Tom Campbell Black
Tom Campbell Black was an English aviator. He was the son of Hugh Milner Black, he became a world-famous aviator when he and C. W. A. Scott won the London to Melbourne Centenary Air Race in 1934. Tom Campbell Black attended Brighton College and the records for the period summer 1915 to summer 1917 indicate that he entered Hampden House, May 1915, was appointed House Prefect, January 1917 and played Second XI Football, 1915 to 1916 and 1916 to 1917. Campbell Black attended Army Class II and entered the RN College at Greenwich and attained a commission in the R. N. A. S.. He served first as a pilot in the Naval Air Service and in the RAF during the Great War, rising to the rank of Captain. Arriving in Africa as a soldier settler in 1922, he joined his brother, Frank Milner Black, stationed as a soldier in Kenya and decommissioned in 1920. Black family history has it that Tom and his brother managed a coffee plantation in British East Africa, in the 1920s, their farm was between the towns of Rongai and Eldama Ravine, in the Rift Valley, about 110 miles northwest of Nairobi.
Tom was a noted horseman, an award-winning show jumper, winning a competition in 1925. He bred and raised race horses, which remained a passion of his throughout his life, it is stated in the Shuttleworth Collection Records, that an aircraft in their collection, a de Havilland DH.51, was built in 1925 and shortly after John Evans Carberry bought and shipped it to Mombasa. The DH.51 first flew in Africa on 4 April 1926. In June 1928, Tom Campbell Black, G. Skinner and A. Hughes bought the aircraft and on 10 September 1928, it became the first aircraft to be registered in Kenya. Named Miss Kenya, it was first registered G-KAA, but with the change in the registration system, it was re-registered VP-KAA. After flying with Campbell Black in February 1929, Florence Kerr Wilson was encouraged by his enthusiasm to form Wilson Airways Ltd. in Kenya. At inception in the same year, her airline possessed a single Gypsy Moth aircraft piloted by Campbell Black; the airline grew into a comprehensive air carrier across Kenya.
Captain Hugo Dunkerley, the Editor of Aeroken and the Special Correspondent of the East African Standard, accompanied Campbell Black in the first flight from Nairobi to Mombasa and back in a single day, on 21 November 1929. He accompanied Tom in November 1930 on a roundtrip flight from Nairobi to Dar es Salaam and back to Nairobi in just over nine hours. Tom Campbell Black was the Managing Director/Chief Pilot of Wilson Airways, but in March 1932, he resigned from Wilson Airways and left Kenya to take up an employment offer made by Lord Marmaduke Furness, a renowned horse breeder, to be his personal pilot and live back in England. While the company was profitable, Wilson Airways was disbanded in 1939 with the outbreak of the Second World War. In the 20 October 1934 Time Magazine report of the London to Melbourne Air Race, a mention is made of an incident that happened concerning Black: "Captain T. Campbell Black famed for his spectacular rescue of Ernst Udet, German War Ace, in the desert wastes of the treacherous Nile country three years ago."
A reference to this act is found in Ernst Udet's Ace of the Iron Cross. An account of the rescue follows: While flying for Wilson Airlines in 1931, Tom Black arrived in Juba, some 250 km northwest of the Kenya and Sudan borders. An aircraft had left Juba but had not reached its destination, the Shell agent expressed concern for the safety of the two German crew members. Tom Black carrying fresh drinking water took off in search of the two fellow airmen, he landed in the treacherous desert terrain. The two airmen had draped a tarpaulin over their aircraft and were lying under it to protect themselves from the searing sun, one of the men was ill. After two days without fresh drinking water and food they gratefully welcomed Tom Black and his supplies. Tom introduced himself as Campbell Black; the German pilot was Ernst Udet, Knight of the Iron Cross, a revered flying ace of World War I and adventurer. An adventurer saved by an adventurer. Ernst described his situation as The heat is unbearable, the brain dehydrated.
A dull despair takes hold. A sick friend, no food, the unfriendly natives. In 1934, Campbell Black and C. W. A. Scott were entered in the London to Melbourne Air Race known as the "MacRobertson Air Race". Recorded as Captain T. Campbell Black in the starters list for the race, Campbell Black and C. W. A. Scott won the "Speed Section" of the race in an extraordinary time of 71 hours, won the First Place Prize of 10,000 pounds, they won the "Handicap Section" but the race rules didn't allow them to win the two sections. Black and Scott were awarded "The Britannia Trophy" and a Gold Medal by the Royal Aero Club, presented "For the British Aviator or Aviators accomplishing the most meritorious performance in aviation during the previous year." The following report was made on an air race held at the Isle of Man: Manx Air Race 1932. Held Saturday, 18 June, total Island course: 108 miles. At the end of the two laps it was Ashwell Cook with Tom Campbell Black as navigator, who came through to win in a Cirrus Moth aircraft averaging 102 mph.
The following references to Tom Black are recorded in the history of "Firbeck Hall", an elegant country home in England dating from circa 1585, that in the mid-1930s was converted into one of the country's most exclusive sporting country clubs. An aerodrome had been constructed to the west of the hall under the direction of Capt. Tom Campbell Black the joint winner of the 1934 Mildenhall-Melbourne Air Race. Cyril Nicholson had funded
Keep Your Seats, Please
Keep Your Seats, Please is a 1936 British comedy film directed by Monty Banks and starring George Formby, Florence Desmond and Alastair Sim. It marked the film debut of the child star Binkie Stuart; the film was made by Associated Talking Pictures. The film follows a farcical plot based on the Russian satirical novel The Twelve Chairs by Ilya Ilf and Yevgeni Petrov; the film features Formby's signature tune, "When I'm Cleaning Windows". George Withers learns he is supposed to inherit some valuable jewels from his aunt, enlists the aid of his dubious lawyer to ensure he gets them, it transpires the stones are hidden in the lining of one of six antique chairs, his aunt has left instructions for her nephew to purchase the chairs at auction. But they are sold separately, as he arrives too late to bid. George Formby as George Withers Florence Desmond as Florrie Gus McNaughton as Max Alastair Sim as A. S. Drayton Harry Tate as Auctioneer Enid Stamp-Taylor as Madame Louise Hal Gordon as Sailor Tom Payne as Man from Child Welfare Beatrix Fielden-Kaye as Woman from Child Welfare Clifford Heatherley as Doctor Wilberforce Binkie Stuart as Binkie May Whitty as Aunt Georgina Withers Harvey Braban as Detective Jones Ethel Coleridge as Spinster Syd Crossley as Bus Conductor Maud Gill as Fanny Tidmarsh Jimmy Godden as X-Ray Doctor Mike Johnson as Mr. O'Flaherty Margaret Moffatt as Mrs. O'Flaherty Frank Perfitt as Bus Inspector Sky Movies wrote, "Formby's on form - singing'Keep Your Seats, Please' and'When I'm Cleaning Windows' - Florence Desmond's a much stronger leading lady that George had, Alastair Sim made one of his first major impacts in films as the unscrupulous lawyer who has his beady eye on the hidden fortune".
Low, Rachael. Filmmaking in 1930s Britain. George Allen & Unwin, 1985. Perry, George. Forever Ealing. Pavilion Books, 1994. Wood, Linda. British Films, 1927-1939. British Film Institute, 1986. Keep Your Seats, Please on IMDb
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film and television; the analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art. In ancient Greece and Rome, the medieval world, the time of William Shakespeare, only men could become actors, women's roles were played by men or boys. After the English Restoration of 1660, women began to appear on stage in England. In modern times in pantomime and some operas, women play the roles of boys or young men. After 1660 in England, when women first started to appear on stage, the terms actor or actress were used interchangeably for female performers, but influenced by the French actrice, actress became the used term for women in theater and film.
The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with -ess added. When referring to groups of performers of both sexes, actors is preferred. Actor is used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the neutral term dates to the post-war period of the 1950 and'60s, when the contributions of women to cultural life in general were being reviewed; when The Observer and The Guardian published their new joint style guide in 2010, it stated "Use for both male and female actors. The guide's authors stated that "actress comes into the same category as authoress, manageress,'lady doctor','male nurse' and similar obsolete terms that date from a time when professions were the preserve of one sex.". "As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper:'An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor – I can play anything.'" The UK performers' union Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the "...subject divides the profession".
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. With regard to the cinema of the United States, the gender-neutral term "player" was common in film in the silent film era and the early days of the Motion Picture Production Code, but in the 2000s in a film context, it is deemed archaic. However, "player" remains in use in the theatre incorporated into the name of a theatre group or company, such as the American Players, the East West Players, etc. Actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players". In 2015, Forbes reported that "...just 21 of the 100 top-grossing films of 2014 featured a female lead or co-lead, while only 28.1% of characters in 100 top-grossing films were female...". "In the U. S. there is an "industry-wide in salaries of all scales. On average, white women get paid 78 cents to every dollar a white man makes, while Hispanic women earn 56 cents to a white male's dollar, Black women 64 cents and Native American women just 59 cents to that."
Forbes' analysis of US acting salaries in 2013 determined that the "...men on Forbes' list of top-paid actors for that year made 21/2 times as much money as the top-paid actresses. That means that Hollywood's best-compensated actresses made just 40 cents for every dollar that the best-compensated men made." The first recorded case of a performing actor occurred in 534 BC when the Greek performer Thespis stepped onto the stage at the Theatre Dionysus to become the first known person to speak words as a character in a play or story. Prior to Thespis' act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are called Thespians; the male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: tragedy and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded under the Romans; the theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies, to high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies and other entertainments were popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder. Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience. Traditionally, actors were not of high status. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages, churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia
Some Girls Do
Some Girls Do is a 1969 British comedy spy film directed by Ralph Thomas. It was the second of the revamped Bulldog Drummond films starring Richard Johnson as Drummond, made following the success of the James Bond films of the 1960s. A series of inexplicable accidents befall the development of the world's first supersonic airliner, the SST1 – a man falls victim to a homicidal air stewardess and two women perform separate acts of sabotage during tests; the Air Ministry calls on Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond to investigate. Aided by ditzy American blonde Flicky, Drummond uncovers a plot by criminal mastermind Carl Petersen, who stands to gain eight million pounds if the aircraft is not ready by a certain date. Petersen, assisted by beautiful but deadly assassins Helga and Pandora, has developed a number of robots: beautiful girls with electronic brains to help him sabotage the SST1 project by means of infrasound which can be directed at people or objects with devastating results. After the initial sabotage attacks by Peterson's robots and Pandora begin systematically murdering various people associated with the SSTI, such as engineer Dudley Mortimer and Miss Mary, a spy who runs a cooking class as a front for his activities.
Helga makes contact with Drummond at a shooting party, attempts to kill him by planting a bomb in his telephone after sleeping with him. Helga and Pandora try to kill Drummond again by sabotaging a glider fight, having cut the ripcord from his parachute. Drummond manages to manually open his escape death; the trail leads Drummond to North Africa, following up on a lead on an infrasound-powered powerboat, where he is assisted by Peregrine Carruthers from the British Embassy. Pandora kills the boat owner with a miniature infrasound device, but is thwarted in her attempt to steal the boat. Drummond and Peregrine decide to drive the powerboat in a scheduled race: Helga and Pandora participate in the race and capture the men and the boat, delivering them all to Petersen at his island headquarters, staffed by an army of his female robots, including the defective but endearing No. 7. Drummond and Peregrine are reunited with Flicky, who has infiltrated Petersen's organisation. Over dinner, Petersen reveals the full details of his plan to use infrasound technology to sabotage the SST1's maiden flight.
That night, Drummond sleeps with Helga once more, while Pandora contents herself with seducing Peregrine. In the morning, Drummond attempts to retrieve the infrasound powerboat and is met by Flicky, who tells him she is a CIA agent assigned to help him, they are caught by Helga – Drummond escapes but Helga holds Flicky at gunpoint. Petersen sends his robots to search the island for the runaway agent – Drummond is cornered by No. 7, but to his surprise, she deliberately chooses not to reveal his location. Peregrine and Flicky are held hostage in Petersen's control room and are forced to witness the SST1's destruction as he puts his plan into action. Drummond scales the wall of Petersen's hideout, saves the SST1 from destruction by using Petersen's infrasound waves against him, destroying his control room. Petersen and Helga are all killed in the explosion. Drummond, Peregrine and No. 7 escape the subsequent mayhem, having retrieved the infrasound device. Flicky reveals herself to be a double agent working for the Russians and escapes on the powerboat with the device.
Peregrine, wanting to improve his Russian relations, decides to go with her. As the base explodes, Drummond finds comfort in the arms of the beautiful No. 7. Filming began May 1968 and took place in Spain. Joanna Lumley, who appears uncredited as one of Petersen's female robots in the film, was working on the set of On Her Majesty's Secret Service at the same time, as both films were produced at Pinewood Studios. Virginia North worked on both films simultaneously. James Bond parodies Some Girls Do on IMDb Some Girls Do at TCMDB Some Girls Do at BFI Some Girls Do at Britmovie Review of film at New York Times
I Am Suzanne
I Am Suzanne! is a 1933 American pre-Code romance film involving puppeteers in Paris written by Edwin Justus Mayer, directed by Rowland V. Lee, starring Lilian Harvey, Gene Raymond and Leslie Banks; the picture's puppetry sequences feature the Yale Puppeteers and Podrecca's Piccoli Theater. The Museum of Modern Art in New York City owns and periodically exhibits a 35mm print of the film while the Eastman House in Rochester, New York, archives a 16mm copy; the film was not a success at the box office