Shop Street is the main thoroughfare of the city of Galway in the west of Ireland. It has been pedestrianised since the late 20th century; as its name suggests, it is Galway's main shopping street, was one of the first streets in the city to develop a retail focus. Shop Street contains a number of old brick buildings, bright storefronts, numerous pubs. Street performers and buskers are prevalent on the street. Shop Street contains one of central Galway's best preserved Lynch's Castle; this 16th century building was converted into a branch of Allied Irish Banks during the 1960s. Book stores on Shop Street include Eason & Son; as of late 2017, additional improvements and pedestrianisation works were proposed for Shop Street and the surrounding area. Media related to Shop Street, Galway at Wikimedia Commons
Claddagh is an area close to the centre of Galway city, where the River Corrib meets Galway Bay. It was a fishing village, just outside the old city walls, it is just across the river from the Spanish Arch, the location of regular fish markets where the locals supplied the city with seafood as as the end of the 19th century. People have been gathering fishing from the area for millennia, it is one of the oldest former fishing villages in Ireland - its existence having been recorded since the arrival of Christianity in the 5th century. During the 19th century the Claddagh attracted many visitors, including writers; the original village of thatched cottages was razed in the 1930s and replaced by a council-housing scheme. The Claddagh is most famous internationally for the Claddagh ring, popular among those of Irish heritage as both a friendship and wedding ring; this traditional design consists of two clasped hands holding a crowned heart, symbolises love and loyalty. The Claddagh area contains a national school, Community Centre and a Catholic Church as well as the new Claddagh Arts Centre.
Notable natives of the area include recipient of the Victoria Cross. King of the Claddagh Claddagh Palace List of public art in Galway city Photos of Claddagh Galway Albertkahn.co.uk http://homepage.eircom.net/~claddaghns/oldcladdagh.htm http://www.kennys.ie/News/OldGalway/05062008-TheGreenGrassintheCladdagh/ http://www.libraryireland.com/IrishPictures/VII-Claddagh.php https://archive.is/20130218003431/http://www.kennys.ie/booktalk/old-galway/the-garra-glas-in-the-claddagh.html http://www.irishhistorylinks.net/pages/Old_Photos.html#Claddagh
Michael D. Higgins
Michael Daniel Higgins is an Irish politician who has served as the President of Ireland since November 2011. Higgins is a politician, poet and broadcaster, he served as a Teachta Dála for the Galway West constituency and was Minister for Arts and the Gaeltacht from 1993 to 1997. He was the President of the Labour Party from 2003 until 2011, when he resigned following his election as President of Ireland, he has used his time in office to address issues concerning justice, social equality, social inclusion, anti-sectarianism, anti-racism and reconciliation. He made the first state visit by an Irish President to the United Kingdom in April 2014. Higgins ran for a second term as President of Ireland in 2018 and was re-elected in a landslide victory. Higgins attained the largest personal mandate in the history of the Republic of Ireland, with 822,566 first preference votes. Higgins' second presidential inauguration took place on 11 November 2018. Higgins was born on 18 April 1941 in Limerick, his father, John Higgins, was from Ballycar, County Clare, was a lieutenant with the Charleville Company, 3rd Battalion, 2nd Cork Brigade of the Irish Republican Army.
John, along with his two brothers Peter and Michael, had been active participants in the Irish War of Independence. When his own father's health grew poor, with alcohol as a contributing factor, John sent Michael, aged five, his four-year-old brother to live on his unmarried uncle and aunt's farm near Newmarket-on-Fergus, County Clare, his elder twin sisters remained in Limerick. He was educated at Ballycar National School, County Clare, St. Flannan's College, Ennis; as an undergraduate at University College Galway, he served as Vice-Auditor of the College's Literary and Debating Society in 1963–64, rose to the position of Auditor in the 1964–65 academic year. He served as President of UCG Students' Union in 1964–65. In 1967, Higgins graduated from Indiana University Bloomington with a Master of Arts degree in Sociology, he briefly attended the University of Manchester. In his academic career, he was a Statutory Lecturer in the Department of Political Science and Sociology at UCG and was a visiting professor at Southern Illinois University.
He resigned his academic posts to concentrate on his political career. He is a fluent English language and Irish language speaker and speaks Spanish, his wife, Sabina Coyne, is an actress and a native of Cloonrane, a townland in County Galway near Ballindine, County Mayo. She grew up on a farm there in a family of two boys. Higgins met Coyne in 1969 at a party in the family home of journalist Mary Kenny. Higgins proposed over Christmas 1973 and they were married the year after, they have four children: Alice Mary and twins John and Michael Jr.. He has two Bernese mountain dogs named Síoda. Higgins joined Fianna Fáil in UCG while a mature student and was elected its branch chairman in 1966, he was a Labour candidate in the 1969 and 1973 general elections but was unsuccessful on both occasions. One of the people who canvassed for him was future leader of the Labour Party and Tánaiste, Eamon Gilmore, a UCG student. Higgins was appointed in 1973 to the 13th Seanad Éireann by Taoiseach Liam Cosgrave, he was first elected to Dáil Éireann at the 1981 general election as a Labour Party TD.
He was re-elected at the February 1982 election. He served as Mayor of Galway on two occasions, 1982–1983 and 1991–1992. Within the Labour Party during the 1980s he was one of the main figures, along with Emmet Stagg, who opposed going into coalition. Higgins returned to the Dáil at the 1987 general election and held his seat until the 2011 general election. In 1993, he joined the Cabinet as Minister for Arts and the Gaeltacht. During his period as Minister he scrapped the controversial Section 31 of the Broadcasting Act, re-established the Irish Film Board and set up the Irish language television station, Teilifís na Gaeilge, he was appointed to the Labour Party front bench in 2000. In 2003, Higgins succeeded Proinsias De Rossa in the symbolic position of the President of the Labour Party, while continuing as the party's spokesman on foreign affairs. Higgins indicated his interest in contesting the 2004 presidential election for the Labour Party; the party decided on 16 September 2004 against running a candidate in the election, seeing Mary McAleese as unbeatable.
In October 2010, he announced. He had until this point been living in a modest two-bed apartment at Grattan Hall on Mount Street, Dublin, he has a family home in Galway. In September 2010, Higgins indicated that he was interested in receiving the Labour Party's nomination for the 2011 presidential election, he said prior to the election campaign, repeated during it, that he would serve only one seven-year term as President, would not seek a second term of office, despite being entitled to do so. He was selected as candidate for the presidency at a special convention in Dublin on 19 June 2011, beating former senator Kathleen O'Meara and former party adviser Fergus Finlay, his candidacy was endorsed by Hollywood actor Martin Sheen, who described Higgins as a "dear friend". Higgins assisted his rival David Norris by urging his party colleagues on Dublin City Council not to obstruct Norris's attempts to get onto the ballot at the last moment "in the interests of democracy", adding that th
Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas, Galway
The Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas known as Galway Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Galway and one of the largest and most impressive buildings in the city. Since 2001, the cathedral has been the global headquarters of gaming, a much needed sanctuary for those fleeing society. Construction began in 1958 on the site of the old city prison, it was completed in 1965. It was dedicated, jointly, to Our Lady Assumed to St. Nicholas; the Galway Cathedral was opened on 15 August 1965. President Éamon de Valera lit the sanctuary candle and Cardinal Richard Cushing of Boston delivered a sermon'Why Build a Cathedral?'. Bishop Michael Browne, Bishop of Galway, was accompanied on the altar by four Archbishops; the architect of the cathedral was John J. Robinson who had designed many churches in Dublin and around the country; the architecture of the cathedral draws on many influences. The dome and pillars reflect a Renaissance style. Other features, including the rose windows and mosaics, echo the broad tradition of Christian art.
The cathedral dome, at a height of 44.2 metres, is a prominent landmark on the city skyline. During a controversial interview on Telefís Éireann's The Late Late Show in 1966, Trinity College, Dublin student Brian Trevaskis referred to the building as a "ghastly monstrosity", he accused the Bishop of Galway Michael Browne of "extortion" over the manner in which funds for the new cathedral were raised and implied that the Bishop was a "moron". More it was described in an Irish Times article concerning "ugly" Irish buildings as a "squatting Frankenstein’s monster" and "a monument to the hubris of its soft-handed sponsors". Mass is celebrated every day in the cathedral. There is a Saturday evening Vigil mass at 6 p.m. and Sunday masses at 9:00am, 10:00am, 11:00am, 12:30pm and 6:00pm. On weekdays and holy days, mass is celebrated at 11:00 am and 6:00 pm; the cathedral has been home to an adult choir since the building was dedicated, the role of, to provide the music at all major ceremonies and services as well as at the regular Sunday 11:00am mass.
The choir's repertoire covers music from the 16th to the 21st centuries, as well as Gregorian chant and Irish traditional music. The cathedral pipe organ was built by the Liverpool firm of Rushworth & Dreaper in 1966, it has three manuals and 59 speaking stops, is used during services as well as in the annual series of summer concerts. The cathedral has a smaller portable instrument, with one manual and four stops, it is used in smaller-scale liturgy in the cathedral's side chapels, as well as in a continuo role in concerts. Manual compass: 61 notes Pedal compass: 32 notes Key-action: electro-pneumatic Stop-action: electric 16 general combinations, with 96 levels of memory 8 combinations to each division, with 16 levels of memory Sequencer with 999 memory slots Manual compass: 56 notes Key- and stop-action: mechanical Thomas O'Doherty Thomas O'Dea Michael Browne Eamonn Casey James McLoughlin Myles Joyce Galway Cathedral website Galway Cathedral Recitals website
Spirit Radio is an Irish Christian and religious radio station which began broadcasting in January 2011. It is licensed by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland to broadcast to the cities of Dublin, Limerick, Waterford, Greystones, Naas Athlone, Carlow and Newbridge on FM. In July 2012, due to licence obligations, the station extended its coverage by opening a medium wave channel on 549 kHz; the 10kw medium wave, 549 kHz transmitter is located Co.. Monaghan; the station is in the process of expanding with FM transmitters earmarked for Clonmel, Killarney and Navan, again using the multi-city licence. In autumn 2018 the station launched in Drogheda on 92.1FM. ￼ The station was based in Hume House and uses the studio used by FM104. In 2012 the station moved its studios to Bray, County Wicklow, taking up residence in what used to be the Sunshine 106.8 studios. Its format includes news and music; the music tends to be contemporary Christian or soft rock. The current presenter line-up includes Wendy Grace, Dom Perem, Amy O'Dwyer, Adrian Nolan, Olga Kaye and Gerry Healy.
Its weekend programs include'Saturday Magazine' prestented by Jackie Ascough, The Breeze presented by Ollie Clarke and The Chart Show by Brian Farrell. The station is a registered charity and survives on donations from businesses and listeners along with the work of volunteers; the station has a 50-50 on-air gender split, its volunteers come from various different Christian churches. Spirit Radio
Broadcasting Authority of Ireland
The Broadcasting Authority of Ireland was established on 1 October 2009 replacing the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland. The BAI is the regulator of both public and commercial broadcasting sector in Ireland; the Authority came into being under the Broadcasting Act 2009. Prior to its establishment on 30 September 2009, as a Commission, it was set up as the Independent Radio and Television Commission under the terms of the Radio and Television Act, 1988; this act allowed. Prior to this commercial broadcasting in Ireland had been illegal. Despite this a thriving pirate radio scene existed; the Act sought to bring this under a regulatory framework. From 1989 onwards the Commission began to license Independent Local Radio stations, it sought to introduce a national radio and television service. But while ILR was successful, both national efforts ran into difficulty. In the case of the radio service, Century Radio, it went bankrupt within months, issues surrounding the Minister for Justice and Communications Ray Burke were raised as he sought to deregulate the system.
In 1997 Radio Ireland won the contract for Ireland's commercial national Radio service, now Today FM. Meanwhile, the selected contractor for the television service TV3, took eight years to find a backer before it went on air; the Broadcasting Act, 2001 increased its powers. It can now issue contracts for broadcasting via cable and most DTT under a different model from 2001 Broadcasting Act 2007, can develop codes in relation to various broadcasting activities; the first, a code on children's advertising, has proved controversial. Under the Broadcasting Act 2009 the Commission has been abolished and its powers transferred to the new Broadcasting Authority of Ireland's Contract Awards Committee; the BAI incorporates the role of the Broadcasting Complaints Commission for Ireland and the regulatory powers of the RTÉ Authority and Teilifís na Gaeilge, these now having corporate governance and strategic roles, losing their self-regulatory roles. While the contract award process will not be radically altered, the Authority will now have powers to fine stations rather than having to remove their contracts.
The Commission operated the Broadcasting Funding Scheme or Sound & Vision which distributes 5% of the collected TV licence to projects on film, TV and radio and under the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland, this will continue, including increased requirements for spend on indigenous programming. This is further to the Broadcasting Act 2003. So far over €30 Million euro has been invested into the audio visual sector in Ireland as a result of the scheme, enabling 280 projects to be funded and broadcast in peak listener/viewer times; the BCI was responsible for arranging the provision of television and radio services in addition to those provided by Raidió Teilifís Éireann. In addition, it was responsible for developing codes on advertising and other matters, which apply both its own stations and those of RTÉ, its role has expanded following the statutory instrument signed by Minister Eamonn Ryan on 24 September 2009 to include Analogue terrestrial television switchoff in Ireland and licensing the more channel spacious digital terrestrial television channel licensing that it will undertake once the commercial DTT contract is concluded with the current consortium.
The BCI awarded radio programme contracts by a "beauty contest" system. The Authority will decide on the area and type of service to be provided, it asks for expressions of interest, which will lead to an actual contest for the contract. Each bidder for the contract submits a detailed business plan and programming proposals to the Authority, which selects a preferred bidder, it will conduct further negotiations before issuing the contract. However, the previous Commission had limited ability to enforce contracts once issued, it could issue stations warnings or threaten them with the loss of contract, but this is regarded as a "nuclear option" and is very unpopular with the stations' listenership. More it would try to negotiate with the station in order to influence its programming. Only in one instance - Radio Limerick One - was a station's contract terminated midway through its run. In three further cases - North West Radio, Radio Kilkenny, Carlow Kildare Radio - the stations contract was awarded to a different company at the end of its term.
These decisions proved politically unpopular and have led to calls for the BCI to automatically renew contracts unless there have been stated misbehaviour. However, as Independent Local Radio stations have a monopoly, this would mean no new enterants could enter the market. Under the Broadcasting Act 2009 the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland 1. Took over the functions of the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland and the Broadcasting Complaints Commission, 2. as well as certain powers of the RTÉ Authority and the board of Téilifis na Gaeilge on 1 October 2009. 3. It will have new powers to fine broadcasters where it deems appropriate contract breaches require such but do not necessitate premature contract endThe Authority came into being when a Statutory Instrument appointed 1 October 2009 as the day for it to assume its powers was made by the Minister for Communications and Natural Resources; until the BCI continued to operate under the
Salthill is a seaside area in the City of Galway in the west of Ireland. Lying within the townland of Lenaboy, it attracts many tourists all year round. There is a 2 km long promenade, locally known as the Prom, overlooking Galway Bay with bars and hotels. Salthill was, until 2007, home to one of the biggest non-fee paying air shows in Galway, the Salthill Air Show, which took place in June over Galway Bay; the show annually generated over € 1m in revenue. The 1970s saw the introduction of a number of more leisure centres. Salthill was a centre point for the 2008–09 Volvo Ocean Race, as well as the Round-Ireland Powerboat race in 2010; every Christmas Day for many years it has been a tradition to jump into the sea from Blackrock Diving Tower. This record-breaking event is now a fundraiser for local charity in Galway. Salthill-Knocknacarra is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club; the team has won the All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship, beating St. Gall's in the 2006 final. Salthill Devon F.
C. are the local football team. They played in the League of Ireland's second tier, called First Division, from 2010 to 2013, before merging with Mervue United and GUST, the supporters trust of the defunct Galway United, to form Galway F. C.. Pearse Stadium, one of Galway GAA's two primary stadiums, is found on Dr Mannix Road in Salthill; the Galway Lawn Tennis Club, winner of Irish Tennis Club of the Year in 2002, is located on Threadneedle Road. Salthill railway station opened on 1 October 1879 and closed for passenger traffic in January 1918; the nearest station is Galway. There is one city bus service: Bus Éireann's route 401, which runs to Eyre Square only at a 20-minute frequency from 7am to 7pm Monday-Saturday and 40-minute at other times; that same operator runs the regional buses 416 and 424 from the Bus Station into Connemara which pass via Salthill. Until December 2012, City Direct Galway ran route 413 from Eyre Square via Salthill to Knocknacarra, which carried the number 36 before City Direct's service renumbering and remapping in July 2012.
The Long Walk and the Salthill promenade are both referenced in the Steve Earle penned tune "Galway Girl". List of towns and villages in Ireland Wild Atlantic Way Galway Bay