Newark is a city in New Castle County, United States. It is located 12 miles west-southwest of Wilmington. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city is 31,454. Newark is home to the University of Delaware. Newark was founded by Scots-Irish and Welsh settlers in 1694; the town was established when it received a charter from George II of Great Britain in 1758. Schools have played a significant role in the history of Newark. A grammar school, founded by Francis Alison in 1743, moved from New London, Pennsylvania to Newark in 1765, becoming the Newark Academy. Among the first graduates of the school were three signers of the Declaration of Independence: George Read, Thomas McKean, James Smith. Two of which, Read and McKean, went on to have schools named after them in the state of Delaware: George Read Middle School and Thomas McKean High School. During the American Revolutionary War and American forces clashed outside Newark at the Battle of Cooch's Bridge. Tradition holds that the Battle of Cooch's Bridge was the first instance of the Stars and Stripes being flown in battle.
The state granted a charter to a new school in 1833, called Newark College. Newark Academy and Newark College joined together in the following year; the school was forced to close in 1859, but was resuscitated eleven years under the Morrill Act when it became a joint venture between the State of Delaware and the school's Board of Trustees. In 1913, pursuant to legislative Act, Delaware College came into sole ownership of the State of Delaware; the school would be renamed the University of Delaware in 1921. Newark received a license from King George II to hold semi-annual fairs and weekly markets for agricultural exchange in 1758. A paper mill, the first sizable industrial venture in Newark, was created around 1798; this mill known as the Curtis Paper Mill, was the oldest paper mill in the United States until its closing in 1997. Methodists built the first church in 1812 and the railroad arrived in 1837. One of Newark's major sources of employment and revenue was the Chrysler Newark Assembly plant, built in 1951.
Jamaican reggae star, Bob Marley worked as an assembly-line worker at the plant during his short stint in Delaware in the 1960s. Constructed to build tanks for the US Army, the plant was 3.4 million square feet in size. It employed 1,100 employees in 2008, down from 2,115 in 2005; this turn was due to the decline of sales of the Durango and Aspen vehicle models that were being produced. The plant stood for more than 50 years; the factory produced a wide variety of automobile models during its run. The plant was closed in late 2008 due to the recession and limited demand for larger cars. Newark is located at 39°41′01″N 75°44′59″W, it is located directly east of the Maryland state line, adjacent to the unincorporated community of Fair Hill, is less than a mile south of the tripoint where Delaware and Pennsylvania meet, known as The Wedge. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.3 square miles, all of it land. Surrounded by farmland, Newark is now surrounded by housing developments in some directions, although farmland remains just over the state lines in Maryland and Pennsylvania.
To the north and west are small hills, but south and east of the city, the land is flat. Despite the fact that Newark is located halfway between Philadelphia and Baltimore and is part of densely populated New Castle County, there is a large amount of public parkland—over 12,000 acres – surrounding the city. To the south is Iron Hill Park, to the west is Fair Hill Natural Resources Management Area, to the North is White Clay Creek State Park and White Clay Creek Preserve. Nearby is Middle Run Valley Natural Area, part of the New Castle County Park System; these parks provide ample hiking, mountain biking, horse back riding opportunities. Fair Hill Natural Resources Management Area and much of White Clay Creek State Park consist of land owned by the Du Pont family, ceded to the states of Maryland and Delaware, respectively; as of the census of 2000, there were 28,547 people, 8,989 households, 4,494 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,198.6 people per square mile. There were 9,294 housing units at an average density of 1,041.4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 87.29% White, 6.00% Black, 0.16% Native American, 4.07% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.53% of the population. 16.8% were of Irish, 13.5% Italian, 13.4% German, 10.2% English and 5.1% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. Of the 8,989 households, 20.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 50.0% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.91. In the city, the population was spread out with 12.5% under the age of 18, 43.6% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older
Sharon Hill station (SEPTA Regional Rail)
Sharon Hill station is a SEPTA Regional Rail station in Sharon Hill, Pennsylvania. It serves the Wilmington/Newark Line, with southbound service to Wilmington and Newark and northbound service to Philadelphia; this station is within walking distance of the Sharon Hill terminus of the Route 102 Trolley, although no direct connection exists between the two stations. It has no ticket machines; the historic station building, built in 1872, is abandoned and is to be restored. It is located at Woodland Avenues. Amtrak does not stop here. Sharon Hill has two low-level side platforms with walkways connecting passengers to the inner tracks. Amtrak's Northeast Corridor lines bypass the station via the inner tracks. SEPTA - Sharon Hill Station Historic Sharon Hill PRR Station photos Station House from Google Maps Street View
Marcus Hook station
Marcus Hook station is a station along the SEPTA Wilmington/Newark Line and Amtrak's Northeast Corridor in Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania. Amtrak does not stop here. Many locals continue on to Newark. However, this station is a terminus for many weekend trains. Located at 12th & Washington Streets, the station has a 147-space parking lot; the line offers southbound service to Wilmington and Newark and northbound service to Philadelphia. Marcus Hook station was built by the Pennsylvania Railroad. Two other Baltimore and Ohio Railroad stations used to exist in the Borough. Marcus Hook has two low-level side platforms with walkways connecting passengers to the inner tracks. Amtrak's Northeast Corridor lines bypass the station via the inner tracks. Bell Tower Media related to Marcus Hook station at Wikimedia Commons SEPTA – Marcus Hook Station Market Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway. Dual side platform stations, one for each direction of travel, is the basic station design used for double-track railway lines. Side platforms may result in a wider overall footprint for the station compared with an island platform where a single width of platform can be shared by riders using either track. In some stations, the two side platforms are connected by a footbridge running above and over the tracks. While a pair of side platforms is provided on a dual-track line, a single side platform is sufficient for a single-track line. Where the station is close to a level crossing the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. With the'near-side platforms' configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with'far-side platforms' they are positioned after the intersection. In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles with a scissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length.
Most stations with two side platforms have an'Up' platform, used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the'Down' platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. The main facilities of the station are located on the'Up' platform with the other platform accessed from a footbridge, subway or a track crossing. However, in many cases the station's main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Larger stations may have two side platforms with several island platforms in between; some are in a Spanish solution format, with two side platforms and an island platform in between, serving two tracks. Island platform Split platform
Wilmington station (Delaware)
Joseph R. Biden Jr. Railroad Station known as Wilmington, is a passenger rail station in Wilmington, Delaware. One of Amtrak's busiest stops, it is part of the Northeast Corridor, it serves SEPTA Regional Rail commuter trains on the Wilmington/Newark Line as well as DART First State local buses and Greyhound Lines intercity buses. Built in 1907 as Pennsylvania Station, the station was renamed in 2011 for then-Vice President and former U. S. Senator Joseph R. Biden, Jr. an advocate for passenger rail who took the train from Wilmington to Washington, D. C. On June 9, 1987 Senator Biden formally announced his unsuccessful bid for the 1988 Democratic Presidential Nomination at the station. Located on Front Street between French and Walnut Streets in downtown Wilmington, the station has one inside level with stores, a cafe, ticket offices for Amtrak and SEPTA/DART First State, a car rental office, a post office. Passengers board their trains on the second-story train platforms; the station replaced an earlier station erected by the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad.
It was built in 1907 for $300,000 by the Pennsylvania Railroad. It was designed by renowned architect Frank Furness, who designed the adjacent Pennsylvania Railroad Building and the nearby Baltimore & Ohio Railroad's Water Street Station. Admired for his use of new and innovative materials and his forceful architectural statements, Furness chose to have the trains move right through the second floor of the station, with room for a ticketing and retail concourse at ground level underneath the tracks; this unconventional arrangement celebrated the power of the locomotive and America's industrial strength. The north end of the station has a four-faced rectangular clock tower that rises an extra story above the main roof, it is decorated with stone and terra cotta work, repeated in plainer form throughout the station. Wilmington Station has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1976. A renovation project was conducted in 1984; the National Register added the adjacent railroad viaduct in 1999.
SEPTA has been running to Wilmington since 1989. In 2009, the station began a two-year restoration. During construction, customer operations, including platform access, were moved to a temporary station next door; the station reopened on December 6, 2010, final work was completed in March 2011. On March 19, 2011, the station's name was changed from Wilmington Station to Joseph R. Biden, Jr. Railroad Station; the ceremony honored U. S. Vice President Joe Biden, who took over 7,000 round trips from the station to Washington, D. C. during his U. S. Senate career and was noted as an advocate for Amtrak and passenger rail more generally. On January 20, 2017, within an hour after completing his tenure as Vice President, Biden boarded an Amtrak Acela train in Washington, D. C. bound for his namesake station. The station is served by Amtrak Northeast Regional and Acela Express trains along the Northeast Corridor going south to Baltimore and Washington, D. C. and going north to Philadelphia, New York, Boston.
It is served by several long distance trains including the Cardinal to Chicago, the Carolinian to Charlotte, the Crescent to New Orleans, the Palmetto to Savannah, the Silver Star and the Silver Meteor to Florida, the Vermonter to Vermont. Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service is provided through the station to Dover and Salisbury, Maryland via Greyhound Lines. Despite being just 25 miles south of Philadelphia's 30th Street Station, the third-busiest Amtrak station in the country, Biden Station is a major Amtrak station in its own right, it is the seventh-busiest Amtrak station in the 13th-busiest nationwide. It is served by SEPTA Regional Rail's Wilmington/Newark Line with service to Center City Philadelphia and Newark, Delaware. Like all stations in Delaware, SEPTA service is provided under contract and funded through DART First State, which provides extensive local bus service as they have since 1994. Greyhound Lines intercity buses stop at the Wilmington Bus Station adjacent to the Wilmington station at 101 North French Street.
The bus terminal is attached to the station's parking garage. Greyhound Lines provides direct, one seat ride service from the bus terminal to various cities including Baltimore, New York City, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. DART First State bus routes serving Wilmington station include 2, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 28, 31, 33, 35, 40, 45, 48, 52, 54, 55, 59, 301, 305. Buses stop along Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard at French Street; the Wilmington Transit Center is being built as a DART First State bus hub adjacent to Wilmington station. A groundbreaking ceremony for the transit center was held on November 19, 2018, with Governor John Carney, U. S. Senator Tom Carper, Wilmington Mayor Mike Purzycki, DelDOT Secretary Jennifer Cohan, DART First State CEO John Sisson in attendance; the Wilmington Transit Center will serve most DART First State bus routes in Wilmington and will include a covered waiting area with seats, real-time bus displays, a ticket sales office, vending machines, bicycle racks, parking.
Construction of the transit center will cost $19 million and is planned to be completed in December 2019. Delaware portal Wilmington and Western Railroad List of Dela
Philadelphia, sometimes known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U. S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the sixth-most populous U. S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863. Since 1854, the city has been coterminous with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U. S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis; the Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States. William Penn, an English Quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony. Philadelphia played an instrumental role in the American Revolution as a meeting place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 at the Second Continental Congress, the Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.
Several other key events occurred in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War including the First Continental Congress, the preservation of the Liberty Bell, the Battle of Germantown, the Siege of Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia was one of the nation's capitals during the revolution, served as temporary U. S. capital while Washington, D. C. was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a railroad hub; the city grew from an influx of European immigrants, most of whom came from Ireland and Germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015. In the early 20th century, Philadelphia became a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration after the Civil War, as well as Puerto Ricans; the city's population doubled from one million to two million people between 1890 and 1950. The Philadelphia area's many universities and colleges make it a top study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Philadelphia area had a gross domestic product of US$445 billion in 2017, the eighth-largest metropolitan economy in the United States.
Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to five Fortune 1000 companies. The Philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a market of 81,900 commercial properties in 2016, including several nationally prominent skyscrapers. Philadelphia has more outdoor murals than any other American city. Fairmount Park, when combined with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the same watershed, is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the United States; the city is known for its arts, culture and colonial history, attracting 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent US$6.8 billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia has emerged as a biotechnology hub. Philadelphia is the birthplace of the United States Marine Corps, is the home of many U. S. firsts, including the first library, medical school, national capital, stock exchange and business school. Philadelphia contains 67 National Historic Landmarks and the World Heritage Site of Independence Hall.
The city became a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities in 2015, as the first World Heritage City in the United States. Although Philadelphia is undergoing gentrification, the city maintains mitigation strategies to minimize displacement of homeowners in gentrifying neighborhoods. Before Europeans arrived, the Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape Indians in the village of Shackamaxon; the Lenape are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government. They are called Delaware Indians, their historical territory was along the Delaware River watershed, western Long Island, the Lower Hudson Valley. Most Lenape were pushed out of their Delaware homeland during the 18th century by expanding European colonies, exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts. Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases smallpox, violent conflict with Europeans. Iroquois people fought the Lenape. Surviving Lenape moved west into the upper Ohio River basin; the American Revolutionary War and United States' independence pushed them further west.
In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory under the Indian removal policy. In the 21st century, most Lenape reside in Oklahoma, with some communities living in Wisconsin, in their traditional homelands. Europeans came to the Delaware Valley in the early 17th century, with the first settlements founded by the Dutch, who in 1623 built Fort Nassau on the Delaware River opposite the Schuylkill River in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey; the Dutch considered the entire Delaware River valley to be part of their New Netherland colony. In 1638, Swedish settlers led by renegade Dutch established the colony of New Sweden at Fort Christina and spread out in the valley. In 1644, New Sweden supported the Susquehannocks in their military defeat of the English colony of Maryland. In 1648, the Dutch built Fort Beversreede on the west bank of the Delaware, south of the Schuylkill near the present-day Eastwick neighborhood, to reassert their dominion over the area.
The Swedes responded by building Fort Nya Korsholm, or New Korsholm, named after a town in Finland with a Swedish majority. In 1655, a
SEPTA Suburban Division bus routes
The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority operates or contracts operations of these routes serving points in Bucks, Chester and Montgomery counties, with a few routes operating into the city of Philadelphia. The Suburban Transit Division is broken down into three districts: Victory and Contract Operations; these routes are operated from the Victory District, located at the 69th Street Transportation Center in Upper Darby Township, Delaware County. This includes Norristown High Speed Line, 101 Media, 102 Sharon Hill rail operations; these routes were once operated by the Philadelphia Suburban Transportation Company, better known by its nickname "Red Arrow Lines". Routes in the Chester area of Delaware County as well as Chester Pike operations were once operated by Southern Penn Bus Lines, which the Red Arrow took control of on June 30, 1960. Today, Routes 114, 117, 118 are leftovers of the old Southern Penn system; the Philadelphia Transportation Company's "PTC" Folsom Division bus routes were taken over by Red Arrow Lines on January 20, 1961.
Since that time the Ex-PTC routes have been eliminated or consolidated into the current route system. SEPTA took over Red Arrow Lines on January 29, 1970; this was one of the last owned transit operations left in the United States. Today some longtime residents, transit historians, the local news media still refer to this operation as SEPTA's Red Arrow Division. In 2011 SEPTA renamed 69th Street Terminal the 69th Street Transportation Center; these routes are operated from the Frontier garage in Montgomery County. This district of SEPTA was created through a combination of former Schuylkill Valley Line services in the Norristown area and Trenton Philadelphia Coach Line services in the Lower Bucks County area. Routes 96 to 99 which helped form the original five SEPTA Frontier District Routes were once part of the old "Schuylkill Valley Lines" that SEPTA acquired on March 1, 1976; the old Schuylkill Valley Lines routes were restructured into five routes on March 7, 1977 with Route 95 being a new route.
Routes 127 to 129 were once part of the old Trenton Philadelphia Coach Lines "TPC" which became a subsidiary of the Philadelphia Transportation Company "PTC" on January 24, 1963. When SEPTA took over PTC, Trenton Philadelphia Coach became a subsidiary of SEPTA; these routes were assigned Routes 150 to 153 in 1980. These routes continued to operate under SEPTA/TPC until November 14, 1983 when SEPTA Frontier District took over the operations of these routes and rebranded them Routes 127, 128, 129. All other routes have been added onto the system since then. Trenton-Philadelphia Coach Lines was brought back to life by SEPTA as a contract operation for its Routes 310, 311 and LUCY operations. Trenton-Philadelphia Coach operated the Cornwells Heights Parking Shuttle Service on these lines are operated by Krapf Transit under contract to SEPTA; these routes are operated from Krapf's own garage, located in Pennsylvania. Krapf has operated other bus routes for SEPTA in the past: Routes 202, Route 207, Route 208, Route 306 and Route 314.
SEPTA has had contract bus operations before in Chester County. SEPTA and Reeder's Inc. joined forces in 1977 to operate three bus routes out of West Chester. These routes were the Route 120, Route 121, Route 122. Reeder's operated their own bus route from West Chester to Concord and Tri-State Malls via US 202 and Delaware Route 92. Transit operations in Chester County has been around for decades operating under different companies over those years. West Chester Transportation Company, People's Transportation Company, Chester Valley Lines and The Short Line of Pennsylvania have operated bus routes in Chester County. Bus service between West Chester and Coatesville was a replacement for the previous trolley service operated by West Chester Traction. Reeder's got these routes. To keep transit service operating in Chester County these routes were funded by SEPTA and operated by Reeder's Inc. beginning November 7, 1977. SEPTA did replace two of the routes with their own bus service. Route 122 service was replaced by SEPTA's Route 91 on July 1982 after only one year of service.
Route 121 was replaced by SEPTA's Route 92 on October 11, 1982. Since ridership on the Route 120 was strong it continued to operate under the operations of Reeder's Inc. after SEPTA pulled the funding source. Reeder's Inc bus service to Concord and Tri-State Malls was discontinued in the late 1970s. Krapf purchased the Reeder's operation in 1992 and designated the remaining bus route as Krapf's Transit "Route A". Krapf's along with SEPTA and the Independence Visitor Center work together to operate the PHLASH bus service; the PHLASH bus service is geared toward tourists visiting the City of Philadelphia but locals use it too since the one way fare is cheaper than SEPTA bus fare, The PHLASH operates April to May on Fridays and weekends operates seven days a week from Memorial Day through Labor Day. After Labor Day service goes back to Friday and weekend until Thanksgiving back to seven days a week until the end of the year. After that PHLASH service is suspended for the winter until April. SEPTA City Transit Division surface routes SEP