A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Van, West Virginia
Van is a census-designated place in Boone County, West Virginia, United States, along the Pond Fork of the Little Coal River. As of the 2010 census, its population was 211, its ZIP code is 25206. Van was named after Van Linville, who established its post office and served as its first postmaster. Van is one of the many small communities on West Virginia Route 85, which winds through valley after valley staying close beside the Little Coal River. Van is residential with a gas station, a pharmacy, a flower shop, a few churches, a pizza take out, an elementary school, a junior/senior high school, a Christian school, a volunteer fire department, an Ambulance Station, a Senior Nutrition Center; the Pond Fork of the Little Coal river that runs through Van is a designated stream that the West Virginia Department of Natural Resources stocks fish, such as trout, a few times a year. Van High School, known as Crook District High School, is nestled up on "The Hill" overlooking the rural town of Van. Van Junior-Senior High School and Van Elementary School are both located on Bulldog Blvd.
Van High School has been successful in athletics as it competes in the West Virginia Secondary Schools Activities Commission. Its mascot is a Bulldog and its school colors are Blue and Gold; the Bulldogs compete in Class Single A, the smallest of three classes in West Virginia. Van High is one of only three high schools in Boone County. Baseball has won five state championships in 1982, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1993 and the state runner-up six times 1981, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1995, 1996, 2004 and 2007, they have been in the state tournament, which includes the final four from each class a record 19 times since 1981. Football has appeared in the state playoffs ten times since 1981. Playoff years include 1981, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 2001, 2003; the Bulldogs advanced to the final eight teams in 1981, 1983, 1984, 1991, 1993, 2001. They advanced to the final four in 1986 and 1992. Basketball has appeared in the regional finals on four different occasions, the last game before the state tournament is held in Charleston.
They have won sectional finals in 1977, 1995, 1996, 2002. In 1991-1992, a multimillion-dollar gymnasium was built to take the place of one of the only "domed" gyms in West Virginia. Girls Basketball has won a state championship in 1982, they advanced to the state tournament in 1983. Hasil Adkins- Appalachian Rockabilly one man band who recorded many songs, appeared in movies and TV shows and was featured in a documentary, "The Wild World Of Hasil Adkins." Johnny E. Blair - Inventor of the first fast food drive inn ordering systems in the 1960s. Retractable Arms Inc, he contracted with Shoney's Big Boy and installed his electronic ordering system and drive inns in many parts of the country. Robin Jean Davis- West Virginia Supreme Court Justice Tony Gibson- West Virginia University Defensive Coordinator Jesco White- Mountain dancer, featured in documentaries, TV shows and countless popular songs among other things. Michael Wooten- Anchor/Reporter- WGRZ News Channel 2 - NBC Affiliate Henry Ramey - World War II hero- Awarded Bronze Star and two Purple Hearts
Danville, West Virginia
Danville is a town in Boone County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 691 at the 2010 census. Danville was named for Dan Rock, the town's first postmaster. Danville was known as Newport and Red House. Danville is located in northwestern Boone County at 38°4′40″N 81°50′9″W, The town is situated along the Little Coal River, with its business district lying along the east bank of the river. Madison, the county seat, borders Danville to the south. West Virginia Route 85, signed as Smoot Avenue within Danville, traverses the town, connecting it with Madison to the south, terminating at U. S. Route 119 on the north side of town. From this intersection, US 119 continues northeastward in the direction of Charleston, southwestward to Chapmanville and Logan. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.08 square miles, of which, 1.07 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 691 people, 303 households, 150 families residing in the town.
The population density was 645.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 334 housing units at an average density of 312.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.1% White, 0.6% African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population. There were 303 households of which 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 50.5% were non-families. 44.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.98 and the average family size was 2.72. The median age in the town was 53.6 years. 14.8% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 44.1% male and 55.9% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 550 people, 285 households, 139 families residing in the town.
The population density was 507.3 per square mile. There were 325 housing units at an average density of 299.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99.27% White, 0.36% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.18% from two or more races. There were 285 households out of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 51.2% were non-families. Of all households, 48.1% were made up of individuals and 24.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.93 and the average family size was 2.73. In the town, the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $21,369, the median income for a family was $26,397.
Males had a median income of $33,125 versus $23,333 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,469. About 13.1% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over. The population of the zip code tabulation area for 25053, which includes Danville, was 3,376 in 2,000, it was estimated at 3,301 in 2008. Danville is serviced by the Danville Volunteer Fire Department; the department is a volunteer organization with an annual budget of $150,000 per year. It provides fire protection and rescue services to the Town of Danville and surrounding areas covering 30 miles of Route 119. Folk musician Dock Boggs composed "Danville Girl": Media related to Danville, West Virginia at Wikimedia Commons
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
Bloomingrose, West Virginia
Bloomingrose is an unincorporated community in Boone County, West Virginia, United States. Bloomingrose is located on West Virginia Route 3 11.5 miles northeast of Madison. Bloomingrose has a post office with ZIP code 25024; the community was named for the flowers near the original town site
Bandytown, West Virginia
Bandytown is an unincorporated community in Boone County, West Virginia, United States. Bandytown is 18 miles from Madison. Bandytown is accessible from Boone County Route 26, located right off West Virginia Route 85 at the Van Bridge split; the community has a total population of over 100 with 70 homes. The community was named for an early settler on the West Fork. Bandytown was also known as "Chap" for Chapman Miller, a local merchant and postmaster. Activities in Bandytown include all-terrain vehicle trails, a basketball court, fishing areas, areas for skating/rollerblading. Van Elementary School and Van Junior/Senior High School, located 6 miles from Bandytown, are the closest public schools. Bandytown has two churches: The Bandytown Church of Christ and The Martha Freewill Baptist Church, three cemeteries: Greene Cemetery, Jarrell Cemetery, Midferrell Cemetery; the wet banana is a traditional Bandytown event, going on for years. The wet banana is a large water slide created by taking mining tarp and plastic and placing it on a large hill.
Using water pumped from the creek mixed with some soap, people grab a tube and slide down. In 2001, local residents Sue and Johnny Baire Jr. wrote and featured the hit song "God Bless Bandytown" on Sue's debut CD of the same title. The song mentions things near and dear to the hearts of Bandytown residents such as "the little white church" or "black berries." The song is considered an anthem for the town's website and it can be listened to on there in its entirety. Bandytown is the hometown of the "Dancing Outlaw" Jesco White. Jesco White, Mountain Dancer Bandytown website Prenter website Van Junior/Senior High School
Bob White, West Virginia
Bob White is an unincorporated community located on West Virginia Route 85 in Boone County in the U. S. state of West Virginia. The community's ZIP code is 25028. Most of Bob White's residents are employed by the coal mining industry; the Bob White Post Office closed 11/12/2011