Hell or High Water (2016 film)
Hell or High Water is a 2016 American neo-Western crime thriller film directed by David Mackenzie and written by Taylor Sheridan. The film follows two brothers who carry out a series of bank robberies to save their family ranch, while being pursued by two Texas Rangers; the film premiered at the Un Certain Regard section of the 2016 Cannes Film Festival on May 16, 2016, was theatrically released in the United States on August 12, 2016. It grossed $37 million; the American Film Institute selected it as one of its ten Movies of the Year, it was nominated for numerous awards, including four Oscar nominations at the 89th Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Supporting Actor, Best Original Screenplay and Best Film Editing. It received Golden Globe nominations for Best Picture, Best Supporting Actor for Bridges and Best Screenplay. In West Texas, divorced father Toby Howard and his ex-con older brother Tanner carry out early morning robberies of two branches of the Texas Midlands Bank. Though the robberies are well-planned, Tanner's wild nature leads him to take unnecessary risks, frustrating Toby.
Two Texas Rangers, Marcus Hamilton and Alberto Parker, are on the case. Hamilton, close to retirement determines the brothers' methods and personalities. Meanwhile, Tanner robs another bank, they take the stolen money to an Indian casino in Oklahoma to be laundered. Toby has the casino convert their gambling winnings into a check made out to the Texas Midlands Bank. With untraceable funds and gambling as a cover for how they were acquired, the brothers head back to Texas. Back on the ranch, they bury the getaway car in a pit; the brothers' mother has died after a long illness, leaving their ranch in debt because of a reverse mortgage provided by the Texas Midlands Bank. If the debt is not paid off in a few days, the ranch will be foreclosed. Oil has been discovered on their land, Toby is determined to ensure a comfortable life for his estranged sons, they rob Texas Midlands as a form of frontier justice. It is revealed that Tanner killed their abusive father, before graduating to armed robbery. Hamilton stakes out another branch of the Texas Midlands Bank, to no avail.
Hamilton determines their next target. Hamilton and Parker are en route. Pressed for time, the brothers proceed with the heist. A shoot-out ensues when a security guard and an armed civilian fire at the brothers and Tanner kills both. Toby is shot in the abdomen as they are ambushed by a waiting posse of armed townspeople outside the bank; the brothers race out of town with a larger posse in pursuit. After gaining some distance, Tanner stops and fires an automatic rifle, forcing the posse to retreat; the brothers split. He draws the lawmen off the trail to a desert mountain ridge where he takes potshots with a sniper rifle, killing Parker. Hamilton kill him. During the standoff, Toby conceals his wound, passes through a police checkpoint without incident, launders the stolen cash at the casino, where he sees the news report of his brother's death, he takes the casino's check to the bank just in time to avoid the ranch's foreclosure and deeds the ranch into a family trust. After retirement, Hamilton visits his former office to learn that the Rangers have cleared Toby as a suspect, as his record is clean and he has no motive to steal since the new oil wells earn more in a month than the total stolen in all of the robberies.
The money from the ranch's oil wells is deposited at the Texas Midlands Bank, which refuses to co-operate with the investigation for fear of losing management of the family's trust fund. Hamilton visits Toby's ranch. Although they stay civil, Hamilton states that he knows Toby masterminded and took part in the robberies, but wishes to know the reason. Toby says he has resolved not to let poverty affect his sons like it Tanner. Hamilton tells Toby he holds him responsible for the death of his partner, just as a shootout is about to ensue, they are interrupted when Toby's ex-wife and children arrive; the ranch belongs thus to them. As Hamilton departs, Toby suggests they meet again soon to "finish the conversation" and "bring you some peace". Hamilton leaves, without giving Toby any absolution. On April 18, 2012, Deadline reported that Sidney Kimmel Entertainment had acquired the heist film Comancheria, scripted by Taylor Sheridan, which SKE would finance and produce with Peter Berg of Film 44, it is the second installment of Sheridan's trilogy of "the modern-day American frontier".
At Cinemacon 2016 in Las Vegas, a standee was presented for the film, revealing that the title had been changed to Hell or High Water. Berg was attached to direct the film. Endgame Entertainment and Focus Features were among the studios bidding for the project against SKE; the script won the best Black List script in 2012. On April 2, 2015, it was announced that Jeff Bridges was set to star, while Chris Pine and Ben Foster were in talks to join, David Mackenzie was set to direct the film. On May 4, 2015, Pine and Foster were confirmed to play brothers in the film, who commit bank robberies to save their family's farm in West Texas, while Bridges would play a Texas Ranger set to catch the brothers. CBS Films acquired the US rights to the film, produced by Sidney Kimmel of Sidney Kimmel Entertainment, Peter Berg of Film 44, Carla H
Thomas Haden Church
Thomas Haden Church is an American actor and writer. After co-starring in the 1990s sitcom Wings, Church became known for his film roles, including his Academy Award-nominated performance in Sideways and his role as the Sandman in Spider-Man 3, he made his directorial debut with Rolling Kansas. Church was born in Woodland, Yolo County, the son of Maxine and Carlos "Carl" Richard McMillen, who served for eight years in the Marines and, on active duty at the end of the Korean War, he is of partial Danish descent on his father's side. Church's parents divorced and his mother moved to Texas, she remarried in 1969, to widower George A. Quesada, a veteran of an Army Air Forces reconnaissance unit which served in Guam in World War II. Church took his stepfather's surname for a time but changed it to "Haden Church," extracted from the names of other relatives, when people found Quesada difficult to pronounce, he left high school in 1977 to work in the oil fields of Louisiana, but he returned to graduate from Harlingen High School in 1979.
He attended the University of North Texas while living in Dallas. Church started in the entertainment business as a radio personality and doing voice-over work, he changed his name to "Thomas Haden Church". After appearing in an independent film, he moved to California to pursue an acting career, his character delivers a last love letter from "Eddie Labec" to "Carla" in the Cheers episode, "Death Takes a Vacation on Ice". He played the part of slow-witted aircraft mechanic Lowell Mather for six seasons on the NBC sitcom Wings, he worked in television for two more seasons with a lead role on Ned & Stacey opposite Debra Messing. He has had supporting roles in films such as Tombstone, George of the Jungle, The Specials, he has played villains or comic relief in films, such as in Demon Knight. Church bought a ranch in Texas in 1998. In late 2000 he took a break from films. After having small roles in films such as Monkeybone and 3000 Miles to Graceland, he made his directorial debut with Rolling Kansas in 2003.
He has voiceover work such as for Merrill Lynch and Icehouse beer. In 2003, director Alexander Payne called him regarding the role of "Jack", the selfish best friend to Paul Giamatti's character, in Sideways. During the audition, Church stripped naked to read the audition scene saying "To me, it was painfully obvious... I was reading the scene where Jack comes in naked and there has to be in-born vulnerability in the scene.". Sideways earned acclaim for Church, he won an IFP Independent Spirit Award and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He has since appeared in films such as Idiocracy, done voice-over work on films such as Over the Hedge and starred in one of AMC's highest rated television productions, Broken Trail, with Robert Duvall, in 2006, for which he won an Emmy. In 2007, he appeared as the tragic villain Sandman in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man 3 starring Tobey Maguire and Kirsten Dunst. In 2005, he was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
In October 2008, Church appeared as "Joe Six-Pack" in a video on funnyordie.com, challenging Joe the Plumber by drinking more beer. Church starred in Zombie Roadkill, alongside David Dorfman, he is appearing in the HBO original series Divorce where he plays Robert. Church lives on his 2,000-acre ranch in Texas. During the filming of Divorce, he rented a house in New York, he has two children from a former relationship with Mia Zottoli, but was never married to her or anyone else despite a 2008 article in the LA times incorrectly claiming he was married to his partner. Church's biological father Carl died in 2008, his stepfather George in 2012. Church has received multiple nominations for his roles in both television and film. He's earned an Academy award nomination for Best Supporting Actor in 2005 for his role as Jack in Sideways, two Golden Globe award nominations for Best Supporting Actor in 2004 for the film Sideways, 2007 for the miniseries Broken Trail, won a Primetime Emmy award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or Movie in 2007 for Broken Trail, received one of three Screen Actors Guild award nominations in 2005 for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Motion Picture for Sideways.
Thomas Haden Church on IMDb
Robert Selden Duvall is an American actor and filmmaker whose career spans more than six decades. He has been nominated for seven Academy Awards and seven Golden Globe Awards, has won a BAFTA, a Screen Actors Guild Award, an Emmy Award, he received the National Medal of Arts in 2005. Duvall has starred in numerous films and television series, including To Kill a Mockingbird, The Twilight Zone, The Outer Limits, True Grit, MASH, THX 1138, Joe Kidd, The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, The Conversation, Apocalypse Now, The Great Santini, The Natural, Lonesome Dove, The Handmaid's Tale, Days of Thunder, Rambling Rose, Falling Down. Duvall began appearing in theatre during the late 1950s, moving into television and film roles during the early 1960s, playing Boo Radley in To Kill a Mockingbird and appearing in Captain Newman, M. D.. and the lead role in THX 1138, as well as Horton Foote's adaptation of William Faulkner's Tomorrow, developed at The Actors Studio and is Duvall's personal favorite.
This was followed by a series of critically lauded performances in commercially successful films. Duvall has continued to act in both film and television with such productions as Tender Mercies, The Natural, the television miniseries Lonesome Dove, Newsies, The Man Who Captured Eichmann, Phenomenon, A Family Thing, The Apostle, A Civil Action, Deep Impact, Gone in 60 Seconds, Open Range and Generals, Secondhand Lions, Broken Trail, Get Low, Jack Reacher, A Night in Old Mexico, The Judge, Wild Horses. Duvall was born January 5, 1931, in San Diego, the son of Mildred Virginia, an amateur actress, William Howard Duvall, a Virginia-born U. S. Navy admiral, he has English, smaller amounts of Belgian, French Huguenot, Scottish, Swiss-German, Welsh ancestry. His mother was a relative of American Civil War General Robert E. Lee, a member of the Lee Family of Virginia, while his father was a descendant of settler Mareen Duvall. Duvall was raised in the Christian Science religion and has stated that, while it is his belief, he does not attend church.
He grew up in Annapolis, site of the United States Naval Academy. He recalled: "I was a Navy brat. My father started at the Academy when he was 16, made captain at 39 and retired as a rear admiral." He attended Severn School in Severna Park and The Principia in St. Louis, Missouri, he graduated, in 1953, from Principia College in Elsah, with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Drama. Duvall served in the United States Army for a brief period shortly after the Korean War leaving the Army as private first class. "That's led to some confusion in the press," he explained in 1984, "Some stories have me shooting it out with the Commies from a foxhole over in Frozen Chosin. Pork Chop Hill stuff. Hell, I qualified with the M-1 rifle in basic training". While stationed at Camp Gordon in Georgia, Duvall acted in an amateur production of the comedy Room Service in nearby Augusta, Georgia. In the winter of 1955, Duvall began studies at the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre in New York City, under Sanford Meisner, on the G.
I. Bill. During his two years there, Dustin Hoffman, Gene Hackman, James Caan were among his classmates. While studying acting, he worked as a Manhattan post office clerk. Duvall remains friends today with fellow California-born actors Hoffman and Hackman, who he knew during their years as struggling actors. In 1955, Duvall roomed with Hoffman in a New York City apartment while they were studying together at the Playhouse. Around this time, he roomed with Hackman, while working odd jobs such as clerking at Macy's, sorting mail at the post office, driving a truck; the three roommates have since earned, among themselves, 19 Academy Award nominations, with five wins. Duvall began his professional acting career with the Gateway Playhouse, an Equity summer theatre based in Bellport, Long Island, New York. Arguably his stage debut was in its 1952 season when he played the Pilot in Laughter In The Stars, an adaptation of The Little Prince, at what was the Gateway Theatre. After a year's absence when he was with the U.
S. Army, he returned to Gateway in its 1955 summer season, playing: Eddie Davis in Ronald Alexander's Time Out For Ginger, Hal Carter in William Inge's Picnic, Charles Wilder in John Willard's The Cat And The Canary, Paris in Arthur Miller's The Crucible, John the Witchboy in William Berney and Howard Richardson's Dark of the Moon; the playbill of Dark of the Moon indicated that he had portrayed the Witchboy before and that he will "repeat his famous portrayal" of this character for the 1955 season's revival of this play. For Gateway's 1956 season, he played the role of Max Halliday in Frederick Knott's Dial M for Murder, Virgil Blessing in Inge's Bus Stop, Clive Mortimer in John van Druten's I Am a Camera; the playbills for the 1956 season described him as "an audience favorite" in the last season and as having "appeared at the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York and studied acting with Sandy Meisner this past winter". In its 1957 season, he appeared as Mr. Mayher in Agatha Christie's Witness For The
My Best Friend's Wedding
My Best Friend's Wedding is a 1997 American romantic comedy film directed by P. J. Hogan from a screenplay by Ronald Bass; the film stars Dermot Mulroney, Cameron Diaz and Rupert Everett. The film received positive reviews from critics and was a global box-office hit; the soundtrack song "I Say a Little Prayer" was covered by singer Diana King and featured in the film, making it a US Billboard Hot 100 hit. The soundtrack featured a number of Burt Bacharach/Hal David songs. Julianne Potter, a 27-year-old New York City restaurant critic, receives a call from her lifelong friend Michael O'Neal. In college, the two made an agreement that if neither of them were married by the time they turned 28, they would marry each other. Three weeks before her 28th birthday, Michael tells her that in four days, he will marry Kimmy Wallace, a 20-year-old University of Chicago student from a wealthy family. Julianne is disappointed that Michael will marry someone whom she perceives as being so wrong for him, someone he has known for such a short time.
She realizes that she is in love with Michael, heads to Chicago, intent on sabotaging his wedding. Soon after arriving she meets Kimmy, who asks her to be the maid of honor; this sets off a subplot in which Julianne must pretend to be the dutiful maid of honor while secretly scheming ways to prevent the wedding from happening. When trying on dresses, Michael walks in on Julianne in her underwear as he tells her that she looks great, leaving her to think that she still has a chance to get him back, she engages in petty sabotage—for example, taking Kimmy and Michael to a karaoke bar after discovering that Kimmy is a terrible singer. When these tactics fail, Julianne enlists the aid of her friend, George to help her break Michael and Kimmy up. George flies to Chicago to meet Julianne and persuades her to do the obvious: tell Michael that she is in love with him. While at a tailor shop, George convinces Julianne to tell Michael her true feelings before it’s too late. While she has the chance to tell him, she gets nervous and tells him that she is engaged to George to get him jealous.
Speechless, Michael is shocked about seeing Julianne with someone other than him. Since Julianne didn’t tell the truth, George tries to get back at her by embarrassing her. On the taxi ride to the church, he snuggles up to Julianne to make her uncomfortable in front of Michael. At a big family lunch with all of Kimmy's family in attendance, he decides to embarrass Julianne by telling everyone an exaggerated tale of how they met, sings “I Say a Little Prayer” as the whole restaurant joins in. After George leaves to catch his flight back home, Julianne tells Michael the truth about her and George not being together, Michael admits to being jealous, thinking they were engaged. Since it will be their last opportunity to spend time together before his new life as a married man, Michael gets Julianne to go on a boat ride with him, he expresses some skepticism about marrying Kimmy, explaining that he and Kimmy don't share a special song like he and Julianne do. Michael discreetly gives Julianne the invitation to tell him she's in love with him, but she lets the opportunity pass.
Michael starts singing their song, “The Way You Look Tonight” in her ear as he grabs Julianne and holds her while they dance one last time. As the wedding date is approaching, Julianne becomes more desperate to win Michael, she uses Kimmy’s father email account to forge a fake message to Michael's boss, chooses to save it for instead of deleting it — that way it will give Kimmy the opportunity to continue on with school and cause Michael to want to leave Kimmy if he can’t have his dream job. Realizing Kimmy’s father had sent out all of his emails, including the fake one Julianne wrote, she forces Michael to go back to his job so she can get the letter before he finds it. Since the place was closed and Michael make their way back to the hotel. Michael received the letter and causes a major fit, calling off the wedding leaving Julianne alone as he goes for a walk; the next morning, the day of the wedding, Julianne tries to sabotage the situation further. In spite of this and Kimmy decide they do love each other and want to get married after all.
Leaving Julianne to feel vulnerable and Michael take a walk during which she confesses her love to him. She asks him to marry her, passionately kisses him. Kimmy witnesses this, runs off, but Michael chases her while Julianne chases Michael; as Julianne is chasing after Michael in a truck, she frantically calls George explaining the situation, George makes it clear to her that Kimmy is the one Michael loves because he is chasing after her and not Julianne. Julianne finds Michael at Chicago Union Station, where he is looking for Kimmy, confesses all to him. Despite his anger at her deception, Michael forgives Julianne, they split up to look for Kimmy. Julianne tracks down Kimmy in the bathroom of Comiskey Park. Kimmy, rightly furious with Julianne, confronts her, while the other women watch siding with Kimmy and are disgusted with Julianne's dirty tactics. Julianne, however and explains to Kimmy that she kissed Michael unexpectedly, but he didn't kiss her back because he was in love with Kimmy.
Julianne declares that Kimmy has won, that she accepts Michael's decision. Kimmy and Julianne reconcile with each other. After the wedding, at the reception, Jul
Dallas Buyers Club
Dallas Buyers Club is a 2013 American biographical drama film, co-written by Craig Borten and Melisa Wallack, directed by Jean-Marc Vallée. The film tells the story of Ron Woodroof, an AIDS patient diagnosed in the mid 1980s when HIV/AIDS treatments were under-researched, while the disease was not understood and stigmatized; as part of the experimental AIDS treatment movement, he smuggled unapproved pharmaceutical drugs into Texas for treating his symptoms, distributed them to fellow people with AIDS by establishing the "Dallas Buyers Club" while facing opposition from the Food and Drug Administration. Two fictional supporting characters, Dr. Eve Saks, Rayon, were composite roles created from the writers' interviews with transgender AIDS patients and doctors. Presidential biographer and PEN-USA winner Bill Minutaglio wrote the first magazine profile of The Dallas Buyers Club in 1992; the article, which featured interviews with Woodroof and recreated his dramatic international exploits, attracted widespread attention from filmmakers and journalists.
Screenwriter Borten interviewed Woodroof in 1992 and wrote the script, which he polished with writer Wallack in 2000, sold to producer Robbie Brenner. Several other actors and producers who were attached at various times to the development of the film left the project. Universal Pictures tried to make the film, but did not. A couple of screenwriters wrote drafts. In 2009, producer Brenner involved Matthew McConaughey, because of his Texas origins, the same as Woodroof's. Brenner selected the first draft, written by Borten and Wallack, for the film, Vallée was set to direct the film. Principal photography began on November 11, 2012, in New Orleans, continuing for 25 days of filming, which included shooting in Baton Rouge. Brenner and Rachel Winter co-produced the film; the official soundtrack album featured various artists, was released digitally on October 29, 2013, by the Relativity Music Group. Dallas Buyers Club premiered at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival and was released theatrically in the United States on November 1, 2013, by Focus Features, entering wide release on November 22.
The film grossed over $27 million domestically and $27.9 million internationally, against a budget of $5 million in 182 days of a theatrical run. It grossed over $4.5 million from DVD sales, over $3 million from Blu-ray sales. The film received universal critical acclaim. Most praised the performances of McConaughey and Leto, who received the Academy Award for Best Actor and for Best Supporting Actor at the 86th Academy Awards, making this the first film since Mystic River, only the fifth movie to win both awards; the film won the award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling, garnered nominations for Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay, Best Editing. In July 1985, Dallas electrician and rodeo cowboy Ron Woodroof is diagnosed with AIDS and given 30 days to live, he refuses to accept the diagnosis but remembers having unprotected sex with a woman, an intravenous drug user a couple years prior. He is soon ostracized by family and friends who mistakenly believe he contracted AIDS from homosexual relations.
He gets fired from his job, is evicted from his home. At the hospital, he is tended to by Dr. Eve Saks, who tells him that they are testing a drug called zidovudine, an antiretroviral drug, thought to prolong the life of AIDS patients—and is the only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration for testing on humans. Saks informs him that in the clinical trials, half the patients receive the drug and the other half a placebo, as this is the only way they can determine if the drug is working. Woodroof bribes a hospital worker to get him AZT; as soon as he begins taking it, he finds his health deteriorating. When he returns to the hospital, he meets Rayon, a drug addicted, HIV-positive trans woman, to whom he is hostile; as his health worsens, he drives to a makeshift Mexican hospital to get more AZT. The facility is run by a Dr. Vass, who has had his American medical license revoked because aspects of his work with AIDS patients had violated US regulations. Vass tells Woodroof that the AZT is "poisonous" and "kills every cell it comes into contact with".
He instead prescribes a cocktail of drugs and nutritional supplements centered on ddC and the protein peptide T, which are not yet approved in the US. Three months Woodroof finds his health much improved, it occurs to him that he could make money by importing the drugs and selling them to other HIV-positive patients. Since the drugs alone are not illegal, he is able to get them over the border by masquerading as a priest and swearing that they are for personal use. Meanwhile, Saks begins to notice the negative effects of AZT, but is told by her supervisor, Dr. Sevard, that it cannot be discontinued. Over the next year, Woodroof begins selling the drugs at gay nightclubs, he comes back into contact with Rayon, with whom he reluctantly sets up business since she can bring in more customers. The pair establish the "Dallas Buyers Club", charging $400 per month for membership, it becomes popular, he begins to respect Rayon as a friend. When Woodroof has a heart attack caused by a acquired dose of interferon, Sevard learns of the club and the alternative medication.
He is angry that it is interrupting his trial, while the FDA confiscates the interferon and threatens to have Woodroof arrested. Saks agrees that there are benefits to AIDS medicine buyers clubs (of which there are
Jared Joseph Leto is an American actor, singer and director. After starting his career with television appearances in the early 1990s, Leto achieved recognition for his role as Jordan Catalano on the television series My So-Called Life, he made his film debut in How to Make an American Quilt and received critical praise for his performance in Prefontaine. Leto played supporting roles in The Thin Red Line, Fight Club and American Psycho, as well as the lead role in Urban Legend, earned critical acclaim after portraying heroin addict Harry Goldfarb in Requiem for a Dream, he began focusing on his music career, returning to acting with Panic Room, Lord of War, Lonely Hearts, Chapter 27, Mr. Nobody. In 2012, he directed the documentary film Artifact, he appeared in Suicide Squad and Blade Runner 2049. Leto's performance as a transgender woman in Dallas Buyers Club, earned him an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Supporting Actor. Leto is considered to be a method actor, known for his constant devotion to and research of his roles.
He remains in character for the duration of the shooting schedules of his films to the point of adversely affecting his health. He is known to be selective about his film roles. Leto is the lead vocalist, multi-instrumentalist and main songwriter for Thirty Seconds to Mars, a band he formed in 1998 in Los Angeles, with his older brother Shannon Leto, their debut album, 30 Seconds to Mars, was released to positive reviews, but only to limited commercial success. The band achieved worldwide fame with the release of their second album A Beautiful Lie, their following releases, This Is War, Love, Lust and Dreams, received further critical and commercial success. As of September 2014, the band has sold over 15 million albums worldwide. Leto has directed music videos, including the MTV Video Music Award–winning "The Kill", "Kings and Queens", "Up in the Air". Jared Joseph Leto was born on December 1971, in Bossier City, Louisiana, to Constance Leto, his mother has Cajun ancestry. "Leto" is the surname of his stepfather.
His parents divorced when he was a child, he and his older brother, Shannon Leto, lived with their mother and their maternal grandparents and William Lee Metrejon. His father remarried, committed suicide when Jared was eight. Leto moved with his family from Louisiana to different cities around the country. "My mom's father was in the Air Force," Leto has explained, "so moving around a lot was a normal way of life." Leto has two younger half-brothers from his father's second marriage. Constance encouraged her sons to get involved in the arts. Leto stated he "was raised around a lot of artists, photographers and people that were in theater," adding that "Just having the art communal hippie experience as a child, there wasn't a clear line, drawn. We celebrated creative expression. We didn't try and curtail it and stunt any of that kind of growth." Leto started playing music with his brother at an early age and his first musical instrument was a broken-down piano. After dropping out in the 10th grade, Leto decided to return and focus on his education at the private Emerson Preparatory School in Washington, D.
C. He was interested in large-scale visual art and enrolled at the University of the Arts in Philadelphia. After developing an interest in filmmaking, he transferred to the School of Visual Arts in New York City. While he was a student there, he starred in his own short film, Crying Joy. In 1992, Leto moved to Los Angeles to pursue a career in directing, intending to take acting roles on the side, he found minor roles on television shows but his first break came in 1994, after he was cast opposite Claire Danes as Jordan Catalano, her love interest, in the short-lived but well-reviewed ABC teen drama My So-Called Life. The show was praised for its portrayal of adolescence and gained a strong cult following, despite being canceled after only one season; the same year, he made his television film debut starring alongside Alicia Silverstone in Cool and the Crazy, landed his first film role in the 1995 drama How to Make an American Quilt. He co-starred with Christina Ricci in The Last of the High Kings and got a supporting role in Switchback.
In 1997, Leto starred in the biopic Prefontaine in which he played the role of Olympic hopeful Steve Prefontaine. For the preparation of the role, Leto immersed himself in the runner's life, training for six weeks and meeting with members of his family and friends, he bore a striking resemblance to the real Prefontaine adopting the athlete's voice and upright running style. His portrayal received positive reviews from critics and is considered his breakthrough role. Peter Stack of the San Francisco Chronicle noted; the film was poorly received by most movie critics, however, it was a financial success. The same year, Terrence Malick cast Leto for a supporting role in the war film The Thin Red Line alongside Sean Penn and Adrien Brody, it garnered positive reviews and was a moderate success in the bo
John Joseph Nicholson is an American actor and filmmaker who has performed for over sixty years. He is known for playing a wide range of starring or supporting roles, including satirical comedy and dark portrayals of anti-heroes and villainous characters. In many of his films, he has played the "eternal outsider, the sardonic drifter", someone who rebels against the social structure, his most known and celebrated films include the road drama Easy Rider. Nicholson has not acted in a film since How Do You Know in 2010, but does not consider himself to be retired, he has directed three films, including The Two Jakes, the sequel to Chinatown. Nicholson's 12 Academy Award nominations make him the most nominated male actor in the Academy's history. Nicholson has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice – one for the drama One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, the other for the romantic comedy As Good as It Gets, he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the comedy-drama Terms of Endearment.
Nicholson is one of three male actors to win three Academy Awards. Nicholson is one of only two actors to be nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to the 2000s, he has won six Golden Globe Awards, received the Kennedy Center Honor in 2001. In 1994, at 57, he became one of the youngest actors to be awarded the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award, he has had a number of high-profile relationships, most notably with Anjelica Huston and Rebecca Broussard, was married to Sandra Knight from 1962 until their divorce in 1968. Nicholson has five children – one with Knight, two with Broussard, one each with Susan Anspach and Winnie Hollman. Nicholson was born on April 22, 1937, in Neptune City, New Jersey, the son of a showgirl, June Frances Nicholson. Nicholson's mother was of Irish and German descent, she married Italian-American showman Donald Furcillo in 1936, before realizing that he was married. Biographer Patrick McGilligan stated in his book Jack's Life that Latvian-born Eddie King, June's manager, may have been Nicholson's biological father, rather than Furcillo.
Other sources suggest. As June was only seventeen years old and unmarried, her parents agreed to raise Nicholson as their own child without revealing his true parentage, June would act as his sister. In 1974, Time magazine researchers learned, informed Nicholson, that his "sister", was his mother, his other "sister", was his aunt. By this time, both his mother and grandmother had died. On finding out, Nicholson said it was "a pretty dramatic event, but it wasn't what I'd call traumatizing... I was pretty well psychologically formed". Nicholson grew up in New Jersey, he was raised in his mother's Roman Catholic religion. Before starting high school, his family moved to an apartment in New Jersey. "When Jack was ready for high school, the family moved once more—this time two miles farther south to old-money Spring Lake, New Jersey's so-called Irish Riviera, where Ethel May set up her beauty parlor in a rambling duplex at 505 Mercer Avenue." "Nick", as he was known to his high school friends, attended nearby Manasquan High School, where he was voted "Class Clown" by the Class of 1954.
He was in detention every day for a whole school year. A theatre and a drama award at the school are named in his honor. In 2004, Nicholson attended his 50-year high school reunion accompanied by his aunt Lorraine. In 1957, Nicholson joined the California Air National Guard, a move he sometimes characterized as an effort to "dodge the draft". After completing the Air Force's basic training at Lackland Air Force Base, Nicholson performed weekend drills and two-week annual training as a fire fighter assigned to the unit based at the Van Nuys Airport. During the Berlin Crisis of 1961, Nicholson was called up for several months of extended active duty, he was discharged at the end of his enlistment in 1962. Nicholson first came to Hollywood in 1954, he took a job as an office worker for animators William Hanna and Joseph Barbera at the MGM cartoon studio. They offered him a starting-level job as an animator, but he declined, citing his desire to become an actor, he trained to be an actor with a group called the Players Ring Theater, after which time he found small parts performing on the stage and in TV soap operas.
He made his film debut in a low-budget teen drama The Cry Baby Killer. For the following decade, Nicholson was a frequent collaborator with the film's producer, Roger Corman. Corman directed Nicholson on several occasions, most notably in The Little Shop of Horrors, as masochistic dental patient and undertaker Wil