Boulogne Sur Mer
Boulogne Sur Mer is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is in San Isidro Partido and forms part of the Greater Buenos Aires urban conurbation, 26 km north of Buenos Aires, it has a population of 89,046. The town is named after the city of Boulogne-sur-Mer in northern France, where the Argentine general José de San Martín died in 1850. By rail, the town in served by the narrow gauge Belgrano Norte Line, which has both regular and differential services. National Route 9 passes through the town, giving direct access to the city of Buenos Aires and to provinces to the west. Goethe-Schule Buenos Aires, a German school, is in Boulogne. Boulogne History
Adrogué is a city in Greater Buenos Aires, located 23 km south of Buenos Aires. It is the administrative headquarters for Almirante Brown Partido. At more than 30,000 inhabitants, it is a prominent residential area, with numerous cobbled streets, lush trees and several squares. In addition, it has an important commercial center, with a variety of banks. In March 1873, Governor Mariano Acosta approved the projected sketch map for this town and named it Almirante Brown; the plan for the map was designed by Nicolás and José Canale, two renowned Italian architects, who included a number of diagonals and squares, which inspired the urban design for the city of La Plata. The Canales designed most of the public buildings in Adrogué and the church of the Inmaculada Concepción in the neighbourhood of Belgrano. Adrogué was the place of residence of some well-known families of British origin, including the high officials of the railroads. María Bevans de Pellegrini, died on February 28, 1886 in the village of Adrogué.
She was the daughter of natives of London. The typical architecture of the city of Adrogué towards the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th was of the English style; the Catholic parish San Gabriel Arcangel, began its construction in 1874. The Instituto Americano de Adrogué, a defunct institution of secondary education of the town, opened its doors in 1890. Jorge Luis Borges, an Argentine writer, spent many childhood summers there and loved the city so much that he named a book of poems after it in dedication. In an excerpt, he writes: "Wherever in the world I might sense the smell of gum trees, I feel as if I had been taken back to Adrogué. And, what Adrogué was: a large and quiet maze of streets surrounded by lush trees and country houses, a maze of many peaceful nights that my parents liked to traverse. Country houses. In some way, I have always been there, I am always here. You take the places with yourself, the places are within yourself. I am still among the gum trees and labyrinths, that place where you can get lost.
I guess. Bizarre statues turn pretty, a ruin, not a ruin, a tennis court, and in the Las Delicias Hotel, a big room with mirrors. I have found myself in those infinite looking glasses. Many arguments, many scenes, many poems that I imagined were born in Adrogué or were fixed in Adrogué. Whenever I talk about gardens, whenever I talk about trees, I am in Adrogué. Hotel Las Delicias was inaugurated on 1 December 1872, it had been Esteban Adrogué's private residence, but he decided to convert it into a hotel in response to wealthy families looking for a place to settle down in the area with the intention of building country houses to turn this place into a summer resort. Thus, in 1873, Hotel Las Delicias was the preferred summer shelter of notable Argentines. To visit and stay there was at that time a respected distinction. Sarmiento, president of Argentina from 1868 to 1874, was one of those; the name of the hotel was conferred by Mr. Ochoa, friend of Esteban Adrogué, who exclaimed before its splendor, "this is a delight".
Most on the corner where the Hotel Las Delicias building was situated, there is a state school called Colegio Nacional Almirante Brown. This is where the Coro del Colegio Nacional de Adrogué, composed of students of the school, rehearses. Both the school and the choir have national prominence and are supported by the community and authorities of Adrogué; the city is named after its founder, Esteban Adrogué, who founded Lomas de Zamora and donated lands for the installation of the train station, town hall, main square and other important buildings. He suggested that the train station be called Almirante Brown, but since that name had been used and it was customary to name a station after its land donor, it was called Adrogué station; as a matter of fact, for more than 100 years, the city was called Almirante Brown, a name used only for official purposes, until a law stated that the name Adrogué should be used for this locality in the late 1990s. Edificio Municipal, restored in 1991. Castelforte.
Historic building La Cucaracha, Swiss-style house built for Esteban Adrogué's two married daughters. The House of Culture, former theater and shopping mall. Adrogué Tennis Club. School EGB 16. School EGB 5. Hospital Lucio Meléndez, named after the physician who died in this house on December 7, 1901. Monument to Admiral Gillermo Brown in the square with the same name. Notable natives and inhabitants of the city include: Carlos Pellegrini, president of Argentina Jorge Luis Borges, considered one of the foremost literary figures of the 20th century, lived as a child in Adrogué José Luis Romero and historian Ricardo Piglia, writer Juan Gujis, publicist and TV announcer Ricardo López Murphy, former minister of Defense and presidential candidate Fernando Redondo, soccer player Dolores Fonzi, actress Sinforoso Canavery, notary Alfredo De Angelis, tango pianist and orquesta leader The two local theaters, Cine Adrogué
Florencio Varela (writer)
Florencio Varela was an Argentine writer, poet and educator. Florencio was born in Buenos Aires on 23 February 1808, he was the sixth child of Don Jacobo Adrián Varela and María de la Encarnación Sanjinés, he had a keen interest in the literary arts from a young age. In his youth he wrote a theatre production. After graduating from the University of Buenos Aires in 1827 Varela became involved in politics, his association with the Partido Unitario meant that he was exiled to Montevideo in Uruguay after the defeat of General Juan Lavalle. Varela settled in Montevideo starting a family and associating with several other exile writers and intellectuals who opposed the rule of Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas. After suffering a heart condition Varela moved to Río de Janeiro in Brazil where he recovered his health and worked on his history of Argentina. In 1842 he returned to Uruguay. In 1843 he travelled to Europe in order to garner British and French support to the project of a new state comprising Uruguay, Rio Grande do Sul and some Argentine provinces.
While in France, like many other young travelers did, he met José de San Martín. On 1 October 1845 he founded the newspaper "Comercio del Plata" in Montevideo, he founded the biblioteca de obras originales y traducidas, he became one of the fiercest critics of Governor Rosas. On 20 March 1848 he was assassinated by Andrés Cabrera, acting under the orders of Manuel Oribe and Rosas, he is buried in La Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires. Todo-Argentina profile Works by or about Florencio Varela at Internet Archive Works by Florencio Varela at LibriVox
Don Torcuato is a town in the Tigre Partido of the urban agglomeration of Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is named after Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, ex-President of Argentina, as he had his ranch and residency there. Most of the streets are named after his governmental staff. Don Torcuato has two train stations on the Belgrano Norte Line with direct connection to Buenos Aires, the nearby Pascual Palazzo highway, part of the Pan-American Highway, it had a general aviation airfield, bearing the same name, closed in January 2006. Don Torcuato is known to be the home of Hindu Club, Buenos Aires most recent rugby tournament champion. Local website Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. Local website
Ciudadela, Buenos Aires
Ciudadela is a city in Greater Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is located in the Tres de Febrero Partido to the west of the neighborhood of Liniers in Buenos Aires city proper, it is separated from the city by General Paz avenue. Home to a cattle ranch in colonial times, the area was the site of a base of operations for Viceroy Santiago de Liniers during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata of 1806; the first settlement was named Villa Liniers in his honor, was the site of an important military barracks after 1902. The town began to take shape with the arrival of the Ferrocarril Oeste railway in 1910, was established that year. Ciudadela grew around the railway station, merged into the Greater Buenos Aires urban agglomeration. Fuerte Apache, whose official name is "Barrio Ejército de los Andes", is a public housing development in Ciudadela; the subject of ongoing controversy, its colloquial name stems from Fort Apache, The Bronx, a 1981 movie about a crime-ridden part of New York City.
Ciudadela had 73,155 inhabitants according to 2001 census, features a lively commerce hub along Avenida Rivadavia, as well as two Jewish cemeteries. The historic barracks are now the Argentine Army Museum. Alfredo Alcón - actor Fernando Gago - professional footballer Carlos Tevez - professional footballer Fuerte Apache Villa Reconquista 34°37′39.34″S 58°32′24.28″W Villa General Arenales 34°37′48.75″S 58°33′18.04″W Villa El Paredón or Los Russos 34°37′17.65″S 58°32′56.38″W Villa Matienzo 34°37′14.85″S 58°32′12.56″W Barrio San Eduardo 34°37′26.72″S 58°33′13.64″W Barrio Ramón Carrillo 34°37′43.77″S 58°33′33.42″W Villa Herminia 34°37′38.75″S 58°32′02.12″W Villa General Paz 34°37′57.60″S 58°31′54.86″W Villa La Paz 34°37′47.04″S 58°31′56.49″W Villa Maldonado 34°38′27.47″S 58°32′46.13″W Villa Weigel 34°38′42.01″S 58°31′59.04″W Barrio Neptuno 54 34°38′20.29″S 58°32′57.57″W Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. Cabildo Abierto de Ciudadela History of Ciudadela
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Merlo is a partido of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is located in Greater Buenos Aires, west of the city of Buenos Aires, its capital is the city of Merlo. The region of the present-day partido was colonized shortly after the second, permanent founding of Buenos Aires. In 1730 an interim parish was founded near the estancia of Francisco de Merlo. In 1755 Merlo founded the town of Villa San Antonio del Camino, renamed in his honour. For many years, the development of Merlo lagged behind the growth of nearby Morón. In 1865 the region was declared a partido. Merlo covers 170 km2 and is bordered by the partidos of Morón and Ituzaingó, La Matanza, Marcos Paz, Moreno and the Reconquista River. Besides the city of Merlo, the significant localities are San Antonio de Padua, Parque San Martín, Libertad and Mariano Acosta; the city of Merlo was important as a railroad junction and trade centre for the surrounding agricultural and pastoral lands. About half of the partido now lies within the Greater Buenos Aires urban area, the population density is less than that of most of the metropolitan partidos of Buenos Aires Province.
In the early 17th century the present-day partido was part of the Pago of Las Conchas. The region was inhabited by the taluhet people, part of the het nation, a hunter-gatherer society better known by the exonym querandi. In 1636 the territory of today's Merlo was divided into a few haciendas, given as land grants by Governor Pedro Esteban Dávila to a few and influential Buenos Aires neighbors. Inside the haciendas the main economical activities were the cattle-raising; the fertile land —drained by Las Conchas/Reconquista River— was covered with wheat fields and orchards. The bigger hacienda was granted to the Company of Jesus and the resulting production provided the Jesuits the financial resources to maintain the schools they had in Buenos Aires; the Jesuit priests Thomas Falkner and Florian Paucke visited the region in the mid 18th century and described the area plenty of herds of feral cattle and horses roaming free on the plains and numerous packs of dogs that feed on them and sometimes attacked the unwarned and helpless travelers.
By the 18th century the Araucanian people were moving from the lap of the Andes Mountains to the Pampas, attracted by the numerous cattle and horses herds. The Araucanians looted and sacked the Spanish settlements around Buenos Aires, performing unexpected horse mounted attacks known in the Southern Cone as malones. By those days the Spanish businessman Francisco de Merlo bought many lands in the region, establishing a big estancia; the settlers scattered throughout the region took refuge around the fortified Merlo's ranch-house, starting a little hamlet in his properties. It made. On October 28, 1755 Francisco de Merlo founds the town of Villa San Antonio del Camino. After Merlo's death the town became into an out-back town, isolated from the main commercial routes, remaining within the boundaries of the estancia belonged to the Mercedarian Order, expropriated in 1821 by the State of Buenos Aires and bought in 1852 by the Irish businessman Thomas Gibson Pearson. After his death the estancia was managed by his stepson Juan Dillon, key figure in the history of Merlo.
Juan Dillon y Calderón was born in Buenos Aires in 1819 and died in 1887. He was son of an Irish immigrant and his second wife, Manuela Calderón. Juan Dillon was a businessman, absentee landlord and public official, member of the prosperous Irish community in Buenos Aires, he married Josefa Ballesteros and they had eight children. He was a prominent member of Adolfo Alsina's Autonomist Party. John Dillon, emigrated to Spain. In 1807 he settled in the River Plate as a owner of a meat-curing plant, he loaned his flotilla of boats to Argentina in the war for independence with Spain. He started the first brewery in the country. John Dillon dies in Manuela Calderón married Thomas Gibson Pearson. After Rosas’ fall in 1852, Juan Dillon was appointed Juez de Paz in Morón and military commander for the region, he was elected Presidente de Municipalidad of the same district. By those days Dillon took charge of his family's estate in Merlo, rebuilt the town and was appointed Juez de Paz of the newly created Partido of Merlo.
After his public life in Merlo, President Avellaneda appointed Dillon as Chief Commissioner of Immigration in 1875. During his administration Argentina experienced the first massive European immigration to the country and Dillon received the first Welsh immigrants, Volga Germans and Italians from Friuli. After that and his family moves to La Plata when he was elected senator and served during three terms in the Buenos Aires legislature, in which he chaired the budget commission. In 1857 the Argentine railway company Camino de Hierro de Buenos Aires al Oeste opens the first steam locomotive public railway in Argentina and few years the company was planning to extend the line westward to Moreno; the construction of the railway made land speculation a profitable activity. In order to reach Merlo the line had to pass through the land owned by the Pearson Family and Dillon saw the opportunity to make huge profits by selling out parts of the family's estate. Dillon established in Merlo an