Joseph Cornell was an American artist and film maker, one of the pioneers and most celebrated exponents of assemblage. Influenced by the Surrealists, he was an avant-garde experimental filmmaker, he was self-taught in his artistic efforts, improvised his own original style incorporating cast-off and discarded artifacts. He lived most of his life in relative physical isolation, caring for his mother and his disabled brother at home, but remained aware of and in contact with other contemporary artists. Joseph Cornell was born in Nyack, New York, to Joseph Cornell, a well-to-do designer and merchant of textiles, Helen TenBroeck Storms Cornell, who had trained as a nursery teacher; the Cornells had four children: Joseph, Elizabeth and Robert. Both parents came from prominent families of Dutch ancestry, long-established in New York State. Cornell's father died in 1917. Following the elder Cornell's death, his wife and children moved to the borough of Queens in New York City. Cornell attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, in the class of 1921, although he did not graduate.
Except for the three-and-a-half years he spent at Phillips, he lived for most of his life in a small, wooden-frame house on Utopia Parkway in a working-class area of Flushing, along with his mother and his brother Robert, whom cerebral palsy had rendered physically disabled. Aside from the period he spent at the academy in Andover, Cornell never traveled beyond the New York City area. Cornell was wary of strangers; this led him to become a self-taught artist. Although he expressed attraction to unattainable women like Lauren Bacall, his shyness made romantic relationships impossible. In life his bashfulness verged toward reclusiveness, he left the state of New York. However, he preferred talking with women, made their husbands wait in the next room when he discussed business with them, he had numerous friendships with ballerinas, who found him unique, but too eccentric to be a romantic partner. He devoted his life to caring for his younger brother Robert, disabled and lived with cerebral palsy, another factor in his lack of relationships.
At some point in the 1920s, or earlier, he read the writings of Mary Baker Eddy, including Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. Cornell considered Eddy's works to be among the most important books published after the Bible, he became a lifelong Christian Science adherent. Christian Science belief and practice informed Cornell's art as art historian Sandra Leonard Starr has shown, he was rather poor for most of his life, working during the 1920s as a wholesale fabric salesman to support his family. As a result of the American Great Depression, Cornell lost his textile industry job in 1931, worked for a short time thereafter as a door-to-door appliance salesman. During this time, through her friendship with Ethel Traphagen, Cornell's mother secured him a part-time position designing textiles. In the 1940s, Cornell worked in a plant nursery and in a defense plant, designed covers and feature layouts for Harper's Bazaar, Dance Index, other magazines, he only began to sell his boxes for significant sums after his 1949 solo show at the Charles Egan Gallery.
Cornell began a passionate, but platonic, relationship with Japanese artist Yayoi Kusama while she was living in New York in the mid-1960s. She was twenty-six years his junior, their lengthy association lasted after her return to Japan, ending only with his death in 1972. In 1967 the artist was reported in possession of two or three original drawings from Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's The Little Prince; the exiled Saint-Exupéry's wife, was an artist and sculptor. Cornell ended his career as a regarded artist but remained out of the spotlight, he produced fewer box assemblages in the 1950s and 1960s, as his family responsibilities increased and claimed more of his time. He hired a series of young assistants, including both students and established artists, to help him organize material, make artwork, run errands. At this time, Cornell concentrated on making collages, collaborated with filmmakers like Rudy Burckhardt, Stan Brakhage, Larry Jordan to make films that were evocative of moving collages.
Cornell's brother Robert died in 1965, his mother in 1966. Joseph Cornell died of apparent heart failure on December 29, 1972, a few days after his sixty-ninth birthday; the executors of his estate were Richard Ader and Wayne Andrews, as represented by the art dealers Leo Castelli, Richard Feigen, James Corcoran. The Joseph and Robert Cornell Memorial Foundation was established, which administers the copyrights of Cornell's works and represents the interests of his heirs; the Foundation is administered by Trustees, Richard Ader, Joseph Erdman. Cornell first major museum retrospective, entitled An Exhibition of Works by Joseph Cornell opened at the Pasadena Art Museum in December 1966, curated by legendary museum director Walter Hopps which traveled to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York. In 1970, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York mounted the second major museum retrospective of his collages, curated by the well-known Henry Geldzahler. In 1972, A Joseph Cornell Exhibition for Children was held at a gallery at Cooper Union, a show he arranged for children, with the boxes displayed at child height and with the opening party serving soft drinks and
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound. In silent films for entertainment, the plot may be conveyed by the use of title cards, written indications of the plot and key dialogue lines; the idea of combining motion pictures with recorded sound is nearly as old as film itself, but because of the technical challenges involved, the introduction of synchronized dialogue became practical only in the late 1920s with the perfection of the Audion amplifier tube and the advent of the Vitaphone system. During the silent-film era that existed from the mid-1890s to the late 1920s, a pianist, theater organist—or in large cities, a small orchestra—would play music to accompany the films. Pianists and organists would play either from improvisation; the term silent film is a retronym—a term created to retroactively distinguish something. Early sound films, starting with The Jazz Singer in 1927, were variously referred to as the "talkies," "sound films," or "talking pictures." Within a decade, the widespread production of silent films for popular entertainment had ceased, the industry had moved into the sound era, in which movies were accompanied by synchronized sound recordings of spoken dialogue and sound effects.
Most early motion pictures are considered lost because the nitrate film used in that era was unstable and flammable. Additionally, many films were deliberately destroyed because they had little value in the era before home video, it has been claimed that around 75 percent of silent films have been lost, though these estimates may be inaccurate due to a lack of numerical data. The earliest precursors to film began with image projection through the use of a device known as the magic lantern, which utilized a glass lens, a shutter, a persistent light source to project images from glass slides onto a wall; these slides were hand-painted, after the advent of photography in the 19th century, still photographs were sometimes used. Thus the invention of a practical photography apparatus preceded cinema by only fifty years; the next significant step toward the invention of cinema was the development of an understanding of image movement. Simulations of movement date as far back as to 1828—only four years after Paul Roget discovered the phenomenon he called "Persistence of Vision."
Roget showed that when a series of still images is shown at a considerable speed in front of a viewer's eye, the images merge into one registered image that appears to show movement. This is an optical illusion, since the image is not moving; this experience was further demonstrated through Roget's introduction of the thaumatrope, a device that spun at a high speed a disk with an image on its surface. The three features necessary for motion pictures to work were "a camera with sufficiently high shutter speed, a filmstrip capable of taking multiple exposures swiftly, means of projecting the developed images on a screen." The first projected proto-movie was made by Eadweard Muybridge between 1877 and 1880. Muybridge set up a row of cameras along a racetrack and timed image exposures to capture the many stages of a horse's gallop; the oldest surviving film was created by Louis Le Prince in 1888. It was a two-second film of people walking in "Oakwood streets" garden, titled Roundhay Garden Scene.
The development of American inventor Thomas Edison's Kinetograph, a photographic device that captured sequential images, his Kinetoscope, a device for viewing those images, allowed for the creation and exhibition of short films. Edison made a business of selling Kinetograph and Kinetoscope equipment, which laid the foundation for widespread film production. Due to Edison's lack of securing an international patent on his film inventions, similar devices were "invented" around the world. In France, for example and Louis Lumière created the Cinématographe, which proved to be a more portable and practical device than both of Edison's as it combined a camera, film processor, projector in one unit. In contrast to Edison's "peepshow"-style kinetoscope, which only one person could watch through a viewer, the cinematograph allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple people, their first film, Sortie de l'usine Lumière de Lyon, shot in 1894, is considered the first true motion picture. The invention of celluloid film, strong and flexible facilitated the making of motion pictures.
This film was 35 mm wide and was pulled using four sprocket holes, which became the industry standard. This doomed the cinematograph; the art of motion pictures grew into full maturity in the "silent era". The height of the silent era was a fruitful period, full of artistic innovation; the film movements of Classical Hollywood as well as French Impressionism, German Expressionism, Soviet Montage began in this period. Silent filmmakers pioneered the art form to the extent that every style and genre of film-making of the 20th and 21st centuries has its artistic roots in the silent era; the silent era was a pioneering one from a technical point of view. Three-point lighting, the close-up, long shot and continuity editing all became prevalent long before silent films were replaced by "talking pictures" or "talkies" in the late 1920s; some scholars claim that the artistic quality of cinema decreased for several years, during the early 1930s, until film directors and production staff adapted to the new "talkies" around the late 1930s.
Flushing Cemetery is a cemetery in Flushing in the borough of Queens in New York City, New York. Flushing Cemetery has several predecessors. In the year 1789, George Washington had crossed the East River on a personal mission aboard his barge. Washington, like other noted landowners, journeyed to Flushing: The community was a center of scientific horticulture; the cemetery's floral and arboreal beauty have become a memorial to Flushing's status as a center of horticulture to this day. During the year of 1853 in which the Flushing Cemetery was founded, the population of Queens County was around 20,000; the land the original site for Flushing Cemetery would rest was the 20-acre John Purchase farm, selected by committee. A select number of individuals who attended the founding meeting: Reverend John Gilder, Henry Christie, William Leonard, Caleb Smith, Robert B. Parsons. Civic-minded citizens like these people had organized the Flushing Cemetery Association; the day these founders received their charter was May 5, 1853 was the same day in which the World's Fair in New York Crystal Palace was scheduled to open.
Civil engineer Horace Daniels was responsible for plotting the grounds. In 1875, the Whitehead Duryea farm, which measured 50 acres and adjoined the cemetery, was purchased and added to the site; the Bayside Quakers and some of their relatives and neighbors, in about 1860, brought a half-acre within this cemetery in the western half of section I. Section I, referred to as the Quaker Burial Place of Flushing, is where 43 people are buried, while 109 were buried in Flushing Cemetery; the Flushing Cemetery, where 41,000 bodies are buried and thousands more with reservations, has flowers and greenswards. Roland Schultheis, a scholarly man, became the keeper of the Flushing Cemetery and took great pride in caring for it; the preservation of the cemetery has been regarded as a significant task. Individuals with both intelligence and distinguished family backgrounds have preserved its unusual beauty; the cemetery's manager Roland Schultheis was a descendent of the Schultheis Brothers who were internationally famous with their nurseries in Frankfurt, the largest in Europe: It is possible that Shultheis' ancestors were buried in this cemetery.
Aside from the burials listed below, there were many more individuals who were laid to rest in the Flushing Cemetery. One such person was Louis "Battling Siki" Phal. Battling Siki or Louis Phal, a Senegalese boxer who held the light heavyweight crown from 1922-1923, was buried and remembered in the cemetery, after 50 years in which his body had lain unmarked; the boxer was shot to death in response to. There were brief ceremonies held in the Flushing Cemetery on 46th Ave and was participated in by representatives of the Senegalese government and of the African Boxing Union: a headstone was dedicated here by the International Veterans Boxing Association. Cherif Djigo, first consul at the Senegalese Mission to the United Nations, stated "This stone represents to us a grand symbol that Battling Siki has not been forgotten", his body was repatriated to Senegal in 1993. Louis Armstrong and singer Bernard Baruch, after whom Baruch College is named Laurie Bird, a film actress and photographer Eugene Bullard, the first African-American military pilot Ellis Parker Butler, author of Pigs is Pigs Dr. Adam Clayton Powell, Sr. cleric Dizzy Gillespie, jazz trumpet player Hermann Grab, writer Johnny Hodges, long-time Ellington band sideman and soloist Thomas Birdsall Jackson, United States Congressman Jan Matulka, Modern artist Lemuel E. Quigg, United States Representative from New York May Robson, actress Aris San, Greek singer who spent most of his life in Israel and United States.
Vincent Sardi, Sr. founder of Sardi's restaurant. Hazel Scott and singer Charlie Shavers, jazz trumpet player Frederic Storm, US Representative for New York Official Website Flushing Cemetery: Famous names at Find a Grave Intermet data for Flushing Cemetery
This article is about the American filmmaker. For the American publisher and writer, see Larry N. Jordan. Lawrence Jordan is an American independent filmmaker, most known for his animated collage films. In 1970 he received a Guggenheim Fellowship to make Sacred Art of Tibet. Trumpit - with Stan Brakhage Gymnopédies Hamfat Asar Our Lady of the Sphere - Inducted into the National Film Registry in 2010 Rime of the Ancient Mariner Visions of a City Carabosse Stan Brakhage and friend of Larry Jordan Joseph Cornell, a filmmaker who Larry worked as assistant/editor on IMDB Lawrence Jordan official site Lawrence Jordan's films distributed by Canyon Cinema on Ubuweb Films distributed by The Film-makers' Cooperative, New York Films distributed by LUX, London
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
2004 Toronto International Film Festival
The 29th Toronto International Film Festival ran from September 9 through September 18. The festival screened 328 films of which 253 were 75 were shorts. CQ2 I, Claudia Ill Fated It's All Gone Pete Tong Jimmywork Littoral Phil the Alien Saint Ralph Seven Times Lucky White Skin The Rowdyman Attiuk La bête lumineuse Le Pays de la terre sans arbre ou le Mouchouânipi Un Pays sans bon sens! Pour la suite du monde The Times That Are Tête-à-la-Baleine La Traverse d'hiver à l'Île-aux-Coudres The River Schooners 3-Iron After the Day Before Almost Brothers The Alzheimer Case Antares As Follows BOMBÓN - El Perro Breaking News Brodeuses Brothers Cool Crónicas Days and Hours Dead Man's Shoes Dear Frankie Duck Season Earth and Ashes L'Équipier La Femme de Gilles Ferpect Crime Hidden Flaws The Holy Girl Hotel The Keys to the House Ils se marièrent et eurent beaucoup d'enfants Inconscientes Innocent Voices Lila dit ça The Limb Salesman Little Sky Ma Mère Male Fantasy Mon père est ingénieur My Summer of Love Mysterious Skin Niceland Nobody Knows Oldboy Our Own Plastic Flowers Quill Real Life Rois et reine Rolling Family Shiza Siblings Somersault Spider Forest Song Stray Dogs The Tuner Turtles Can Fly Two Great Sheep Up and Down Walk on Water Whisky Wilby Wonderful The Woodsman The World The Brood Diary of a Country Priest Heaven's Gate La Noire De...
Sweet Smell of Success This Sporting Life Withnail and I Astronauts Automne Boats out of Watermelon Rinds The Buffalo Boy Le Cou de la girafe Crying? Electric Shadows The Forest for the Trees Hari Om Harvest Time In My Father's Den Innocence Mirage Off Beat Omagh On the Outs The Overture Oyster Farmer Private Producing Adults Les Revenants Saving Face Summer Storm Symmetry Uno Vento di Terra A Way of Life Whisky Romeo Zulu 10 on Ten 10e Chambre, instants d'audiences À tout de suite Bad Education Brides Café Lumière Chased by Dreams Cinévardaphoto Demain on déménage Eros Five Human Touch Land of Plenty Low Life Midwinter Night's Dream Moolaadé The Ninth Day Notre Musique Salvador Allende Sucker Free City Trilogy: The Weeping Meadow Calvaire Creep Dead Birds Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence Kontroll The Machinist Rahtree: Flower of the Night The Raspberry Reich Saw Zebraman Cape of Good Hope Drum Forgiveness Max and Mona Mozart - The Music of the Violin A South African Love Story - Walter and Albertina Sisulu Zulu Love Letter Aïcha above & beneath Bullet Boy Gardiens de la Mémoire Le Goût des jeunes filles Le Grand Voyage The Hero Kounandi La Nuit de la vérité Off Duty One Flight Stand A Spoonful of Sugar Time Out Andrew and Jeremy Get Married Be Here to Love Me: A Film About Townes Van Zandt Casuistry: The Art of Killing a Cat Darwin's Nightmare Double Dare Le Fantôme d'Henri Langlois Final Cut: The Making and Unmaking of Heaven's Gate Going Upriver: The Long War of John Kerry Gunner Palace (
The Gramercy Theatre is a music venue in New York City. It is located on 127 East 23rd Street. Built in 1937 as the Gramercy Park Theatre, it is now owned and operated by Live Nation as one of their two concert halls in New York City, the other being the nearby Irving Plaza. Built in 1937 and designed by architect Charles A. Sandblom in the Streamline Moderne style, the theatre is located at 127 E. 23rd St in the historic Gramercy neighborhood. It was known as the Gramercy Park Theatre to avoid confusion with the existing Gramercy Theatre, which had 521 seats and was situated at 310 First Avenue. After the old Gramercy Theatre succumbed to TV competition in the early 1950s, the newer theatre dropped "Park" from its name. In the 1950s, the theatre was purchased by Cinema V, an art-film presentation and distribution company; the theatre was considered an "art house" due to eclectic programming, no admittance near the end of a film, coffee served in the waiting area. Cinema V, grew from Becker theaters, a chain started in 1921 by Don Rugoff's father.
Rugoff gained control of the company in 1957 and began a quick expansion in the burgeoning world of art-house exhibition. The Gramercy Theatre was part of this expansion; some of the programming that The New York Times lists in the 50s for the Gramercy Theatre switched from single bookings to double features, a novel approach for the time. There were a mix of foreign, sub-run mainstream, Disney films, revivals. In the early 1970s, the Theatre was a dollar-theater. In the late 1970s it showed second-run films such as The Spy Who Loved Me, New York, New York, 3 Women, Outrageous!. In the early 1980s, still under Cinema V, the theater showcased first-run movies. Cinema V changed to City Cinemas in the late 1980s, did record breaking business until Cineplex Odeon opened the nine-screen Chelsea Cinemas and large audiences disappeared from Gramercy. In 1992, City Cinemas closed the theatre after using it as a Hollywood classics revival house. In 1995, Amit Govil, a real estate investor, revived the theatre into the only movie house in the five boroughs to feature films made in India.
Before that, it was the home of an anti-drug agency. It was used around this time as the location shoot for The Fugees video "Killing me Softly". In 1998, the theatre was renovated into a 499-seat playhouse to present Off Broadway theatrical productions, the largest in the city. In 1999, the Roundabout Theater Company premiered plays by contemporary writers such as Brian Friel, Paula Vogel, Beth Henley, Harold Pinter. Performances included Charles Randolph-Wright's play with Blue starring Phylicia Rashad. In 2002, Roundabout presented its final offering, All Over by Edward Albee, before closing in September. Soon after, in 2002, the Museum of Modern Art used the theater as a temporary film-house, while its location on 53rd Street in Midtown Manhattan was remodeled. From 2002 to 2004, the theater was used as a film-house and an Off-Broadway playhouse. In 2004, the theater was shut down after its last production of Lee Summers' From My Hometown, which ran from April 12 to July 12, 2004. MoMA stopped using it as a cinema in April 2004.
In 2006, Live Nation bought the space with the intention of turning it into an intimate concert venue. The first performance under Live Nation was Stellastarr on March 7, 2007. On April 26, 2007, Blender magazine became an official namesake sponsor and the venue was renamed the Blender Theater at Gramercy. After two years, the name changed back to the Gramercy Theatre without a sponsorship in the name. Official website Gramercy Theater at Internet Off-Broadway Database Cinema Treasures