The Magic Roundabout
The Magic Roundabout is an English-language children's television programme that ran from 1965 to 1977. It was based on the French stop motion animation show Le Manège enchanté, created in 1963 by Serge Danot with the help of Ivor Wood and Wood's French wife, Josiane; the French series was first broadcast from 1964 to 1974 on ORTF. The BBC rejected translating the series because it was "charming... but difficult to dub into English", but produced a version of the series using the French footage with new English-language scripts that bore little relation to the original storylines. This version and narrated by Eric Thompson, was broadcast in 441 five-minute-long episodes from 18 October 1965 to 25 January 1977, it proved a great success and attained cult status, when in October 1966 it was moved from the slot just before the evening news to an earlier children's viewing time, adult viewers complained to the BBC. Although the characters are common to both versions, they were given different names and personalities depending on the language.
The main character is Dougal, a drop-eared variety of the Skye Terrier. Other characters include a jack-in-the-box. Other less well known animal characters, only seen on the roundabout itself during the credits, are Basil and Rosalie. There is an adult character, old Mr. McHenry the gardener who appears occasionally; the show has a distinctive visual style. The set is a brightly stylised park containing the eponymous roundabout; the programmes were created by stop motion animation, which meant that Dougal was made without legs to make him easier to animate. Zebedee was created from a giant pea, available in the animation studio and was re-painted; the look of these characters was the responsibility of British animator Ivor Wood, working at Danot's studio at the time. The British version was distinct from the French version in that the narration was new, created by Eric Thompson from just the visuals, not based on the script by Serge Danot. Thompson worked without any translation of the French scripts, the English-language version bears no resemblance to them.
The first British broadcasts were shown every weekday on BBC1 at 17:50, just before the early evening news at 17:55. Although the exact time of the early evening news varied over the years, The Magic Roundabout kept its slot before the early evening news for the duration of its original broadcasting, except for 16:55 time slots during October to November 1966, earlier times during parts of 1972 and 1973; this was the first time an entertainment programme had been transmitted in this way in the UK. The original series, a serial, was made in black-and-white. From the second series onwards it was made in colour, although the series was still broadcast in black-and-white by the BBC. Fifty-two additional episodes, not broadcast, were shown in the United Kingdom during 1991 on Channel 4's News Daily. Thompson had died by this time, the job of narrating them in a pastiche of Thompson's style went to actor Nigel Planer; the English version of Dougal was disparaging and had similarities with the television character of Tony Hancock, an actor and comedian.
Ermintrude was rather fond of singing. Dylan was a hippy-like, guitar-playing rabbit, rather dopey. Florence was portrayed as courteous and level-headed. Brian was well-meaning. Zebedee had a red face and large upturned moustache, was dressed in a yellow jacket, in the first episode was delivered to Mr Rusty in a box, from which he burst like a jack-in-the-box: hence the lower half of his body consisting of a spring. In most episodes he appeared summoned by Florence, with a loud "boing" sound, he closed the show with the phrase "Time for bed". In the foreword to the recent re-release of the books, Thompson's daughter Emma explains that her father had felt that he was most like Brian of all the characters and that Ermintrude was in some respects based upon his wife, Phyllida Law. Other characters included Mr McHenry, a talking locomotive with a 4-2-2 wheel arrangement and a two-wheel tender. Three other children, Paul and Rosalie, appeared in the original black-and-white serial and in the credit sequence of the colour episodes, but rarely in subsequent episodes.
Part of the show's attraction was that it appealed to adults, who enjoyed the world-weary Hancock-style comments made by Dougal, as well as to children. The audience measured eight million at its peak. There are speculations about possible interpretations of the show. One is that the characters represented French politicians of the time, that Dougal represented Charles de Gaulle. In fact, when Serge Danot was interviewed by Joan Bakewell on Late Night Line-Up in 1968 his associate said that in France it was thought at first that the UK version of Pollux had been renamed "De Gaulle", mishearing the name Dougal (as seen in the Channel 4 documentary The Return of the Magic Roundabout (broadcast 08:50 on 25
Florence is a city in Lauderdale County, United States, in the state's northwest corner. According to the 2010 census, the city's population was 39,319. Florence is the largest and principal city of the Florence-Muscle Shoals Metropolitan Statistical Area. Florence is considered northwestern Alabama's primary economic hub. Annual tourism events include the W. C. Handy Music Festival in the summer and the Renaissance Faire in the fall. Landmarks in Florence include the Rosenbaum House, the only Frank Lloyd Wright-designed home located in Alabama. Florence and Lauderdale County had Eliza Coffee Memorial Hospital. ECM was a 358-bed facility owned by RCCH HealthCare Partners in Tennessee. In 2010 RCCH HealthCare Partners announced; the hospital was completed in December 2018. The type of municipal government is mayor-council. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Florence has a total area of 25.0 square miles, of which 24.9 square miles is land, 0.1 square miles is water. Florence is located on Wilson Lake and Pickwick Lake, bodies of water on the Tennessee River dammed by Pickwick Dam and Wilson Dams.
Pickwick Lake was created by the Tennessee Valley Authority, one of several alphabet agencies of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal. Wilson Dam was authorized by President Woodrow Wilson in 1918 and was the first dam constructed on the Tennessee River. Florence was surveyed for the Cypress Land Company in 1818 by Italian surveyor Ferdinand Sannoner, who named it after Florence, the capital of the Tuscany region of Italy. Florence, Alabama was incorporated in 1826. Florence Female Academy was established in Florence in 1847. By the 1850s it became Florence Synodical Female College, it closed in 1893. A historical marker commemorates the site. According to the 2010 census: 75.0% White 19.4% Black 0.4% Native American 1.4% Asian 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 1.9% Two or more races 3.6% Hispanic or Latino As of the census of 2000, there were 36,264 people, 15,820 households, 9,555 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,454.6 people per square mile. There were 17,707 housing units at an average density of 710.2 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 78.39% White, 19.20% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. 1.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 15,820 households, out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them: 43.6% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.6% were non-families. Nearly 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20, the average family size was 2.82. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males. The city is strictly zoned, therefore seems to be much larger than the population of 40,000.
Communities within Florence that aren't counted towards the population include St. Florian, Happy Hollow, Petersville, Zip City, etc; this explains the metropolitan area being close to 150,000 but the "city" only being home to 40,000. The median income for a household in the city was $28,330, the median income for a family was $40,577. Males had a median income of $34,398 versus $21,385 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,464. About 14.4% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over. Situated in Florence, founded in 1830 as LaGrange College, the University of North Alabama, a public, co-educational, higher education institution, is Alabama's oldest state-certified university; the University is the largest in north Alabama, with an enrollment topping 7,000 for the first time in 2007. International students now compose 10% of the student population; the university is surrounded by historic neighborhoods.
It is located just north of the downtown business district. Kilby Laboratory School, grades K - 6, is affiliated with the university and is the only laboratory school in the state. Florence City Schools is the organization of the K–12 public school system. Florence High School is the main high school, with an enrollment of 1,000 students, it was created by a merger between the previous two city high schools, Bradshaw High School and Coffee High School. Florence High is located at the former Bradshaw site in the eastern part of the city; the merger led to the creation of Florence Middle School and the Florence Freshman Center. The middle school is located at the former Coffee High campus, east of downtown, the Florence Freshman Center is located at the Florence High School campus. There are four private schools in Florence: St. Joseph Regional Catholic School for grades K–8, Mars Hill Bible School, Shoals Christian School, Florence Christian Academy, which are multi-denominational, K–12 schools.
The city has a mayor-council form of government. Council members are elected from six single-member districts, the mayor is elected separately. Mayor Steve HoltSteve Holt was elected
The United States Penitentiary, Administrative Maximum Facility is an American federal prison that provides a higher level of custody than a maximum security prison. It is classed as a supermax, or "control unit" prison, where the safety of inmates and staff is paramount. Located in Fremont County and opened in 1994, it is known as the Alcatraz of the Rockies; the Federal Bureau of Prisons had declared a need for a unit designed for the secure housing of those prisoners most liable to murder staff or other inmates. Prisoners spend 23 hours per day in single, soundproof cells with facilities made of poured concrete to deter self-harm, 24-hour supervision, carried out intensively with high staff-inmate ratios. Phones are banned and only limited broadcast entertainment permitted. After three years in'maximum' confinement, some prisoners may be transferred to a less restrictive prison; the aim is to encourage "reasonably peaceful behavior" from the most violent'career' prisoners. The high standard of security has been noted by many, though there is some concern about the impact of extended confinement and isolation on mental health.
The institution is unofficially known as ADX Florence, or the "Alcatraz of the Rockies". It is part of the Florence Federal Correctional Complex, operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice; the complex includes an adjacent minimum-security camp that, as of February 2019, houses more prisoners than the supermax unit. ADX Florence houses the male inmates in the federal prison system who are deemed the most dangerous and in need of the tightest control, including prisoners whose escape would pose a serious threat to national security; the BOP does not have a designated "supermax" facility for women. Women in the BOP system who are classified as "special management concerns" due to violence or escape attempts are confined in the administrative unit of Federal Medical Center, Carswell in Fort Worth, Texas; the facility's current warden is David Berkebile. In 1983, two federal correction officers were stabbed to death in separate incidents at United States Penitentiary, Marion by members of the Aryan Brotherhood.
The stabbings were blamed on inadequate prison design. As a result, Norman Carlson, director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, argued for the creation of a new type of facility where the most dangerous, uncontrollable inmates could be isolated from correction officers and other prisoners for security and safety. USP Marion, which went into "permanent lockdown" following the 1983 murders, became a model for the construction of ADX, designed as a control unit prison. Carlson said that such a prison would hold inmates desperate enough to murder corrections officers or other inmates in the hopes of being sentenced to death. ADX opened in November 1994, the residents of Fremont County, Colorado welcomed it as a source of employment; the county had nine prisons, but the lure of 750 to 900 permanent jobs led residents to raise $160,000 to purchase 600 acres for the new prison. Hundreds of people attended the groundbreaking for the facility, designed by two leading architecture firms in Colorado Springs and cost $60 million to build.
The supermax unit at ADX Florence houses about 400 male inmates, each assigned to one of six security levels. It has never been full; the facility is best known for housing inmates who have been deemed too dangerous, too high-profile, or too great a national security risk for a maximum-security prison. The majority of current inmates, have been placed there because they have an extensive history of committing violent crimes against corrections officers and fellow inmates in other prisons, up to and including murder; these inmates are kept in administrative segregation. They are confined in a designed single-person cell for 23 hours a day, they are removed on a 24-hour clock. The hour outside of the cell is for exercise, with privileges, a phone call, their diet is restricted to ensure that the foods they are served cannot be used to harm themselves, or to create unhygienic conditions in their cell. At least some cells have showers. After at least one year, depending on their conduct, inmates are gradually allowed out for longer periods.
The long-term goal is to keep them at ADX for three years transfer them to a less restrictive prison to serve out the remainder of their sentences. According to a 1998 report in the San Francisco Chronicle, ADX Florence's main purpose is to "try and extract reasonably peaceful behavior from violent career prisoners". ADX Florence is a 37-acre, 490-bed complex at 5880 Highway 67, Colorado, about 100 miles south of Denver and 40 miles south of Colorado Springs, it is one part of the Florence Federal Correctional Complex which comprises three correctional facilities, each with a different security rating. The majority of the facility is above ground; the only part, underground is a subterranean corridor that links cellblocks to the lobby. Inmates spend 23 hours a day locked in their cells and are escorted by a minimum of three officers for their five hours of private recreation per week; each cell has a desk, a stool, a bed, which are entirely made out of poured concrete, as well as a toilet that shuts off if blocked, a shower that runs on a timer to prevent flooding, a sink lacking a dangerous tap.
Rooms may be fitted with polishe
Florence Municipal Airport
Florence Municipal Airport, is a public airport located in the city of Florence in Lane County, Oregon, USA. It is used for general aviation. Florence Municipal Airport contains one asphalt paved runway, 15/33 which measures 3000 x 60 ft. There is no air traffic control tower located on the airfield. There are 13 aircraft based on the field. 11 single-engines and 2 multi-engine aircraft. The airport has an average of 134 flights a week; this includes 21 % military and 9 % air taxi. Florence Municipal Airport Website Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for 6S2 AirNav airport information for 6S2 FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for 6S2
Florence is a Statutory City located in Fremont County, United States. The population was 3,881 at the 2010 census, up from 3,653 in 2000. Florence was built as a transportation center, with three railroads including a small railroad depot for the trains that hauled coal from the neighboring towns of Rockvale and Coal Creek. Oil was first discovered in Florence in 1862. In the early 1880s the town grew rapidly; the city was named after the daughter of local settler James McCandless. The town was incorporated in 1887. Florence is on the south side of the Arkansas River, it is bordered to the west by the town of Williamsburg, the town of Coal Creek is 3 miles to the southwest. Colorado State Highway 115 runs northwest 9 miles to Cañon City and northeast 6 miles to Penrose, intersecting U. S. Route 50 in each direction. Colorado State Highway 67 leads south 11 miles to Wetmore. Pueblo is 33 miles to the east via CO 115 and US 50. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles, of which 2.4 acres, or 0.09%, is water.
Florence sits in the semi-arid high desert lands of southern Colorado. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,653 people, 1,488 households, 973 families residing in the city; the population density was 897.7 per square mile. There were 1,622 housing units at an average density of 398.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.77% White, 0.30% African American, 1.23% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 2.63% from other races, 2.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.66% of the population. There were 1,488 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,628, the median income for a family was $39,276. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $22,042 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,969. About 12.5% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over. Federal Correctional Complex, including ADX Florence, the only federal supermax prison in the United States. Fremont RE-2 School District operates public schools, including Penrose Elementary School, Florence Elementary School, Florence Middle School, Florence High School. Thyra Thomson, Wyoming Secretary of State United States Penitentiary, Administrative Maximum Facility Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles State of Colorado Colorado cities and towns Colorado municipalities Colorado counties Fremont County, Colorado Colorado metropolitan areas Front Range Urban Corridor South Central Colorado Urban Area Cañon City, CO Micropolitan Statistical Area City of Florence website Florence Chamber of Commerce
Hurricane Florence was a powerful and long-lived Cape Verde hurricane that caused catastrophic damage in the Carolinas in September 2018 as a result of freshwater flooding. Florence dropped a maximum total of 35.93 inches of rain in Elizabethtown, North Carolina, becoming the wettest tropical cyclone recorded in the Carolinas, the eighth-wettest overall in the contiguous United States. The sixth named storm, third hurricane, the first major hurricane of the 2018 Atlantic hurricane season, Florence originated from a strong tropical wave that emerged off the west coast of Africa on August 30, 2018. Steady organization resulted in the formation of a tropical depression on the next day near Cape Verde. Progressing along a steady west-northwest trajectory, the system acquired tropical storm strength on September 1, fluctuated in strength for several days over open ocean. An unexpected bout of rapid intensification ensued on September 4–5, culminating with Florence becoming a Category 4 major hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson scale, with estimated maximum sustained winds of 130 mph.
Strong wind shear tore the storm apart, Florence degraded to a tropical storm by September 7. Shifting steering currents led to a westward turn into a more suitable environment. At 16:00 UTC on September 10, Florence again became a Category 4 hurricane reaching a new peak intensity with 1-minute winds of 140 mph and a central pressure of 939 mbar. Afterward, Florence weakened as it underwent an eyewall replacement cycle, but began to strengthen again late on September 11. However, increasing wind shear caused the storm's winds to taper over the next few days, though the storm's wind field continued to grow. By the evening of September 13, Florence had been downgraded to a Category 1 hurricane, though the storm began to stall as it neared the Carolina coastline. Early on September 14, Florence made landfall in the United States just south of Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina, weakened further as it moved inland. Florence degenerated to a post-tropical cyclone over West Virginia on September 17, two days the remnants of Florence were absorbed into another frontal storm.
Early in the storm's history, the system brought squall conditions to the Cape Verde islands, resulting in some landslides and flooding. With the threat of a major impact in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States becoming evident by September 7, the governors of North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and Maryland, the mayor of Washington, D. C. declared a state of emergency. On September 10 and 11, the states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia all issued mandatory evacuation orders for some of their coastal communities, predicting that emergency personnel would be unable to reach people there once the storm arrived. Despite making landfall as a weakened Category 1 hurricane, Florence still had enough wind speed to uproot trees and cause widespread power outages throughout the Carolinas. A ridge of high pressure over eastern North America stalled Florence's forward motion for several days while making landfall; this led to Florence moving forward at only 2–3 miles per hour.
Coupled with a large storm surge, this caused widespread flooding along a long stretch of the North Carolina coast, from New Bern to Wilmington. As the storm moved inland, from September 15 to 17, heavy rain caused widespread inland flooding, inundating cities such as Fayetteville, Lumberton and Chapel Hill, as major rivers such as the Neuse River, Eno River, Cape Fear River, Lumber River all spilled over their banks. Most major roads and highways in the area experienced some flooding, with large stretches of I-40, I-95, US Route 70 remaining impassable for days after the storm had passed; the city of Wilmington was cut off from the rest of the mainland by floodwaters. The storm spawned tornadoes in several places along its path. Many places received record-breaking rainfall, with more than 30 inches measured in some locations. At least 57 deaths were attributed to the storm. Property damage and economic losses in North and South Carolina reached $24 billion, with estimated insured losses ranging between $4.8–5 billion.
One estimate for North Carolina was nearly $17 billion, more than the damage from Hurricane Matthew and Hurricane Floyd in that state combined. On August 28, 2018, the National Hurricane Center began monitoring a tropical wave—an elongated trough of low air pressure—over Western Africa for possible tropical cyclogenesis within the subsequent five days, as it progressed westward. Development into a tropical cyclone became likely on the following day, a more defined low coalesced along the coast of Senegal on August 30. Favorable environmental conditions, including ample moisture and low wind shear, enabled further organization and development of broad shower and thunderstorm activity. Lacking a well-defined center but posing an immediate threat to Cape Verde, the NHC began issuing advisories on the system as Potential Tropical Cyclone Six that day. Easterly trade winds propelled the disturbance along a west to west-northwest trajectory. Through much of the day and into August 31, convection remained confined to the southwest of the disturbance within a monsoon trough and precluded its classification as a tropical cyclone.
Florence, South Carolina
Florence is a city in, the county seat of, Florence County, South Carolina, United States. It is best known for being the intersection of I-95 and I-20, the eastern terminus of I-20, it is the primary city within the Florence metropolitan area. The area forms the core of the historical "Pee Dee" region of South Carolina, which includes the eight counties of northeastern South Carolina, along with sections of southeastern North Carolina; as of the 2010 census, the population of Florence was 37,056, the estimated population in 2015 was 38,228. Florence is one of the major cities in South Carolina. In 1965, Florence was named an All-American City, presented by the National Civic League; the city was founded as a railroad hub and became the junction of three major railroad systems, including the Wilmington and Manchester, the Northeastern, the Cheraw and Darlington. As of today, the city retains its status as a major hub in the coastal plain region of South Carolina, both for industry and infrastructure, while establishing itself as a regional center for business, medicine and finance.
The City of Florence was chartered in 1871 and incorporated in 1890 following the 1888 creation of Florence County. Prior to its charter, the city was part of one of the original townships laid out by the Lords Proprietors in 1719; the area was settled through the late 19th and early 20th century. Early settlers practiced subsistence farming and produced indigo, naval stores and timber, which were shipped down the Great Pee Dee River to the port at Georgetown and exported. In the mid-19th century two intersecting railroads were built, the Wilmington and Manchester, the Northeastern. Gen. W. W. Harllee, the president of the W & M, built his home at the junction, named the community "Florence", after his daughter. During the Civil War the town was an important supply and railroad repair center for the Confederacy, the site of the Florence Stockade, which held between 12,000 and 18,000 Union prisoners of war. Over 2,800 of the prisoners died of disease, the burial ground adjacent to the prison became the Florence National Cemetery after the war and now has expanded.
After the war, Florence grew and prospered, using the railroad to supply its cotton, by the turn of the century, tobacco. During the 20th century the economy of Florence came to rely on the healthcare industry, driven by two major hospitals and a number of pharmaceutical plants. Industry grew after World War II, when Florence became known for textiles, pharmaceuticals and manufacturing, in addition to agricultural products. Florence is located in the coastal plain of South Carolina, it is in the northern part of Florence County. The average elevation above sea level is around 140 ft. Jeffries Creek is a tributary of the Great Pee Dee River and is the main waterway that flows through the city, passing south of the city center. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.9 square miles, of which 20.9 square miles are land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.22%, is water. The climate experienced is humid subtropical of the type found in the deep south far from the coast.
Autumn and spring are mild, with occasional winter nights below freezing but extended cold and rigorous. Florence's summers can be hot and humid; the city, like other cities of the Southeast, is prone to inversions, which trap ozone and other pollutants over the area. The city of Florence has a council-manager form of government. City council members are elected every four years, without term limits; the council consists of seven members, as well as the mayor. The council responsible for making policies and enacting laws and regulations in order to provide for future community and economic growth; the council additionally provides the necessary support for the orderly and efficient operation of city services. Florence holds elections for mayor every four years, alongside national Presidential elections. Mayors serve without term limits; the council appoints a city manager to serve as chief administrative officer to run the day-to-day business of the city and to serve at the pleasure of the council.
Current members of the Florence City Council: During the latter part of the 20th century and early 21st century, Florence's economy was transformed from being based on rail and farming into a diversified economy as the major commerce, finance and trucking services, health care, industrial center of the Eastern Carolinas. There are over fourteen Fortune 500 companies in the region; the gross domestic product of the Florence metropolitan statistical area as of 2009 was $6.8 billion, one of the highest among MSAs in the state. Milken Institute 2008 Best Performing Cities Index showed the Florence MSA as the 5th largest gainer in their evaluation of the top 124 small metropolitan areas in the United States; the report ranks U. S. metropolitan areas by how well they are creating and sustaining jobs and economic growth. The components include job and salary and technology growth. Florence has blossomed into a strong center for medical care, with four major medical providers McLeod Regional Medical Center, Carolinas Hospital System, Regency Hospital and HealthSouth.
The growth of these providers has led to the transformation of the Florence skyline over the last 10 years, with development for demand with multi-story high-rises as well as community relation projects. With such a strong medical community several companies have their global, continental