2. Divisjon is the third-highest level of the Norwegian football league system. There are 28 teams divided into two groups, at the end of the season the winner of each group earns promotion to the second-highest division, 1. Divisjon; the teams finishing in second place in their respective group will qualify for the promotion play-offs, where they will face each other. The winner will play against the 14th placed team in 1. Divisjon for promotion; the bottom three teams in each group are relegated to 3. Divisjon. 2. Divisjon is the highest league a reserve team can participate in, only reserve teams from the Eliteserien clubs are allowed to enter; the participation of reserve teams stirs debate from time to time. Between 1963 and 1990, 2. Divisjon was the second highest level of the Norwegian football league system, therefore the name of the third highest level was 3. Divisjon; when the highest level was rebranded in 1991, this level changed its name to 2. Divisjon. From 2009 to 2011, the official name of the league was Fair Play ligaen, from 2012 to 2015 the name was Oddsen-ligaen.
The league is branded as PostNord-ligaen, sponsored by PostNord. All group winners, excluding second teams of top division teams, were promoted to 1. Divisjon; each group winner played qualification play-offs to decide which teams promote to 1. Divisjon. Teams in bold promoted to 1. Divisjon through qualification play-offs. All group winners, excluding second teams of top division teams, were promoted to 1. Divisjon. Teams in bold were promoted to 1. Divisjon. Teams in italics were relegated to 2. Divisjon. Reserve teams of clubs from the two top divisions can participate in the 2. Divisjon. Reserve teams of clubs from the 1. Divisjon can not play in the 2. Divisjon, so if a team is relegated from the 1. Divisjon, the club's reserve team will be relegated to the 3. Divisjon regardless of their final position in the league. From 2016, 2. Divisjon has its title sponsorship rights sold to PostNord. Current 2. Divisjon table and fixtures at Soccerway 2. Divisjon stats at Fotballen.eu DF-02 an interest group for the 2.
Lillestrøm Sportsklubb is a Norwegian professional football club from the city of Lillestrøm, just outside of the capital Oslo. They compete in the top flight of Norwegian football; the club was founded after the merger of two local football clubs. Their home ground is Åråsen Stadion, which has a capacity of 12,250 people, while the principal training ground is Lillestrøm stadion, or the indoor arena, LSK-Hallen; the club holds the Norwegian record for the most consecutive years without being relegated. Over the years the club has had around 40 players. There has been a number of foreigners who have represented the national teams of Sweden, Senegal, Malta, South Africa, Tunisia, Canada and Nigeria; the club have teams in bandy and futsal. Lillestrøm SK was founded on 2 April 1917, it has been Norwegian League champions five times, most in 1989, in 1986, 1977, 1976, 1959. Additionally, they have won the Norwegian Cup in 1985, 1981, 1978, 1977, 2007 and 2017; when Arne Erlandsen left for Sweden and IFK Göteborg after the 2004 season, former LSK player and German international Uwe Rösler took over as head coach of the team.
His first season in charge became a successful one, with Lillestrøm finishing fourth in the league. This position secured LSK a place in the Royal League; the team made it to the 2005 Norwegian Cup final, but lost 4–2 to Molde in front of a crowd of 25,000 at Ullevaal Stadion. In the 2006 season Lillestrøm were among the top favourites to win the league. Following a disappointing 4th place, it was announced on 13 November 2006 that Uwe Rösler had been fired from his position as head coach of Lillestrøm. Only a few days Tom Nordlie signed a three-year contract. A key signing ahead of the 2007 season included Fredrikstad's Simen Brenne, an attacking midfielder with a knack for scoring important goals. LSK under Nordlie played a 4–3–3 system, which invites rapid transitional play between defence and attack, Lillestrøm finished fourth in the league and won the 2007 Norwegian cup, beating Haugesund 2–0 in the final at Ullevaal Stadion. On 29 May 2008, Tom Nordlie resigned from his position as head coach after a disappointing start of the 2008 season.
Statements from Nordlie suggested that fundamental disagreements with club director Jan Åge Fjørtoft contributed to his resignation. It emerged that the conflict between the controversial coach and the players was another big contributor behind Nordlie's departure, his punishing training regime in the run-up to the 2008 season being cited as the main complaint. Nordlie, no stranger to controversy during his career, had "lost the dressing room" as early as autumn 2007. Erland Johnsen and Frode Grodås stepped in as caretakers. On 19 August 2008, the club announced that Henning Berg would take over as head coach on 1 January 2009, after leaving his post at Lyn. Berg's first task would be to rescue the team from relegation, a feat he accomplished in his first match as head coach. LSK beat Rosenborg 4–2 in a classic encounter to secure their place in the Tippeligaen; the 2009 season was one of great upheaval. In an tight economic position, LSK sold or released 11 players before and during the season, with Berg restructuring the squad and bringing in new talent.
Enormous injury problems made the start to the season a difficult one for Berg's charges. After 9 games, LSK seemed destined for relegation. An impressive comeback saw Lillestrøm deliver a strong second half to the season finishing 11th. Newcomer Nosa Igiebor had an impressive first season in the Lillestrøm jersey; the team continued to impress over the course of the start of the 2010 season. LSK were in early June fifth in the Tippeligaen, undefeated in 14 league matches, they saw however a dramatic drop in form over the summer which saw them flirt with relegation, before a late surge of form late in the season salvaged 10th place. In 2011 LSK made an exciting start to the new season, scoring an incredible 18 goals from their first five league matches, including a 7–0 drubbing of Stabæk in their first league match of the season – away from home. Early season form was good enough for the team to flirt with the top three until the end of July. Early in August, stars Anthony Ujah and Nosa Igiebor were sold to stave off the dire economic straits of the club.
In-form Icelandic midfielder Stefán Gíslason was out of contract and left the club. In mid-August, prodigy striker Björn Bergmann Sigurðarson was injured for the rest of the season, the club failed to win any of their last 11 league games, a new record for Lillestrøm. Coach Henning Berg was sacked three matches before the end of the season as investor Per Berg promised fresh funds for acquiring quality players after the season; the club again flirted with the prospect of relegation. This despite an abject 34 points gathered over 30 league matches, which would mean relegation. Former Elfsborg coach Magnus Haglund was appointed coach after the season. Lillestrøm was quite active in the transfer window ahead of the 2012 season, bought 11 new players; the change of coach and flurry of transfers did the club no good however as they again flirted with relegation until just a few weeks before the end of the season, hovering between 12th and 14th place before a strong finish to the season propelled them into 9th.
On the whole the season was deemed a big disappointment however and Haglund's position has been subject to debate throughout the winter pre-season. Ahead of the 2013 season, the club ag
Hallvar Thoresen is a former Norwegian footballer. The son of former Norwegian international Gunnar Thoresen, Hallvar Thoresen was central in 1980s Norwegian football. Thoresen started his career in Larvik Turn, but travelled abroad at the age of seventeen, soon became a regular at FC Twente in the Netherlands, they won the Dutch Cup in 1977, Thoresen was bought by giants PSV Eindhoven, where he formed a dynamic tandem with Jurrie Koolhof in the 1980s. Helping capturing three league titles, Thoresen was a key player for seven years, serving as captain from 1983–1986, until he returned to Norway and played for Frigg in the lower divisions. Troubled by an injury, he was forced to retire from his playing career shortly thereafter, he played 50 matches for the Norway national football team, scored 9 goals, one of which secured the historic victory over England in 1981. Thoresen is among the six Norwegian internationals who have never played in the Norwegian Premier League, he did assume the coaching position at Frigg moving on to coach larger clubs like Brann, Strømsgodset, Hønefoss and Lillestrøm.
He is in charge of the Norway U21. Odd Grenland announced on 30 October 2006 that Thoresen had agreed to take over as the clubs Director of Football, although it is not yet known when he will leave his post with the Norway U21 team. Thoresen played Norwegian football player and Allied POW Gunnar Hilsson in the 1981 film Escape to Victory, he is a supporter of Arsenal, to the point where he opened a pub Oslo, Norway called Highbury. Escape to Victory - Gunnar Hilsson - The Players: Norway Hallvar Thoresen at National-Football-Teams.com
Rosenborg Ballklub referred to as Rosenborg or RBK, is a Norwegian professional football club from Trondheim that plays in the Eliteserien. The club have won a record 26 league titles, twelve Norwegian Football Cup titles and have played more UEFA matches than any other Norwegian team. RBK play their home games at the all-seater Lerkendal Stadion which has a capacity of 21,421. Eirik Horneland was appointed head coach in January 2019; the club was founded as Odd in 1917 but were not allowed to play amateur league matches until 1928, when they took the present name. They reached the League of Norway in 1937–38, but were relegated to lower divisions during the 1940s; the club moved to Lerkendal in 1957 and their first title was the 1960 Cup, resulting in their first participation in a UEFA tournament. It was not until the 1960s. In 1967 RBK was promoted to the top league where they, except for the 1978 season, have remained since, they won three league titles between 1967 and 1971. The club's golden era started with the 1985 league title.
From 1991 through 2004 the team won 10 under manager Nils Arne Eggen. During this period, they participated in the group stage of Champions League 11 times, reaching the quarter-finals in 1996–97. On 19 May 1917, 12 young men from Rosenborg in Trondheim founded Sportsklubben Odd; the name Odd was a tribute to Odd of Skien, the most successful team in Norway at the time. Odd spent their first few years playing against other local teams before attempting to join the regional series in 1920; as with most of the "buddy" clubs formed at the time, they were denied access. Since many of these players played for the bigger teams, the authorities feared a possible shortage of players if too many small clubs were let in; as the years went by, disillusioned players began leaving the club, in 1923 the first team played only a single match. By 1926, management of the club had passed on to a new generation of members, it was through their efforts that Odd were admitted into the regional series in 1927, ten years after the club was founded.
A year they were set for entry into the Football Association of Norway, but their entry was blocked as the association refused to have two member clubs with the same name. The club therefore took on its current name, Rosenborg Ballklub, on 26 October 1928. Rosenborg is a residential area in Trondheim. Rosenborg enjoyed little success at first, moving between the lower divisions of the regional series, yet their performance was improving and in 1931 the team qualified for the highest level, one year they played in the Norwegian Cup for the first time. It was at this time that Rosenborg started planning for a new home ground at Lerkendal, although this project was not completed until after World War II. Rosenborg's youth team has been one of the best in the country since the club was founded and an talented generation of youth players during the 1950s would grow up to form the basis for the first team's success in the 1960s and onwards. In 1960 Rosenborg progressed all the way to the cup final where they faced Odd, the team from which they had adopted their original name and colours from in 1917.
It took a rematch to decide the winner. Rosenborg won the cup again in 1964. Rosenborg was promoted from the regional league to group A of the main Norwegian league in 1960; the following season the two groups of the top flight were combined into a single league of 16 teams with the teams finishing in the bottom half being relegated to the 2nd division. Rosenborg finished as number 9 out of the 16 teams and was relegated to the new 2nd division where they played from 1963 until they won promotion by winning group B in 1966. In 1967 Rosenborg was promoted to the highest level in Norwegian football, the Main League for the first time; this would prove to be a successful year for the club. Led on by such players as Harald Sunde, Nils Arne Eggen, the talented young forward Odd Iversen, Rosenborg won their first league title. Iversen scored 17 goals in 18 matches that year, would go on to score a massive 30 goals in the following season, although he alone could not prevent Rosenborg from being beaten to the title by Lyn.
By the end of the 1960s it was clear that Rosenborg had emerged as one of Norway's leading football clubs. The 1960s saw Rosenborg venture onto the European stage for the first time; as winners of the cup in 1964, the club debuted in the Cup Winners' Cup the following year. Three years Rosenborg entered the European Cup as winners of the league. Rosenborg hired Englishman George Curtis as coach ahead of the 1969 season. Curtis introduced the new 4–4–2 formation and shifted focus towards tactics and organization rather than all-out attacking football; this move worked well to begin with. However, when both Odd Iversen and Harald Sunde left the club, Rosenborg stopped scoring goals and failed to win again in 1970. Curtis was criticized for being too defensively minded and was replaced by retired player Nils Arne Eggen, who reverted to a more crowd-pleasing style of play. Eggen's first of five tenures as coach was a resounding success; the double-win in 1971 marked the end of the club's first golden age.
Rosenborg began to struggle in the league. A flurry of coaches came and went without making an impact and in 1977 the team won only one match the entire season, finishing dead last. Nils Arne Eggen was called in for
Norway the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land. Norway has a total area of 385,207 square kilometres and a population of 5,312,300; the country shares a long eastern border with Sweden. Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, the Skagerrak strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the Barents Sea. Harald V of the House of Glücksburg is the current King of Norway. Erna Solberg has been prime minister since 2013. A unitary sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the parliament, the cabinet and the supreme court, as determined by the 1814 constitution; the kingdom was established in 872 as a merger of a large number of petty kingdoms and has existed continuously for 1,147 years.
From 1537 to 1814, Norway was a part of the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, from 1814 to 1905, it was in a personal union with the Kingdom of Sweden. Norway was neutral during the First World War. Norway remained neutral until April 1940 when the country was invaded and occupied by Germany until the end of Second World War. Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities; the Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with both the United States. Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, the Nordic Council. Norway maintains the Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, its values are rooted in egalitarian ideals; the Norwegian state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, having extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, lumber and fresh water.
The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. On a per-capita basis, Norway is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside of the Middle East; the country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World IMF lists. On the CIA's GDP per capita list which includes autonomous territories and regions, Norway ranks as number eleven, it has the world's largest sovereign wealth fund, with a value of US$1 trillion. Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since 2009, a position held between 2001 and 2006, it had the highest inequality-adjusted ranking until 2018 when Iceland moved to the top of the list. Norway ranked first on the World Happiness Report for 2017 and ranks first on the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, the Democracy Index. Norway has one of the lowest crime rates in the world. Norway has two official names: Norge in Noreg in Nynorsk; the English name Norway comes from the Old English word Norþweg mentioned in 880, meaning "northern way" or "way leading to the north", how the Anglo-Saxons referred to the coastline of Atlantic Norway similar to scientific consensus about the origin of the Norwegian language name.
The Anglo-Saxons of Britain referred to the kingdom of Norway in 880 as Norðmanna land. There is some disagreement about whether the native name of Norway had the same etymology as the English form. According to the traditional dominant view, the first component was norðr, a cognate of English north, so the full name was Norðr vegr, "the way northwards", referring to the sailing route along the Norwegian coast, contrasting with suðrvegar "southern way" for, austrvegr "eastern way" for the Baltic. In the translation of Orosius for Alfred, the name is Norðweg, while in younger Old English sources the ð is gone. In the 10th century many Norsemen settled in Northern France, according to the sagas, in the area, called Normandy from norðmann, although not a Norwegian possession. In France normanni or northmanni referred to people of Sweden or Denmark; until around 1800 inhabitants of Western Norway where referred to as nordmenn while inhabitants of Eastern Norway where referred to as austmenn. According to another theory, the first component was a word nór, meaning "narrow" or "northern", referring to the inner-archipelago sailing route through the land.
The interpretation as "northern", as reflected in the English and Latin forms of the name, would have been due to folk etymology. This latter view originated with philologist Niels Halvorsen Trønnes in 1847; the form Nore is still used in placenames such as the village of Nore and lake Norefjorden in Buskerud county, still has the same meaning. Among other arguments in favour of the theor
Akershus is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Buskerud, Østfold. Akershus, with a little over 614,000 inhabitants, is the second most populated county by population after Oslo; the county is named after Akershus Fortress. The county administration is in Oslo, not part of the county per se; the county is conventionally divided into the traditional districts Follo and Romerike, which fill the vast part of the county, as well as the small exclave west of Oslo that consists of Asker and Bærum. This resulted after the transfer of the great municipality of Aker from Akershus County to Oslo in 1948. Embracing numerous suburbs of Oslo, notably Bærum, Akershus is one of the most densely populated areas in the country; the main national railway lines into Oslo run through Akershus with many junctions and stations such as Asker, Sandvika and Lillestrøm. Akershus includes some of the river Glomma; the county includes the historical place Eidsvoll, 48 km north of Oslo, in which the national assembly ratified the Norwegian constitution in 1814.
South of Eidsvoll is Oslo Airport at Gardermoen. Oslo's previous international airport, Fornebu, is located in Akershus; the estate of the crown prince is located in Asker. The county has Akershus University Hospital and Sykehuset Asker og Bærum; the main road from continental Europe, E6, enters Akershus in the south, runs through eastern Oslo, further to Gardermoen, into Hedmark County on the eastern shores of lake Mjøsa. E18 enters Akershus in the south-east, merges for a short stretch with E6 at Vinterbro in Ås, before running under central Oslo. E18 turns south-west through Bærum and Asker before entering Buskerud County north of Drammen. E16 runs from the intersection with E18 in Sandvika into Buskerud County west of Sollihøgda. All main railways out of Oslo run through Akershus: Southwest: the Drammen Line Southeast: the Østfold Line as two separate railways North: the Gjøvik Line Northeast: the Trunk Line, Gardermoen Line, Dovre Line East: the Kongsvinger Line Akershus became a fief in the 16th century, also included the current counties of Hedmark, Oppland and Oslo, as well as the municipalities of Askim, Trøgstad in the county of Østfold.
In 1662, Akershus became an Amt, in 1685, Buskerud was separated from Akershus and became an Amt of its own. In 1768, Hedmark and Oppland were separated from Akershus to become Oplandenes Amt. In 1842, the city of Christiania was made a separate Amt, as well. In 1919, the term Amt was changed to Fylke. In 1948, the greatest and the most populous municipality of Akershus, was transferred to the county of Oslo; the county is named after Akershus Fortress. The fortress was built in 1299, the meaning of the name is "the house of Aker"; the name is somewhat misleading now. In fact, the administration of Akershus sits outside the county, as well, in the centre of Oslo; the coat-of-arms is from modern times. It shows a gable from Akershus Fortress. Akershus has a total of 22 municipalities: Akershus county website Media related to Akershus at Wikimedia Commons Akershus travel guide from Wikivoyage