A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
Matador is a town in and the county seat of Motley County, United States. The population was 740 at the 2000 census. In 1891, it was named for the Matador Ranch, it is located 95 miles east of Texas. The Matador Ranch was consolidated in 1882 by a Scottish syndicate, a post office opened at Matador in 1886. At the end of the 19th century, townspeople freed the community from domination by the Matador Ranch, liquidated in 1951, by relocating nonranch families there and electing their own slate of officials; the community was made the county seat. The state required. Local ranch hands hence established temporary businesses using ranch supplies; the only real business in Matador at the time was a saloon. Its highest population, 1,302, was reached in 1940; the Carter Hotel, the Hotel Matador was built in 1914 by Roy Carter and his wife, the former Jessie Simpson. For a rural area, the hotel had luxurious rooms with a bell hop, a full-time gardener, laundry service, it had 15 rooms, a dining room, a large 9-foot, oak-rimmed tub as the only bathroom in the facility.
An ice cream parlor which ran the length of the lobby operated until the 1920s. The name "Hotel Matador" was coined in the 1920s; the hotel changed owners several times. Under the direction of Judge C. B. Whitten, it was a community gathering place for meetings and dances for young people. In 1941, hotelier and barber Warren Clements purchased the property, he turned the ice cream parlor into a barber shop. He established living quarters for himself and his wife, with an apartment behind the hotel. Mrs. Clements maintained an English garden known for her prize irises, under her tutelage, the hotel was known for its entertainment. In 1980, Johnny and Evelyn Jackson restyled it into apartments, it became a single residence, but had been abandoned for five years when the current owners took possession and began reclaiming and restoring the historic facility. Three sisters, Marilyn Hicks, Linda Roy, Caron Perkins, operate the Matador as an eight-unit bed and breakfast; the barber shop was converted to the Circle Cross Heritage suite, with the original tin ceiling and elaborate bathroom fixtures.
Albert Carroll Traweek, Sr. was a physician in Matador from Fort Worth, known as the "pneumonia doctor" for his success in treating patients with that sometimes fatal illness. He was the first Motley County public health officer and established the Traweek Hospital, now the Motley County Historical Museum. In 1915, Dr. Traweek began construction on the Traweek Home, designed by Charles Stephen Oates, Traweek's uncle and a noted builder in West Texas; the two-story stuccoed masonry structure was completed in 1916 at a cost of $14,000. It is a hybrid of Classical Renaissance and Classical Revival architecture. Among the visitors to the Traweek House was Baldwin Parker, a son of Quanah Parker, the last Comanche chief, as well as state and national officials; the house at 927 Lariat Street in Matador remains in the Traweek family. It received an official historical medallion in 1964 and was designated in 1990 as a Texas Historic Landmark. Dr. Traweek and his wife, the former Allie Rainey, had six children.
The house was last occupied by their youngest son, Howard Traweek, the county attorney for five decades, his wife, the former Eleanor Mitchell. Luther Bedford "Bob" Robertson, a native of Greenville, came to Matador in the 1920s. A service-station attendant, he opened his own Conoco gasoline business, which he topped with a decorative wooden oil derrick, he patented his design, in 1939, he replaced the wooden derrick with one of steel. It was lighted. Robertson advertised his business in unusual ways, having maintained a cage of live rattlesnakes for the amusement of tourists, he added a small zoo of lions and coyotes, a white buffalo. He paid long-distance truckers to place advertising signs at strategic points across the United States; the signs noted the mileage to Bob's Oil Well in Matador. Matador is equidistant from Dallas and Carlsbad, New Mexico, 9 miles closer to Denver than to El Paso. Robertson soon expanded his operation to include a grocery store and garage, he was a Matador civic leader and sought to recognize returning veterans from World War II.
Robertson died in 1947, two weeks before a high wind toppled the steel derrick, his trademark. His widow, the former Olga Cunningham, restored it in 1949 with more prominent lights; the business failed, attempts by other to revive it were short-lived. At the intersection of U. S. Route 70 and State Highway 70, the site serves as a reminder of a time when bold roadside architecture was only beginning, of a man who promoted his adopted hometown in extraordinary ways. Matador is located at 34°0′50″N 100°49′18″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.3 square miles, all of it land. Matador is at the junction on conjoined US Route 62, U. S. Route 70, State Highway 70; as of the census of 2000, 740 people, 308 households, 222 families reside in the town. The population density was 569.5 people per square mile. The 395 housing units averaged 304.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 83.92% White, 5.68% African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.27% Pacific Islander, 6.76% from other races, 1.89% from two or more races.
Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 13.24% of the population. Of the 308 households, 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity. The main forms of precipitation include drizzle, sleet, snow and hail. Precipitation occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates", thus and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud. Short, intense periods of rain in scattered locations are called "showers."Moisture, lifted or otherwise forced to rise over a layer of sub-freezing air at the surface may be condensed into clouds and rain. This process is active when freezing rain occurs. A stationary front is present near the area of freezing rain and serves as the foci for forcing and rising air.
Provided necessary and sufficient atmospheric moisture content, the moisture within the rising air will condense into clouds, namely stratus and cumulonimbus. The cloud droplets will grow large enough to form raindrops and descend toward the Earth where they will freeze on contact with exposed objects. Where warm water bodies are present, for example due to water evaporation from lakes, lake-effect snowfall becomes a concern downwind of the warm lakes within the cold cyclonic flow around the backside of extratropical cyclones. Lake-effect snowfall can be locally heavy. Thundersnow is possible within lake effect precipitation bands. In mountainous areas, heavy precipitation is possible where upslope flow is maximized within windward sides of the terrain at elevation. On the leeward side of mountains, desert climates can exist due to the dry air caused by compressional heating. Most precipitation is caused by convection; the movement of the monsoon trough, or intertropical convergence zone, brings rainy seasons to savannah climes.
Precipitation is a major component of the water cycle, is responsible for depositing the fresh water on the planet. 505,000 cubic kilometres of water falls as precipitation each year. Given the Earth's surface area, that means the globally averaged annual precipitation is 990 millimetres, but over land it is only 715 millimetres. Climate classification systems such as the Köppen climate classification system use average annual rainfall to help differentiate between differing climate regimes. Precipitation may occur on other celestial bodies, e.g. when it gets cold, Mars has precipitation which most takes the form of frost, rather than rain or snow. Precipitation is a major component of the water cycle, is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the planet. 505,000 km3 of water falls as precipitation each year, 398,000 km3 of it over the oceans. Given the Earth's surface area, that means the globally averaged annual precipitation is 990 millimetres. Mechanisms of producing precipitation include convective and orographic rainfall.
Convective processes involve strong vertical motions that can cause the overturning of the atmosphere in that location within an hour and cause heavy precipitation, while stratiform processes involve weaker upward motions and less intense precipitation. Precipitation can be divided into three categories, based on whether it falls as liquid water, liquid water that freezes on contact with the surface, or ice. Mixtures of different types of precipitation, including types in different categories, can fall simultaneously. Liquid forms of precipitation include drizzle. Rain or drizzle that freezes on contact within a subfreezing air mass is called "freezing rain" or "freezing drizzle". Frozen forms of precipitation include snow, ice needles, ice pellets and graupel; the dew point is the temperature to which a parcel must be cooled in order to become saturated, condenses to water. Water vapor begins to condense on condensation nuclei such as dust and salt in order to form clouds. An elevated portion of a frontal zone forces broad areas of lift, which form clouds decks such as altostratus or cirrostratus.
Stratus is a stable cloud deck which tends to form when a cool, stable air mass is trapped underneath a warm air mass. It can form due to the lifting of advection fog during breezy conditions. There are four main mechanisms for cooling the air to its dew point: adiabatic cooling, conductive cooling, radiational cooling, evaporative cooling. Adiabatic cooling occurs when air expands; the air can rise due to convection, large-scale atmospheric motions, or a physical barrier such as a mountain. Conductive cooling occurs when the air comes into contact with a colder surface by being blown from one surface to another, for example from a liquid water surface to colder land. Radiational cooling occurs due to the emission of infrared radiation, either by the air or by the surface underneath. Evaporative cooling occurs when moisture is added to the air through evaporation, which forces the air temperature to cool to its wet-bulb temperature, or until it reaches saturation; the main ways water vapor is added to the air are: wind convergence into areas of upward motion, precipitation or virga falling from above, daytime heating evaporating water from the surface of oceans, water bodies or wet lan
White River (Texas)
The White River is an intermittent stream in the South Plains of Texas and a tributary of the Brazos River of the United States. It rises 8 miles west of Floydada in southwestern Floyd County at the confluence of Callahan and Runningwater Draws. From there, it runs southeast for 62 miles to its mouth on the Salt Fork of the Brazos River in northwestern Kent County. Besides these two headwaters, which rise near Hale Center and in Curry County, New Mexico, respectively. Other tributaries include Pete and Davidson Creeks; the White River drains an area of 1,690 sq mi. The river runs through Blanco Canyon. On October 9, 1871, Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie fought Quanah Parker in the Battle of Blanco Canyon on the river. South of the canyon, in far southeastern Crosby County, it was dammed in 1963 to create a lake, the White River Reservoir, which provides water for the towns of Post, Spur and Ralls; the river was known to Spanish hunters and traders in Eastern New Mexico long before Anglo settlers arrived.
The river has been called the "Blanco Fork of Brazos River" or the "White Fork of Brazos River."Local anecdotes suggest the river level has been declining due to local pumping and depletion of the Ogallala Aquifer: "you could catch fish in it until 1955.... Today the water is 80 feet down." Where U. S. Route 82 crosses the White River, a roadside rest area with facilities and hiking trails is maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation; the central focal point of this park is Silver Falls where a spring-fed White River used to cascade over sandstone ledges. Springs that once flowed into the White River issued from the Ogallala Aquifer, tapped by the numerous farming operations on the Llano Estacado. According to annual depth to water level measurements obtained by the High Plains Underground Water District, the water table beneath the Llano Estacado has declined at a rate of −0.8 ft per year over the last decade. Over the twenty-year period from 1987 to 2007, the water table dropped a total of 18.6 ft across the District.
As a result of this depletion, the once gushing springs along this stretch of the White River have either dried or have been reduced to seeps. Lacking a steady base flow, the White River has ceased to flow and, Silver Falls is dry unless a strong thunderstorm happens to pass across the watershed; the White River has been known by various names in the past. Alternate names include the Freshwater Fork, Blanco Fork or White Fork of the Brazos River and Rio Blanco. According to a 1964 decision by the United States Board on Geographical Names, the proper name for this ephemeral stream is the White River. List of rivers of Texas Blanco Canyon Mount Blanco Yellow House Canyon Double Mountain Fork Brazos River North Fork Double Mountain Fork Brazos River U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: White River Public domain photos of the Llano Estacado
Jefferson City, Missouri
Jefferson City the city of Jefferson and informally Jeff, is the capital of the U. S. state of Missouri and the 15th most populous city in the state. It is the county seat of Cole County and the principal city of the Jefferson City Metropolitan Statistical Area, the second-most-populous metropolitan area in Mid-Missouri and fifth-largest in the state. Most of the city is with a small northern section extending into Callaway County. Jefferson City is named for the third president of the United States; the city won a 2013 essay contest sponsored by Rand McNally, was named "Most Beautiful Small Town"Jefferson City is on the northern edge of the Ozark Plateau on the southern side of the Missouri River in a region known as Mid-Missouri. It is 30 miles south of Columbia and sits at the western edge of the Missouri Rhineland, one of the major wine-producing regions of the Midwest; the city is dominated by the domed Capitol, which rises from a bluff overlooking the Missouri River to the north. Many of Jefferson City's primary employers are in manufacturing industries.
Jefferson City is home to Lincoln University, a public black land-grant university founded in 1866 by the 62nd Regiment of U. S. Colored Troops with support from the 65th Regiment of U. S. Colored Troops. In pre-Columbian times, this region was home of an ancient people known only as the "Mound Builders", having been replaced by Osage Native Americans. In the late 17th century, frontiersmen started to inhabit the area, including Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, Louis Jolliet, Jacques Marquette, Robert de LaSalle, Daniel Boone, with the latter having the greatest influence on the region. Daniel Boone's son, Daniel Morgan Boone, would lay out Jefferson City in the early 19th century; when the Missouri Territory was organized in 1812, St. Louis was Missouri's seat of government, St. Charles would serve as the next capital. However, in the middle of the state, Jefferson City was chosen as the new capital in 1821, when Thomas Jefferson was still living; the village first was called "Lohman's Landing", when the legislature decided to relocate there, they proposed the name "Missouriopolis" before settling on the city of "Jefferson" to honor Thomas Jefferson.
Over the years, the city became to be most referred to as "Jefferson City" and the name stuck. For years, this village was little more than a trading post located in the wilderness about midway between St. Louis and Kansas City. In 1825, the settlement was incorporated as a city and a year the Missouri legislature first met in Jefferson City. Jefferson City was chosen as the site of a state prison; this prison, named the Missouri State Penitentiary, opened in 1836. This prison was home to multiple infamous Americans, including former heavyweight champion Sonny Liston, assassin James Earl Ray, bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd. During the Civil War, Jefferson City was occupied by Union troops and the elected state legislature was driven from Jefferson City by Union General Nathaniel Lyon; some of the legislators reconvened in Neosho and passed an ordinance of secession. Missouri was claimed by the Union, as was neighboring state Kentucky. Missourians were divided and many people in the state—especially in St. Louis—supported the Union, while other areas were pro-Confederate along the Missouri River between Jefferson City and Kansas City.
German immigrants created vineyards in small towns on either side of the Missouri River on the north from the city east to Marthasville, located outside of St. Louis. Known as the "Missouri Rhineland" for its vineyards and first established by German immigrants in the mid-1800s, this region has become part of Missouri's agricultural and tourist economy. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.58 square miles, of which 35.95 square miles is land and 1.63 square miles is water. Jefferson City has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the city borders on having a humid subtropical climate but falls just short due to January having a mean temperature of 30 °F, below the 32 °F isothern. Thunderstorms are common in both the summer. Light snow is common during the winter, although about half of wintertime precipitation falls as rain; as of the census of 2010, there were 43,079 people, 17,278 households, 9,969 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,198.3 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 18,852 housing units at an average density of 524.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78.0% White, 16.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.6% of the population. There were 17,278 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.3% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.9% of residents under the age of 18, 10.3% between the ages of 18 and 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age in the city was 37.5 years.
The gender makeup of
Plainview is a city in and the county seat of Hale County, United States. The population was 22,194 at the 2010 census. Plainview is located on the Llano Estacado. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.8 square miles, all land. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Plainview has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 22,336 people, 7,626 households, 5,666 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,621.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,471 housing units at an average density of 614.8/sq mi. The racial distribution within the city was 63.21% White, 5.87% African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 26.53% from other races, 2.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.83% of the population. There were 7,626 households of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.7% were non-families.
22.7% of all households were composed of single individuals, 11.2% were households of persons 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.82, the average family size is four. In the city, the population was 31.0% under the age of 18, 11.5% aged from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males. The median income per household was $31,551, the median income per family was $35,215. Males had a median income of $26,434 versus $19,888 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,791. About 15.0% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18, 14.8% of those aged 65 or over. In 2009, the Texas Department of State Health Services ordered the recall of all products produced by a processing facility near Plainview owned by Peanut Corporation of America.
Rodents and feathers in the plant had been found in the facilities products. The closure was not related to closures PCA plants due to salmonella concerns. A Cargill beef processing plant the largest employer in the city, closed in 2013 due to lack of incoming animals. A result of the 2010–2012 drought; the closure created challenges for the city, as an estimated 2,300 employees and their families relocated. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice Region V office is located in Plainview; the current Region V headquarters opened in 1996 in a former Bank of America building. The city is served by the Plainview Independent School District, which enrolls 5,585 students as of 2018; the district attracts transfer students from surrounding school districts. Due to the PISD's size compared to surrounding districts, many of the district's schools provide extensive support for disabled students and students with special needs not available at other schools outside the district, in addition to more specialized courses.
The mascot for the Plainview High School is a grey English bulldog nicknamed "Big Red". Wayland Baptist University, a private four-year coeducational Baptist university, is based in the city. In 1908, when the school was founded, the campus was more than one mile from the city limit; the Museum of the Llano Estacado, which opened in 1976, is located on the university grounds. The museum is home to a permanent exhibit featuring artifacts from the Plainview Site, fossilized remains of a mammoth known as the Imperial Mammoth. An extension of South Plains College serves the residents of the city; the Plainview Herald the Plainview Daily Herald, is the city's only remaining newspaper. It was acquired from local owners by Hearst Communications in 1979, it is among the oldest newspapers in Texas still in publication. It became computer paginated in 1994, the same year it began publishing an online edition. Customers in the city are served by the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, which reports on news from Plainview.
Eight radio stations broadcast from Plainview, including KVOP, the oldest radio station in the city. KVOP's callsign meant "Voice of Plainview"; the city is within the Lubbock television market. Due to the terrain, television stations based in Amarillo can be received over-the-air, either directly or via repeaters north of the city. Prior to 1993 all stations broadcast from Lubbock and Amarillo markets were retransmitted by the local cable operator. After changes were made to must-cary rules by the FCC only stations from Lubbock are available to cable and digital satellite customers in the city; the Steve Martin film Leap of Faith was filmed around Plainview. Several residents were hired as extras for the film; until 2016, a water tower east of downtown bore the name and mascot of the fictional town in which the movie is based: Rustwater Bengals. An episode of Vice falsely portrayed the city as a ghost town in a documentary feature called "Deliver Us from Drought", despite 22,000 residents still living in the city at the time of filming.
The feature used locations in the city, many of, closed or abandoned for years, as examples of rural flight following a drought crisis. The Vice feature followed the template of a documentary short "Dry and Drier in West Texas", broadcast on Showtime. Both documentaries portrayed residents of the city as excessively religious. James H. Clark, founder of Silicon Graphics and other companies. Jimmy Dean, singer and entrepreneur, host of The Jimmy Dean Show. Bob Dorough