Homestead is a city within Miami-Dade County in the U. S. state of Florida, between Biscayne National Park to the east and Everglades National Park to the west. Homestead is a Miami suburb and a major agricultural area, it is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census. Homestead was incorporated in 1913 and is the second oldest city in Miami-Dade County next to the city of Miami, it is located 35 miles southwest of Miami, 25 miles northwest of Key Largo. The name originates from; the rail line was passing through an area opened up for homesteading, as the construction camp at the end of the line did not have a particular name, construction materials and supplies for the workers were consigned to "Homestead Country", shortened to "Homestead" by the engineers who mapped the area. The population was 60,512 at the 2010 census. Homestead and neighboring South Miami-Dade County communities bore the brunt of Category 5 Hurricane Andrew on August 24, 1992.
The city of Homestead is located near the southern terminus of the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike where it ends at its junction with U. S. 1. Homestead is north and east of Florida City, these two cities comprise the greater Homestead-Florida City area; some of the notable unincorporated communities in the area are Redland, Leisure City and Princeton. Homestead-Miami Speedway is the annual finale of the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series as well as the two minor championships of NASCAR. Homestead is located at 25°28′16″N 80°28′5″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.4 square miles. 14.3 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. Homestead is a small-sized city. At its greatest north-south points – along SW 137th Avenue – its city limits extend only 4 miles – from SW 288th Street at the north end to SW 352nd Street at the south end. At its greatest east-west points – along SW 328th Street – its city limits extend 6 miles – from SW 132nd Avenue at the east end to SW 192nd Avenue at the west end.
U. S. 1 – known as Homestead Boulevard within the city limits – extends through a rather narrow northeast / southwest corridor of the city from SW 304th Street at the north end to SW 328th Street at the south end. It is at this point at the south end that Homestead and Florida City share a common border.. Major east-west streets within Homestead include SW 304th Street / NE & NW 15th Street, SW 312th Street / NE & NW 8th Street, SW 320th Street, SW 328th Street / SE & SW 8th Street, SW 344th Street / SE 24th Street; the original Homestead Air Force Base was once located several miles to the northeast of Homestead, but due to annexation of unincorporated land to the east and northeast of the original city limits during the late-1990s the city and the far southwestern perimeter of the Homestead Air Reserve Base share a common border for a small portion along SW 137th Avenue. A noteworthy tourist attraction within Leisure City is Coral Castle, built by a jilted lover, Edward Leedskalnin, over the course of 28 years from 1923 to 1951.
The Fruit and Spice Park is of interest. Homestead experiences a tropical monsoon climate. Summers are hot and humid and high temperatures average between 88° and 92 °F. Winters are dry; the all-time record high temperature is 100 °F, on 21 July 1942. Lows in summer average between 70° and 75 °F, with low temperatures in all times of year averaging 5–15 degrees cooler than coastal Miami because of its inland and rural location. In winter, the area sees cold fronts bring cold weather for short periods from November to March; the lowest temperature recorded is 26 °F, on 13 December 1934, recorded at Homestead Air Force Base, some 10 miles east of the town. High temperatures in winter average between 68° and 80 °F, lows average between 57° and 64 °F. Summer is the season. Homestead has a wet season lasting from mid-May to early October; the dry season sees little with most of it coming with the passing of cold fronts. Snow flurries were reported to have been observed in the air at Homestead Air Force Base, on January 20, 1977, marked the farthest south that snow flurries have been reported in the lower 48 United States.
In August 1992, the Category 5 hurricane Andrew devastated the town, as well as nearby Homestead Air Force Base. Hurricane Katrina caused flooding in Homestead in August 2005; the following October, Hurricane Wilma damaged light poles, grandstands and sections of catch fence at the Homestead–Miami Speedway, a motor racetrack built in the years following Hurricane Andrew. After Hurricane Wilma, a Homestead man was killed in a tractor accident while clearing debris; when Hurricane Irma struck Florida in September 2017, parts of Homestead lost electric power. South Dade Center, a low-income housing project for farmworkers, was flooded with rainwater. Residents were without waste collection for about a week without relief; as of 2010, there were 23,419 households out of which
Florida State Road 9336
State Road 9336 known in parts as the Ingraham Highway, Tower Road and West Palm Drive, is an 8.75-mile-long two- to four-lane road in Miami-Dade County, in the U. S. state of Florida. The route is the only signed four-digit state road in Florida; the route connects US 1, the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike by proxy, in Florida City with the Everglades National Park, acting as the park's primary mode of entry. The road continues on from its western terminus at the national park's entrance as Main Park Road for another 39.3 miles, providing access to many of the park's facilities and the ghost town of Flamingo, in Monroe County, at its western end. The Florida Department of Transportation states that SR 9336 begins at the entrance to the Everglades National Park. Heading northeast from there, SR 9336 is known as the Ingraham Highway as it travels through rural south-western Miami-Dade County as a two-laned road. Just before crossing the Aerojet canal, SR 9336 turns east and continues through farmland, turning again to the northeast after 1.7 miles.
After crossing another canal, the Ingraham Highway turns east once more and becomes more urban, passing by a housing estate. At its eastern end, outside the Dade Correctional Institution and just over five miles from its western terminus, SR 9336 reaches a four-way stop intersection and continues north out of it along Tower Road. Although SR 9336 travels through farmland for the next two miles, the surroundings become more urbanised as it approaches West Palm Drive where, at another four-way stop intersection, SR 9336 travels east along that road. Here, SR 9336 enters Florida City, enters suburbia after one block east along West Palm Drive, continuing eastwards past shops and schools. Through Florida City, it acts. At 6th Avenue, West Palm Drive becomes a divided four-laned road, remains as such for the rest of its journey. One-half mile after passing the Florida City City Hall, the southern terminus of the South Miami-Dade Busway and more shops, SR 9336 intersects with Krome Avenue. One block east of SR 997, now designated as East Palm Drive, SR 9336 terminates at US 1.
West of SR 9336's western terminus, Main Park Road extends for another 39.3 miles to Flamingo, through various ecosystem areas of the Everglades National Park. East of SR 9336's terminus, East Palm Drive extends along the former SR 906 towards the Homestead-Miami Speedway, Biscayne National Park and the Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station. Excluding the easternmost two blocks, SR 9336 was part of the former SR 27, which connected Flamingo in the Everglades to US 27; the easternmost two blocks consisted of the former SR 906, which continued to Biscayne National Park. The designation was changed in the early 1980s because of confusion between the state road and the U. S. Highway. Main Park Road the Ingraham Highway in its entirety, began construction in 1915 to connect Florida City to Flamingo a town on the shores of Florida Bay by using the spoil from dredging the Homestead Canal beside the road; the road had reached as far as Paradise Key, now the Royal Palm area of the Everglades National Park, when it was dedicated with the Royal Palm State Park on November 23, 1916 as the Ingraham Highway, named for James E. Ingraham, the president of the Model Land Company and vice-president of the associated Florida East Coast Railway.
Construction of the road continued west of Paradise Key, was hampered by difficulties such as subaqueous caverns and the onset of the First World War, with only about five miles built by December, 1917. After the designation of the Everglades National Park in 1947, the SR 27 designation was removed and a detour was created north onto higher ground, as the road was prone to flooding during periods of high water, with portions of the old road re-purposed as park trails or removed; the creation of the canal, as well as digging and blocking culverts under the road have affected flows of fresh and salt water within this part of the Everglades National Park. The entire route is in Miami-Dade County. U. S. Roads portal Miami portal Florida portal SR 9336 in Florida at SouthEastRoads
Card Sound Bridge
Card Sound Bridge is a high-rise toll causeway connecting southern Miami-Dade County and northern Monroe County. It is one of only two ways that motorists can enter the Florida Keys; the toll for two-axle automobiles is USD $1.50. An additional $2.50 surcharge is assessed for vehicles tolled via license plate photo. The all-electronic tolling system replaced the previous manned toll booth on October 20, 2018; the toll fee is waived upon evacuating the Keys for hurricanes or in instances in which US 1 is impassable. The primary responsibility for operating Card Sound Bridge lies with Monroe County, but maintenance of the bridge itself is shared between Monroe County and the Florida Department of Transportation; the bridge itself is on Card Sound Road, constructed by then-Dade County in 1926 for the original Card Sound Bridge. Toll employees are locals, living in a small town along Card Sound Road on the north side of the bridge, according to toll operators, a portion of the proceeds from the toll go to fund parts of their community.
Effective August, 2017, the toll booth was closed and all employees were laid off. In December, 2017, the toll booth was removed in preparation for an automated toll booth to be installed in the spring of 2018; this is expected to save Monroe county $300,000 per year in employee wages. Like the Overseas Highway, the history of Card Sound Bridge begins with the Overseas Railway - although at no time was the bridge part of Henry M. Flagler's plans; the concept of an Overseas Highway began with the Miami Motor Club in 1921. At that time, southern Florida was undergoing a land boom, the club wanted to attract new tourists to an reached fishing area. In addition, the real estate interests wanted access to thousands of acres of wilderness in the Upper Keys to develop and sell. Commissioners from Dade and Monroe Counties agreed to build a highway connecting Florida City to Key Largo, they preferred to build it alongside the Overseas Railroad, completed in 1912. In 1922, Monroe County residents approved the issuance of $300,000 of bonds for a new bridge.
Construction of both the road and the drawbridge went slowly. The money ran out in 1925 and Monroe County voters were asked to approve the issuance of $2.6 million in bonds in early 1926. The vote—passing the measure with only two dissenting votes—enabled construction to continue; the swing span drawbridge and road were both nearly ready for opening when, on September 18, 1926 a major hurricane damaged both. The bridge was redesigned and rebuilt, raising the water clearance from five feet to nine feet to accommodate storm surge. On January 25, 1928, the 2,800-foot, Card Sound Bridge was opened to traffic; when Card Sound Bridge was opened, the State Road Department, extended the State Road 4A designation from downtown Homestead to Key West though there was still a 40-mile gap in the road between Lower Matecumbe Key and No Name Key. After the Great Labor Day Hurricane destroyed sections of the Overseas Railroad on September 3, 1935, the State of Florida bought the remnants for $640,000 and proceeded to construct road bridges on top of the railroad trestles.
The "Overseas Highway" was completed and opened on March 29, 1938. The following year, US 1 was extended from Miami over Card Sound to Key West. World War II triggered a sequence of events that diminished the importance and usefulness of Card Sound Bridge. In 1941, a water pipeline was constructed from the Everglades to Key Largo along the old railroad right-of-way. In addition to shortening the route by 13 miles, it enabled motorists to avoid the wooden bridges in northern Key Largo - including Card Sound. A 1944 fire damaged Card Sound's drawbridge, subsequently removed to prevent its further use. In the two decades after the removal of the Card Sound wooden drawbridge, various schemes to increase access between the Keys and mainland Florida came and went. A 22-mile -long bridge from Cape Sable to No Name Key did not succeed due to the establishment of Everglades National Park. In the 1960s a plan to connect Key Biscayne to northern Key Largo by way of Elliott Key took root as officials from Dade and Monroe Counties differed on the division of toll revenues.
In the meantime, the United States Department of the Interior started purchasing land in Biscayne Bay with an eye toward creating a new National Park. The 1968 formation of Biscayne National Monument hastened the demise of the "Islandia plan", but one component of the proposal survived: a new 65-foot -high causeway to be the new Card Sound Bridge; the new causeway was completed and open to traffic in 1969. Card Sound Road became State Road 905A, a FDOT designation, modified to SR S-905A in the
U.S. Route 1 in Florida
U. S. Highway 1 in Florida runs 545 miles along the state's east coast– from Key West to its crossing of the St. Marys River into Georgia north of Boulogne –and south of Folkston. US 1 was designated through Florida when the United States Numbered Highway System was established in 1926; the road is maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation. From its national southern terminus in Key West, US 1 carries the Overseas Highway– the Keys main highway –north to the mainland, entering South Florida. From South Florida to Jacksonville, US 1 runs close to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean and the Intracoastal Waterway east of Interstate 95 and west of State Road A1A, running parallel with both roads. North of Jacksonville, US 1 curves inland towards the St. Mary's River as it enters Georgia; as is the case with all Florida roads with national designations, the entirety of US 1 has a hidden FDOT designation: SR 5 from Whitehead Street / Fleming Street in Key West to US 1 Alternate/US 17 in Jacksonville with one exception: SR 805 from Federal Highway in Lantana to Belvedere Road in West Palm Beach.
SR 15 from the I-95 interchange in Jacksonville to the Georgia state line near Boulogne. Among other designations, US 1 is a designated Blue Star Memorial Highway along its entire route through the state. Markers are placed including one in Rockledge and Fort Lauderdale. US 1 begins at the Monroe County courthouse at the intersection of Whitehead and Fleming Streets, Key West, it proceeds south as Whitehead Street, a two-laned street, until the intersection with Truman Avenue, which takes it east through central Key West. Truman Avenue becomes North Roosevelt Boulevard about a mile east, remains so until leaving the island; the road follows the northern shore of this section of Key West after curving southward, it meets State Road A1A head-on at a T-intersection before continuing east. This intersection marks the southern terminus of the Overseas Highway, which US 1 is known by between here and mainland Florida. After crossing to Stock Island and forming the boundary between the eponymous district and incorporated Key West, US 1 proceeds through unincorporated Monroe County on Boca Chica Key, past the Naval Air Station Key West, Rockland Key, where the Overseas Highway drops down to a two-laned road.
It crosses East Rockland Key, Big Coppitt Key, Saddlebunch Keys, Sugarloaf Key, Park Key, Cudjoe Key, Summerland Key, Ramrod Key, Middle Torch Key, Little Torch Key, Big Pine Key, Scout Key, Spanish Harbor Key. The highway expands to four lanes as it crosses the Bahia Honda Bridge reduces to two lanes as it traverses Bahia Honda Key, Ohio Key, Missouri Key, Little Duck Key. After Little Duck Key, US 1 enters Knight's Key, Boot Key, Key Vaca and the town of Marathon via the Seven Mile Bridge, thus leaving the lower Keys. US 1 runs through Marathon as a four-laned road. After Key Vaca, the road becomes two-laned once more and runs through Fat Deer Key, where it forms the northern boundary of the city of Key Colony Beach, it continues wholly in Marathon through Long Point Key, Crawl Key and Grassy Key. The road crosses to Little Conch Key and Conch Key, both part of the Duck Key district. US 1 crosses to and traverses Long Key, unincorporated except for the city of Layton, which the highway passes through.
The road reaches Craig Key, the village of Islamorada including Lower Matecumbe Key, Tea Table Key, Upper Matecumbe Key and Windley Key. US 1 crosses a drawbridge onto Plantation Key, where it expands to four lanes and leaves Islamorada as it crosses to Key Largo; the Overseas Highway enters Tavernier, where it temporarily splits into a pair of one-way roads through the community. Soon the road enters the community of Key Largo, which features another pair of one-way roads. At the northern end of the Key Largo district, about two-thirds of the way along the island, US 1 intersects County Road 905, which offers an alternative route out of the Keys via North Key Largo and the Card Sound Bridge. Signage approaching the intersection directs northbound motorists to take this alternative route if the lights on it are flashing. US 1 swings to the northwest, forms the southern boundary of North Key Largo, becomes a two-laned divided road after the intersection. After crossing the Jewfish Creek Bridge and travelling along Cross Key, US 1 crosses Manatee Creek, along with the Miami-Dade County boundary, reaches the mainland.
For the first 14 miles in Miami-Dade County, US 1 is a divided two-lane road bordering the Everglades National Park on the west. It is named South Dixie Highway from the county line to Miami, its first major intersection is with the north end of Card Sound Road south of Florida City. To the south, signage directs southbound travelers approaching this intersection to take Card Sound Road if the lights on it are flashing, rather than taking US 1 south to Key Largo. Just north of the Card Sound Road intersection, US 1 meets the southern end of Krome Avenue, enters Florida City. Here, US 1 intersects State Road 9336. From here northbound, the South Dixie Highway is paralleled by the South Miami-Dade Busway along the former Florida East Coast
Homestead–Miami Speedway is a motor racing track located in Homestead, Florida. The track, which has several configurations, has promoted several series of racing, including NASCAR, the IndyCar Series, the WeatherTech SportsCar Championship series, the Championship Cup Series. From 2002 to 2019, Homestead–Miami Speedway had hosted the final race of the season in all three of NASCAR's series: the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, NASCAR Xfinity Series, the NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series. Ford Motor Company sponsors all three of the season-ending races; the Xfinity Series has held its season-ending races at Homestead since 1995. The speedway was constructed, with the efforts of promoter Ralph Sanchez, as part of a plan to help Homestead rebound after the devastation caused by Hurricane Andrew. Groundbreaking began August 24, 1993 one year after the hurricane, it opened in November 1995 with the last race of that season. The Busch Series would continue to hold its season-ending races at Homestead.
Since 2002 NASCAR has marketed the seasons-ending Homestead races as Ford Championship Weekend. In the spring of 1996, the CART series held its first race there; the track reflects the art deco district of nearby Miami Beach with its liberal use of colors such as aqua and silver. Though the track itself has been considered to be aesthetically pleasing from the outset the racing at Homestead was not considered good; the track opened as a four-turn, rectangular-oval, based on the Indianapolis Motor Speedway's layout, coincidental considering that circuit and Miami Beach were developed by Carl G. Fisher. However, due to its shorter distance, the track was not able to maintain the racing characteristics of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Instead, the sharp, flat turns and aprons lowered overall speed; the geometry created unfavorably severe crash angles. In 1996, track management attempted to correct the problems by widening the aprons of the turns by as much as 24 feet; the movie Super Speedway was shot at the speedway.
In the summer of 1997, an $8.2 million reconfiguration project changed the turns from a rectangle to a traditional, continuous turn oval. In 2003, the track was reconfigured once again; the turns were changed from flat to steep variable banking. In 2005, lights were installed to allow night racing for the first time; the renovations were praised by fans, the track has produced a number of close finishes, including 2005's last-lap battle between Greg Biffle and Mark Martin. On March 26, 2006 Indy Racing League driver Paul Dana suffered fatal injuries in the warmup session before the race when he was involved in a high-speed collision with Ed Carpenter at over 215 mph. Other drivers to suffer fatal injuries at the speedway are John Nemechek in a Craftsman Truck race on March 16, 1997, Jeff Clinton who died in a Grand Am sports car event at the track in March 2002. In 2009 Homestead became the home to a total of five season-ending racing series events, with the GAINSCO Auto Insurance Indy 300 finale for the IRL IndyCar Series as well as the Grand-Am Rolex Sports Car Series moving to October from their traditional early season slots.
The Indy Car series would discontinue its Homestead race while the Rolex Series changed its Homestead race to a date earlier in the season. Behind the main grandstand is the Homestead RC Raceway for radio controlled cars, it was used to host the 2011 IFMAR Worlds for 1:8 IC Track cars; the CART measured for the inaugural race in 1996 a length of 1.517 miles. This length was referenced to the old rectangular layout. In 1998 was the track length remeasured to 1.502 miles This length was used for timing and scoring till last CART race in 2000. This length was referenced to the flat paperclip-layout; the NASCAR timing and scoring use a length of 1.50 miles. This length was used by IRL between 2003, too. Since 2004 the IRL timing and scoring use a remeasured track length of 1.485 miles. This length referenced to the new banked layout. NASCAR still use the 1.5 miles for new banked layout. All maps use dashed gray lines for the other courses. Solid gray lines represent other pit road options for the shown course.
Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series Ford EcoBoost 400 NASCAR Xfinity Series Ford EcoBoost 300 NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series Ford EcoBoost 200 Trans-Am Series Atlantic Championship Marlboro Grand Prix of Miami CART Marlboro Grand Prix of Miami Cooper Tires U. S. F2000 National Championship powered by Mazda Winterfest FIA GT Championship Homestead 3 Hour Florida Winter Series Formula Renault North America Grand Am Rolex Sports Car Series Grand Prix of Miami IMSA Continental Tire Sports Car Challenge Kia 200 Indy Lights Fuzzy's Ultra Premium Vodka 100 NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series SuperTruck 25 NASCAR Goody's Dash Series NASCAR AutoZone Elite Division, Southeast Series USAC Silver Crown Series United States Road Racing Championship Sports Car Extravaganza IndyCar Series Cafés do Brasil Indy 300 NASCAR statistics* from minimum 4 starts. Homestead–Miami Speedway – official website Homestead–Miami Speedway r