the migration of Flickr data - 100+ million accounts and billions of photos and videos - from former owner Yahoo's servers to Amazon Web Services in a planned 12-hour transition on May 22.

On June 13, 2008, Flickr co-founder Stewart Butterfield announced his resignation on July 12, 2008, which followed that of his wife and co-founder Caterina Fake, who left the company on the same day. Butterfield wrote a humorous resignation letter to Brad Garlinghouse. On December 14, 2008, The Guardian reported that three employees had been laid off as Yahoo! continued to reduce its workforce, on November 30, 2010, CNET reported Yahoo! was on the verge of a major layoff affecting 10% to 20% of its workforce. Flickr was named as a target for these layoffs. On June 13, 2017, Verizon Communications acquired Yahoo!, including Flickr. Verizon reorganized Yahoo!, along with AOL, into a new umbrella company, renamed as Verizon Media on January 8, 2019. On April 20, 2018, SmugMug acquired Flickr from Verizon's Oath and put an end to Flickr 1TB storage plan for free users, these users had until February 5, 2019 to convert to'Pro' accounts or their photo streams would be reduced to a maximum of 1000 pictures.

The deadline was extended to March 12

Spies Like Us

Spies Like Us is a 1985 American comedy film directed by John Landis and starring Chevy Chase, Dan Aykroyd, Steve Forrest, Donna Dixon. The film presents the comic adventures of two novice intelligence agents sent to the Soviet Union. Written by Aykroyd and Dave Thomas to star Aykroyd and John Belushi at Universal, the script went into turnaround and was picked up by Warner Bros. with Aykroyd and Chase starring. The film is an homage to the famous Road to... film series which starred Bing Crosby. Hope himself makes a cameo in one scene. Other cameos in the film include directors Terry Gilliam, Sam Raimi, Costa-Gavras and Joel Coen, musician B. B. King, visual effects pioneer Ray Harryhausen. Austin Millbarge is a basement-dwelling codebreaker at the Pentagon who aspires to escape his under-respected job to become a secret agent. Emmett Fitz-Hume, a wisecracking, pencil-pushing son of an envoy, takes the foreign service exam under peer pressure. Millbarge and Fitz-Hume meet during the test, on which Fitz-Hume attempts to cheat after an attempt to bribe his immediate supervisor in exchange for the answers backfires.

Millbarge, was forced to take the test, having had only one day to prepare after his supervisor gives him a two week old notice leaving him vulnerable to fail and stay behind in the Pentagon trenches at his expense. Needing expendable agents to act as decoys to draw attention away from a more capable team, the DIA decides to enlist the two, promote them to be Foreign Service Operatives, put them through minimal training, send them on an undefined mission into Soviet Central Asia. Meanwhile, professional agents are well on their way to reaching the real objective: the seizure of a mobile SS-50 ICBM launcher; the main team takes a loss, while Millbarge and Fitz-Hume escape enemy attacks and encounter Karen Boyer, the only surviving operative from the main team. In the Pamir Mountains of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, the trio overpowers a mobile missile guard unit using hastily constructed extraterrestrial outfits and tranquilizer guns. Following orders in real-time from the intelligence agency, they begin to operate the launcher.

At the end of their instructions, the vehicle launches the ICBM into space, targeting an unspecified area in the United States. Thinking they have begun a nuclear war, the American agents and their Soviet counterparts pair up to have sex before the world ends. Meanwhile, the military commander at the operations bunker initiates the conversion of the drive-in theater to expose what is hidden beneath the screens and projection booth: a huge black-op SDI-esque laser and collector/emitter screen; the purpose of sending the agents to launch a Soviet ICBM is thereby exposed as a means to test this anti-ballistic missile system. The laser fails to intercept the nuclear missile, heading for Detroit and will certainly trigger a global thermonuclear war. One of the military commanders at WAMP, General Slime reveals an elaborate plan to “preserve the American way of life.” The covert operations conducted throughout the film are now assumed to be a plot by high-ranking military officials to orchestrate a war.

Back in the Soviet Union, horrified at the thought of having launched a nuclear missile at their own country, the American spies and the Russian soldiers use Millbarge's technical knowledge to force a malfunction in the launcher vehicle and transmit junk instructions to the traveling missile, sending it off into space where it detonates harmlessly. After, the underground bunker is stormed by U. S. Army Rangers, the intelligence and military officials involved in the covert operation are arrested. Millbarge, Fitz-Hume, Boyer go on to become nuclear disarmament negotiators, playing a nuclear version of Risk-meets-Trivial Pursuit against the Soviets; the title song, "Spies Like Us", was performed by Paul McCartney. It reached #7 on the singles chart in the United States in early 1986, it reached #13 in the UK. John Landis directed a music video for the song where Aykroyd and Chase can be seen performing the song with McCartney; the film's score was composed by Elmer Bernstein and performed by the Graunke Symphony Orchestra, conducted by the composer.

The soundtrack album was released by Varèse Sarabande. The film featured "Soul Finger," by the Bar-Kays absent from the soundtrack; the Ace Tomato Company Off To Spy Russians In The Desert Pass In The Tent Escape To The Bus The Road To Russia Rally'Round W. A. M. P. Martian Act Arrest Recall Winners, it grossed $8,614,039 on the U. S. opening weekend and it grossed $60,088,980 in the United States and Canada versus a budget of $22,000,000. The film grossed $17.2 million overseas for a worldwide gross of $77.3 million. The Washington Post critic Paul Attanasio called Spies Like Us "a comedy with one laugh, those among you given to Easter egg hunts may feel free to try and find it." The Chicago Reader critic Dave Kehr criticized the film's character development, saying that "Landis never bothers to account for the friendship that springs up spontaneously between these two antipathetic types, but he never bothers to account for anything in this loose progression of recycled Abbott and Costello riffs."

The New York Times critic Janet Maslin wrote, "The stars are always affable, they're worth watching when they do little, but it's painful to sit by as the screenplay runs out of steam."Variety magazine opined in a staff review, "Spies is not amusi

John G. Gunderson

John Gunder Gunderson was a professor of psychiatry at Harvard University and a director at the Borderline center at McLean Hospital. Born in Two Rivers, Gunderson graduated from Johns Hopkins College in 1963, received his MBS from Dartmouth Medical School in 1965 and his MD from Harvard Medical School in 1967. Between 1967 and 1971, he was an Intern in Medicine at Hennepin County General Hospital, Resident in Psychiatry at Massachusetts Mental Health Center, Chief Resident in Psychiatry at Massachusetts Mental Health Center. Between 1971 and 1973, he was a Visiting Candidate at Washington Psychoanalytic Institute, Research Fellow at the Center for Studies of Schizophrenia, Psychiatric Assessment Section of the National Institute of Mental Health, at the Chestnut Lodge Sanitarium, he was a Resident at Boston Psychoanalytic Institute between 1969 and 1980. Gunderson led extensive studies of borderline personality disorder He published nearly 250 papers, 100 reviews and 12 books regarding borderline and other personality disorders.

According to Massachusetts General Hospital, his success led to him being called the "father" of borderline personality disorder. He led the academic group that described personality disorders in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Most he developed a treatment model for borderline personality disorder called Good Psychiatric Management, intended to guide generalist mental health providers in treating the disorder. In 2009, McLean Hospital named a treatment center in Cambridge, Massachusetts after him, called the “Gunderson Residence”, he died on January 2019 at the age of 76 from prostate cancer in Weston, Massachusetts. 2017: Joseph Zubin Award from the American Psychopathological Association Borderliner Notes - Gunderson, a series of YouTube-clips where Gunderson talks about borderline personality disorder. Publications by Gunderson, PubMed search