Geoffrey Johns is an American comic book writer and film and television producer. He served as the President and Chief Creative Officer of DC Entertainment from 2016 to 2018, after his initial appointment as CCO in 2010; some of his most notable work has used the DC Comics characters Green Lantern, Aquaman and Superman. In 2018, he stepped down from his executive role at DC Entertainment to open a production company, Mad Ghost Productions, to focus on writing and producing film and comic book titles based on DC properties; some of his work in television includes the series Blade, Smallville and The Flash. He was a co-producer on a producer on Justice League, he co-wrote the story for Aquaman and the screenplay for Wonder Woman 1984. Geoff Johns was born January 25, 1973, in Detroit, the son of Barbara and Fred Johns, he is of half Lebanese ancestry, grew up in the suburbs of Grosse Pointe and Clarkston. As a child and his brother first discovered comics through an old box of comics they found in their grandmother's attic, which included copies of The Flash, Green Lantern, Batman from the 1960s and 1970s.
Johns began to patronize a comics shop in Traverse City, recalling that the first new comics he bought were Crisis on Infinite Earths #3 or 4 and The Flash #348 or 349, as the latter was his favorite character. As Johns continued collecting comics, he gravitated toward DC Comics and Vertigo, drew comics. After graduating from Clarkston High School in 1991, he studied media arts, film production and film theory at Michigan State University, he graduated from Michigan State in 1995, moved to Los Angeles, California. In Los Angeles, Johns cold-called the office of director Richard Donner looking for an internship, while Johns was being transferred to various people, Donner picked up the phone by accident, leading to a conversation and the internship. Johns started off copying scripts, after about two months, was hired as a production assistant for Donner, whom Johns regards as his mentor. While working on production of Donner's 1997 film Conspiracy Theory, Johns visited New York City, where he met DC Comics personnel such as Eddie Berganza, reigniting his childhood interest in comics.
Berganza invited Johns to tour the DC Comics offices, offered Johns the opportunity to suggest ideas, which led to Johns pitching Stars and S. T. R. I. P. E. A series based to editor Chuck Kim a year later. Johns expected to write comics "on the side", until he met David Goyer and James Robinson, who were working on JSA. After looking at Stars and S. T. R. I. P. E. Robinson offered Johns co-writing duties on JSA in 2000, Johns credits both him and Mike Carlin with shepherding him into the comics industry; that same year, Johns became the regular writer on The Flash ongoing series with issue 164. John's work on The Flash represents one example of his modeling of various elements in his stories after aspects of his birth town, explaining, "When I wrote The Flash, I turned Keystone City into Detroit, made it a car town. I make a lot of my characters from Detroit. I think blue-collar heroes represent Detroit. Wally West's Flash was like that. I took the inspiration of the city and the people there and used it in the books."
John's Flash run concluded with #225. He co-wrote a Beast Boy limited series with Ben Raab in 2000 and crafted the "Return to Krypton" story arc in the Superman titles with Pasqual Ferry in 2002. After writing The Avengers vol. 3 #57–76 and Avengers Icons: The Vision #1–4 for Marvel Comics, Johns oversaw the re-launch of Hawkman and Teen Titans. Johns was responsible for the return of Hal Jordan in 2005 as the writer of the Green Lantern: Rebirth mini-series and subsequent Green Lantern ongoing title. Johns was the writer of the Infinite Crisis crossover limited series, a sequel to 1985's Crisis on Infinite Earths. Following this, Johns was one of four writers, with Mark Waid, Grant Morrison, Greg Rucka, on the 2006–2007 weekly series 52. In 2006, Johns and Kurt Busiek co-wrote the "Up, Up and Away!" Story arc in Action Comics. He reunited with Richard Donner on the "Last Son" storyline in Action Comics with Donner co-plotting the series with his former assistant; the Justice Society of America series by Johns and artist Dale Eaglesham began in February 2007 and six months he and Jeff Katz launched the new Booster Gold series.
That same year, Johns helmed the critically acclaimed "Sinestro Corps War" storyline in the Green Lantern titles. He wrote the "Final Crisis" one-shot Rage of the Red Lanterns with artist Shane Davis and collaborated with Gary Frank on Action Comics. Johns and Frank produced the "Brainiac" storyline in which Superman's adopted father Jonathan Kent was killed and retold Superman's origin story in 2009's Superman: Secret Origin. In 2009, Johns teamed with artist Ethan Van Sciver on The Flash: Rebirth miniseries, which centered on the return of Barry Allen as the Flash and wrote the Blackest Night limited series. Commenting on Johns' creation of such concepts as the Blue Lantern Corps, the Red Lantern Corps, the Indigo Tribe, DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz noted in 2010 that "One of Johns' sharpest additions to DC mythology is the notion that the Green Lanterns are but one color within a rainbow spectrum, that the other hues have their own champions. Folding in old concepts and inventing new ones, Johns has established limitless story possibilities."
On February 18, 2010, Johns was named the Chief Creative Officer of DC Entertainment, established to expand the DC Comics brand ac
Kyle Rayner is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character is depicted as being associated with the Green Lantern Corps, an extraterrestrial police force of which he has been a member. Rayner's original design was based on actor Keanu Reeves. In 2013, Kyle Rayner was placed 14th on IGN's list of the "Top 25 Heroes of DC Comics". Created by writer Ron Marz and artist Darryl Banks, Kyle Rayner first appeared in Green Lantern vol. 3, #48, as part of the "Emerald Twilight" storyline, in which DC Comics replaced Green Lantern Hal Jordan with Rayner, the sole Green Lantern for years until the late 1990s. He was DC's star Green Lantern into the mid-2000s. During this period he was briefly known as Ion. Following Jordan’s return to Green Lantern status in the 2004–2005 limited series Green Lantern: Rebirth, the 2005 crossover storyline "Infinite Crisis", Rayner returned to his alias of Ion. After the events of the "Sinestro Corps War", Rayner returned to his original role as a Green Lantern officer, along with a promotion to Honor Guard Illustres of the Corps.
On, he becomes a White Lantern following the mastery of all seven lantern rings. Before he acquired a Green Lantern power ring, Kyle Rayner was a struggling-but-gifted freelance comic book artist, raised in North Hollywood and lived and worked in Los Angeles. Kyle was raised by his mother as an only child, it was revealed that his father was a Mexican-American CIA agent named Gabriel Vasquez and that Aaron Rayner was an alias. Kyle and his mother lived a modest lifestyle until he reached adulthood. After Hal Jordan, grief-stricken over the destruction of his home town of Coast City, went on a mad rampage killing various members of the Green Lantern Corps and the Guardians of the Universe, Rayner was found by the last surviving Guardian of the Universe, Ganthet. Ganthet gave Kyle the last working Green Lantern power ring that would allow him to conjure any form of matter or energy through sheer force of will. Ganthet's reasons for choosing Kyle to bear the ring have never been made apparent, aside from Rayner having been in the right place at the right time: prior to bequeathing the ring upon Rayner, Ganthet utters, "You will have to do."
Ganthet revealed that humans make great Green Lanterns. Several sources, imply that Ganthet was following a deeper reason: Kyle Rayner was not chosen because he was fearless but because he was able to feel and overcome fear, thus making him, all the future Lanterns, less susceptible to Parallax's influence; the New Guardians retelling goes so far as to replace the scowling "You will have to do" with a smiling "It would seem I chose well." At first Kyle took possession of the ring lightly. His girlfriend, Alexandra DeWitt, encouraged him to be more responsible, create his own version of the Green Lantern uniform, helped him train for his new role as a superhero, but she was murdered and stuffed in a refrigerator by the supervillain Major Force; the guilt over this event drove Rayner to take his role more and as a result he strove to be the best Green Lantern he could be in honor of Alex's memory. Rayner moved to New York City, since Los Angeles reminded him of Alex and he needed a fresh start.
Rayner grew up enamored with Superman and Batman, though he had only a passing knowledge of Earth's various Green Lanterns. This soon changed, he found that the Green Lantern ring was the ultimate expression of his fertile imagination. While in battle, he used the ring's power to create constructs of just about anything his artistic mind could imagine: other superheroes, anime characters, mystical characters, futuristic weapons, original characters from his comic books. While other members of the Green Lantern Corps questioned the practicality of those constructs, they made Rayner an unpredictable and formidable opponent. After relocating to New York City, Rayner joined the superhero group the Titans for a brief time, during which he dated Donna Troy, but became a member of the Justice League, he clashed with the Flash early in his career. West had worked with Jordan since childhood and had reservations about Kyle as the new Green Lantern, but he became one of Rayner's best friends and biggest supporters.
Another of Kyle's biggest supporters amongst the League was Batman, who treated him with more respect than he showed certain other League members, most due to the fact that Kyle was willing to learn from others where other Lanterns focused on their rings and pre-existing skills. Rayner entered a romantic relationship with Jade and formed friendships with the Golden Age Green Lantern, Green Arrow, Arsenal and John Stewart. During his superhero career Rayner accumulated a rogues gallery that included characters from his predecessors' pasts such as Dr. Polaris and Dr. Light. During the Fifth-week event "Circle of Fire", it is discovered that a cosmic entity named Oblivion is coming to Earth after he attacked the planet Rann; this shocked Rayner because the villain is strikingly identical to the character of a story Rayner made when he was seven during his period of struggling with his fear and anger of growing up without a father, as a nemesis to the adventurer the Cannoneer. The Justice League tries to stop Oblivion, during the battle, Kyle
Ganthet is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe and he first appeared in the 1992 graphic novel Green Lantern: Ganthet's Tale, by Larry Niven and John Byrne. Ganthet is one of the Guardians of the Universe. However, where most of the Guardians are stern'by-the-book' characters, Ganthet has a personality, more human-like, including displays of empathy and concern for an individual, instead of only thinking of the Green Lantern Corps. In various DC crossover limited series such as Kingdom Come, Ganthet is shown as being part of the Quintessence, a group of gods who oversee the universe in its entirety, although they seem to focus on Earth. Although he has been portrayed as looking like the other Guardians, Ganthet is distinguished by tying his hair into a long ponytail, as the other male Guardians have shorter, unkempt hair. In the Green Lantern: Secret Origin story, Ganthet asks Sinestro to investigate the death of Abin Sur, thus leading to Sinestro's first meeting with Hal Jordan, happening on Earth.
The graphic novel Ganthet's Tale by John Byrne from a story by Larry Niven tells the story of Hal Jordan's first encounters with Ganthet. Jordan is asked to help Ganthet battle a renegade Guardian, Dawlakispokpok, trying to use a time machine to change history. In the early era of the planet Oa, a scientist named Krona attempted to use a time machine to see the beginning of time. In using his time machine, Krona somehow'bled' the universe of a billion years of life. Dawly is going to use his own time machine to thrust Krona to the end of time, preventing him from following through on his plan. In battling Dawly, however, it turns out that Dawly is responsible for the mishap that caused the universe to be'born old'; when Dawly's family is brought before the Guardians, Ganthet shields Jordan's mind, allowing him to retain his memory of one of the biggest secrets of the Guardians. After the destruction of Coast City, the subsequent "insanity" of Hal Jordan, the destruction of the Main Power Battery, the Guardians decide to focus all of their remaining power into Ganthet, recognising that he was the only one of them to foresee a catastrophe like Hal Jordan's current attack on them.
As such, he becomes the last Guardian. Ganthet goes to Earth, he appears before Kyle Rayner and hastily hands him the ring, muttering "You shall have to do". Guy Gardner claimed that Ganthet first went to him but Gardner turned him down. During Rayner's first few months as Green Lantern, Ganthet is less than satisfied with Rayner and attempts to take back the ring. Rayner earns the respect of Ganthet by facing Parallax without his ring. Ganthet became part of the circle of gods, including Shazam, Zeus and Phantom Stranger, committed to observing the universe and counseling one another; when Rayner became the godlike Ion, he possessed more power than Hal Jordan did as Parallax. Realizing that he could not continue as Ion without losing his humanity, Kyle traveled to the restored Oa to recharge the Central Power Battery. By doing so, he created a new set of Guardians, this time as small children, with the intent that Ganthet, as their "father figure," will look after them and teach them how to be better Guardians than their predecessors.
After one of the children, went missing and was revealed to have aged prematurely, Ganthet invited the Zamarons to Oa to help raise them with him. When the Martian Manhunter reverted to the'Burning Martian' identity that the Guardians of the Universe had locked away long ago and attacked the Justice League, Ganthet teleported John Stewart to safety and treated his injuries when the rest of the League teleported to the Fortress of Solitude to escape the Burning's initial attack. Ganthet was able to tell John the history of the Burning Martians and teach him a way to'reroute' his mind to think in the first language of the universe so that he could rescue his teammates from Fernus in a hit-and-run attack, allowing them to come up with a plan to defeat Fernus. Ganthet played a crucial role in resurrecting Hal Jordan, revealed to be possessed by the fear entity Parallax during Green Lantern: Rebirth. Following the return of Hal Jordan, all the Guardians are aged to adulthood and are just as cold and manipulative as before.
The only change is. Ganthet, of course still retains a sense of individuality amongst the Guardians, believing that they should retain their emotions. During the Sinestro Corps War he and Sayd are banished from the council for embracing emotions, discovering that they have romantic feelings for each other. Just as Parallax attacks the Lanterns for freeing Kyle Rayner and Sayd arrive and draw Parallax into four separate lanterns, reasoning that the Earth Lanterns had proven their superior ability to overcome fear and the division would prevent anyone from being able to release Parallax again; as Ganthet explains, he and Sayd were kicked out of the Guardians of the Universe. Ganthet's final act as Guardian is offering Kyle his power ring, he asks if Kyle is willing to downgrade himself to a normal Green Lantern, which Kyle accepts. The four men take their lanterns and
Alexandra "Alex" DeWitt is a fictional character in the DC Comics Universe. She is the girlfriend of Kyle Rayner, she is best known, however, as the murder victim whose manner of disposal led Gail Simone to coin the phrase "Women in Refrigerators". Alex DeWitt first appears with Kyle at the end of Green Lantern vol. 3, #48. As a photographer for a newspaper in Los Angeles, Alex is annoyed by Kyle's somewhat immature attitude towards work; when Kyle reveals the new ring he has received, she is at first apprehensive. However, she agrees to help Kyle train himself to use his new powers. Alex's time with Kyle is short-lived, however. Kyle stuffed her in the refrigerator; this drives Kyle to attack Major Force. During the battle, he nearly loses the ring when its charge runs out, but Major Force reveals that the'green rock' in his possession is a power lantern that recharges the ring. In Kyle's first encounter with Hal Jordan as Parallax, Hal offers to resurrect Alex as part of his plan to recreate the universe, but Kyle rejects the offer.
When Kyle moves to New York and joins the Titans, he falls asleep while watching the monitors and his ring makes a projection of Alex. When the demon Neron attacks, he attempts to entice Kyle by offering to resurrect Alex. Kyle, having rejected the same offer from Hal refuses Neron's offer. In a Green Lantern Annual and Hal's spirits are switched, so that Kyle's spirit is in Hal's body at the time in which Hal is debuting as Green Lantern, while Hal's spirit is occupying Kyle's body during the time in which Alex is still his girlfriend. Here, Major Force attacks Alex. However, when Kyle and Hal's souls are returned to their respective bodies and they are back in the present, Alex is once again deceased. A different version of Alex is found in the story arc "Green Lantern: Circle of Fire", where Kyle summons six different versions of Green Lantern to help him fight off a villain named Oblivion. One of these Green Lanterns is Alexandra DeWitt, believed to be from an alternate reality where she rather than Kyle acquired the ring, but she was revealed to be a sentient construct of Kyle's ring representing Kyle's positive aspect for love.
Another version of Alex appeared by Ion #3, as one of the projections made from Mogo's power and Kyle's own subconscious. Jade, another of Kyle's deceased loves, reanimated as an undead Black Lantern, created a black energy construct crafted in an image of Alex from her black ring to torment Kyle. Alex's remains become a Black Lantern trapping Kyle inside a black energy construct of a refrigerator before using her powers to take control of his body, transforming him into a facsimile of Major Force, forcing him to relive the moments of her death, she tries to mentally break Kyle by saying that, since Force attacked her because of him, he killed her himself. However, after what happened with Jade, Kyle does not fall prey to the same manipulation. With the help of the Indigo Tribesman Munk, he destroys her after saying goodbye; because of the brutal manner in which Alex is killed, because of the different'significant others' of superheroes that are in danger of being killed, women in the series who are killed in a violent manner, to further a male hero's story, are said to have suffered from the Woman in Refrigerator syndrome.
Portrayal of women in comics Woman in Refrigerator syndrome Summary of Green Lantern #54
Superman is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, the character first appeared in Action Comics #1 on April 18, 1938 which marked the rise of the Golden Age of Comic Books. Since his inception, Superman has been depicted as an hero that that originated the planet Krypton and named Kal-El; as a baby, he was sent to Earth in a small spaceship by his biological family, Jor-El and Lara, moments before Krypton was destroyed in a natural cataclysm. His ship landed in the American countryside. Clark displayed various superhuman abilities from the start as a young boy, such as incredible strength and impervious skin, his foster parents advised him to use his abilities for the benefit of humanity, he decided to fight crime as a vigilante. To protect his privacy, he changes into a colorful costume and uses the alias "Superman" when fighting crime. Clark Kent resides in the fictional American city of Metropolis in his adult life, where he works as a journalist for the Daily Planet disguising himself among the people there.
Depicted supporting characters of Superman are depicted as residing in Metropolis such as prominent love interest of Superman, Lois Lane, good friend of Superman, Jimmy Olsen, Daily Planet chief editor Perry White. He has many foes such as the genius inventor Lex Luthor, he is a friend of many other superheroes such as Batman and Wonder Woman. Although Superman was not the first superhero character, he popularized the superhero genre and defined its conventions, he remains the best selling superhero in comic books of all time and endured as one of the most lucrative franchises outside of comic books. He is regarded as the greatest superhero / comic book character of all time. Superman was created by Joe Shuster. A duo who met met in 1932 in a high school in Cleveland and bonded over their mutual love of fiction. Siegel aspired to become a writer and Shuster aspired to become an illustrator. Siegel wrote amateur science fiction stories, which he self-published a magazine called Science Fiction: The Advance Guard of Future Civilization.
His friend Shuster provided illustrations for his work. In January 1933, Siegel published a short story in his magazine titled "The Reign of the Superman"; the titular character is a vagrant named Bill Dunn, tricked by an evil scientist into consuming an experimental drug. The drug gives Dunn the powers of mind-reading, mind-control, clairvoyance, he uses these powers maliciously for profit and amusement, but the drug wears off, leaving him a powerless vagrant again. Shuster provided illustrations. Siegel and Shuster shifted with a focus on adventure and comedy, they wanted to become syndicated newspaper strip authors, so they showed their ideas to various newspaper editors. However, the newspaper editors told them. If they wanted to make a successful comic strip, it had to be something more sensational than anything else on the market; this prompted Siegel to revisit Superman as a comic strip character. Siegel modified Superman's powers to make him more sensational: Like Bill Dunn, the second prototype of Superman is given powers against his will by an unscrupulous scientist, but instead of psychic abilities, he acquires superhuman strength and bullet-proof skin.
Additionally, this new Superman was a crime-fighting hero instead of a villain, because Siegel noted that comic strips with heroic protagonists tended to be more successful. In years, Siegel once recalled that this Superman wore a "bat-like" cape in some panels, but he and Shuster agreed there was no costume yet, there is none apparent in the surviving artwork. Siegel and Shuster showed this second concept of Superman to Consolidated Book Publishers, based in Chicago. In May 1933, Consolidated had published a comic book titled Detective Dan: Secret Operative 48, it contained all-original stories as opposed to reprints of newspaper strips, a novelty at the time. Siegel and Shuster put together a comic book in similar format called The Superman. A delegation from Consolidated visited Cleveland that summer on a business trip, Siegel and Shuster took the opportunity to present their work in person. Although Consolidated expressed interest, they pulled out of the comics business without offering a book deal because the sales of Detective Dan were disappointing.
Siegel believed publishers kept rejecting them because he and Shuster were young and unknown, so he looked for an established artist to replace Shuster. When Siegel told Shuster what he was doing, Shuster reacted by burning their rejected Superman comic, sparing only the cover, they continued collaborating on other projects, but for the time being Shuster was through with Superman. Siegel wrote to numerous artists; the first response came in July 1933 from Leo O'Mealia, who drew the Fu Manchu strip for the Bell Syndicate. In the script that Siegel sent O'Mealia, Superman's origin story changes: He is a "scientist-adventurer" from the far future, when humanity has evolved "super powers". Just before the Earth explodes, he escapes in a time-machine to the modern era, whereupon he begins using his super powers to fight crime. O'Mealia produced a few strips and showed them to his newspaper syndicate. Nothing of Siegel and O'Mealia's collaboration survives, except in Siegel's memoir. In June 1934, Siegel found another partner: an artist in Chicago named Russell Keaton.
Keaton drew the Buck R
Neal Adams is an American comic book and commercial artist known for helping to create some of the definitive modern imagery of the DC Comics characters Batman and Green Arrow. Adams was inducted into the Eisner Award's Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1998, the Harvey Awards' Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1999. Neal Adams was born June 1941 on Governors Island, New York City, he is Jewish. Adams attended the School of Industrial Art high school in Manhattan, graduating in 1959. After graduation in 1959, he unsuccessfully attempted to find freelance work at DC Comics, turned to Archie Comics, where he wanted to work on the publisher's fledgling superhero line, edited by Joe Simon. At the suggestion of staffers, Adams drew "three or four pages of the Fly", but did not receive encouragement from Simon. Sympathetic staffers nonetheless asked Adams to draw samples for the Archie teen-humor comics themselves. While he did so, Adams said in a 2000s interview, he unknowingly broke into comics: I started to do samples for Archie and I left my Fly samples there.
A couple weeks when I came in to show my Archie samples, I noticed that the pages were still there, but the bottom panel was cut off of one of my pages. I said,'What happened', they said,'One of the artists did this transition where Tommy Troy turns into the Fly and it's not good. You did this real nice piece so we'll use that, if it's OK.' I said,'That's great. That's terrific.' That panel ran in Adventures of the Fly #4. Afterward, Adams began writing, penciling and lettering humorous full-page and half-page gag fillers for Archie's Joke Book Magazine. In a 1976 interview, he recalled earning "$32.00 for a full page. That may not seem like a great deal of money, but at the time it meant a great deal to myself as well as my mothers... as we were not in a wealthy state. It was manna from heaven, so to speak." A recommendation led him to artist Howard Nostrand, beginning the Bat Masterson syndicated newspaper comic strip, he worked as Nostrand's assistant for three months drawing backgrounds at what Adams recalled as $9 a week and "a great experience".
Having "not left Archie Comics under the best of circumstances", Adams turned to commercial art for the advertising industry. After a rocky start freelancing, he began landing regular work at the Johnstone and Cushing agency, which specialized in comic-book styled advertising. Helped by artist Elmer Wexler, who critiqued the young Adams' samples, Adams brought his portfolio to the agency, which "didn't believe I had done those particular samples since they looked so much like Elmer Wexler's work, but they gave me a chance and... I stayed there for about a year". In 1962, Adams began his comics career in earnest at the Newspaper Enterprise Association syndicate. From a recommendation, writer Jerry Caplin, a.k.a. Jerry Capp, brother of Li'l Abner creator Al Capp, invited Adams to draw samples for Capp's proposed Ben Casey comic strip, based on the popular television medical-drama series. On the strength of his samples and of his "Chip Martin, College Reporter" AT&T advertising comic-strip pages in Boys' Life magazine, of his similar Goodyear Tire ads, Adams landed the assignment.
The first daily strip, which carried Adams' signature, appeared November 26, 1962. Adams continued to do Johnston & Cushing assignments during Ben Casey's 3 1/2-year run. Comics historian Maurice Horn said the strip "did not shrink from tackling controversial problems, such as heroin addiction, illegitimate pregnancy, attempted suicide; these were treated in soap opera fashion... but there was a touch of toughness to the proceedings, well rendered by Adams in a forceful, direct style that exuded realism and tension and accorded well with the overall tone of the strip". In addition to Capp, Jerry Brondfield wrote for the strip, with Adams stepping in occasionally; the ABC series, which ran five seasons, ended March 21, 1966, with the final comic strip appearing Sunday, July 31, 1966. Despite the end of the series, Adams has said the strip, which he claimed at different points to have appeared in 365 newspapers, 265 newspapers, 165 newspapers, ended "for no other reason that it was an unhappy situation": We ended the strip under mutual agreement.
I wasn't happy working on the strip nor was I happy giving up a third of the money to Bing Crosby Productions. The strip I should have been making twelve hundred a week from was making me three hundred to three-fifty a week. On top of that, I was not able to express myself artistically, but we left under fine conditions. I was offered a deal in which I would be paid so much a month if I would agree not to do any syndicated strip for anyone else, in order that I might save myself for anything they have for me to do. Adams' goal at this point was to be a commercial illustrator. While drawing Ben Casey, he had continued to do storyboards and other work for ad agencies, said in 1976 that after leaving the strip he had shopped around a portfolio for agencies and for men's magazines, "but my material was a little too realistic and not right for most. I left my portfolio in an advertising agency promising. In the meantime I needed to make some money... and I thought,'Why don't I do some comics?'" In a 2000s interview, he remembered the events differently, saying "I took to various advertising people.
I left it at one place
Thaal Sinestro is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Sinestro is a former Green Lantern Corps member, dishonorably discharged for abusing his power, he is founder of the Sinestro Corps. The character was created by John Broome and Gil Kane, first appeared in Green Lantern #7. In 2009, IGN's ranked Sinestro as the 15th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. Sinestro was born on the planet Korugar in space sector 1417, his dedication to preserving order manifested in his previous career, an anthropologist specializing in reconstructions of ruins of long-dead civilizations. One day while he was on one such site, a Green Lantern named Prohl Gosgotha crash-landed into the site and dying, he gave his ring to Sinestro, just in time for Sinestro, who even understood what the ring could do, to defend himself from the Lantern's pursuer: a Weaponer of Qward. Afterwards, Gosgotha turned out to still be alive and asked for his ring back to keep him alive long enough to get help.
Sinestro, knowing this would mean not being a Green Lantern himself, instead let him die and took over his post. The Guardians were unaware of his actions. In Green Lantern #45, his wife is shown for the first time in a flashback and revealed to be the sister of Abin Sur; when Hal Jordan joined the Green Lantern Corps, Sinestro was assigned to be his instructor. Jordan was horrified at his new mentor's totalitarian methods, though Sinestro maintained that his iron-fisted rule was necessary to protect his people from alien forces. During his training, Jordan helped Sinestro repel an attempted invasion of Korugar by the alien warlords known as the Khunds; when Jordan called for help from the other Green Lanterns, Sinestro's dictatorship was exposed and he was forced to appear before the Guardians for punishment. Katma Tui, the leader of a Korugarian resistance movement who felt that Sinestro's "protection" kept her people from growing as a society through contact with other alien races, was recruited as his replacement in the Corps.
Though Katma Tui grew into one of the most respected Green Lanterns and the rest of Korugar resisted her appointment to the Corps. For using the power of the Green Lantern to instill fear rather than combat it, the Guardians banished Sinestro to the antimatter universe, a counterpart to the "real" universe made up of "negative matter". Sinestro ended up on the antimatter world of Qward, that universe's counterpart of the Guardians' homeworld Oa, ruled by a race of warriors and scientists known as the Weaponers of Qward, who bore a fierce hatred of the Guardians and all Green Lanterns. By exiling Sinestro to a world ruled by evil beings who hated him as a Green Lantern, the Guardians hoped to humble him. However, their attempt at punishment would be a major miscalculation. Sinestro believed himself to have been wronged by his former masters and now hated them just as much as the Weaponers did. Through their mutual hatred of the Guardians and the Weaponers became allies, with the Weaponers offering to help Sinestro gain revenge on the Guardians and the Corps.
Creating a yellow power ring for Sinestro to use, the Weaponers sent him back to the "positive matter" universe to seek his revenge. Sinestro became the Green Lantern Corps' most powerful nemesis due to a weakness in their power rings that prevented them from directly affecting the color yellow. Despite this, skilled Green Lanterns like Jordan, Sinestro's most hated enemy, always found ways to defeat him. Pre-Crisis Sinestro first met Hal when he had made an alliance with Qward. Hal had beaten the Weaponers three times. Sinestro tried to kidnap him using a device which could transport people to Qward and was able to imprison him in a yellow bubble by threatening to kill 100,000 people, kidnapped with the device when he used it on a city Hal was supposed to be at; however Hal used his ring to speed up a clock. When he released Hal from the bubble to eliminate him, he was defeated and imprisoned in a green bubble by Hal, who did not take him back to his universe as it would go against the jurisdiction of the Guardians.
However he escaped using a ring that could drain the Green Lantern's ring-power and continued to menace Hal. He tried to attack the Guardians after trapping Jordan, before disguising himself as Hal so he could occupy a meeting of Green Lanterns and absorb power from their rings by casting an illusion of a monster so that they would use their rings. However, Jordan escaped and defeated Sinestro on Oa, placed in a green energy container which would orbit the Universe by the power of many Green Lanterns, but he escaped with a power ring hidden in his boot, he was adept at escaping the ways the Guardians tried to imprison him. Before the Guardians took a leave of absence from their universe to attempt mating with their female counterparts, the Zamarons, they constructed an inescapable prison for Sinestro and thousands of others on Oa. Sinestro managed to free himself through the mental manipulation of the Mad God of Sector 3600. Wielding nearly unlimited power, Sinestro murdered entire star systems until he was subdued by the Green Lantern Corps of Earth.
Guilty of multiple acts of genocide, Sinestro was put on trial again by the assembled membership of the Green Lantern Corps. Finding him guilty, they condemned him to death and executed him, but Sinestro managed to cheat death it